click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Eblana

Eblana is the name of an ancient Irish settlement which appears in the Geographia of Claudius Ptolemaeus, the Greek astronomer and cartographer, around the year 140 AD. It was traditionally believed by scholars to refer to the same site as the modern city of Dublin. For example, the 19th-century writer Louis Agassiz used Eblana as a Latin equivalent for Dublin. More recent scholarship however favours the north County Dublin seaside village of Loughshinny due to its proximity to Drumanagh, an important trading site with strong links to Roman Britain. There is no definitive proof to tie Eblana with any location, however, so its exact identity is still a matter of speculation. If the reference to a settlement in Ireland called Eblana is in fact the earliest reference to Dublin, this would seem to give Dublin a just claim to nearly two thousand years of antiquity, as the settlement must have existed a considerable time before Ptolemy became aware of it. Early Irish antiquarians, such as Sir John Ware and Walter Harris believed that the name Eblana in Ptolemy's Geographia was in fact a corruption of Deblana, itself a version of the Gaelic name Dubh Linn, from which the modern English language name Dublin derives.

This seems not to be the only instance. For example, instead of Pepiacum, Pepidii, Ptolemy writes Epiacum and Epidii. There are several problems with this theory: The earliest Gaelic settlement on the site of Dublin is referred to in local sources as Áth Cliath. Duiblinn first appears as the name of a Christian ecclesiastical settlement which could not have existed before the 5th century. Ptolemy's description of Ireland shows no trace of either the Goidelic or Laginian occupations of the country, both of which took place some centuries before Ptolemy's time. O'Rahilly has concluded from this that his description is based on data collected in the 4th century BC by the early explorer Pytheas; the co-ordinates Ptolemy's map indicates for Eblana places the settlement in the north of County Dublin, several kilometres from the site of the modern city of Dublin. Ptolemy's Eblana did not stand on a river. In the Geographia, Eblana occurs between the mouths of two rivers: the Oboka; because early antiquaries believed that Eblana was Dublin, they identified the Oboka with the river which enters the sea at Arklow in County Wicklow, which they dubbed the Ovoca.

In fact, Ptolemy's Oboka seems to be the River Liffey, his Modonnos represents the Avoca. Eblana, thus, is located somewhere between the mouths of the Liffey. At the time when Ptolemy wrote the Geographia there were two significant areas of activity in north County Dublin. One was at the mouth of the river Delvin where two substantial groups of chamber tombs would have been visible from the sea for several thousand years; as noted above Ptolemy dropped the initial letters of names and a shift from " Ebhlana" to "Delvin" could be seen as a phonic shift possibility. The second area of international activity was based around the promontory fort of Drumanagh south of present-day Loughshinny, a trading post but may have been used as a potential bridgehead by Agricola, thus it is only fair to say that the identity of Ptolemy's Eblana is as yet unknown, identification with the city of Dublin is at best problematic and speculative. History of Dublin Eblana Theatre O'Rahilly, T. F.. Early Irish History and Mythology.

Dublin: Dublin Institute of Advanced Studies. ISBN 1-874045-89-5. Harris, Walter; the History and Antiquities of the City of Dublin. Dublin. Ryan, Phyllis; the Company I kept. Dublin: Town House and Country House. ISBN 1-86059-028-4

Hägendorf

Hägendorf is a municipality in the district of Olten in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. Hägendorf is first mentioned in 1036 as Hagendorf. In 1102-03 it was mentioned as Haegindorf. Hägendorf has an area, as of 2009, of 13.94 square kilometers. Of this area, 3.7 km2 or 26.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 8.06 km2 or 57.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.1 km2 or 15.1% is settled and 0.01 km2 or 0.1% is unproductive land. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 1.3% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 7.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 5.0%. Out of the forested land, 56.1% of the total land area is forested and 1.7% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 7.7% is used for growing crops and 15.4% is pastures and 2.5% is used for alpine pastures. The municipality is located in the Olten district, along a stream at the southern foot of the Jura Mountains, it consists of the village of Hägendorf, scattered settlements on Vogelberg and Eggberg and individual alpine farms in the Jura Mountains, including the buildings and clinic at Allerheiligenberg farm.

