Solar Entertainment Corporation
Solar Entertainment Corporation is a Filipino media company founded and owned by the siblings of the Tieng family which engages in property development, distribution of imported products and generic pharmaceutical products. Solar Entertainment operates four cable channels. Solar owns a film distribution company and a freemium digital television service. Solar Entertainment was founded and established by the brothers William Tieng, Wilson Tieng and Willy Tieng in 1976. Solar Films was formed in 1988, bringing international films to the Philippines. Since 2012, Solar has collaborated with independent film director Brillante Mendoza for a multiple film contract. On March 18, 2015, Solar launched the Sinag Maynila film festival is, which featured five films from a talented group of directors, each with a different vision and approach; the films were shown in select SM Cinemas from March 18 to 24, 2015. The winners were announced at the “Gabi ng Parangal” on March 22. On January 1, 1994, Solar launched on cable television as the Solar Entertainment Channel.
In 2000, DOMSAT became Solar's subsidiary. As a result, DOMSAT’s teleport is being used by Solar to produce and distribute its various television program services, its full service digital broadcast teleport features server technology facility located in Barangay Sta. Cruz, Sumulong Highway, Antipolo City, Rizal, it is built around two encoder platforms, Scientific Atlanta Power Vu Classic and Motorola Digicipher II. Program origination is done on a SeaChange Media Cluster Server System; the facility includes various linear and non-linear production bays. Solar Entertainment first launched its namesake entertainment cable channel in the early 2000s, one devoted to American programs; this channel was known as Solar USA, later as USA before it was replaced by two separate channels. In January 2004, Solar launched on cable sports alternative channel as Sports Plus. On August 23, 2004, Solar Entertainment launched ETC or Entertainment Central, positioned as the country’s premier cable female entertainment channel.
ETC is a platform that brings its audience closer to their aspirational lifestyle, as embodied by their idols. On May 5, 2005, it test launched delivering debbuting service. Intended for a predominantly male audience, the company launched the country’s leading general entertainment cable channel, Jack TV, in July. On October 15, 2005, Solar Entertainment launched a crime and action cable channel, Crime/Suspense or C/S. On December 15, 2005, Solar Entertainment launched a spin-off channel to ETC, ETC 2nd Avenue, a lifestyle and general entertainment channel. Started as a test broadcast on December 15, 2005, had its full launch in 2006; the channel was renamed as 2nd Avenue on January 17, 2007. On October 1, 2006, Sports Plus ceased broadcasting and replaced by the Basketball TV channel formed by Solar, while moving most of Sports Plus programs to Solar Sports. On January 1, 2008, Solar Entertainment Corporation began to lease block airtime with terrestrial TV networks, RPN, SBN and RJTV; the move was a result of SkyCable pulling out C/S, ETC, 2nd Avenue from the cable company's lineup at their own right.
Those three started carrying shows from Solar's, with C/S on RPN, ETC on SBN, 2nd Avenue on RJTV. On May 22, 2009, a victory party for Manny "Pacman" Pacquiao, who just became the new IBO and Ring Magazine Light Welterweight Champion, was held at the Renaissance Hotel in Makati City, in partnership with GMA Network Inc. Solar and GMA executives at that time signed for a partnership in TV coverage of Manny Pacquiao's upcoming boxing matches; the C/S cable channel was rebranded as C/S Origin in September 2008, while the RPN network changed its branding to C/S 9 the next month. On November 29, 2009, Solar rebranded C/S9 as Solar TV at 11:00 am with a slogan It's A Bright New World on RPN. On October 31, 2010, it changed some of its programming content to English/Tagalog with a new slogan Kung Saan Lahat Panalo!. In mid-2010, GemCom sold all of its 97% equity share in SBN to Solar for Php 368.8 million. Since SBN became a owned subsidiary of Solar. On February 11, 2011, SEC partnered with ABS-CBN Corporation to air National Basketball Association games over free TV starting February 19, 2011.
