Eric Michael Garcetti is an American politician serving as the 42nd and current Mayor of Los Angeles since 2013. A member of the Democratic Party, he was first elected in the 2013 election and won reelection in 2017. A former member of the Los Angeles City Council, Garcetti served as council president from 2006 to 2012, he is the city's first elected Jewish mayor, its youngest mayor in history, its second consecutive Mexican American mayor. Garcetti was born on February 4, 1971 at Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles and was raised in Encino, in the San Fernando Valley, he is Gil Garcetti, a former Los Angeles County district attorney. Garcetti's paternal grandfather, was born in Parral, Mexico. Salvador was brought by his family to the United States as a child after his father, Massimo "Max" Garcetti, was murdered by hanging during the Mexican Revolution. Max had immigrated to Mexico from Italy, where he became a judge, his paternal grandmother, Juanita Iberri, was born in Arizona, one of 19 children born to an immigrant father from Sonora, Mexico and an Arizona-born mother whose father and mother were both Mexican.
Garcetti's maternal grandparents were from Russian Jewish immigrant families. His maternal grandfather, Harry Roth and ran the clothing brand Louis Roth Clothes. Garcetti attended elementary school at UCLA Lab School University Elementary School. While in high school, he was a member of the Junior State of America, a national civic engagement and political debate organization for students. Garcetti majored in political science and urban planning and received a Bachelor of Arts from Columbia University in 1992 as a John Jay Scholar. During that time, he served on the student council, was president of the St. Anthony Hall fraternity and literary society, founded the Columbia Urban Experience, co-wrote and performed in three years of the Varsity Show, a student-written musical, whose past co-writers include Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein II, Lorenz Hart, he received a Masters of International Affairs from the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University, graduating in 1993.
He met his future wife while they were both studying as Rhodes Scholars at The Queen's College, Oxford. He studied for a PhD in ethnicity and nationalism at the London School of Economics. Prior to his election to the Los Angeles City Council, Garcetti was a visiting instructor of international affairs at the University of Southern California and an assistant professor of diplomacy and world affairs at Occidental College, his academic work focused on ethnic nationalism in Southeast Asia and Northeast Africa. During this time, he published articles and chapters of books on post-conflict societies, Eritrean nationalism, non-violent action, he has served on the California board of Human Rights Watch, serves on the advisory board for Young Storytellers, an arts education nonprofit organization based in Los Angeles. City Council District 13 was left vacant after incumbent Jackie Goldberg was elected to the State Assembly in 2000. Garcetti ran for the open seat and was elected in 2001, narrowly defeating former city councilmember Michael Woo.
He was re-elected again in 2005 and 2009. Garcetti served as council president from January 1, 2006 to January 12, 2012, he was elected by his colleagues to succeed succeeded Alex Padilla, who resigned after being elected to the California State Senate. He was one of the first elected officials in Los Angeles to hold "office hours" each month, where constituents can meet with him face-to-face, he implemented a "Constituent Bill of Rights" that ensures that constituents' phone calls are returned within a single workday, that constituents are included in all land-use decisions in their neighborhood, that all constituent concerns are tracked on a computer system that details all actions taken on that particular case. He ensured that the meetings started on time, all past meetings were made available online, he has helped more than 1,500 local constituents learn about the governmental process by hosting Government and Planning 101 courses throughout the city. In 2004, Garcetti authored Proposition O, a county stormwater bond which sought to clean the city's waterways.
Voters approved the bond with just over 76% of the vote, making it the largest clean water bond in the United States. In 2005, Garcetti helped, he authored two of the nation's most far-reaching municipal green building ordinances: the first requires all city buildings to be built to the LEED-certified standard, the second mandates that all commercial buildings of more than 50,000 sq ft in Los Angeles be built to a LEED standard. He supported changes in the city's landscape ordinance and plumbing codes to promote water conservation. In July 2010, Garcetti council president, weakened a 2009 lawn watering ordinance, allowing watering three days per week instead of two; the ordinance restricting watering to two days a week had been passed 13 months earlier by Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa. While it helped the city cut its water use and cope with ongoing drought, the measure was unpopular and was accused of causing pressure fluctuations and water main breaks. A Los Angeles Times editorial said that the city council's changes to the watering ordinance was a "death knell for one of the best collective environmental efforts made by the citizens of Los Angeles".
