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Easter in Latvia

The Christian festival of Easter is celebrated in Latvia as Lieldienas. Lieldienas enters Holy Week with Palm Sunday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Holy Saturday, but Sunday will mark first Lieldienas. Second Lieldienas is on Monday of the following week; each day has a special significance. Many pagan elements of celebrating Lieldienas have become a tradition. Nowadays, the common date of Lieldienas is the first Sunday after the first full moon, after or during the vernal equinox. Thus, the Western Christian Church Lieldienas falls on 25 April. In Eastern Orthodox Churches, which used the Julian calendar, Lieldienas falls on a date between 4 April and 8 May in Gregorian calendar. Before the arrival of Christianity, Lieldienas was a spring equinox event, celebrating the victory of light over darkness. Although dainas have no conclusive indication of egg painting tradition in ancient times, the majority of them mention golden and white eggs. Therefore, it can be concluded. In order for eggs to be diverse, they were boiled with colorful cloth.

In one area, grits are poured in, while in other, people added colorful birch leaves, fir needles, cells, a variety of flowers, herbs or just reel them with a colorful yarn. Every family have a different way of following this tradition. Wizards colored eggs in ancient times, laid them under the horse or cattle's troughs, to cast a misfortune of cattle plague on whoever they wanted. People were afraid of such wizard's eggs. People believed that particular magical power was inherent in water, which boiled eggs, they believed it helped to ward off hawks from chickens: the swishing sauna whisks were hooked between the fence poles on Lieldienas morning and were filled with water, used to boil eggs. While eating an egg, people watched how the eggshell separated - if it came off well, it meant the flax will grow well. Eggs involved in a lot of other beliefs: Who steals a Lieldienas egg - will remain naked like an egg! Who eats a Lieldienas egg without salt - will lie all summer! Exchange eggs during Lieldienas - otherwise chickens will not lay and chicks will not hatch!

If a girl during Lieldienas gives to a guy 2 eggs, it would imply - I don't like you. Hanging swings and selecting a place was a special honorable duty. Swings were made from oak or ashen poles. Swings location was chosen on the hill, between 2 oak trees. Along with the swinging occurred a great singing. Guys, who swung with girls, were gifted with eggs, gloves and socks. Swinging lasts for 1 week after Lieldienas, the swings were burned, so witches could not swing on them; the celebration could not go on without beating eggs. Each thought of a wish. Whose egg does not break - their wish would come true. Eggs were rolled - via a special chute. One of the oldest performances is bird healing. Birds symbolized disease. By driving them away from the fences and fields, it was believed that all evil and accidents would be dispelled; when the sun rose on Lieldienas morning, just above the horizon, people swung 3 times on one side of a swing, 3 times on the other side. It was caused by the habit of swinging on Lieldienas.

Before swinging, people walked around the swings 3 times, singing songs guys threw eggs over poles, predicting their lifespan, only they began to swing. In other areas, the first Lieldienas held an egg hunt. Young boys went to the neighboring houses. Eggs were requested by the girls, the main reason for looting. Several folk songs mention that people celebrated Lieldienas 4 days, some of them mention only 3. Beliefs mention 4 days. For example, one belief says "do not work for 4 days of Lieldienas - children from other houses will begin to limp". Therefore, one can think that in the past, along with Ziemassvētki, Latvians celebrated Lieldienas for 4 days. On, both festivals were reduced to 1 day. Before the sunrise, go to the barn to pick up crumbs, so that the money stays. Wake up as early as possible on Lieldiena morning, in order to do your job well all year, just put on a new shirt and go whip the sleep away. On Lieldienas morning, water from every rivers is holy. Use water, which flows toward the sun, - living water- to wash mouth, so no one could harm you.

It can be collected and it does not go bad all year. It can be used to bless buildings -- such as barns, so that insects do not enter them. Trim finger nails before the sunrise; the rag is pulled over the pasture — to collect dew. The rag were given to cows to drink. On Lieldienas, lie down on dew, in order to be healthy all year round. On the crossroads, where the fairies live and being vices of home, sweep rubbish before the sunrise, to chase away insects. Hence — donate to crossroads spirits, or to Māras of dark dimension Lieldienas requires a lot of swinging - so you would not oversleep throughout the whole year! With a tar draw signs on the barn doors to prevent changeling. — What signs are drawn? — The Incubus cross - either with 5, or 8 lines, 3 toads, which are considered to be a sign of wealth. Draw fire crosses — to ward off evil spirits and a few more characters. Judging by what drawn on new safety signs, the prohibitions are known — such as do not leave clothes outside for a night and do not give milk to