The games are aired on Studio 23 and ABS-CBN, but Solar still airs the games daily on BTV. On March 2, 2011, after SEC acquired 34 percent of RPN's shares from the Philippine government as part of RPN/IBC privatization in 2011, Solar TV ventured into news at the end of 2011. On that same day, ETC moved to RPN while TalkTV launched over SBN. TalkTV was formed by Solar-owned Solar Television Network; the first programs that aired on the channel were Dateline NBC, Today Show, Today's Talk, NBC Nightly News, Inside Edition, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno and Late Show with David Letterman. On April 8, 2011, Solar Entertainment Corporation launched The Game Channel on Destiny Cable, it conducted its initial test broadcast from April 8, 2011, until September 29. It began airing on BEAM Channel 31 on August 15, 2011, after BEAM and Solar signed an affiliation deal, which gave the latter the use of the former's facilities. Full broadcast started on September 30, 2011. In May 2011, ETC launched the slogan "Young and Loving It".
It saw new programs such as the reality series The Rachel Zoe Project
Metropolitan Manila is the seat of government and one of the three defined metropolitan areas of the Philippines. It is known as the National Capital Region, is known as Metro Manila or Manila, it is made up of 16 cities namely: the City of Manila, Quezon City, Las Piñas, Malabon, Marikina, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasig, San Juan and Valenzuela, as well as the municipality of Pateros. The region encompasses an area of 619.57 km2 and has a population of 12,877,253 as of 2015. It is the most densely populated region of the Philippines, it is the 9th most populous metropolitan area in Asia and the 5th most populous urban area in the world. The region is the center of culture, economy and government of the Philippines. Designated as a global power city, NCR exerts a significant impact on commerce, media, fashion, technology and entertainment, both locally and internationally, it is the home to all the consulates and embassies in the Philippines, thereby making it an important center for international diplomacy in the country.
Its economic power makes the region the country's premier center for commerce. The region accounts for 37.2% of the gross domestic product of the Philippines. The region was established in 1975 through Presidential Decree No. 824 in response to the needs to sustain the growing population and for the creation for the center of political power and the seat of the Government of the Philippines. The Province of Manila, the predecessor entity of the region, is one of the first eight provinces that revolted against the Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines at the end of the 19th century. Manila's role in the Revolution is honored in the Flag of the Philippines, where the sun's eight rays symbolize the eight revolutionary provinces. A historical province known as Manila encompassed territories once held by various pre-Hispanic polities; this included the well-known Pasig River delta settlements of Maynila and Tondo, but smaller settlements such as those at Tambobong, Taguig and the fortified polity of Cainta.
It became the capital of the colonial Philippines, with Manila serving as the center of colonial power. In 1898, it included the City of 23 other municipalities. Mariquina served as the capital from 1898–1899, just as when the sovereignty of the Philippines was transferred to the United States; the province was dissolved and most of it was incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal in 1901. Since the Spanish colonial period, Manila was considered as one of the original global cities; the Manila galleon was the first known commercially traveled trade route that sailed the Pacific for 250 years, bringing to Spain their cargoes of luxury goods, economic benefits, cultural exchange. During the American period, at the time of the Philippine Commonwealth, American architect and urban designer Daniel Burnham was commissioned to create the grand Plan of Manila to be approved by the Philippine Government; the creation of Manila in 1901 is composed of the places and parishes of Binondo, Intramuros, Manila, Quiapo, San Andrés Bukid, San Fernando de Dilao, San Miguel, San Nicolas, Santa Ana de Sapa, Santa Cruz, Santa Mesa and Tondo.
Meanwhile, the towns and parishes of Caloocan, Las Piñas, Pasig, Parañaque, Navotas, San Juan del Monte, San Pedro de Macati, San Felipe Neri and the Taguig-Pateros area were incorporated into the province of Rizal. Pasig serves as its provincial capital. In 1939, President Quezon established Quezon City with a goal to replace Manila as the capital city of the country. A masterplan for Quezon City was completed; the establishment of Quezon City meant the demise of the grand Burnham Plan of Manila, with funds being diverted for the establishment of the new capital. World War II further resulted in the loss most of the developments in the Burnham Plan, but more the loss of more than 100,000 lives at the Battle of Manila in 1945. On, Quezon City was declared as the national capital in 1948; the title was re-designated back to Manila in 1976 through Presidential Decree No. 940 owing to its historical significance as the uninterrupted seat of government of the Philippines since the Spanish colonial period.