Garcetti worked to have Historic Filipinotown desingated a Preserve America Community. He championed renovating the Hollywood Palladium by Live Nation Entertainment, at risk of being demolished, he has faced public scrutiny f
Shia Saide LaBeouf is an American actor, performance artist, filmmaker. He became known among younger audiences as Louis Stevens in the Disney Channel series Even Stevens, a role for which LaBeouf received a Young Artist Award nomination in 2001 and won a Daytime Emmy Award in 2003, he made his film debut in The Christmas Path. In 2004, he made his directorial debut with the short film Let's Love Hate and directed a short film titled Maniac, starring American rappers Cage and Kid Cudi. In 2007, LaBeouf starred in Surf's Up; the same year he was cast in Michael Bay's science fiction film Transformers as Sam Witwicky, the main protagonist of the series. Transformers was a box office success and one of the highest-grossing films of 2007. LaBeouf appeared in its sequels Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen and Transformers: Dark of the Moon, both box office successes. In 2008, he played Henry "Mutt Williams" Jones III in Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull; some of his other most notable roles are in films such as Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps, The Company You Keep, Fury, American Honey, Borg vs McEnroe.
Since 2014, LaBeouf has pursued a variety of public performance art projects with LaBeouf, Rönkkö & Turner. LaBeouf was born in California, as the only child of Shayna and Jeffrey Craig LaBeouf, his mother is a ballerina turned visual artist and clothing jewelry designer. His father is a Vietnam War veteran. LaBeouf's mother is Jewish, his father, of Cajun French descent, is Christian. LaBeouf has described himself as Jewish, has stated that he was raised around "both sides". One of the camps he attended was Christian, his first name is derived from the Hebrew shai Yah, meaning "gift of God". LaBeouf has described his parents as "hippies", his father as "tough as nails and a different breed of man", his upbringing as similar to a "hippy lifestyle", stating that his parents were "pretty weird people, but they loved me and I loved them." During his childhood, he accompanied his father to meetings of Alcoholics Anonymous. LaBeouf has said he was subjected to verbal and mental abuse by his father, who once pointed a gun at his son during a Vietnam War flashback.
LaBeouf has stated that his father was "on drugs" during his childhood, was placed in drug rehabilitation for heroin addiction, while LaBeouf's mother was "trying to hold down the fort."His parents divorced owing to financial problems, LaBeouf had what he has described as a "good childhood", growing up poor in Echo Park with his mother, who worked selling fabrics and brooches. LaBeouf's uncle was going to adopt him at one stage because his parents could not afford to have him anymore and "they had too much pride to go on welfare or food stamps." As a way of dealing with his parents' divorce, he would perform for his family, mimicking his father. LaBeouf financially supports both of his parents, he attended 32nd Street Visual and Performing Arts Magnet in Los Angeles and Alexander Hamilton High School, although he received most of his education from tutors. In an interview, LaBeouf said that, looking back on his childhood, he feels grateful and considers some of those memories scars. Prior to acting, LaBeouf practiced comedy around his neighborhood as an "escape" from a hostile environment.
