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Eastern League (baseball)

The Eastern League is a Minor League Baseball league, which operates in the northeastern United States, although it has had a team in Ohio since 1989. The Eastern League has played at the Double-A level since 1963; the league was founded as the New York -- Pennsylvania League. In 1936, the first team outside the two original states was created, when the York White Roses of York, moved to Trenton, New Jersey, was renamed the Trenton Senators. In 1938, when the Scranton Miners of Scranton, moved to Hartford and became the Hartford Bees, the league was renamed the Eastern League. Since 1923, there have been Eastern League teams in 51 different cities, located in 12 different states and two Canadian provinces; the league consisted of six to eight teams from 1923 until 1993. In 1994, the league expanded to 10 teams, with the addition of the Portland Sea Dogs and the New Haven Ravens, split into two divisions, the Northern Division and the Southern Division. In 1999, the league expanded to 12 teams, with the addition of the Altoona Curve and the Erie SeaWolves.

The two divisions were restructured and renamed for the 2010 season, as the Eastern Division and the Western Division, because the Connecticut Defenders moved to Richmond, after the 2009 season, where they are now known as the Richmond Flying Squirrels. Notes: This list includes teams in predecessor New York–Pennsylvania League of 1923 to 1937. Bold font indicates. A "^" indicates that team's article redirects to an article of an active Eastern League team. A "†" indicates that team's article redirects to an article of a defunct Eastern League team. League champions have been determined by different means since the Eastern League's formation in 1923. Before 1934, the champions were the league pennant winners. A formal playoff system to determine league champions was established in 1934; the Binghamton Triplets won 10 championships, the most among all teams in the league, followed by the Elmira Colonels/Pioneers/Royals and the Scranton Miners/Red Sox. Among active franchises, the Harrisburg Senators have won 6 championships, the most in the league, followed by the Akron Aeros/RubberDucks and the Reading Fightin Phils and Trenton Thunder.

Eastern League Most Valuable Player Award Eastern League Pitcher of the Year Award Eastern League Rookie of the Year Award Eastern League Manager of the Year Award Sports attendances Eastern League official website

Central European Highlands

The Central European Highlands, in a broad sense, comprise the high mountains of the Alpine Mountains and the Carpathian Mountains systems along with mountainous ranges of medium elevation, e.g. those belonging to the Bohemian Massif, still prevailingly of mountainous character. Both types of mountains act as ”water towers”, their high elevation brings about high precipitation and low evaporation, the resulting surplus of water balance feeds large European rivers and other important water sources. Beside the mountains, large areas of Central Europe are occupied by highlands or peneplains of lower altitude in which the surplus of annual water balance is less noticeable, it includes the uplands of south western Europe. Blocks of elevated highlands are faulted valleys; these are Messeta plateau of Iberian peninsula, Central massif of France, the highlands of Brittany and south west Ireland, the Rhine highlands, the Vosges, the Black Forest of the Rhine and so on. These are on the map

Grimstad (town)

Grimstad is a town in Grimstad municipality in Aust-Agder county, Norway. The town is the administrative centre of the municipality, it is located on the Skaggerak coast in Southern Norway along the Groosefjorden, between the towns of Arendal and Kristiansand. The 9.41-square-kilometre town has a population of 12,552 which gives the town a population density of 1,331 inhabitants per square kilometre. Grimstad Church is located on a small hill overlooking the town's harbour; the University of Agder is located in the town as well. The village of Grømstad existed for a long time as part of the ancient prestegjeld of Fjære, it is first mentioned as a harbor in the 16th century. Eight years after he was deposed, Christian II of Denmark–Norway attempted to recover his kingdoms. A tempest scattered his fleet off the Norwegian coast, on 24 October 1531, they took refuge at Grimstad. On 1 July 1532, he surrendered to his rival, King Frederick I of Denmark, in exchange for a promise of safe conduct. King Frederick failed to honor imprisoned Christian until he died.

An inn is recorded at Grimstad as early as 1607. In 1622, the village was granted ladested status under nearby Arendal due to its growing harbour and trading which gave it certain trading rights. By 1747, Grimstad was identified as a recognized haunt of smugglers. During the Napoleonic Wars, England blockaded Norway. In 1811, an English brig entered the harbor to capture blockade runners, but was vigorously repulsed and did not return. John Frederik Classen, who owned the Frolands Værk, obtained concessions to export and import through Grimstad and bypass Arendal with its customs dues. Grimstad was awarded market town status in 1816; the town of Grimstad was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838. On 1 January 1878, part of the neighboring municipality of Fjære was transferred to Grimstad. Again, on 1 January 1960, another part of Fjære was transferred to the town of Grimstad. On 1 January 1971, the rural municipalities of Fjære and Landvik were merged with the town of Grimstad to form a larger municipality of Grimstad with a total population of 11,764 at the time of the merger.