Presidential Decree No. 940 states that Manila has always been to the Filipino people and in the eyes of the world, the premier city of the Philippines being the center of trade, commerce and culture. During the war, President Manuel L. Quezon created the City of Greater Manila as an emergency measure, merging the cities of Manila and Quezon City, along with the municipalities of Caloocan, Las Piñas, Pasig, Parañaque, Navotas, San Juan del Monte, San Pedro de Macati, San Felipe Neri and the Taguig-Pateros area. Jorge Vargas was appointed as its mayor. Mayors in the cities and municipalities included in the City of Greater Manila served as vice mayors in their town; this was in order to ensure Vargas, Quezon's principal lieutenant for administrative matters, would have a position of authority recognized under international military law. The City of Greater Manila was abolished by the Japanese with the formation of the Philippine Executive Commission to govern the occupied regions of the country.
The City of Greater Manila served as a model for the present-day Metro Manila and the administrative functions of the Governor of Metro Manila, established during the Marcos administration. On November 7, 1975, Metro Manila was formally established th
Digital television adapter
A digital television adapter known as a converter box, is a television tuner that receives a digital television transmission, converts the digital signal into an analog signal that can be received and displayed on an analog television set. The input digital signal may be over-the-air terrestrial television signals received by a television antenna, or signals from a digital cable system, it does not refer to satellite TV, which has always required a set-top box either to operate the big satellite dish, or to be the integrated receiver/decoder in the case of direct-broadcast satellites. In North America, these ATSC tuner boxes convert from ATSC to NTSC, while in most of Europe and other places such as Australia, they convert from Digital Video Broadcasting to PAL; because the DTV transition did nothing to reduce the number of broadcast television system standards, due to varying frequency allocations and bandplans, there are many other combinations specific to other countries. On June 12, 2009, all full-power analog television transmissions ended in the United States.
Viewers who watch broadcast television on older analog TV sets must use a DTA. Since many of the low-power TV stations will continue to broadcast in analog for years to come, consumers who watch low-power stations will need an adapter with an analog passthrough feature that allows the viewer to watch both digital and analog signals. Viewers who receive their television signals through cable or satellite were not affected by this change and did not need a digital television adapter. Additionally, viewers who have newer televisions with built-in digital ATSC tuners will not need an external digital television adapter; the United States government had set up a program to offer consumers a $40 "coupon" which could be used toward the purchase of a coupon-eligible converter box. At the Consumer Electronics Association's Entertainment Technology Policy Summit in January 2006, Federal Communications Commission Commissioner Jonathan Adelstein said many Americans did not know about the February 17, 2006, deadline for ending analog TV.
Furthermore, he said, too many people were still buying analog TV sets, meaning more demand for converter boxes. And if people found out what they would have to do, converter boxes might not do the job adequately. Tribune Broadcasting chief technology officer Ira Goldstone said just buying a converter box did not mean getting the latest technology. Bob Seidel of CBS said companies might use cheaper tuners, people would need new television antennas for proper reception. Circuit City Chairman Alan McCollough opposed converter boxes, saying people should just buy digital TVs, television networks should offer only widescreen-format television programming as an incentive to do that. Prototypes of the first converter boxes appeared at the NAB show in 2006. LG Electronics, which took over Zenith Electronics in 1999, showed its model connected to a Zenith TV from 1980, while Thomson Consumer Electronics used an RCA TV from 1987 for its demonstration. Both boxes shown used electronic program guides using System Information Protocol.
