An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health. They include binge eating disorder. Anxiety disorders and substance abuse are common among people with eating disorders; these disorders do not include obesity. The causes of eating disorders are not clear. Both biological and environmental factors appear to play a role. Cultural idealization of thinness is believed to contribute to some eating disorders. Eating disorders affect about 12 percent of dancers. Individuals who have experienced sexual abuse are more to develop eating disorders; some disorders such as pica and rumination disorder occur more in people with intellectual disabilities. Only one eating disorder can be diagnosed at a given time. Treatment can be effective for many eating disorders; this involves counselling, a proper diet, a normal amount of exercise and the reduction of efforts to eliminate food. Hospitalization may be needed in more serious cases.
Medications may be used to help with some of the associated symptoms. About 70% of people with anorexia and 50% of people with bulimia recover within five years. Recovery from binge eating disorder is less clear and estimated at 20% to 60%. Both anorexia and bulimia increase the risk of death. In the developed world, binge eating disorder affects about 1.6% of women and 0.8% of men in a given year. Anorexia affects about 0.4% and bulimia affects about 1.3% of young women in a given year. Up to 4% of women have anorexia, 2% have bulimia, 2% have binge eating disorder at some point in time. Anorexia and bulimia occur nearly ten times more in females than males, they begin in late childhood or early adulthood. Rates of other eating disorders are not clear. Rates of eating disorders appear to be lower in less developed countries. Bulimia nervosa is a disorder characterized by binge eating and purging, as well as excessive evaluation of one's self-worth in terms of body weight or shape. Purging can include self-induced vomiting, over-exercising, the use of diuretics and laxatives.
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by extreme food restriction and excessive weight loss, accompanied by the fear of being fat. The extreme weight loss causes women and girls who have begun menstruating to stop having menstrual periods, a condition known as amenorrhea. Although amenorrhea was once a required criterion for the disorder, it is no longer required to meet criteria for anorexia nervosa due to its exclusive nature for sufferers who are male, post-menopause, or who do not menstruate for other reasons; the DSM-5 specifies two subtypes of anorexia nervosa -- the binge/purge type. Those who suffer from the restricting type of anorexia nervosa restrict food intake and do not engage in binge eating, whereas those suffering from the binge/purge type lose control over their eating at least and may compensate for these binge episodes; the most notable difference between anorexia nervosa binge/purge type and bulimia nervosa is the body weight of the person. Those diagnosed with anorexia nervosa binge/purge type are underweight, while those with bulimia nervosa may have a body weight that falls within the range from normal to obese.
These eating disorders are specified as mental disorders in standard medical manuals, such as in the ICD-10, the DSM-5, or both. Anorexia nervosa, characterized by lack of maintenance of a healthy body weight, an obsessive fear of gaining weight or refusal to do so, an unrealistic perception, or non-recognition of the seriousness, of current low body weight. Anorexia can cause menstruation to stop, leads to bone loss, loss of skin integrity, etc, it stresses the heart, increasing the risk of heart attacks and related heart problems. The risk of death is increased in individuals with this disease; the most underlining factor researchers are starting to take notice of is that it may not just be a vanity, social, or media issue, but it could be related to biological and or genetic components. The DSM-5 contains many changes; the DSM-IV required amenorrhea to be present. This is no longer a requirement in the DSM-5. Bulimia nervosa, characterized by recurrent binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as purging.
Fasting and over-exercising may be used as a method of purging following a binge. Muscle dysmorphia is characterized by appearance preoccupation that one's own body is too small, too skinny, insufficiently muscular, or insufficiently lean. Muscle dysmorphia affects males. Binge Eating Disorder, characterized by recurring binge eating at least once a week for over a period of 3 months while experiencing lack of control and guilt after overeating; the disorder can develop within individuals of a wide range of socioeconomic classes. Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder is an eating or feeding disorder that does not meet full DSM-5 criteria for AN, BN, or BED. Examples of otherwise-specified eating disorders include individuals with atypical
Evening Shade is a city in Sharp County, United States. The population was 432 at the 2010 census; the town was fictionalized in a television situation comedy starring Burt Reynolds entitled Evening Shade in the U. S. Evening Shade was named in 1817 from the density of shade cast by the tall pine timber on an adjacent hill, it has been noted on lists of unusual place names. Evening Shade is located at 36°4′14″N 91°37′17″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.6 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 465 people, 204 households, 137 families residing in the town; the population density was 294.2 people per square mile. There were 244 housing units at an average density of 154.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.49% White, 1.51% from two or more races. 0.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 204 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families.
31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88. In the town the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $24,500, the median income for a family was $31,111. Males had a median income of $23,958 versus $15,833 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,662. About 8.1% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 23.2% of those age 65 or over. Public education for early childhood and secondary school students is available from the Cave City School District, which includes the Evening Shade Math & Science Academy in Evening Shade, as well as Cave City Intermediate School, Cave City Middle School, Cave City High School in Cave City.
On July 1, 2004 the Evening Shade School District consolidated with the Cave City School District. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Evening Shade has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps
Southern Lands is the debut album by Cetu Javu, released in 1990. All songs written by Javier Revilla-Diez. "Southern Lands" – 4:14 "Love Me" – 4:13 "Oye" – 4:22 "Words Without Thoughts" – 4:21 "So Strange" – 3:58 "Get It" – 4:59 "Situations" – 4:01 "Bad Dreams" – 3:46 "Have In Mind" – 3:31 "Quién Lo Sabía?" – 7:10 "Fight Without A Reason" – 2:47 "Adónde" – 3:58 "Southern Lands" – 4:14 "Love Me" – 4:13 "Oye" – 4:22 "Words Without Thoughts" – 4:21 "So Strange" – 3:58 "Get It" – 4:59 "Situations" – 4:01 "Bad Dreams" – 3:46 "Have In Mind" – 3:31 "Quién Lo Sabía?" – 7:10 "Southern Lands" – 4:14 "Love Me" – 4:13 "Oye" – 4:22 "Words Without Thoughts" – 4:21 "So Strange" – 3:58 "Get It" – 4:59 "Situations" – 4:01 "Bad Dreams" – 3:46 "Have In Mind" – 3:31 "Quién Lo Sabía?" – 7:10 "Fight Without A Reason" – 2:47 "Adónde" – 3:58 "Southern Lands" – 4:14 "Love Me" – 4:13 "Oye" – 4:22 "Words Without Thoughts" – 4:21 "So Strange" – 3:58 "Get It – 4:59 "Situations" – 4:01 "Bad Dreams" – 3:46 "Have In Mind" – 3:31 "Quién Lo Sabía?"
– 7:10 "Fight Without A Reason" – 2:47 "Adónde" – 3:58 Javier Revilla-Diez – voice, words Chris Demere – synthesizers and keyboards Torsten Engelke – synthesizers Stefan Engelke – synthesizers Recorded and mixed at Hansa Tonstudio, except "Situations", "Have in Mind" and "Quién Lo Sabía?", recorded at Studio M, Hannover, by Jan Nemec, remixed at Hansa Tonstudio, Berlin Produced by Cetu Javu & Matthias Härtl Engineered by Matthias Härtl Assistant Engineers: Shannon Strong, A. Moses Schneider and Alex Leser Cover: Bart E. Streefkerk