Sullivan Correctional Facility
Sullivan Correctional Facility is a New York State maximum security prison correctional facility for male prisoners located in Fallsburg, New York. It is operated by the New York State Department of Correctional Services. Sullivan is located on an 850-acre stretch of land that contains Woodbourne Correctional Facility, a medium-security prison; the state appropriated funding for Sullivan after the loss of Rikers Island as a state facility in 1980. The buildings were built on a sharp upslope overlooking the Neversink River valley. In order to build access roads to the prison, the New York State Department of Correctional Services purchased the Lebowitz Pine View Hotel, the 62 acre adjoining property, in 1983; some prisoners from the Woodburne facility were transferred and housed in the hotel buildings, which were operated as a Woodburne annex until the completion of Sullivan in 1985. It operated as a minimum security Sullivan annex until 2010. Sullivan houses between 560 and 580 inmates in four pods, arranged in a circle.
Eighty-six percent of those inmates are being incarcerated for committing violent felonies, 60% are serving life sentences Hudson Link for Higher Education in Prison, a not-for-profit organization was founded to provide college education to incarcerated people in an effort to help reduce recidivism and poverty, while strengthening families and communities. In 1998, as part of the get-tough-on-crime campaign and federal funding for college programs inside prison was stopped. Understanding the positive effects of education in the transformation and rehabilitation of incarcerated people, inmates at Sing Sing Correctional Facility reached out to religious and academic volunteers to develop a college-degree granting program. Under the leadership of Dr. Anne Reissner, Hudson Link for Higher Education in Prison was founded to restore college education at Sing Sing through private funding. Hudson Link now runs pre-college and college degree programs at Fishkill, Sing Sing and Taconic Correctional Facilities.
Among the more infamous inmates at Sullivan are: David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" serial killer who terrorized New York City in 1977 serving 6 life sentences in Shawangunk Correctional Facility Robert Chambers - the "Preppie Killer." Arthur Shawcross, the Genesee River Killer Joe "Mad Dog" Sullivan, mob hitman Ronald DeFeo, Jr. killed his entire family and sparked the writing of The Amityville Horror. He is serving 6 concurrent sentences of 25 years to life. NY prison information Birds eye view from Microsoft Visual Earth @ Live.com
Bayview Correctional Facility
Bayview Correctional Facility was a medium-security women's prison located at the south corner of West 20th Street and 11th Avenue in Manhattan, directly across the avenue from the Chelsea Piers sports complex. It is unusual to find a state penitentiary in the middle of a major city. Bayview did not have grounds and a fenced perimeter. Covering the entire south wall of Bayview is the "Venus", a mural painted by New York artist Knox Martin in 1970. Venus was commissioned by Doris Freedman of CityWalls. Today, Venus is entirely obscured by the neighboring building 100 Eleventh Avenue, completed in 2010. Featured on the New York State Correction Officer Informational Page's "History of Bayview" is the following statement: In 1970, prior to the rejuvenation of the district, Bayview's entire south wall was decorated with a red and pink abstract painting, called "Venus" by artist Knox Martin; the mural, conspicuous for its size and beauty, has been used on post cards. It is conspicuous—in a culture that regards large, exposed surface as prime advertising space—for not being a billboard.