At age 10, he began performing stand-up at comedy clubs, describing his appeal as having "disgustingly dirty" material and a "50-year-old mouth on the 10-year-old kid." He subsequently found an agent through the Yellow Pages and was taken on after pretending to be his own manager. LaBeouf has said that he became an actor because his family was broke, not because he wanted to pursue an acting career, having gotten the idea from a child actor he met who had things he wanted. In the early 2000s, LaBeouf became known among young audiences after playing Louis Stevens on the Disney Channel weekly program Even Stevens, a role that earned him a Daytime Emmy Award, he has said. In the next several years, he appeared in the well-received film adaptation Holes. In 2005, he co-starred in Constantine, playing the role of Chas Kramer, with Keanu Reeves in the starring role; the same year he provided the voice of Asbel in the Disney-produced English dub of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind. LaBeouf made his directorial debut with the short film Let's Love Hate with Lorenzo Eduardo.
He has played real-life people, including golfer Francis Ouimet and the younger version of Dito Montiel in A Guide to Recognizing Your Saints. LaBeouf starred in Disturbia, a thriller released on April 13, 2007, as a teenager under house arrest who suspects that his neighbor is a serial killer, which he considered a "character-driven" role, he received positive reviews for the role, with The Buffalo News saying, he "is able to pull off anger and intelligence". First hosting Saturday Night Live on April 14, 2007 he would return a year to host the May 10, 2008 episode, he next played Sam Witwicky, who becomes involved in the Autobot-Decepticon war on Earth, in Transformers. In Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull he was Indiana Jones' greaser son Mutt Williams, his performance was met with mixed reviews with Todd Gilchrist of IGN commenting "one can't quite help but wonder what Spielberg saw in the young actor that inspired him to cast LaBeouf". LaBeouf told t
Elysian Park, Los Angeles
Elysian Park is a neighborhood in Central Los Angeles, encompassing Chavez Ravine, with a low-income community of 2,600+ people. Besides the city park of the same name, Dodger Stadium is located within the neighborhood, as are a Catholic high school, an elementary school and the Los Angeles Police Academy; the southeastern corner of the park is near the Los Angeles River at the location where the Portolá expedition gave the river its name in 1769. The first Europeans to see inland areas of California camped near this spot on August 2, California Historical Landmark #655 is located at the Meadow Road entrance; the park is the second largest park in Los Angeles at 600 acres. It is the city's oldest park, founded in 1886 by the Elysian Park Enabling Ordinance, it hosted shooting as well as the shooting part of the modern pentathlon event for the 1932 Summer Olympics. In 1964 the Citizens Committee to Save Elysian Park was founded to prevent the City of Los Angeles from constructing the Municipal Convention Center on 62 acres of park land.
In 1968, it hosted a hippie "Love-In." According to the Mapping L. A. project of the Los Angeles Times, the Elysian Park neighborhood is flanked on the north and northeast by Elysian Valley, on the east by Lincoln Heights, on the southeast and south by Chinatown and on the southwest and northwest by Echo Park. Street and other boundaries are: the northern apex at Exit 138 of the Golden State Freeway, thence southeasterly along the freeway, southerly along the Los Angeles River, westerly along North Broadway, northwesterly along Stadium Way, Academy Road and northerly along Elysian Park Drive; the Figueroa Street Tunnels take northbound State Route 110 through the park. Solano Canyon is a canyon within Elysian Park and the name of a residential district at the southern extremity of the Elysian Park neighborhood, directly north of the Los Angeles State Historic Park; the district is bisected near its southern tip by the Arroyo Seco Parkway, it shares a border with Chinatown. Solano Canyon was an old name for a ravine in the Hollywood Hills, named Runyon Canyon.
The 2000 U. S. census of the Elysian Park neighborhood counted 2,530 residents in its 1.65 square miles, which includes all the city park land as well as Dodger Stadium—an average of 1,538 people per square mile, one of the lowest population densities in Los Angeles county. In 2008 the city estimated that the population had increased to 2,659; the median age for residents was 31, about average for Los Angeles. The neighborhood was moderately ethnically diverse; the breakdown was Latinos, 47.6%. China and Mexico were the most common places of birth for the 54.4% of the residents who were born abroad, a high figure compared to rest of the city. The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $28,263, low for Los Angeles; the average household size of 3.1 people was high for the city of Los Angeles. Renters occupied 81.9% of the housing stock, house- or apartment owners 18.1%. Thirteen percent of the neighborhood residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, an average figure for the city.
