Okhaldhunga District is one of 14 districts of Kirat of eastern Nepal. The district, with Okhaldhunga as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,074.5 km² and had a population of 156,702 in 2001 and 147,984 in 2011. Okhaldjunga is the place where Democratic leader Bal Bahadur Rai was born, he was known as the founder of prajaparisha party Nepal. Siddhicharan Shrestha is known as the'Yug Kawi' of Nepal; the district contains the following VDCs from 2017: Andheri Narayansthan, Balakhu, Baruneshwor, Bhadaure, Bigutar, Chyanam, Fediguth, Gamnangtar, Jantarkhani, Kalikadevi, Katunje, Khiji Chandeshwori, Kuibhir, Madhavpur, Manebhanjyang, Mulkharka, Okhaldhunga, Patle, Pokhare, Ragadip, Raniban, Rawadolu, Salleri, Shreechaur, Sisneri, Tarkerabari, Thoksela, Ubu, Yasam Siddhicharan Municipality Khijee Tholedamba Tourists are attracted towards the beauty of Khiji Okhaldhunga. Zones of Nepal "Districts of Nepal". Statoids
Rukum District was a "hill" and "mountain" district some 280 km west of Kathmandu belonging to Province No. 5 and to Karnali Pradesh before split into two districts Western Rukum and Eastern Rukum after the state's reconstruction of administrative divisions in 2017. Rukum covers an area of 2,877 km² with population of 207,290 in 2011 Nepal census. Musikot was the district's administrative center. Rukum district has potential tourist attractions that remain unexplored including yarsagumba collection caravan destinations, historical sites from the ten-year insurrection including the seat of a breakaway government in Banphikot, eastern Rukum, the so-called Guerrilla Trek passes through this area, a hotbed for recruiting and training as well as a battleground during Nepal's civil war. (. There is 5,911 metres Mt. Sisne, the westernmost high peak in the Dhaulagiri massif. Locals refer to Sisne as Hiunchuli and it is considered sacred as the abode of deities Masta and Saikumari. Climbing history on the mountain is not well documented and an eight-man expedition led by Man Bahadur Khatri reached the summit ridge in May 2013.
Rukumkot, a prominent village in Rukum is referred to as "the place of 52 lakes and 53 hills". Rukumkot (Nepali: all of them Shyarpu Tal is largest lake in Rukum रुकुमकोट） has a beautiful pond called Rukmini Tal or locally Kamal Dhaha for its lotus flowers. Nearby are notable temples called Barah and Sibalaya, caves such as Deurali Cave. Rukum district was the northernmost part of Rapti Zone, it is in the basin of a major tributary of the Karnali. Most of Rukum is drained by west-flowing tributaries such as Uttar Ganga draining Dhorpatan Valley and to the north of that the Sani Bheri draining southern slopes of the western Dhaulagiri Himalaya. Elevation ranges from below 800 meters along the Bheri and its lowest tributaries to about 6,000 meters in the Dhaulagiris with a range of climates from sub-tropical to perpetual snow and ice. Agricultural use ranges from irrigated rice cultivation through upland cultivation of maize, wheat and fruit, to sub-alpine and alpine pasturage reaching about 4,500 meters.
Rukum District is considered remote and air service. With recent road building and jeep service are available with links to the southern plains and major cities including Kathmandu. Two airports offer safe but rudimentary facilities for passenger flights from Nepalganj and Kathmandu; the Rapti Highway was under construction to connect Musikot to Salyan Khalanga and Mahendra Highway to the south. On the other hand, Nepal's dream project, it is about a four-hour bus ride from Dang Tulsipur to Rukum Musikot. Mid-Hill Highway is under construction, it is a national pride project that passes through 12 zones, 24 districts, 215 VDCs. With a total length of 1,767 km, the highway connects Chiyo Bhanjyang of Pachthar district in the east with Jhulaghat of Baitadi district in the west; the bus ride from Kathmandu takes up to 24 hours to Musikot. The two airports in Rukum are in Salle. Chaurjahari Airport lies near the Bheri River, 762 m above sea level and accessible by footpaths and horse trails only, with a grass runway 850 m long and 30 m wide.