Not advertisers call from time to time with proposals to lease the wall for commercial messages, but Bayview doesn't want its beautiful Venus covered over with a beer or jeans ad. Besides, it's state property. Before Superstorm Sandy hit in October 2012, Bayview's 153 prisoners were evacuated and sent to other facilities; the building sustained $600,000 as a result of storm damage and remained closed due to NYS Budgetary reasons. The building will be sold. Mindlin, Alex. "After a 37-Year Run, a Roadside Venus to Be Veiled". The New York Times. Knox Martin Website CBS Report on the mural Prisoner advocates foresee problems after shuttering Bayview and Beacon, April 8, 2013
Clinton Correctional Facility
Clinton Correctional Facility is a New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision maximum security state prison for men located in the Village of Dannemora, New York. The prison itself is sometimes colloquially referred to as Dannemora, although its actual name is derived from its location in Clinton County, New York; the southern perimeter wall of the prison borders New York State Route 374. Church of St. Dismas, the Good Thief, a church built by inmates, is located within the walls; the prison is sometimes referred to as New York's Little Siberia due to the cold climate in Dannemora and the isolation of the area. It is the third oldest prison in New York; the staff includes about a thousand guards. In the post-Furman v. Georgia period and prior to 2008, it housed the New York State death row for men. Built in 1844, it served as a site where prisoners were used to work in local mines in both Dannemora and nearby Lyon Mountain; this enterprise would not be profitable, by 1877, mining had ended, the prisoners were put to work on other trades.
With this change, the prison experienced growth, in 1887 it was given new concrete walls 60 feet tall that still stand. In 1892, the first prisoner was executed in the electric chair at the prison, beginning the use of capital punishment at Clinton Correctional. Twenty six men were executed between 1892 and 1913; this period saw many prisoners cured of tuberculosis due in part to the clean air in the Adirondacks, leading to the importation of prisoners with this disease from other prisons. In 1899, a mental health facility, the Dannemora State Hospital, was built on the grounds to house prisoners who became insane while serving their sentence; such prisoners were retained in the facility if they remained insane following the completion of their sentence. In 1929, Clinton Correctional witnessed a riot which, coupled with riots in other prisons in that year, led to prison reform in New York State; this led to the building of schools in the prison, the renovation or rebuilding of most of the structures within the prison walls, making the facility more modern.
The Church of St. Dismas, the Good Thief was built from 1939 to 1941. In the half of the 20th century, the prison's mental institutions closed and were converted into an annex to house more prisoners. On June 6, 2015, inmates Richard Matt and David Sweat, both serving sentences for murder, escaped from the facility. Two prison employees, Joyce Mitchell and Gene Palmer, were charged with aiding the escape. On June 26, Matt was shot and killed by a Vermont border patrol agent in the town of Malone, New York. Two days Sweat was shot by a New York State Trooper and subsequently captured. In the days after the escape some prisoners reported having been beaten by guards in an attempt to obtain information as to the whereabouts and plans of the escaped inmates. Michael Alig: 10 to 20-year sentence for the murder of his drug dealer in March 1996. George Appo: 19th century pickpocket and con artist, his biographer provides a description of 19th century prison conditions in New York State. Richard Bilello: Lucchese crime family associate and convicted murderer.
Robert Chambers: the "preppy murderer", who served much of his sentence at Clinton Correctional Facility for the manslaughter conviction of Jennifer Levin, as well as a sentence for drug possession after heroin was found in his cell and new criminal charges were brought. Gregory Corso: Italian-American poet, one of the inner circle of "The Beat Generation" along with Kerouac and Burroughs. Sentenced at 17, Corso served about three years for stealing a suit. Jesse Friedman: One of the subjects of the 2003 documentary film, Capturing the Friedmans. Robert F. Garrow: Serial rapist/murderer. Paul Geidel: Murderer. Maksim Gelman: Sentenced to 200 years for murdering four people and injuring another 5. David Gilbert: Serving life in prison. Arrested with members of the Black Liberation Army and other radicals following a botched Brinks armored car robbery in 1981. Julio Gonzalez: perpetrator of the 1990 Happy Land Fire in the Bronx which killed 87 people. Hell Rell: served nearly 28 months on a criminal sale of a controlled substance conviction from 2002 to 2004.