The schools operating within the Elysian Park neighborhood borders are: Cathedral High School, private, 1253 Bishops Road. It was founded by Archbishop John Joseph Cantwell as the first Los Angeles Archdiocesan high school for boys in fall 1925; the Christian Brothers have operated the school since its opening. It was designated Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument number 281 in 1984. Solano Avenue Elementary School, LAUSD, 615 Solano Avenue. In 1955, the school, which had 230 pupils, was honored as one of the 221 schools given a California Distinguished School award; the Los Angeles Times reported that: "At Solano Avenue Elementary School, things are done right. Parents chip in, teachers stick around for years, children learn, the surrounding community claims it for their own; the campus is a thing of pride-no graffiti or trash problems here." Principal John Stoll noted that nearly half the children began school speaking limited English, having been raised in Spanish or Cantonese-speaking homes.
The school was "adopted" by the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1980, it was known for sending the student choir to Dodger Stadium to sing the National Anthem before a ballgame. It is a Solano tradition to hold culmination ceremonies at Dodger Stadium, the class of 2001 did not have this privilege. Ned R. Healy, L. A. City Council member and member of Congress, opposed slant oil drilling under the park List of districts and neighborhoods of Los Angeles List of parks in Los Angeles History of Elysian Park Elysian Park neighborhood crime map and statistics] SolanoCanyon.org Solano Canyon can be seen on the horizon of this 1873 photograph, labeled No. 50, as published in "The Story of Fifty Years: Where the City: In Which Southern California and the Los Angeles Times Grew Up Together," Los Angeles Times, December 4, 1931, page E-3
Silver Lake, Los Angeles
Silver Lake is a residential and commercial neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, United States. Named Ivanhoe in the 1900s by a resident from Scotland, it was built around what was a city reservoir which gives the district its name; the "Silver" in Silver Lake is not because of the water's color, but named for a local politician who helped create the reservoir. The area is known for its restaurants and hipster hangouts, many notable people have made their homes there; the neighborhood has several private schools. Silver Lake is flanked on the northeast by Atwater Village and Elysian Valley, on the southeast by Echo Park, on the southwest by Westlake, on the west by East Hollywood and on the northwest by Los Feliz. Street and other boundaries are: the Los Angeles River between Glendale Boulevard and Fletcher Drive and Riverside Drive on the northeast, the Glendale Freeway on the east, Effie Street, Coronado Street, Berkeley Avenue and Fletcher Drive on the southeast, the Hollywood Freeway on the south, Virgil Avenue on the west and Fountain Avenue and Hyperion Avenue on the northwest.
The prime real estate around the lake is known by realtors as the "Moreno Highlands." The Silver Lake neighborhood council has mapped the boundaries of its council region. During the 1930s, Walt Disney built his first large studio in Silver Lake at the corner of Griffith Park Boulevard and Hyperion Avenue the site of Gelson's Market; as consequence, the name "Hyperion" is used by Walt Disney Company and its subsidiaries, with company entities past and present carrying the name, such as Hyperion Books and the Hyperion Theater at Disney California Adventure Park. The fictional Seattle neighborhood of Hyperion Heights in the final season of the Disney-owned ABC series Once Upon a Time traces its name to the same origin. Several blocks away on Glendale Boulevard was the studio of early Western films' star Tom Mix; the location is now occupied by the Mixville Shopping Center. It is rumored that Mix buried his steed "the Wonder Horse" on the property; the neighborhood is crisscrossed by numerous municipal staircases that provide pedestrian access up and down the neighborhood's signature hills.