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Sable. Hägendorf has a population of 5,138; as of 2008, 18.5% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 9%. Most of the population speaks German, with Italian being second most common and Albanian being third. There are 25 people; as of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 50.9 % female. The population was made up of 457 non-Swiss men. There were 399 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 1,141 or about 27.3% were born in Hägendorf and lived there in 2000. There were 1,152 or 27.6% who were born in the same canton, while 1,100 or 26.3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 621 or 14.9% were born outside of Switzerland. In 2008 there were 33 live births to Swiss citizens and 9 births to non-Swiss citizens, in same time span there were 20 deaths of Swiss citizens and 2 non-Swiss citizen deaths. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens increased by 13 while the foreign population increased by 7.

There were 4 Swiss women who immigrated back to Switzerland. At the same time, there were 9 non-Swiss men and 7 non-Swiss women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland; the total Swiss population change in 2008 was an increase of 41 and the non-Swiss population increased by 44 people. This represents a population growth rate of 1.9%. The age distribution, as of 2000, in Hägendorf is. Of the adult population, 223 people or 5.3 % of the population are between 24 years old. 1,239 people or 29.7% are between 25 and 44, 1,104 people or 26.4% are between 45 and 64. The senior population distribution is 488 people or 11.7% of the population are between 65 and 79 years old and there are 140 people or 3.4% who are over 80. As of 2000, there were 1,584 people who never married in the municipality. There were 255 widows or widowers and 215 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 1,730 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.4 persons per household. There were 498 households that consist of only one person and 105 households with five or more people.

Out of a total of 1,750 households that answered this question, 28.5% were households made up of just one person and there were 11 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 557 married couples without children, 563 married couples with children There were 79 single parents with a child or children. There were 22 households that were made up of unrelated people and 20 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. In 2000 there were 849 single family homes out of a total of 1,135 inhabited buildings. There were 151 multi-family buildings, along with 90 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 45 other use buildings that had some housing. Of the single family homes 66 were built before 1919, while 117 were built between 1990 and 2000; the greatest number of single family homes were built between 1981 and 1990. In 2000 there were 1,873 apartments in the municipality; the most common apartment size was 4 rooms of which there were 556.

There were 793 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 1,701 apartments were permanently occupied, while 99 apartments were seasonally occupied and 73 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 2.6 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.45%. The historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 34.62% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP, the FDP and the SP. In the federal election, a total of 1,548 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 52.1%. As of 2010, Hägendorf had an unemployment rate of 3.2%. As of 2008, t

Die schöne Melusine

Ouvertüre zum Märchen von der schönen Melusine, Op. 32, is a concert overture by Felix Mendelssohn written in 1834. It is referred to as Die schöne Melusine in modern concert programming and recordings, is sometimes rendered in English as The Fair Melusine; the overture is loosely illustrative of aspects of the legend of Melusine, a water-nymph who marries Count Raymond, on the condition that he never enter her room on a Saturday. In the 19th century the story was familiar in Germany in the retelling by Ludwig Tieck and the poetic version of Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué. Mendelssohn denied close musical references to the story which critics, including Robert Schumann, believed they detected; when asked what the piece was about, Mendelssohn replied drily "Hmm... a misalliance". Some aspects of the music have clear pictorial implications; the opening passage of string instrument arpeggios in 64 rhythm anticipates the river music of the opening of Richard Wagner's 1854 opera Das Rheingold. The piece was written in 1834 as a birthday gift for Mendelssohn's sister Fanny.

In a letter to her of 7 April 1834, he explains that he had picked on the subject after seeing Conradin Kreutzer's opera Melusina the previous year in Berlin. Kreutzer's overture, writes Mendelssohn was encored, I disliked it exceedingly, the whole opera quite as much: but not Mlle. Hähnel, fascinating in one scene when she appeared as a mermaid combing her hair; the overture, broadly in sonata form, was first performed in London by the Philharmonic Society orchestra, conducted by Ignaz Moscheles, under the title Melusine, or the Mermaid and the Knight. The performance was received politely but not enthusiastically. Mendelssohn subsequently revised the piece, it was published in the revised form in 1836. A German contemporary reviewer commented that the Overture "does not try to translate the whole tale into musical language... but only to conjure up for us, from the dreamworld of harmonic power, the happiness and unhappiness of two beings." Brown, Clive. A Portrait of Mendelssohn. New Haven: Yale University Press.