John Jamelske: Mass-kidnapper and serial rapist serving 18 years to life. Vincent Johnson, serial killer known as "Brooklyn Strangler": Serving a life sentence for the murders of five women in 1999 and 2000. John Katehis: Found guilty of 2nd degree murder for the brutal murder of ABC Radio personality, George Weber. Katehis is serving 25 years to life. Marlon Legere: Serving life without parole in connection with the shooting deaths of NYPD detectives Robert Parker and Patrick Rafferty in Brooklyn. Charles "Lucky" Luciano: One of the driving forces behind the development of Italian organized crime in the United States served 10 years of a 30- to 50-year sentence for running a prostitution ring before being deported to Italy after World War II. Maino: Rapper from Brooklyn, New York City, charged for numerous street and gunpoint crimes. Richard Matt: Murderer - Escaped with David Sweat. Shot dead by police in June 2015 while he was still at large. Winston Moseley: Murderer of Catherine Genovese on March 13, 1964, hostage taker in 1968 during that
Mount McGregor Correctional Facility
Mt. McGregor Correctional Facility was a medium security prison for male inmates in the Town of Moreau, Saratoga County, New York, United States, it included 100 structures on over 1,000 acres. Before updating security, it was called "Camp Walkaway" due to the number of breakouts, it became a prison in 1976 and closed on July 26, 2014. The peak, Mt. McGregor, was called "Palmertown Mountain", named after a local native tribe, it was renamed after Duncan McGregor, who purchased the land in a tax sale and constructed a small resort along with a restaurant for summer visitors. The Saratoga, Mount McGregor and Lake George Railroad bought the property and opened a more sumptuous resort at the end of a rail line; when the Hotel Balmoral burned in 1897, the resort faded in popularity. The "Sanatorium on the Mountain" at Mount McGregor was opened in 1913 by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company for the benefit of its employees suffering from tuberculosis; this sanatorium staffed by doctors and a nursing staff, had a goal of restoring the health of all the company's employees.
A labyrinth of underground passages still exist that were used to transport the bodies of patients who died to the church and crematorium. The sanitorium closed in 1945. After World War II, the sanatorium served as a facility for military veterans returning to civilian life. Local stories suggest Playboy magazine founder Hugh Hefner looked into purchasing the property in the 1960s or early 1970s. In 1960 the facility was taken over by the State of New York as a school for the developmentally disabled. At first the school was the Mount McGregor division of Rome State School and became Wilton State School; the New York State Department of Corrections assumed control in 1976. At first the complex was a minimum-security prison adding medium-security facilities, it consisted of 100 structures on over 1,000 acres, including dormitories, a 1915 Mission-style chapel with a pipe organ, a dining hall with large windows, a newly-built gymnasium, a lake. The buildings covered 550,000 square feet and ranged in age from 1913 to 2007.
The prison, which used only the central cluster of buildings, closed in 2014. Neighboring Moreau Lake State Park will incorporate 750 undeveloped acres of the former facility. In 2015, the state began considering proposals for the sale of an additional 325 acres, including all the buildings, for redevelopment; as of 2016 the prison has not been sold and the site is still closed to the public. Conspiracy theorists believe the prison is being retained by the federal government to be used as a secret detention center in case of "civil disturbances or plague outbreaks." Grant Cottage State Historic Site, where former U. S. president and army general Ulysses S. Grant spent the last six weeks of his life, was within the grounds of the correctional facility and visitors had to pass a checkpoint. Grant spent the last weeks of his life there; the historic site is not part of the area to be sold. List of New York state prisons Report for an Adaptive Re-Use Plan Mount McGregor Correctional Facility New York State Department of Economic Development
Attica Correctional Facility
The Attica Correctional Facility is a maximum security/supermax New York State prison in the town of Attica, New York, operated by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision. After it was constructed in the 1930s, it held many of the most dangerous criminals of the time. A CS gas system installed in the mess hall and industry areas has been used to quell conflicts in these areas; the prison now holds many inmates who are serving various types of sentences, who are sent to the facility because of disciplinary problems in other facilities. Attica was the site of a prison riot in 1971 which resulted in 43 deaths, of which 33 were convicts and ten were correctional officers and civilian employees. David Berkowitz, better known as Son of Sam, serial killer who confessed to killing six people and wounding several others in New York City during the late 1970s. Since becoming a Christian, Berkowitz has stated he does not want to be paroled and should pay for the sins he has committed.