It was the primary mode of travel to Rukum for government, NGO personnel, aid workers and backpackers before the civil war. During the conflict the security situation deteriorated and the local police station was shut down; the airport has 10 aircraft parking spaces. The flight from Nepalganj to Rukum Salle airport takes 15–20 minutes. Rukum Salle Airport lies near the district headquarters, it is accessible by road transport since Rapti Highway has touched Salle airport. Its runway is 650 meters long with capability of parking of four aircraft; the flight from Kathmandu to Rukum Salle airport takes about 90 minutes, while the flight from Nepalganj takes about 20 minutes. Rukum was a flashpoint of the Maoist insurgency, along with neighboring Rolpa district. Rukum was controlled by insurgents throughout the conflict. Many Maoist leaders came from this district, as well as many martyred insurgents, but now Rukum is known as a new tourism destination in Nepal. The Government of Nepal with the Nepal Tourism Board, Rukum District officials, Maoists party leaders, a foreign author of a guidebook and map to the area launched the Guerrilla Trek with a ceremony in Kathmandu in Oct 2012.
Aathbis Danda, Aathbis Kot, Arma Banphikot, Bhalakachha Chaurjahari Municipality, Chokhawang, Chunwang Duli Garayala, Ghetma Hukam Jang, Jhula Kanda, Khara, Kol, Kotjahari Magma, Morawang, Musikot Khalanga Nuwakot Pipal, Purtim Kanda, Pyaugha Rangsi, Ranmamekot Rukumkot, Rugha Sankha, Sisne, Syalapakha Taksera Besides the United Nations/Nepal map of districts and VDCs shown above, their Map Centre has a downloadable PDF version adding municipalities and water detail. From 1992 to 2002 a definitive series of large scale topographic maps were surveyed and published through a joint project by Government of Nepal Survey Department and Finland's Ministry for Foreign Affairs contracting through the FinnMap consulting firm. Japan International Cooperation Agency substituted for FinnMap in Lumbini Zone. Topographic sheets at 1:25,000 scale covering 7.5 minutes latitude and longitude map the Terai and Middle Mountains. Less populated high mountain regions are on 15 minute sheets at 1:50,000. JPG scans can be downloade
Province No. 5
Province No. 5 is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal, adopted on 20 September 2015. As per a 17 January 2018 cabinet meeting, the city of Butwal has been declared the interim state capital of Province No. 5. It borders Gandaki Pradesh and Karnali Pradesh to the north, Sudurpashchim Pradesh to the west, Uttar Pradesh of India to the south; the Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Tulsipur High Court is the head of the judiciary; the present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Uma Kanta Jha, Shankar Pokhrel and Nahakul Subedi. The province has 87 provincial assembly constituencies and 26 House of Representative constituencies. Province No. 5 has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal. The term length of provincial assembly is five years; the Provincial Assembly of Province No. 5 is temporarily housed at the Chamber of Commerce Meeting Hall in Butwal.
Province No. 5 is divided into 12 districts. A district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer; the districts are further dived to rural municipalities. The municipalities include 32 municipalities. There are 73 rural municipalities in the province. Arghakhanchi Banke Bardiya Dang Eastern Rukum Gulmi Kapilvastu Parasi Palpa Pyuthan Rolpa Rupandehi List of provinces of Nepal List of districts of Nepal
Morang District Coordination Committee called Morang District is located in Province 1 of the eastern region of Nepal. It borders with Bihar to the South, Jhapa to the East, Dhankuta & Panchthar to the North and Sunsari to the west. Morang has eight municipalities and 8 rural municipalities; the total area of Morang is 1,855 km2. The lowest elevation point is 60 meter and highest elevation point is 2410 meter above sea level; the headquarter of Morang is connected by Koshi National High way to the East-West Mahendra National Highway at Itahari and Morang is connected to the Hill parts of the eastern region of Nepal. Morang is the core Industrial sector for the eastern region of Nepal. Morang lies in plains, of Eastern Nepal. Most of the land is taken up by rice and jute cultivation, though areas of sal forest remain along the northern part of the district where the plains meet the hills. Most of the district is rural, though it is home to Biratnagar, the second largest city in Nepal after Kathmandu, capital city of the nation.