The town's name was Grømstad, when Norway belonged to the Danish kingdom. The name was misunderstood and became Grimstad during the registration of Norwegian cities and small places; the site of the town was the port of the old Grøm farm. The exact meaning of the name Grøm is uncertain, but it is derived from a river name Gró or Gróa which means "the growing one"

In re, Inc., Customer Data Security Breach Litigation

In re, Inc. Customer Data Security Breach Litigation, 893 F. Supp. 2d 1058, was a United States District Court for the District of Nevada case in which the Court held that's customers were not held to the browsewrap terms of use because of their obscure nature. The courts held that the agreement was unenforceable because Zappos had reserved the right to change it at any time without informing the customers; this court decision set a precedent for businesses that use browsewrap agreements and/or include a clause in their agreements that allow them to change the agreements at any time. The decision encouraged conversation on how a business should most display its terms of use and how to avoid unfairness and ambiguity when writing them. Zappos has a customer base of over 24 million people. In January 2012, Zappos suffered a data security breach that gave hackers personal information of their customers. While the security breach exposed names and phone numbers of Zappos customers, it did not expose the customers' credit card information.

After Zappos became aware of the security breach, Zappos sent an email to its customers notifying them of the security breach and advised that they change their login credentials on the site. Several Zappos customers independently filed suit against Zappos claiming that their business model did not protect the valuable information of their customers. Plaintiffs listed twelve causes of action for the suit accusing Zappos of not taking adequate measures to safeguard customers' identifiable information. By June 2012, there were nine lawsuits in progress, originating from five court districts. After the lawsuits multiplied, Zappos moved to consolidate these pre-trial proceedings into a centralized forum; the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation agreed that centralization would help move the cases along by avoiding duplicate work. The most time-saving implementation being a resolution of the facts involved in the case and series of events leading to and following the security breach; because of the location of the plaintiffs, many suggested their home districts for the centralized proceedings: the District of Nevada, the Western District of Kentucky, the Southern District of Florida, the District of Massachusetts.

The Judicial Panel concluded that the District of Nevada was most appropriate because the breached Zappos servers and their administrators were based in Hendersonville, Nevada. On 14 June 2012, Zappos filed a motion to stay action; such a motion would require that the Court stop proceedings on the consolidated suits that were arranged to take place in a single class action. Zappos would now require each individual plaintiff to go through an arbitration process; this motion was held in a clause in Zappos's terms of use, which declared that disputes shall be resolved through confidential arbitration. Any dispute relating in any way to your visit to the Site... shall be submitted to confidential arbitration in Las Vegas, Nevada.... You hereby consent to, waive all defense of lack of personal jurisdiction in the state and federal courts of Nevada. Zappos argued that its customers were required to go through arbitration instead of personal jurisdiction because they automatically agreed to the terms of use when they used the website.

Browsewrap agreements such as this are created when the user does not have to click a button or check a box to indicate that they have accepted the terms of service for a particular website. ACCESSING, BROWSING, OR OTHERWISE USING THE SITE INDICATES YOUR AGREEMENT TO ALL THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS IN THIS AGREEMENT The difference between a clickwrap agreement and a browsewrap agreement is that in a browsewrap agreement, the visitor to a site accepts the terms of service by visiting the website; the Court denied Zappos's motion to compel arbitration and stay action for two reasons: 1. The plaintiffs did not assent to the terms of use, 2; the arbitration requirement is unenforceable. The Court started by citing the Federal Arbitration Act and pointed out that the right to compel arbitration relied on a valid contract, which that element was contested. Judge Jones cited several cases supporting the procedure of determining whether the parties formed a contract before deciding whether or not to compel arbitration including Chiron Corp. v. Ortho Diagnostics Sys. Inc. 207 F.3d 1126.

In other words, the right to compel arbitration requires an enforceable contract, an enforceable contract requires mutual assent. This brought the nature of Zappos's terms of use into question and whether the user had entered a contract with Zappos under the browsewrap agreement. In a browsewrap agreement, the user must know of the website's terms and conditions in order to accept them; the Court points out that on the Zappos website, a link to the terms of use is towards the bottom of each page. The link did not have any distinguishing features; this embedding of terms did not make it reasonably obvious to the user where and how to find the terms, indicating the user experience was flawed. Additionally, the site did not give special mention of the terms of use when a user would sign up, log in, or make a purchase, further indicating that there was no mutual agreement once the user gave Zappos personal and private information. From this, the Court concluded that the Plaintiffs may not have known about the terms of use, arguing that "No reasonable user" would have clicked the link.

