Ebony magazine is a monthly publication that focuses on news and entertainment. Its target audience is the African-American community, its coverage includes the lifestyles and accomplishments of influential black people, fashion and politics; this magazine was founded in 1945 by John H. Johnson, who sought to address African-American issues and interests in a positive and self-affirming manner, its cover photography showcases prominent African American public figures, including entertainers and politicians, such as Dorothy Dandridge, Lena Horne, Diana Ross, Michael Jackson, former U. S. Senator Carol Moseley Braun of Illinois, U. S. First lady Michelle Obama, Beyoncé Knowles, Tyrese Gibson, Tyler Perry; each year, Ebony selects the "100 Most Influential Blacks in America". A digest-sized sister magazine, was founded by Johnson and his business, the Johnson Publishing Company, in 1951. After 71 years, in June 2016, Johnson Publishing sold both Jet and Ebony to private equity firm Clear View Group.
The new publisher is known as Ebony Media Corporation. Ebony was founded by John H. Johnson in 1945; the name of the magazine was created by Johnson's wife, Eunice W. Johnson, in reference to the dark wood; the magazine's initial 25,000 copy press run in November of that year sold out completely. Ebony's content focused on black sports and entertainment figures, but began including black achievers and celebrities of many different professions. During the 1960s, the magazine covered the Civil Rights Movement, it published about political events happening all over the U. S. in which activists protested racial violence and advocated for increasing social mobility for African Americans and Black people across the diaspora. It published some content about the Black Power Movement. In 1965, Lenore Bennett Jr. wrote a recurring column entitled, Black Power, which featured an in-depth profile of Stokely Carmichael in 1966.. Ebony commemorated historical events that contributed to black citizenship and freedom.
For example, a 1963 issue honors the 100 year anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation. Ebony's content and design began to shift in early 1970s. At least three factors affected this change. First, Life magazine, the publication after which the magazine was modeled, declined in popularity. Next, the emergence of new African-American oriented magazines, like Essence, created a new level of competition for subscribers and readers. Third, Ebony began to cover more political activism and achievements in the 1970s; the magazine's February 1971 cover, for instance, features 13 black women. Another issue, published in 1977, highlighted the black professionals serving in Jimmy Carter's administration; the magazine reached unprecedented levels of popularity, with marketers estimating that Ebony was reaching over 40% of the black adults in the United States during the 1980s, a feat unmatched by any other general-interest magazine at the time. For decades, advertisers created ads for Ebony, which featured black models using their products.
In 1985, Ebony Man was started. In December 2008, Google announced. In 2010, the Johnson Publishing Company sold its historic building to Columbia College Chicago; the same year, Ebony began a redesign process to update its longtime brand. In the past, the magazine was persistently much like its postwar contemporary Life. However, in the 21st century, Ebony has started to feature more controversial content; the November 2011 cover featured a pregnant Nia Long, reminiscent of the iconic image of actress Demi Moore featured naked while pregnant on a major magazine cover two decades before. Some of Ebony′s more conservative readers disagreed with the cover choice, stating it inappropriate to feature an unwed, pregnant woman on the cover; the cover made national headlines, as it was featured in US Weekly and in a five-minute segment on CNN. Recent issues questioned whether President Obama was still right for black America and whether biracial Americans need more acknowledgement in today's society. In 2016, the company sold Ebony and Jet to private equity firm Clear View Group, but retained its Fashion Fair Cosmetics business and its historic Ebony and Jet photo archives.
In July 2019, three months after Johnson Publishing filed for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy liquidation, it sold its historic Ebony and Jet photo archives to a consortium of foundations to be made available to the public. One of the most infamous aspects of the magazine was its list of "100 Most Influential Blacks." This list—which began in 1963, took a hiatus until 1971, has continued on since—lists those who have made the greatest impact in the black community during the year. Most of those listed were well-educated, with 55 percent having completed a graduate degree. However, some researchers have noted that black scholars and higher-education administrators are if included on the list; the list focuses on entertainment figures, politicians and entrepreneurs. In August 2008 the magazine had published a special eight-cover edition featuring the "25 Coolest Brothers of All Time"; the lineup featured popular figures like Jay-Z, Barack Obama, Samuel L. Jackson, Denzel Washington, Marvin Gaye, Muhammad Ali and Billy Dee Williams.