It is the industrial capital of Nepal. Morang has the highest numbers of factories, multinational brands too. Other emerging towns include Urlabari, Belbari and Rangeli, it boasts the largest industrial area in the whole country, expanding from Rani Mills Area to Duhabi River. Biratnagar Jute Mills and Dhanawat Matches are among the nation's oldest industries. Morang district is home to the historic Morang Campus, Sukuna Multiple Campus, Urlabari Multiple Campus, Pathari Multiple Campus, several other institutions of higher learning. Sukuna Multiple Campus is one of the biggest in the Eastern Development Region and reputed colleges with around 5000 students situatd at sunderharaincha of Morang district; the opening of Purbanchal University in Biratnagar, which offers graduate level courses in many disciplines of Science and Liberal Sciences, is certain to make the place a college town as it attracts college graduates from most of the part of the nation. The University is committed to achieve academic excellence through research and practical studies in specific areas that contribute to the social and sustainable development of the country.
At present, the University has broadly identified Industry-Technology, Agriculture-Forestry, Environment- Rural-Cultural Subsistence and Sustainable Development as specific areas of “Academic Excellence”. It has affiliated private in all the parts of Nepal. Janasewa Higher Secondary School situated at Bayarban VDC is one of the biggest schools of this district, it was established in 2025 B. S. Mr Tularam Gurung, former Principal, spent his fertile youth to bring the school in today's situation. There are many other popular and old government schools such as Jante higher secondary school, Radhika Ma Vi, Adarsha higher secondary school, Public H. Sec. School, Shree Kali H. Sec. School, Kashijan. Madan Bhandari Memorial Academy is another educational institute located ins Urlabari Morang. MBMAN started Bachloars in Engineering at civil and computer among jointly program of Pokhara university and MBMAN; the name Morang is derived from the name of the Kirat King Mawrong Mung Hang, who established the Morang Kingdom in the beginning of seventh century.
His capital and fort was at present day Rangeli. Morang was annexed to greater Kirat by King Uba Hang in 849 CE and ruled until 1584 CE when Rai King Sanïgla Ing made Morang independent and ruled from Varatappa situated east of modern Bijaypur; the Ing Dynasty, the Sen dynasty and the Hangbang dynasty ruled Morang until 1774 CE. The Morang name fell from use after the annexation of all the Kingdoms of Kirat, including Morang, by King Prithivi Narayan Shah of Gorkha; the last King of Morang was Budhhi Karna Raya Hangbang. The name Morang came into use again after the shah kings divided the country into administrative districts and Morang was named after the old Morang Kingdom. A large amount of the forest was cleared in the last century, in the process, many settlers migrated to the district from the hills and India; the Morang plains are one of the most culturally diverse regions in Nepal. Morang has been a hotbed of political activity throughout Nepal's recent history producing political stalwarts such as Matrika Prasad Koirala, BP Koirala, Madan Bhandari, Girija Prasad Koirala, Man Mohan Adhikari, Sushil Koirala, Bharat Mohan Adhikari as well as the present time leaders like Shekhar Koirala, Upendra Yadav, etc.