The devices showed V-chip ratings and signal strength. Thomson's model stored three days of TV listings, allowed parental controls, could set a VCR. Cable TV systems are under no deadline to convert to digital TV. However, many Comcast customers are finding all of their non-local and non-shopping networks eliminated on various dates though only a few are needed for additional digital cable channels. CECBs will not work on these systems because cable ATSC uses 256QAM modulation instead of 8VSB, so a separate but similar DTA with a QAM tuner is necessary. If the cable company takes away analog channels, at least two of these adapters must be provided for free by the cable company for at least three years so that customers can continue to watch the same channels with existing equipment. Cable companies were required to provide some analog service until October 2006. After that, taking away analog channels allowed faster Internet and more HD channels. An adapter from the cable provider was needed for digital TVs if the company scrambled its digital signals to prevent piracy.
A digital transport adapter will allow viewing of basic channels as many as 99, but not premium channels. It will not allow video on demand or pay-per-view. Simple DTAs only allow analog sets to receive digital signals using RF output on channel 3 or 4, using coaxial cable. Other versions of the DTA are available. Pace plc developed the XiD-P digital transport adapter for Comcast, allowing 4K service and offering the potential to expand the DTA from one-way to two-way; this would involve adding IP capability. Most countries that have switched to digital TV use DVB-T broadcasting with MPEG-2 MP@ML or H.264 encoding. Some, consider switching to DVB-T2 such as the UK, being the first to test DVB-T2; this results in a number of different combinations for external digital receivers with the MPEG-2 ones sold at about €15 to €35 and the MPEG-4 ones reaching €25 to €150. All set top boxes sold in EU cannot exceed 0.5W in stand by mode. Russia has introduced digital TV and is now ending analog over-the-air transmission.
Most new TVs feature a DVB-T2 tuner which allows reception of digital over-the-air TV without need of an external device such a converter box. If using a TV set without a DVB-T2 tuner, an external converter box must be used; this converter box takes the digital signal from t
Shop TV is a 24-hour shopping related TV channel owned by Solar Entertainment Corporation. Aside from its dedicated channel, Shop TV airs through blocktime agreement with the following television networks: 5 ETC GMA News TV The idea for a 24/7 shopping channel in the Philippines was not as ubiquitous as it is today, it all began when a family of entrepreneurs decided to take a risk in October 2003 and introduced the concept of home shopping networks to the Philippine market. ShopTV of Home Shopping Network aired for 12 hours daily starting last November 2005, it expanded its coverage to 24/7 airing by August 2006. A Better You Budget Sized Gifted! Gotta Have It! Mandatories Picks-of-the-Week Project Home Shop TV Classics Shop TV Faves The Easy Kitchen The Healthy Way The Sale Rack This Just In' What Women Want Auto Focus Breakfast with Moms Business and Leisure Superbrands Shop TV Live 5, analog free TV partner of Shop TV ETC, analog free TV partner of Shop TV GMA News TV, analog free TV partner of Shop TV
My Movie Channel
My Movie Channel was a 24-hour Filipino cable and satellite television network based in Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong City. Owned by Solar Entertainment Corporation, It airs movies from Hollywood and around the world, while airing entertainment news programs, talk shows and drama series. Blink Cinema was launched on January 3, 2013, with the full broadcast taking effect that month; the channel was renamed as My Movie Channel on November 30, 2013, coinciding with the transfer of ETC to SBN and former sister channel Solar News Channel's move to RPN 9, as well as the launch of Solar's video-on-demand website Blink. On March 1, 2015, the channel replaced former sister channel TGC on various cable providers, following the latter's end of operations on February 28, 2015. After 2 years ago on broadcasting. My Movie Channel announced that they will ceased broadcasting on television effective June 30, 2015, gave thanks to its viewers before they sign-off on July 1, 2015; the channel's programming consists of movies from major Hollywood film studios, while foreign films are aired on its weekly "World Cinema" block on weekdays.