ISBN 9780300095395 Mendelssohn, Felix, tr. Lady Wallace. Mendelssohn's Letters from 1833 to 1847. Philadelphia: Frederick Leypoldt. Seaton, Douglass. "Symphony and Overture", The Cambridge Companion to Mendelssohn, ed. Peter Mercer-Taylor, pp. 91–111. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521533423 Todd, R. Larry. Mendelssohn: A Life in Music. Oxford: Oxford University Press ISBN 9780195110432

Hiroko Yamanaka

Hiroko Yamanaka, more known as Hiroko and nicknamed Incomplete Queen or Cat's Eye, is a retired Japanese female mixed martial arts fighter. She fought for Invicta FC, Strikeforce and Jewels, was the final Smackgirl Open Weight Champion. Yamanaka announced her retirement on August 6, 2013. Yamanaka was born on October 24, 1978 in Kisarazu, Japan. Through a personal friend's suggestion, Yamanaka took on mixed martial arts for health and fitness purposes only. After time, she found the sport of MMA agreed with her physicality and became more involved, fighting her first official match in May 2006, her first MMA fight was a draw against Mariko Fujimoto in a match with Smackgirl amateur rules on May 14, 2006 at S-Keep: Eggs Fight 4. Her next fight was in the Super Gals Mix Cup Open Weight Tournament 1st Round against Rie Murakami, whom Yamanaka defeated by unanimous decision on November 29, 2006 at Smackgirl: Legend of Extreme Women; this was her professional debut. Yamanaka would go on to win the Super Gals Mix Cup Open Weight Tournament by defeating Yuiga by unanimous decision on March 11, 2007 and Michiko Takeda by split decision on May 19, 2007.

On September 6, 2007 at Smackgirl: Queens' Hottest Summer, Yamanaka defeated champion Yoko Takahashi by unanimous decision and won the Smackgirl Open Weight Championship, becoming the fourth and final title holder. Yamanaka was defeated for the first time in a non-title bout as part of the Open Weight World ReMix tournament by Hitomi Akano, who submitted Yamanaka with an armbar on April 25, 2008 at Smackgirl: World ReMix 2008 Second Round; this was Yamanaka's last fight in Smackgirl. Yamanaka made her debut in the Jewels promotion on November 16, 2008, defeating Mayumi Aoki by unanimous decision at Jewels 1st Ring. At Jewels 2nd Ring on February 4, 2009, Yamanaka once again faced Michiko Takeda and defeated her for the second time. On May 16, 2009, Yamanaka defeated Josh Barnett's student Shannon Hooper by unanimous decision during the event Jewels 3rd Ring. Yamanaka would avenge her only loss at Jewels 7th Ring when she defeated Hitomi Akano by split decision on March 19, 2010. Unlike their first open-weight match, this match was contracted at 143 lb and, for the first time in her career, Yamanaka had to cut weight.

On May 23, 2010, Yamanaka defeated Atsuko Emoto by unanimous decision at Jewels 8th Ring. Emoto announced her retirement after the fight. Debuting with the Shoot boxing promotion, Yamanaka won by forearm choke submission against Australian Muay Thai kickboxing champion Sandy Furner on August 29, 2010 in an MMA bout at Shoot Boxing: Girls S-Cup 2010. Yamanaka was set to face Olympic freestyle wrestling Bronze medal winner Randi Miller, but Miller was forced to withdraw due to injury. On December 3, 2010, Yamanaka was announced as facing Miller at Jewels 11th Ring on December 17. However, the fight was cancelled. Yamanaka defeated Helsel by TKO in the second round. Yamanaka faced Bolormaa "Esui" Erdenebileg at Jewels 15th Ring on July 9, 2011, she defeated Esui by armbar submission in the second round. On September 23, 2011, Strikeforce announced that Yamanaka would debut for the promotion against featherweight champion Cris Cyborg; the fight took place at Strikeforce: Melendez vs. Masvidal on December 17, 2011.

