Aberdeen railway station
Aberdeen railway station is the only railway station in Aberdeen, Scotland. It is the busiest railway station in Scotland north of the major cities of Edinburgh, it is located on Guild Street in the city centre, next to Union Square. The station is managed by Abellio ScotRail. Inter-city, regional and sleeper train services are provided to all parts of Great Britain by Abellio ScotRail, Caledonian Sleeper, CrossCountry and London North Eastern Railway; the station standing was built as Aberdeen Joint Station between 1913 and 1916, replacing an 1867 structure of the same name, on the same site. The station and the new Denburn Valley Line enabled the main line from the south and the commuter line from Deeside to connect with the line from the north; the lines from the south had terminated at the adjacent Aberdeen Guild Street. This had not been Aberdeen's first railway station, that distinction belonging to a previous terminus a short way south at Ferryhill. After the construction of the Joint Station, Guild Street Station became a goods station.
Some of its tracks remain, but the vast majority of the site was cleared in 2005. Prior to the construction of the Joint Station, lines from the north had terminated at Aberdeen Waterloo, a short but inconvenient distance along the edge of the harbour; this too became a goods station after the construction of the Joint Station. There is no longer a station at the site, but a goods service runs weekly to industrial operations there; the Waterloo tracks join the north-south connecting Denburn Valley Line in the Kittybrewster area of the city, where the first terminus of the lines from the north had been, before extension and the building of the Waterloo Station. As far north as Inverurie, these follow the route of the Aberdeenshire Canal, purchased and filled in by the Great North of Scotland Railway; as a result of the grouping of railway companies under the Railways Act 1921, Aberdeen was shared by the London and North Eastern Railway and the London Midland and Scottish Railway, each company running the station for a year and handing its administration to the other company.
At nationalisation in 1948, it became part of British Rail. As part of the changes during this period which saw a general contraction of railway services in the UK, some services were cut in the 1960s; these included those running north to Ellon as well as the Deeside Line. Suburban services were reduced and the grand suburban ticket office, located on the corner of Guild Street and Bridge Street, was closed, it now houses a beauty salon. The number of platforms at the station were reduced in the early 1970s, from the thirteen of the late 1950s/early 1960s down to just seven by 1973; this rationalisation process saw the removal of all of the north end bay platforms to allow for redevelopment of that part of the site. However, significant improvements under British Rail included introduction of InterCity 125 high-speed service to London and other major destinations, introduction of other new rolling stock. Other improvements included a new Travel Centre opened in 1978 and under British Rail's regional brand ScotRail, a major station renovation was completed in the 1980s.
The station was resignalled around this time, with two more bay platforms taken out of use along with the former through platforms 8 & 9. This left just five platforms in regular use -- the layout. At privatisation in the mid-1990s, ownership of the station passed to Railtrack, while day-to-day management passed to the train-operating franchisee ScotRail, a division of National Express. Following the quasi-nationalisation of railway infrastructure in the early 2000s, the station is now owned by Network Rail. In 2004, the train-operating franchise and station management were taken over by First ScotRail. ScotRail continue to operate trains but the station and all signage is now branded with the "ScotRail" logo and rolling-stock livery. Historic Environment Scotland designate the current building and road overbridge as Category A, noting that it was the last major station to be completed in Scotland in the period 1913 - 20; the station had become run-down in the last years of British Rail. In the late 2000s, the railway station and bus station were included in the extensive Union Square development sited on an abandoned railway goods yard east of the station.
As part of this, the railway station was comprehensively refurbished. The original sandstone station building became the centrepiece of a covered plaza for the new shopping and entertainment complex, while a granite-faced building was constructed to house station offices, a new Travel Centre, other facilities; the car park at the front of the station was replaced by a public square providing pedestrian access to the station and Union Square. In addition, direct access was provided from the station concourse to Union Square and through to the bus station, creating a covered transport interchange; the refurbished station opened in 2009 followed by Union Square itself some months later. Plans to relocate the ticket office and passenger waiting room, as well as upgrades to the taxi rank and concourse, were approved by Aberdeen City Council in December 2018, with work due to start in spring 2019. Under a separate scheme, the vacant Atholl House building to the north of the station is to be demolished, making way for the construction of a public square and student accommodation, improved connections between the city's main Union Street and the station.
This development could allow the disused platforms 8 and 9 to be
Architecture of Aberdeen
The Architecture of Aberdeen, Scotland is known for the use of granite as the principal construction material. The stone, quarried in and around the city, has given Aberdeen the epithet The Granite City, or more romantically, less used, the Silver City, after the mica in the stone which sparkles in the sun; the hard grey stone is one of the most durable materials available and helps to explain why the city's buildings look brand-new when they have been newly cleaned and the cement has been pointed. Unlike other Scottish cities where less durable stone, such as sandstone, has been used, the buildings do not weather, need little maintenance. Union Street runs for 0.8 miles, is 70 feet wide and contained the principal shops and most of the public buildings, all granite. Part of the street crosses the Denburn ravine by Union Bridge, a fine granite arch of 132 feet span, with portions of the older town still fringing the gorge, 50 feet below the level of Union Street; the latter was built between 1801 and 1805, named after the Acts of Union 1800 with Ireland.