Berkowitz is now housed at Shawangunk Correctional Facility. H. Rap Brown, Black Panther Party leader, served a sentence in Attica from 1971 to 1976. Mark David Chapman, who pleaded guilty to murdering John Lennon in 1980. Chapman was sentenced to 20 years-to-life and has been denied parole ten times amid campaigns against his release. Chapman is now housed at Wende Correctional Facility. Edward Cummiskey, Westies hitman during the 1970s. Dean Faiello, unlicensed physician, charged in the manslaughter of Filipina-American banker Maria Cruz in 2003. Jimmy Caci, a captain in the Los Angeles crime family spent eight years in Attica during the 1970s. Colin Ferguson, who murdered six people on the Long Island Rail Road in 1993. Ferguson was sentenced to multiple life sentences. Ferguson is now housed at Upstate Correctional Facility. Kendall Francois, who murdered eight women, some of whom were prostitutes, stored their bodies in his home in Poughkeepsie, New York. Francois, serving a life sentence without parole, died in September 2014.
Frank P. Giffune, the Italian mob "fall guy" was sent to Attica in 1940 and sentenced to 12–25 years for grand larceny. Sam Melville, notorious as "mad bomber" in 1960s, a Weather Underground member killed by New York State Police troopers during the Attica Prison riot of September 13, 1971. El Sayyid Nosair, 1993 World Trade Center bombing terrorist was housed in Attica for a short duration related to a different assassination. Joseph'Mad Dog' Sullivan, the only man who has escaped the prison. Willie Sutton, who robbed 100 banks from the late 1920s to 1952. David Sweat, who killed a Broome County sheriff's deputy in 2002 and escaped from Clinton Correctional Facility in 2015 was rehoused in Attica in 2017. Valentino Dixon was found to be innocent and was released in 2018, after 26 years of incarceration, when another man confessed to the murder of which Dixon was accused. Thompson, Heather Ann. BLOOD in the WATER: The Attica Prison Uprising of 1971 and Its Legacy. New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN 9780375423222.
Robbins, Tom. "3 Attica Guards Resign in Deal to Avoid Jail". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2018. NYS prison information
Woodbourne Correctional Facility
Woodbourne Correctional Facility is a medium security men's prison operated by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision in Woodbourne, New York of Sullivan County. It is located on the same tract of land as maximum security Sullivan Correctional Facility; the prison opened in 1933, designed by Alfred Hopkins, an estate architect with a sideline in prisons such as Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary in Pennsylvania. Hopkins designed Wallkill Correctional Facility and Coxsackie Correctional Facility for the state. Juvenile murderer Willie Bosket, serving three consecutive sentences of 25 years to life for offenses committed while in the Shawangunk Correctional Facility and at Woodbourne. Bosket was housed in a specially-constructed plexiglass-lined cell in complete isolation but is no longer at Woodbourne. Rapper Shyne of New York City served a 10-year sentence in The Woodbourne Facility after being convicted of first-degree assault and reckless endangerment The Sopranos actor Tony Sirico Birds eye view from Microsoft Virtual Earth @ Live.com
Sing Sing Correctional Facility is a maximum security prison operated by the New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision in the village of Ossining, New York. It is located about 30 miles north of New York City on the east bank of the Hudson River. Sing Sing contains about 1,700 prisoners."Sing Sing" was derived from the "Sinck Sinck" Indian tribe from whom the land was purchased in 1685. In 1970, the name was changed to the "Ossining Correctional Facility," but it reverted to its original name in 1985. There are plans to convert the original 1825 cell block into a time-specific museum; the prison property is bisected by the Metro-North Railroad's four-track Hudson Line. Sing Sing was the fifth prison built by New York state; the first prison, Newgate Prison, was built in 1797 in Greenwich Village and a second one in 1816 called Auburn Prison. In 1824, the New York Legislature gave Elam Lynds, warden of Auburn Prison and a former Army captain, the task of constructing a new, more modern prison.