IKCO Runna

The Runna is the second of IKCO's 3rd Iranian-designed passenger car based on Peugeot 206. Code-named X12, the Runna is smaller than the IKCO Samand; the Runna will be offered with at least three four-cylinder engines, including a 108-horsepower 1.6-liter gasoline unit, a 95-horsepower 1.4-liter and a 1.7-liter powerplant that runs on CNG, both of which are reported to meet Euro IV and V emission standards and the "Pedestrian Impact" safety requirement. Features are said to include anti lock brakes, power steering and power windows; the first cars were expected to reach Iranian customers in mid-2011, with exports to Turkey and other neighboring countries to begin shortly after that. IKCO plans to build 150,000 Runnas a year at full production. A new appearance in the front and rear including engine hood, trunk lid, bumpers and fenders; this vehicle has a tri-chamber type structure. It is made from drawn steel sheet which ranges in thickness from 0.7 mm to 2.5 mm, depending on its function. High elastic strength steel sheets are used for components that are subjected to high levels of stress, such as the front structural member supports or the sub frame.

This enables both greater strength and a weight reduction of around 50% to be achieved over conventional sheets which would have to be more than twice as thick to withstand the same stresses. One of the most important points at Iran Khodro Industrial Group whilst the specification for a new vehicle was being drawn up is safety, it includes passive safety. The first one utilizes mechanical components and vehicle dynamics to push the accident threshold as far back as possible; the second complements the first and seeks to reduce the consequences of the accident by using as many options as possible. The Runna can claim to be a vehicle which can measure up to the safety features that one has a right to expect from a modern product. IKCO Dena Iran Khodro Iranian automobile industry Peugeot 206Peugeot 206 sd Media related to IKCO Runna at Wikimedia Commons Iran khodro Runna Page Runna Exterior & Interior Photo Gallery Pictures of Runna

John Lo Schiavo

John Lo Schiavo S. J. was an American Jesuit and academic, the 25th president of the University of San Francisco from 1977 until 1991 and a USF chancellor. A lifelong resident of San Francisco, Lo Schiavo earned bachelor's and master's degrees in philosophy from Gonzaga University, a licentiate in sacred theology from Alma College, he came to USF in 1950 as a philosophy instructor. In 1958, he became vice principal of Brophy College Preparatory in Phoenix, he returned to USF in 1962 as dean of students, becoming vice president of student affairs in 1966. In 1968, he became president of Bellarmine College Preparatory in San Jose, at the same time becoming a member of USF's board of trustees, he became board chairman from 1970 to 1973, rector of the USF Jesuit community in 1975. In 1977 he was elected to the first of three five-year terms as president. During his tenure, he oversaw several major capital campaigns, including expansions to the law school and the building of a new campus recreation center.

He was named chancellor in 1991, a post he held until his death in May 2015. Outside of USF, he may be best known for having made the decision to shut down the school's powerful men's basketball program in 1982; the program had two NCAA titles and three Final Fours to its credit, but had been under nearly constant scrutiny from the NCAA for most of the second half of the 1970s. In 1980, Lo Schiavo gave new coach Pete Barry an ultimatum—unless he ran a clean program, it would be shut down. However, in 1982, All-American Quintin Dailey was arrested for sexually assaulting a female resident assistant. During the investigation, he admitted taking a no-show job from a USF donor. Lo Schiavo had seen enough, on July 29 announced that the men's basketball program would be shut down. In his view, this step was necessary to repair the damage to USF's reputation; the Dons would not return to the court until 1985. Lo Schiavo, or "Father Lo," as he is popularly known, was a much-beloved figure at USF. In 2010, USF broke ground on a new science building and named it the John Lo Schiavo Center for Science and innovation in Lo Schiavo's honor.

John Lo Schiavo Center for Science and Innovation

Multyfarnham Friary

Multyfarnham Friary is a Franciscan friary located in Multyfarnham, County Westmeath, Ireland. It dates to the 15th century. During the early 17th century, the friary served as a refuge for elderly and infirm friars and priests who were fleeing persecution in the wake of the English Reformation; the friary had fallen into ruin by the 19th century, but the Franciscans reoccupied it in 1827. They re-used the nave, south transept and tower of the original friary in the construction of a new church; the Multyfarnham Abbey is dedicated to Mary, Mother of God, whose feast is on January 1, to Saint Francis of Assisi, honoured on October 4. Enter by the West Doorway, sprinkle yourself with holy water, for the ground you stand on is holy ground; the heavy, majestic doors are oak from the woods around Muine Bheag, Co.. Carlow and the finished product is the workmanship of skilled tradesmen of Mohill Co. Leitrim; the first friars came to Multyfarnham around 1270 at the invitation of the Delamar family and is presumed that their patron would have provided them, shortly after that date, with a church and residence worthy of its piety and position.