The district sends nine members to the national legislature. The district consists of one Metropolitan Cities, eight urban municipalities and eight rural municipalities; these are as follows: Biratnagar Metropolitan City SundarHaraicha MunicipalityBelbari Municipality Pathari-Sanischare Municipality Urlabari Municipality Rangeli Municipality Letang Bhogateni Municipality Ratuwamai Municipality Sunbarshi Municipality Kerabari Rural Municipality Miklajung Rural Municipality Kanepokhari Rural Municipality Budiganga Rural Municipality Gramthan Rural Municipality Katahari Rural Municipality Dhampalthan Rural Municipality Jahada Rural Municipality "Districts of Nepal". Statoids
Gaunpalika or gaupalika is the newly formed lower administrative division in Nepal. The Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development dissolved the existing village development committees and announced the establishment of this new local body. There are 460 rural municipalities; the main purpose of a gaunpalika is similar to that of a village development committee. Besides this, this division has the authority to collect various taxes like entertainment tax, business tax and residential tax at the local level; the Village Development Committee was dissolved on 10 March 2017. Panchayat was dissolved and turned into VDC by the Constitution of Nepal 1990. According to the English translation of the Constitution of Nepal, the term "gaunpalika" has been used as "village body". However, the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development explained that the term "rural municipality" was coined after opinions from experts and diverse sources; the chief is the head of a rural municipality. A total of 744 chiefs were selected by the government in 10 March 2017.
The rural municipalities will have an annual budget of at least Rs 10 million. Village development committees of Nepal topics
Province No. 2
Province No. 2 is a province in the southeastern region of Nepal, formed after the adoption of the Constitution of Nepal. It is Nepal's second most populous province, smallest province by area, it borders Province No. 1 to the east, Province No. 3 to the north, India to the south. It has an area of 9,661 km2 with a population of 5,404,145 per the 2011 Census of Nepal, making it most densely populated province of Nepal; the Koshi River and Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve acts as provincial demarcation border between Province 2 and Province 1 in the east. And the demarcation line between Chitwan National Park and Parsa National Park acts as provincial demarcation border between Province 2 and Province 3 in the west; the province includes eight districts from Saptari District in the east to Parsa District in the west. The majority of the province's population speaks Maithili, Bhojpuri and Nepali; the Capital city, a sub-metropolitan city of Janakpur known as Janakpurdham, is a centre for religious and cultural tourism.
It is thought to have been the capital of the Videha dynasty that ruled Mithila region in ancient times. The first urban planned municipality of Nepal, Rajbiraj, is the oldest municipality of the Terai belt of Nepal; the town is believed to have been named after the ancient Rajdevi temple, which dates back to the 1700s. The metropolitan city of Birgunj is an economically important industrial centre and the only metropolitan city in the province; as per a 17 January 2018 cabinet meeting, Janakpur has been declared as the interim capital of Province No. 2. Mohammad Lalbabu Raut Gaddhi is the current Chief Minister; the region is surrounded by: The Sunsari District of Province No. 1 to the East. The Chitwan District of Province No. 3 to the West. The Makwanpur District and Sindhuli District of Province No. 3 and Udayapur District of Province No. 1 to the North. India to the South; as per Central Bureau of Statistics the province covers about 9,661 km2. of Nepal's total area of 147,181 km2. With total number of 5,404,145 inhabitants, it is the second most populous province in Nepal.
The province is located on flat plains of Terai, Chure or the Shiwalik Hills are the natural border of the province which falls in northern side. The southern side has an international border with the India. Koshi River on its eastern side acting as a natural border with Province No. 1. Province No. 2 has eight districts in a series. Koshi River, Bagmati River, Kamla River, Lakhandei River and Bishnumati River are the main rivers of the province; the Governor acts as the head of the province while the Chief Minister is the head of the provincial government. The Chief Judge of the Janakpur High Court is the head of the judiciary; the present Governor, Chief Minister and Chief Judge are Ratneshwar Lal Kayastha, Mohammad Lalbabu Raut and Udaya Prakash Chapagain. The province has 107 provincial assembly constituencies and 32 House of Representative constituencies. Province No. 2 has a unicameral legislature, like all of the other provinces in Nepal. The term length of provincial assembly is five years.