Amongst the notable buildings in the street are the Town and County Bank, the Music Hall, the Trinity Hall of the incorporated trades, now a shopping mall. In Castle Street, a continuation eastwards of Union Street, is the new Town House, the headquarters of the city council. Designed by Peddie and Kinnear and built between 1868 and 1874, it is one of the most splendid granite edifices in Scotland, in Flemish-Gothic style in recognition of close trade links between Aberdeen and Flanders, it contains the great hall, with an open timber ceiling and oak-panelled walls. In the vestibule of the entrance corridor stands a suit of black armour, believed to have been worn by Provost Sir Robert Davidson, who fought in the Battle of Harlaw in 1411. On the south-western corner is the 210 ft West Tower, with its prominent bartizans, which commands a fine view of the city and surrounding country. On the corner of Castle Street and King Street stands the old North of Scotland Bank by Aberdeen born architect, Archibald Simpson.
This building, with its imposing corner entrance of four giant order composite columns, statue of Ceres above, is now a pub named after its original architect. On the opposite side of the street is the fine building of the Union Bank, redeveloped in 2005 as the High Court, the third permanent high court to sit in Scotland. At the upper end of Castlegate stands The Salvation Army Citadel, an effective castellated mansion, on the site of the medieval Aberdeen Castle. In front of it is the Mercat Cross, built in 1686 by John Montgomery, a native architect; this open-arched structure, 21 ft in diameter and 18 ft high, comprises a large hexagonal base from the centre of which rises a shaft with a Corinthian capital, on, the royal unicorn. The base is decorated, including medallions illustrating Scottish monarchs from James I to James VII. To the east of Castle Street were the military barracks, which were demolished in 1965 and replaced with two tower blocks. Castlegate is home to some of the oldest surviving streets in Aberdeen.
Some of these are from 14th centuries. Two houses, Provost Skene's House, now a museum, Provost Ross's House are in the Castlegate as well; this imposing terrace of late Victorian granite buildings is a prominent landmark in the city. Constructed in 1892, to a design by open competition winner Alexander Brown, the Central Library, opened by its benefactor Andrew Carnegie, stands at the west end of the terrace. Brown was responsible for the extension to create the Central Reading Room in 1905. St Mark's Church by architect Alexander Marshall Mackenzie in the middle of the terrace has a giant order quatrostyle Corinthian portico, dome modelled on St Paul's in London, his Majesty's Theatre by Frank Matcham, 1906, stands at the east end. Marischal College and Greyfriars Kirk on Broad Street, opened by King Edward VII in 1906, is the second largest granite building in the world, is one of the most splendid examples of Edwardian architecture in Britain; the architect, Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, a native of Elgin, adapted his material, white granite, to the design of the building with the originality of genius.
This magnificent building is no longer a seat of learning. Following a comprehensive restoration project, it re-opened in 2011 as the new corporate headquarters of Aberdeen City Council. Kirk of St Nicholas, one of Scotland's largest parish churches and is subdivided into East and West churches; the large kirkyard of the Kirk of St Nicholas is separated from Union Street by a 147 ft long Ionic façade. The divided church within, with a central tower and spire, forms one continuous building 220 ft in length; the West Church was built in 1755, byu James Gibbs, the East Church was built in 1837 by Archibald Simpson. St Machar's Cathedral begun in the 12th century, a few hundred yards from the river Don took centuries to build with the exception of the period of the episcopate of William Elphinstone. Gavin Dunbar, who followed him in 1518, completed the structure by adding the two western spires and the southern transept. With high vaulted ceilings and a large church yard, you can see the remains of old parts of the church which are now ruin.
Large columns supporting the ceiling arches tower from floor
Kemnay is a village 16 miles west of Aberdeen in Garioch, Scotland. With a population of 3,830 residents aged 16 or over, Kemnay is the third largest settlement in the Garioch after Inverurie and Westhill; the village name Kemnay is believed to originate from the Celtic words that mean "little crook in the river" due to the village location on the bend of the River Don. Kemnay House is classified by Historic Scotland as a category A listed building. Kemnay has church buildings available for the following religious groups: Church of Scotland Roman Catholic Scottish Episcopal Church Kemnay is popular with explorers of Aberdeenshire who can stay in numerous guest houses and bed and breakfasts within the village. There are the Bennachie Lodge and the Burnett Arms Hotel. Kemnay Quarry was opened in 1830 by John Fyfe, became commercial in 1858. Kemnay Granite has been used including, they travelled to quarries in California, the Mississippi Levees and Odessa. Carrier Fetternear Estate Fetternear Palace, archaeological dig site Johnstone FM Monument Kemnay Academy View Point War memorial Kemnay has various sports clubs, including.