"Oh House of Friars, lonely dost thou stand, few there are that cross thy threshold now, Who once had faithful friends at thy command. Why should destruction fall on such as thou?"... But the friars did return, they were hard and dangerous times from 1613 to 1648. Friars were thrown in prison, left to die or deported to other continents. There was toleration between 1625-1641 when the clergy and Catholic nobility met there and had vigorous Franciscan activity, and the temple was reconstructed in 1827. "To the Almighty and Powerful God. In honour and under the patronage of the holy Virgin Mother Mary and St. Francis; this temple was reconstructed A. D. 1827." From Studio Printers, Athboy Co. Meath. List of abbeys and priories in Ireland

Munsin (deity)

Not to be confused with Jules Munshin, a song-and-dance artist. Munshin, known in the southernly Jeju Island as Munjeon is the god of the door in Korean shamanism; the worship of Munshin is strongest in Jeju Island, where Munshin is one of the most-worshipped deities. The first Munshin-like entity, recorded in Korean history is Cheoyong. According to the history book Samguk Yusa, Cheoyong repulsed the disease deity, having sex with his wife. After the repulse of the disease god, the people of the kingdom of Silla attached portraits of Cheoyong on their front gates to ward off disease. In the Goryeo Dynasty, the traditional worship of Munshin was influenced by Taoist rituals. During the reign of King Yejong, it is recorded. One of the most common worship of Munshin in the mainland, the attachment of pictures or writing on the front doors, originated from Taoism; the mainland worship of Munshin is weak compared to the worship of Munshin in Jeju Island. Munshin worship is nonexistent in the countryside, a limited form appears in Seoul and neighboring regions.

Unlike most Gashin, Munshin was worshipped in cities, where the importance of the door was higher than in the countryside. In the mainland, Munshin was believed to embody an amulet, a portrait of Cheoyong, a picture of a tiger or a rooster, or a calligraphy of'Ibchun Daegil', all attached to the door; the god was worshipped after worshipping Seongjushin. The worship was short spraying rice wine and placing tteok in front of the door. However, in Jeju Island, Munshin is Gashin. In the mainland, Seongjushin is the greatest Gashin. In Jeju Island, Munshin is considered to protect all of the house, as the door was always necessary in order to enter the house. Thus, Munshin was devoutly worshipped to the point of a proverb being made. Like this proverb, Jeju Islanders told everything, happening in the house to Munshin. Jeju Islanders believe in two door gods. However, there is no ritual for Dwitmunshin, and'Munshin' refers to Ilmunshin; the ritual to Munshin is called the Munjeonje. The ritual occurred in Lunar January, but if January was not available, the ritual could be done in Lunar March.

In the Munjeonje, the shaman sacrificed a rooster, sprayed its blood on the door, buried its head in the door. Munjeon was believed to embody strips of paper and red and yellow clothes, hung on the door. In the annual Munjeonje, the old strips were replaced by new ones; this ceremony could be done only after sacrificing fruits and water to Munjeon, burning incense, kneeling before the door. In the last parts of the Munjeonje, the family sacrificed five different kinds of fruits to Munjeon; the fruits were citron, pear and nutmeg. After the sacrifice, the family shared the fruits; when someone temporarily left the house, the person, leaving the house held a ritual to Munjeon in dawn, praying for safety and luck. During marriage, the newlyweds prayed to Munjeon, using the food, used in the marriage as a sacrifice. During this ritual, a pig's head and incense was necessary. After the ritual, the sacrificed food was thrown onto the roof. In the Munjeon Bonpuli myth, Munjeon acts as the main character.

This myth shows. Munshin appears as a secondary character in the Chasa Bonpuli myth; when the hero Gangrim Doryeong heads to the netherworld, he encounters ninety-nine paths, each heading in a different direction. Munjeon appears, tells Gangrim Doryeong the story of each trail. Lastly, Munjeon shows Gangrim Doryeong the trail that the mortal Gangrim Doryeong would take, Gangrim Doryeong follows the trail into the netherworld

Embassy of Serbia, Paris

The Serbian Embassy in Paris is Serbia's diplomatic mission to France. It is located at Rue Leonard de Vinci 5, 75016, in France; the current Ambassador is Nataša Marić. There is a Consulate General in Strasbourg. Serbia maintains Permanent Mission to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, Ambassador Slađana Prica-Tavčiovska, Permanent Mission to the UNESCO in Paris, Ambassador Dragoljub Najman. In Paris there is a Cultural Centre of Serbia at 123, Rue St Martin; the current director of Cultural Centre is Radoslav Pavlović. France–Serbia relations List of Ambassadors from Serbia Foreign relations of Serbia Serbian Embassy in Paris