The Provincial Assembly of Province No. 2 is temporarily housed at the District Education Office in Janakpur. Province No. 2 is divided into eight districts. A district is administrated by the head of the District Coordination Committee and the District Administration Officer; the districts are further dived to rural municipalities. The municipalities include one metropolitan city, three sub-metropolitan cities and 73 municipalities. There are 59 rural municipalities in the province. Province No. 2 has no difficult terrains still the transportation has not been well developed in the region due to lack of investments and negligence. The major connecting link for the province is the Mahendra Highway which runs longitudinally across the province. All major cities of the province remain disconnected from this highway. Janakpurdham, Birgunj AND Gaur lie 25,10,24 and 42 kilometres south of the Mahendra Highway, respectively; the Tribhuvan Highway does not cross as much of the province as the Mahendra Highway, but it is most important link as it connects the province to Kathmandu and to the India.
The starting point of Tribhuvan Highway i.e. Birgunj is the most important International Gateway and trade way for this province and entire country and hence known as "The Gateway of Nepal". In terms of revenue generation, Birjung custom point is the largest. Birendra highway whhich is connected to Mahendra highway from Headquarter of Rautahat district Gaur to the Chandranigahpur. Which is 42km in length. Mahendra Highway - Part Postal Highway - Part Tribhuvan Highway - Part Birendra Highway - part A few other railway projects are under progress in the province no. 2. All these projects are of Nepal Railways. Government of Nepal has proposed Janakpur as a Main Station for 1024 km east-west Metro Railway project and further be extended to India and China for connecting Nepal Railways with Indian Railways and China Railway for business and tourism promotion. Janakpur to Lhasa Bardibas, Janakpur to Jainagar, Bihar Janakpur to Kathmandu Janakpur to Biratnagar Janakpur to Nepalgunj Janakpur to Birgunj Province No. 2 has 3 airports: Rajbiraj Airport, in Rajbiraj Janakpur Airport in Janakpur.
Simara Airport in Pipara Simara close to Birganj. Nijgadh International Airport in Bara district. List of provinces of Nepal List of districts of Nepal
A municipality is a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns and hamlets; the term municipality may mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district; the term is derived from French Latin municipalis. The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium, referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments. A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.
The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass only one populated place such as a city, town, or village several of such places only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile. Powers of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, corporate income tax, but may receive substantial funding from the state. In various countries, municipalities are referred to as "communes", notably in Romance languages such as French commune, Italian comune, Romanian comună, Spanish comuna, in Germanic languages such as German Kommune, Swedish kommun, Faroese kommuna, Norwegian, Danish kommune. However, in Moldova and Romania exist both municipalities and communes, a commune may be part of a municipality. Similar terms include Spanish ayuntamiento called municipalidad, Polish gmina, Dutch/Flemish Gemeente and Luxembourgish Gemeng.
In Australia, the term local government area is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the "LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility." In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation within general municipal statutes. Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, parishes, rural municipalities, townships and villes among others; the Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include regional municipalities. Nova Scotia has regional municipalities, which include cities, districts, or towns as municipal units. In India, a Municipality or Nagar Palika is an urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. However, there are exceptions to that, as Municipality were constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000, so all the urban bodies which were classified as Municipality were reclassified as Municipality if their population was under 100,000.
Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. Smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Municipality. Municipality are a form of local self-government entrusted with some duties and responsibilities, as enshrined in the Constitutional Act,1992. In the United Kingdom, the term was used until the 1972 Local Government Act came into effect in 1974 in England and Wales, until 1975 in Scotland and 1976 in Northern Ireland, "both for a city or town, organized for self-government under a municipal corporation, for the governing body itself; such a corporation in Great Britain consists of a head as a mayor or provost, of superior members, as aldermen and councillors". Since local government reorganisation, the unit in England, Northern Ireland and Wales is known as a district, in Scotland as a council area. A district can retain its district title. In Jersey, a municipality refers to the honorary officials elected to run each of the 12 parishes into which it is subdivided.
This is the highest level of regional government in this jurisdiction. In Trinidad and Tobago, "municipality" is understood as a city, town, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. A town may be awarded borough status and on may be upgraded to city status. Chaguanas, San Fernando, Port of Spain and Point Fortin are the 5 current municipalities in Trinidad and Tobago. In the United States, "municipality" is understood as a city, village, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. In a state law contex