Lynds spent months researching possible locations for the prison, considering Staten Island, The Bronx, Silver Mine Farm, an area in the town of Mount Pleasant, located on the banks of the Hudson River. By May, Lynds had decided to build a prison on Mount Pleasant, near a small village in Westchester County named Sing Sing, whose name came from the Native American words "Sinck Sinck" which translates to "stone upon stone." The legislature appropriated $20,100 to purchase the 130-acre site, the project received the official stamp of approval. Lynds hand-selected 100 inmates from the Auburn prison for transfer and had them transported by barge via the Erie Canal and down the Hudson River to freighters. On their arrival on May 14, the site was "without a place to receive them or a wall to enclose them"; when it was opened in 1826, Sing Sing was considered a model prison, because it turned a profit for the state, by October 1828 it was completed. Lynds employed the Auburn system, it was the Prison Chaplain John Luckey around 1843, who held the Principal Keeper of Sing Sing, Elam Lynds, accountable to New York Governor William H. Seward and to President of the Board of Inspectors, John Edmonds, to have Lynds removed.
Chaplain Luckey proceeded to create a great religious library. His purpose was to teach correct moral principles, his religious library was challenged in 1844 when John Edmonds placed Eliza Farnham in charge of the women's ward at Sing Sing. 1844 was the year the New York Prison Association was inaugurated to monitor state prison administration. The NY Prison Association was made up of reformists interested in the rehabilitation and humane treatment of prisoners. Eliza Farnham was able to obtain the job on the recommendation of these reformists. Eliza Farnham overturned the silent practice in prison and introduced social engagement to shift concern more toward the future instead of dwelling on the criminal past, she included novels by Charles Dickens in Chaplain Luckey's religious library, novels the chaplain did not approve. This was the first documented expansion of the prison library to include emotional lessons from secular literature. Thomas Mott Osborne's tenure as warden of Sing Sing prison was dramatic.
Osborne arrived in 1914 with a reputation as a radical prison reformer. His report of a week-long incognito stay inside New York's Auburn Prison indicted traditional prison administration in merciless detail. Prisoners who had bribed officers and intimidated other inmates lost their privileges under Osborne's regime. One of them conspired with powerful political allies to destroy Osborne's reputation succeeding in getting him indicted for a variety of crimes and maladministration. After Osborne triumphed in court, his return to Sing Sing was a cause for wild celebration by the inmates. Another notable warden was Lewis Lawes, he was offered the position of warden in 1919, accepted in January 1920, remained for 20 years as Sing Sing's warden. While warden, Lawes brought about reforms and turned what was described as an "old hellhole" into a modern prison with sports teams, educational programs, new methods of discipline and more. Several new buildings were constructed during the years Lawes was warden.
Lawes died six years later. In 1943, the old cellblock was closed and the metal bars and doors were donated to the war effort. In 1989, the institution was accredited for the first time by the American Correctional Association, which established a set of national standards by which it judged every correctional facility. Today, Sing Sing houses more than 2,000 inmates, with about 1,000 people working there and 5,000 visitors per month; the original 1825 cellblock is no longer used and in 2002 plans were announced to turn this into a museum. In April 2011 there were talks of closing the prison in favor of real estate. In total, 614 men and women—including four inmates under federal death sentences—were executed by electric chair in the death row house with "Old Sparky," at Sing Sing until the abolition of the death penalty in 1972. High-profile executions include Julius and Ethel Rosenberg on June 19, 1953, for espionage for the Soviet Union on nuclear weapon research. Puff on August 12, 1954, for murder of an FBI agent.
The last person executed in New York state was Eddie Lee Mays, for murder, on August 15, 1963. In 1972, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Furman v. Georgia that the death penalty was unconstitutional if application was inconsistent and arbitrary; this led to a