Among these are the Descanso Stairs, Redcliffe Stairs and the Music Box Stairs. The famous flight of stairs in Laurel and Hardy's film The Music Box are located between lower Descanso Drive and Vendome Street, as it winds up and around the hill. In the 1950s and 60s Silver Lake, like Echo Park, was home to a middle class Latino community; the community was formed by people who worked in the then-bustling manufacturing hub of downtown Los Angeles. In the 1970s, outsourcing brought to an end the group's prosperity, as they saw their jobs shipped overseas to Taiwan and China along with manufacturing; the neighborhood lost its prominence amid urban decay. Beginning in the 1970s, the neighborhood became the nexus of Los Angeles' gay leather subculture, the equivalent of the SoMA neighborhood in San Francisco. Since the late 1990s, gentrification has changed the area by pushing out public sex and "gay cruising", by facilitating the opening of many independent upscale boutiques, coffee shops, fitness studios, restaurants.
The neighborhood was named for Water Board Commissioner Herman Silver, instrumental in the creation of the Silver Lake Reservoir in the neighborhood, one of the water storage reservoirs established in the early 1900s. This is one of ten. In the community of Silver Lake lies the namesake reservoir composed of two basins, with the lower named Silver Lake and the upper named Ivanhoe; the lower body of water was named in 1906 for Herman Silver. The reservoirs are owned and maintained by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, could provide water to 600,000 homes in downtown and South Los Angeles. At capacity, they hold 795 million gallons of water; the Silver Lake Reservoir's water resources will be replaced by the Headworks Reservoir, an underground reservoir north of Griffith Park, slated for completion by December 2017. Within the grounds of the reservoir are several popular recreational facilities: the Silver Lake Recreation Center, which includes an adjacent city park. On the northeast corner of the property is the Neighborhood Nursery School, which since 1976 has been at the corner of Tesla Avenue and Silver Lake Boulevard.
It is a parent-participation cooperative preschool, affiliated with the California Council of Parent Participation Nursery Schools. As of 2015, Silver Lake is represented by Los Angeles City Council Members Mitch O'Farrell and David Ryu and the Silver Lake Neighborhood Council; the Silver Lake Neighborhood Council was formed in the early 2000s and certified as part of the City of Los Angeles Neighborhood Council system in February 2003. Its 21-member governing board is elected for two-year terms in September. Recent projects have included "Street Medallions" created by artist Cheri Gaulke, "ArtCans", the "Electrical Art Box Project", the second annual "Make Music LA" created by several different artists and the SLNC Arts & Culture Committee, whose current co-chairs are Renee Dawson and Jenifer Palmer Lacy; the Silver Lake Residents Association, the Silver Lake Improvement Association, the Silver Lake Reservoirs Conservancy, the Silver Lake Chamber of Commerce are all active in the area. The 2000 U.
S. census counted 30,972 residents in the 2.75 square miles neighborhood—an average of 11,266 people per square mile, about the
John Marcellus Huston was an American film director and actor. Huston was a citizen of the United States by birth but renounced U. S. citizenship to become an Irish resident. He returned to reside in the United States, he wrote the screenplays for most of the 37 feature films he directed, many of which are today considered classics: The Maltese Falcon, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, The Asphalt Jungle, The African Queen, The Misfits, Fat City and The Man Who Would Be King. During his 46-year career, Huston received 15 Oscar nominations, won twice, directed both his father, Walter Huston, daughter, Anjelica Huston, to Oscar wins in different films. Huston was known to direct with the vision of an artist, having studied and worked as a fine art painter in Paris in his early years, he continued to explore the visual aspects of his films throughout his career, sketching each scene on paper beforehand carefully framing his characters during the shooting. While most directors rely on post-production editing to shape their final work, Huston instead created his films while they were being shot, making them both more economical and cerebral, with little editing needed.