The Court highlighted a clause in Zappos's terms of use, which declared, "We reserve the right to change this Site and these terms and conditions at any time." This would give Zappos

Hervormd Gereformeerde Staatspartij

The Hervormd Gereformeerde Staatspartij was a Dutch orthodox Protestant political party during the interbellum. For its orthodox political ideals and its refusal to cooperate in any cabinet, the party is called a testimonial party; the HGS was founded in 1921 as split from the Protestant Christian Historical Union. The party's support from female suffrage and the Catholic/Protestant coalition were important reasons for the split; the direct reasons was a series of demonstrations held in Amsterdam by orthodox Protestants, who opposed the lifting of the ban on catholic processions in the Northern provinces. The movement had called itself the June Movement, a reference to the April movement, crucial in the formation of the first Protestant party, the ARP. A driving force in the split had been the minister Casper Lingbeek; the split is similar to the split of the orthodox Protestant SGP from the mainstream Protestant ARP. The party contested the Dutch general election of 1925 winning one seat, it was taken by Lingbeek.

The elections were turbulent because the cabinet led by Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck had fallen over the Dutch representation at the Holy See an issue that had divided Catholics and Protestants. In the 1929 election the party retained its one seat. In 1931 Lingbeek stood down, in favour of Peereboom. In the 1933 elections Lingbeek was asked to return to parliament by his supporters. In the 1930s the party was methodically isolated by other Protestant parties; the appeal of the Protestant ARP's strongman Hendrikus Colijn, who promised to end the economic crisis, on the party's electorate as well as the appeal of the NSB on several prominent party members, caused the downfall of the party. The party lacked a strong pillarized organization around it, it was unable to win a seat in the 1937 elections. After the war former members of the HGS founded the Protestant Union, with several former members of the CHU, it was unable to win any seats. It continued to exist as a study club until the 1980s The party's name, Hervormd Gereformeerde Staatspartij, is rather difficult to translate because it refers to two kinds of Protestantism, the mainstream Dutch Reformed Church, hence Hervormd and Reformed Churches in the Netherlands, hence Gereformeerd.

It sought to unite these two religions in one national Protestant church. The party was called staatspartij because it represented the general interest and not some partial interest; the acronym was taken by the party's founders to mean "Hear Gods Voice". The HGS was an orthodox Protestant party with a strong nationalist tendency, based on two core ideas: virulent anti-catholicism and theocracy; the party wanted to, in their view, return the Netherlands to its original form: a Protestant nation, based on principles of the bible. It identified with the Geuzen, the Protestant resistance movement, crucial in Eighty Years' War against the catholic Spaniards; the HGS feared the emancipation of the Dutch Catholics, because it saw Catholicism as a false religion and feared that the Catholics might try to take over the country. The party saw the doleantie in which the Dutch Reformed Church was split as a historic mistake as it weakened the power of the Protestant part of the population. In its manifesto of principles it explained their view on the ten commandments.

The first commandment was interpreted as a rejection of the false gods of Plutos and Ochlos. The party rejected both socialism and strikes as a political tool, capitalism and exploitation. Both in their view were in contradiction with the eight commandment; this meant that the party was opposed to government control of society, like compulsory voting, compulsory vaccination, social security. This table show the HGS's results of the HGS in elections to the House of Representatives and Senate, as well as the party's political leadership: the fractievoorzitter, is the chair of the parliamentary party and the lijsttrekker is the party's top candidate in the general election, these posts are taken by the party's leader; the party held one to two seats provincial legislature of South Holland and local legislatures in cities like the Hague and Vianen. Support for the HGS was religiously based. Many of the party's supporters came from was supported by the Confessional Union, the orthodox wing of the Dutch Reformed Church.

The party's youth movement was called the Jonge Geuzen. It two-weakly periodical was the Church; the HGS was methodically isolated, isolated itself. Because of its anti-Catholicism it was opposed to the catholic RKSP, it was opposed to the liberalism of the LSP and the socialism of the SDAP. The CHU and to a lesser extent the ARP were reminded by the party of their original ideals, they rejected the ideological orthodoxy of the HGS however. Internationally the party is comparable to some of the extreme organizations of the American Christian right


Amanattō is a Japanese traditional confectionery made of azuki or other beans, covered with refined sugar after simmering with sugar syrup and drying. It was developed by Hosoda Yasubei during the Bunkyū years in the Edo period, he opened a wagashi store in Tokyo. This store continues to operate. Amanattō was called amananattō; the resemblance of the name to the fermented bean dish nattō is coincidental. In Hokkaidō, amanattō is used in cooking sekihan. For this reason, unlike other areas, the sekihan of Hokkaidō is a little sweet. List of legume dishes Food portal