In November 2010, the magazine featured a special 65th-anniversary edition cover featuring Taraji P. Henson, Samuel L. Jackson and Mary J. Blige; the issue included eight cover recreations from iconic previous covers of Ebony. Blair Underwood posed inside, as did Omar Epps and Jurnee Sm
Gmina Dziemiany is a rural gmina in Kościerzyna County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. Its seat is the village of Dziemiany, which lies 19 kilometres south-west of Kościerzyna and 70 km south-west of the regional capital Gdańsk; the gmina covers an area of 124.97 square kilometres, as of 2006 its total population is 4,065. The gmina contains part of the protected area called Wdydze Landscape Park. Gmina Dziemiany contains the villages and settlements of Belfort, Białe Błoto, Czarne, Dąbrówka, Dębina, Dywan, Dziemiany, Głuchy Bór, Jastrzębie Dziemiańskie, Kalwaria, Lampkowo, Leżuchowo, Mutkowo, Nowe Słone, Pełki, Piechowice, Płęsy, Przerębska Huta, Raduń, Rów, Schodno, Słupinko, Stare Słone, Tklania, Trzebuń, Wilczewo, Żabowo, Zajączkowo, Zarośle, Zatrzebionka and Zimny Dwór. Gmina Dziemiany is bordered by the gminas of Brusy, Karsin, Kościerzyna and Studzienice. Polish official population figures 2006
Abigail Sutherland "Abby" McDeere is a fictional character in John Grisham's 1991 novel The Firm. Abby McDeere is a Western Kentucky University–educated elementary school teacher, the wife of Mitch McDeere, a Harvard graduate and tax lawyer who has certified public accountant credential; the character was portrayed by Jeanne Tripplehorn in the 1993 film adaptation of the novel, most by Molly Parker for Entertainment One Television's show titled The Firm. The novel sold the movie starred Tom Cruise; the film grossed over $111 million internationally. Additionally, it was the largest grossing R-rated movie of 1993 and of any film based on a Grisham novel; the film was released. That week and Michael Crichton evenly divided the top six paperback spots on The New York Times Best Seller list. Abby McDeere is described as the "blue-blood wife" by Mike Hale of The New York Times, she earned her degree in elementary education at Western Kentucky and taught at a private kindergarten in Boston, while Mitch, her high school sweetheart, attended Harvard Law School.
After she and Mitch graduated from college, they married. At the time of the novel, her parents resided in Kentucky, her family boycotted their wedding. In "Chapter Seven" of the television version, she says that her parents were both born in Danesborough, Kentucky, she follows Mitch to Memphis, Tennessee after he signs on with Bendini, Lambert & Locke, a small tax firm. She is intrigued by their new-found affluence—a low-interest mortgage on a house, a Mercedes, a salary far more than what Mitch was offered in New York and Chicago, she takes a job teaching third grade at an exclusive private school in Memphis. Her dreams come undone, when Mitch tells her that his firm is part and parcel of a massive money laundering and tax fraud operation operated by a Mafia family, she works with Mitch to bring down the firm feigning that she and Mitch have separated so she can slip out of Memphis and help copy documents for the FBI without attracting suspicion. Joe Brown of The Washington Post described Tripplehorn's performance as the suspicious and brooding Abby as "...a welcomely elegant and alert presence."
Todd McCarthy of Variety says that the film role expands upon the character in the book with "an added mission that creates some extra suspense and pathos". He described her performance glowingly: "At times uncannily resembling Genevieve Bujold, Tripplehorn gets to do a bit more than hold down the home front and express doubt and fury at her husband's long hours." Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly notes that Abby "has worldlier intuitions than he does", while Empire's Matt Mueller describes her as Mitch's "more intuitive, earthy wife". Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times says that one late scene between Gene Hackman and Tripplehorn "...is like a master class in acting." The Hollywood Reporter's Tim Goodman describes Parker's portrayal as dutiful. Los Angeles Times television critic Mary McNamara describes Parker's role as thin, saying she "...is given less than nothing to do save offer her husband contradictory pep talks..." Mike Hale of The New York Times claims that Parker is "stranded in a part that looks like a drag so far" in his early take on her role.
NBC bio Abby McDeere on IMDb