Some of Huston's films were adaptations of important novels depicting an "heroic quest," as in Moby Dick, or The Red Badge of Courage. In many films, different groups of people, while struggling toward a common goal, would become doomed, forming "destructive alliances," giving the films a dramatic and visual tension. Many of his films involved themes such as religion, truth, psychology and war. Huston has been referred to as "a titan", "a rebel", a "renaissance man" in the Hollywood film industry. Author Ian Freer describes him as "cinema's Ernest Hemingway"—a filmmaker, "never afraid to tackle tough issues head on." John Huston was born on August 1906, in Nevada, Missouri. He was the only child of Canadian-born Walter Huston, his father was an actor in vaudeville, in films. His mother worked as a sports editor for various publications, but gave it up after John was born, his father gave up his stage acting career for steady employment as a civil engineer, although he returned to stage acting within a few years.
He became successful on both Broadway and in motion pictures. He had Scottish, Scots-Irish and Welsh ancestry. Huston's parents divorced in 1913, when he was six, as a result much of his childhood was spent living in boarding schools. During summer vacations, he traveled with each of his parents separately — with his father on vaudeville tours, with his mother to horse races and other sports events. Young Huston benefited from seeing his father act on stage, as he was drawn to acting; some critics, such as Lawrence Grobel, surmise that his relationship with his mother may have caused his five marriages, why few of his relationships lasted. Grobel wrote, "When I interviewed some of the women who had loved him, they referred to his mother as the key to unlocking Huston's psyche." According to actress Olivia de Havilland, "she was the central character. I always felt, he seemed pursued by something destructive. If it wasn't his mother, it was his idea of his mother."As a child he was ill and was treated for an enlarged heart and kidney ailments.
He recovered after an extended bedridden stay in Arizona, moved with his mother to Los Angeles, where he attended Abraham Lincoln High School. He dropped out after two years to become a professional boxer, by age 15 was a top-ranking amateur lightweight boxer in California, he ended his brief boxing career after suffering a broken nose. He "plunged" himself into a multitude of interests, including abstract painting, ballet and French literature and horseback riding. Living in Los Angeles he became "infatuated" with the new film industry and motion pictures, but as a spectator only. To Huston, "Charlie Chaplin was a god."He moved back to New York to live with his father, acting in off-Broadway productions, John had a few small roles. He remembers, while watching his father rehearse, being fascinated with the mechanics of acting: What I learned there, during those weeks of rehearsal, would serve me for the rest of my life. After a short period acting on stage, having undergone surgery, he traveled on his own to Mexico.
During his two years there, among his other adventures, he got a position riding as an honorary member of the Mexican cavalry. He married a girlfriend from high school, Dorothy Harvey, their marriage lasted seven years. During his stay in Mexico, he wrote a play called "Frankie and Johnny", based on the ballad of the same title. After selling it he decided that writing would be a viable career, he focused on it, his self-esteem was enhanced when H. L. Mencken, editor of the popular magazine American Mercury, bought two of his stories, "Fool" and "Figures of Fighting Men." During subsequent years his stories and feature articles were published in Esquire, Theatre Arts, The New York Times. He worked for a period on the New York Graphic. In 1931, when he was 25, he moved back to Los Angeles with his hopes aimed at writing for the blossoming film industry, where the silent film industry had given way to "talkies", writers were in demand. In addition, his father had earlier moved there where he was successful in a number of films.
He received a script editing contract with Samuel Goldwyn Productions, but after six months of receiving no assignments, quit to work for Universal Studios, whe
Los Angeles Fire Department
The Los Angeles Fire Department provides emergency medical services, fire cause determination, fire prevention, fire suppression, hazardous materials mitigation, rescue services to the city of Los Angeles, United States. The LAFD is responsible for 4 million people who live in the agency's 471 square miles jurisdiction; the Los Angeles Fire Department founded in 1886 is one of the largest municipal fire departments in the United States, after the New York City Fire Department and the Chicago Fire Department. The department may be unofficially referred to as the Los Angeles City Fire Department or "LA City Fire" to distinguish it from the Los Angeles County Fire Department which serves the county and whose name may directly confuse people, as the county seat is the city. Another possible reason is that the city and the unincorporated County are bordering each other and thus the two appear to be serving the same area; the department is under the command of chief Ralph Terrazas. The Los Angeles Fire Department has it origins in the year 1871.