Yamanaka lost the bout via TKO 16 seconds into the first round. On January 6, 2012, the bout's result was changed to a no decision due to Cyborg having tested positive for anabolic steroids. Yamanaka faced Germaine de Randamie at Strikeforce: Rousey vs. Kaufman on August 18, 2012 in San Diego, California, she was defeated by unanimous decision. Yamanaka made her Invicta Fighting Championships debut against Ediane Gomes at Invicta FC 4: Esparza vs. Hyatt on January 5, 2013, she was defeated by unanimous decision. On August 6, 2013, Yamanaka announced her retirement on her official blog, thanking her fans for their support and saying she would like to continue to support her team, Master Japan, in the future. Yamanaka made her debut in submission wrestling in the 2006 Smackgirl Grappling Queen Tournament, being defeated by American fighter Roxanne Modafferi by decision, she fought two more times on August 31, 2008 at Gi grappling 2008, first winning against Akiko Naito and losing against Sayaka Shioda.

Yamanaka debuted in Shoot boxing on August 2009 at the 2009 Shoot Boxing Girls S-Cup. She faced Mayumi "Super Benkei" Aoki, whom Yamanaka had defeated in MMA, won the fight by TKO in round one. On August 19, 2011, Yamanaka faced Megumi Yabushita in a shoot boxing match at the 2011 Shoot Boxing Girls S-Cup, she won the fight by TKO. Legend: Win Loss Draw/No contest Legend: Win Loss Draw/No contest Smackgirl Open Weight Champion Super Gals Mix Cup Open Weight Tournament winner List of female mixed martial artists Hiroko Yamanaka Awakening Profile Professional MMA record for Hiroko Yamanaka from Sherdog Profile at Fightergirls.com Jewels profile Official blog Official blog Official Strikeforce Fighter Profile

Desperate Teenage Lovedolls

Desperate Teenage Lovedolls is a 1984 low budget underground film, shot on super-8 film by David Markey, about a rock band of teenage runaways. The film was released on DVD in 2003. A sequel, Lovedolls Superstar, was released in 1986. Two girls find a drummer and begin practicing; when one of their mothers intervenes, they run away from home and are forced to fend for themselves on the streets against gangs and rival bands. Soon they are discovered and taken under the wing of rock manager Johnny Tremaine who uses them for sex and his own aspirations of wealth; the Love Dolls set out to get revenge on those who have wronged them, rise to the top of the rock world. In 2003, the film was released in extended DVD format as Desperate Teenage Lovedolls. Desperate Teenage Lovedolls Lovedolls Superstar Lovedolls Superstar Review and synopsis at Monsters at Play Official site at We Got Power Films Desperate Teenage Lovedolls on IMDb Desperate Teenage Lovedolls at Rotten Tomatoes Film details at HK Flix

Jean Carlos Silva Rocha

Jean Carlos Silva Rocha, known as Jean Carlos, is a Brazilian footballer who plays for Polish club Wisla Cracow as a winger. Born in Prata, Minas Gerais, Jean Carlos moved to Spain in 2007 at the age of 11 and joined Yanida's youth setup. After representing CD Tenerife and CP Parla Escuela, he moved to Real Madrid in 2010. After finishing his graduation, Jean Carlos was loaned to Segunda División B side CF Fuenlabrada on 28 July 2015, for one year, he made his senior debut on 23 August by starting in a 3–0 away win against Getafe CF B, scored his first goal on 6 September in a 1–0 home win against CD Guadalajara. In July 2016 Jean Carlos moved to Granada CF after cutting ties with Los Blancos, was assigned to the reserves in the third level, he made his first team – and La Liga – debut on 19 May of the following year, coming on as a second-half substitute for compatriot Andreas Pereira in a 1–2 home loss against RCD Espanyol. On 28 May 2015, Jean Carlos was called up by Brazil under-20s manager Alexandre Gallo for the year's FIFA U-20 World Cup.

He featured in five matches during scoring one goal against North Korea on 7 June. Jean Carlos at BDFutbol Jean Carlos at Soccerway