It airs entertainment news programs, US talk shows, US TV series, the latter of which are shown on its "Series at Six" block. Mr Selfridge NCIS Inside the Actors Studio The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon The Tonight Show with Jay Leno Entertainment Tonight The Insider Solar Entertainment Corporation ETC 2nd Avenue My Movie Channel on Solar Entertainment Website
Southern Broadcasting Network
Southern Broadcasting Network, Inc. is a Filipino-owned media company based radio and television network based in Metro Manila. SBN is a subsidiary of Solar Entertainment Corporation, a Filipino-owned television company managed by the Tieng family, its main broadcast facilities are located at the Third Floor, Worldwide Corporate Center, EDSA corner Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong City with office located at 22/F Strata 2000 Building, F. Ortigas Jr. Road, Ortigas Center, Pasig City. SBN was founded by Gem Communications Holdings Corporation majority owned by Filipino-Chinese tycoon Lucio Co, founder of supermarket chain Puregold Price Club Inc. with 97% share. Leonardo B. Dayao and Teofilo A. Henson served as President of SBN, respectively; the Davao-based broadcast company launched DWCP-TV channel 21, becoming the first local UHF TV station in Metro Manila starting May 30, 1992. It was known as World TV 21, operated by the Kampana Television Corporation, providing programming content from ABC, ESPN and CNN on this channel.
On September 7, 1995, in accordance to current constitutional rules, SBN's franchise was approved as Republic Act No. 8147 by the Philippine Congress, yet without the president's approval. In 2000, SBN started airing Ang Dating Daan after transferring from PTV, as well as informative and educational programs and the most notable program during the network's popularity, SBN Music Videos, which it evolved into a videoke oriented program SBN 21 Live. In 2001, the Iglesia ni Cristo launched its own program, Ang Tamang Daan, as a direct response to Ang Dating Daan, featuring video footages and recordings of ADD hosts as issues were tackled. Over time the animosity between the two groups has intensified, their relationship has been strained; the Quezon City Regional Trial Court on Wednesday ordered televangelist Bro. Eliseo Soriano of Ang Dating Daan to pay the Iglesia ni Cristo, P100,000 in moral damages for libel committed 10 years ago. Branch 92 Judge Eleuterio Bathan directed him to pay a fine of P6,000 each for two counts of libel.
He ruled the elements of libel have been established in the case filed by INC over Soriano’s pronouncement on a television program on April 25, 2003 and the replay on April 27 on the same timeslot during the live program of Ang Dating Daan on SBN. The case stemmed from a complaint filed by members of the Iglesia ni Cristo, including its minister Michael Sandoval, due to statements of Soriano aired on August 10 referring to the minister. By 2004, Ang Dating Daan transferred to UNTV, while Ang Tamang Daan moved to the INC's secular television station Net 25. On January 1, 2008, Solar Entertainment Corporation began to lease airtime on SBN, choosing to broadcast programming from its entertainment channel ETC. Months prior to the deal, SkyCable stated that they would offer less "redundant" programming and feature more series that had never been aired in the country before, but reports surfaced that channels operated by Solar were pulled due to a dispute; the new blocktime deal between SBN, Radio Philippines Network, Rajah Broadcasting Network, Solar is said to be a part of the latter's retaliation to Sky.
In mid-2010, GemCom sold all of its 97% equity share in SBN to Solar Entertainment for Php 368.8 million. Since SBN became a owned subsidiary of Solar; when Solar Entertainment's former channel Solar TV expanded as a broadcast television company, after Solar acquired a 34% majority stake of RPN, ETC was transferred to RPN. Meanwhile, SBN and Solar created news and talk channel Talk TV, with both parties enjoying a 50% share of the channel; the newly created channel conducted its test broadcast until March 31, 2011, with full operation commenced on April 1, 2011. By January 16, 2012, Talk TV became the first home of Solar News; the first local news event covered was the Renato Corona impeachment trial. On October 30, Talk TV was relaunched as the Solar News Channel. Though it was claimed as "the first 24-hour English news channel on free-to-air TV", SBN never materialized SNC's slogan. On December 1, 2013, Solar News Channel moved to RPN to allow SNC's wider coverage, while ETC returned to SBN a day before.