In September of that year, George M. Fall, the County Clerk for Los Angeles County organized Engine Company No. 1. It was a volunteer firefighting force with a hose jumper; the equipment was hand-drawn to fires. In the spring of 1874, the fire company asked the Los Angeles City Council to purchase horses to pull the engine; the Council refused and the fire company disbanded. Many of the former members of Engine Company No. 1 reorganized under the name of Thirty-Eights No. 1 in May 1875, Engine Co. No. 2 was organized under the name Confidence Engine Company. Los Angeles acquired its first "ladder" truck for the Thirty-Eights, it was ill-adapted to the needs of the city. It was sold to the city of Wilmington. In 1876, another "hook and ladder" truck was purchased, serving in the city until 1881. In 1878, a third fire company was formed by the residents in the neighborhood of Sixth Street and Park, it was given the name of "Park Hose Co. No. 1". East Los Angeles formed a hose company named "East Los Angeles Hose Co.
No. 2" five years later. The final volunteer company was formed in the fall of 1883 in the Morris Vineyard area; this company was called "Morris Vineyard Hose Co. No.3."All of these companies remained in service until February 1, 1886, when the present paid fire department came into existence. In 1877, the first horses were bought for the city fire department; the department would continue to use horses for its equipment for fifty years, phasing out the last horse drawn equipment on July 19, 1921. By 1900, the Department had grown to 18 fire stations with 123 full-time paid firefighters and 80 fire horses; the city had installed 194 fire-alarm boxes allowing citizens to sound the alarm if a fire was spotted. 660 fire hydrants were placed throughout the city, giving firefighters access to a reliable water source. In 1955 Station 78 in Studio City became the first racially integrated station in the department; the department utilizes a wide array of equipment. These are most but not all of the apparatus.
The triple combination Fire Engine or “TRIPLE” is the most common type of firefighting apparatus in Los Angeles. The term “triple combination” refers to the apparatus having three components; the triple can be found as a one-piece engine company or as two engines assigned to a Task Force station. The “Triples” used by the LAFD have several parallel main pumps of varying capacities. Depending upon the area served, this apparatus may carry a combination of any or all of the following sizes of hose; the water tank carrying capacity ranges from 300 gallons to 500 gallons. These apparatus are staffed by four members, including a Captain 1 as the company commander. A number of triples in the LAFD are Paramedic assessment companies – meaning they include a Paramedic as part of the crew; the LAFD uses the concept of Light Forces and Task Forces which can be considered one "Resource", although comprising more than one unit or company. A Light Force is composed of a Ladder Truck. Light forces will always respond together as one unit or resource.
A Task Force is a Light Force coupled with an Engine. An Engine is considered a single unit or "resource". A Task Force responds to larger incidents, such as structural fires, is made up of an Engine, a 200 Series Pump Engine, a Truck, all operating together. While a standard Engine is always staffed with a full crew, a 200 Series Pump Engine is only staffed by a driver; the purpose of the 200 Series Pump Engine is to provide support and equipment to the Truck in a Light Force, either the Truck or the Engine in a Task Force. Rescue Ambulances called'rescues' for short, can be considered either advanced life support, or basic life support. Ambulances number 1-112 are frontline ALS staffed by 2 firefighter / paramedics, while those in the 200 series are ALS reserves. Ambulances in the 800s are BLS staffed by 2 firefighter EMT's, while those in the 900s are BLS reserves; the Air Operations division of the LAFD operates out of Fire Station 114 at Van Nuys Airport. The division has six helicopters available for air medical services.
Copter 1 and Copter 4 are both Bell 412s. Copter 2, Copter 3 and Copter 5 are all AgustaWestland AW139s; the final helicopter, Copter 6, is a Bell 206B. The Port of Los An