In October 2015, SBN through Estima Inc. revived the Mom's Radio network. ^ - DXSS is considered to be the pioneer FM radio station in Davao City and the Mindanao region, where its first broadcast happened in 1977. ETC official website Asean Media: SBN
Aspect ratio (image)
The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height. It is expressed as two numbers separated by a colon, as in 16:9. For an x:y aspect ratio, no matter how big or small the image is, if the width is divided into x units of equal length and the height is measured using this same length unit, the height will be measured to be y units. For example, in a group of images that all have an aspect ratio of 16:9, one image might be 16 inches wide and 9 inches high, another 16 centimeters wide and 9 centimeters high, a third might be 8 yards wide and 4.5 yards high. Thus, aspect ratio concerns the relationship of the width to the height, not an image's actual size; the most common aspect ratios used today in the presentation of films in cinemas are 1.85:1 and 2.39:1. Two common videographic aspect ratios are 4:3, the universal video format of the 20th century, 16:9, universal for high-definition television and European digital television. Other cinema and video aspect ratios are used infrequently.
In still camera photography, the most common aspect ratios are 4:3, 3:2, more found in consumer cameras, 16:9. Other aspect ratios, such as 5:3, 5:4, 1:1, are used in photography as well in medium format and large format. With television, DVD and Blu-ray Disc, converting formats of unequal ratios is achieved by enlarging the original image to fill the receiving format's display area and cutting off any excess picture information, by adding horizontal mattes or vertical mattes to retain the original format's aspect ratio, by stretching the image to fill the receiving format's ratio, or by scaling by different factors in both directions scaling by a different factor in the center and at the edges. In motion picture formats, the physical size of the film area between the sprocket perforations determines the image's size; the universal standard is a frame, four perforations high. The film itself is 35 mm wide, but the area between the perforations is 24.89 mm × 18.67 mm, leaving the de facto ratio of 4:3, or 1.3:1.
With a space designated for the standard optical soundtrack, the frame size reduced to maintain an image, wider than tall, this resulted in the Academy aperture of 22 mm × 16 mm or 1.375:1 aspect ratio. The motion picture industry convention assigns a value of 1.0 to the image's height. After 1952, a number of aspect ratios were experimented with for anamorphic productions, including 2.66:1 and 2.55:1. A SMPTE specification for anamorphic projection from 1957 standardized the aperture to 2.35:1. An update in 1970 changed the aspect ratio to 2.39:1. This aspect ratio of 2.39:1 was confirmed by the most recent revision from August 1993. In American cinemas, the common projection ratios are 1.85:1 and 2.39:1. Some European countries have 1.6:1 as the wide screen standard. The "Academy ratio" of 1.375:1 was used for all cinema films in the sound era until 1953. During that time, which had a similar aspect ratio of 1.3:1, became a perceived threat to movie studios. Hollywood responded by creating a large number of wide-screen formats: CinemaScope, Todd-AO, VistaVision to name just a few.
The "flat" 1.85:1 aspect ratio was introduced in May 1953, became one of the most common cinema projection standards in the U. S. and elsewhere. The goal of these various lenses and aspect ratios was to capture as much of the frame as possible, onto as large an area of the film as possible, in order to utilize the film being used; some of the aspect ratios were chosen to utilize smaller film sizes in order to save film costs while other aspect ratios were chosen to use larger film sizes in order to produce a wider higher resolution image. In either case the image was squeezed horizontally to fit the film's frame size and avoid any unused film area. Development of various film camera systems must cater to the placement of the frame in relation to the lateral constraints of the perforations and the optical soundtrack area. One clever wide screen alternative, VistaVision, used standard 35 mm film running sideways through the camera gate, so that the sprocket holes were above and below frame, allowing a larger horizontal negative size per frame as only the vertical size was now restricted by the perforations.
There were a limited number of projectors constructed to run the print-film horizontally. However, the 1.50:1 ratio of the initial VistaVision image was optically converted to a vertical print to show with the standard projectors available at theaters, was masked in the projector to the US standard of 1.85:1. The format was revived by Lucasfilm in the late 1970s for special effects work that required larger negative size, it went into obsolescence due to better cameras and film stocks available to standard four-perforation formats, in addition to increased lab costs of making prints in comparison to more standard vertical processes. Super 16 mm film was used for televisi