Golfer Paul Lawrie, who won the 1999 Open Championship is a former pupil of Kemnay Academy, as is former Aberdeen F. C. footballer Darren Mackie. In Kemnay, there are two primary schools and one secondary school: Kemnay Primary School Alehousewells Primary School Kemnay Academy, which unveiled a £14.3 million extension in 2015. Citations Bibliography grid reference NJ7316Kemnay Village WebsiteKemnay Academy
The petroleum industry known as the oil industry or the oil patch, includes the global processes of exploration, refining and marketing of petroleum products. The largest volume products of the industry are fuel gasoline. Petroleum is the raw material for many chemical products, including pharmaceuticals, fertilizers, synthetic fragrances, plastics; the extreme monetary value of oil and its products has led to it being known as "black gold". The industry is divided into three major components: upstream and downstream. Petroleum is vital to many industries, is necessary for the maintenance of industrial civilization in its current configuration, making it a critical concern for many nations. Oil accounts for a large percentage of the world’s energy consumption, ranging from a low of 32% for Europe and Asia, to a high of 53% for the Middle East. Other geographic regions' consumption patterns are as follows: South and Central America and North America; the world consumes 30 billion barrels of oil per year, with developed nations being the largest consumers.
The United States consumed 25% of the oil produced in 2007. The production, distribution and retailing of petroleum taken as a whole represents the world's largest industry in terms of dollar value. Governments such as the United States government provide a heavy public subsidy to petroleum companies, with major tax breaks at every stage of oil exploration and extraction, including the costs of oil field leases and drilling equipment. In recent years, enhanced oil recovery techniques — most notably multi-stage drilling and hydraulic fracturing — have moved to the forefront of the industry as this new technology plays a crucial and controversial role in new methods of oil extraction. Petroleum is a occurring liquid found in rock formations, it consists of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights, plus other organic compounds. It is accepted that oil is formed from the carbon rich remains of ancient plankton after exposure to heat and pressure in Earth's crust over hundreds of millions of years.
Over time, the decayed residue was covered by layers of mud and silt, sinking further down into Earth’s crust and preserved there between hot and pressured layers transforming into oil reservoirs. Petroleum in an unrefined state has been utilized by humans for over 5000 years. Oil in general has been used since early human history to keep fires ablaze and in warfare, its importance to the world economy however, evolved with whale oil being used for lighting in the 19th century and wood and coal used for heating and cooking well into the 20th century. Though the Industrial Revolution generated an increasing need for energy, this was met by coal, from other sources including whale oil. However, when it was discovered that kerosene could be extracted from crude oil and used as a lighting and heating fuel, the demand for petroleum increased and by the early twentieth century had become the most valuable commodity traded on world markets. Imperial Russia doubled its output by mid-century. After oil drilling began in what is now Azerbaijan in 1846 in Baku, two large pipelines were built in the Russian Empire: the 833 km long pipeline to transport oil from the Caspian to the Black Sea port of Batum, completed in 1906, the 162 km long pipeline to carry oil from Chechnya to the Caspian.
Batum is renamed to Batumi in 1936. At the turn of the 20th century, Imperial Russia's output of oil entirely from the Apsheron Peninsula, accounted for half of the world's production and dominated international markets. Nearly 200 small refineries operated in the suburbs of Baku by 1884; as a side effect of these early developments, the Apsheron Peninsula emerged as the world's "oldest legacy of oil pollution and environmental negligence". In 1846, Baku the first well drilled with percussion tools to a depth of 21 meters for oil exploration. In 1878, Ludvig Nobel and his Branobel company "revolutionized oil transport" by commissioning the first oil tanker and launching it on the Caspian Sea. Samuel Kier established America's first oil refinery in Pittsburgh on Seventh avenue near Grant Street, in 1853. One of the first modern oil refineries were built by Ignacy Łukasiewicz near Jasło, Poland in 1854–56; these were small, as demand for refined fuel was limited. The refined products were used in artificial asphalt, machine oil and lubricants, in addition to Łukasiewicz's kerosene lamp.
As kerosene lamps gained popularity, the refining industry grew in the area. The first commercial oil well in Canada became operational in 1858 at Ontario. Businessman James Miller Williams dug several wells between 1855 and 1858 before discovering a rich reserve of oil four metres below ground. Williams extracted 1.5 million litres of crude oil by 1860, refining much of it into kerosene lamp oil. Some historians challenge Canada’s claim to North America’s first oil field, arguing that Pennsylvania’s famous Drake Well was the continent’s first, but there is evidence to support Williams, not least of, that the Drake well did not come into production until August 28, 1859. The controversial point might be that Williams found oil above bedrock while Edwin Drake’s well located oil within a bedrock reservoir; the discovery at Oil Springs touched off an oil boom which brought hundreds of speculators and workers to the area. Canada's first gusher (fl
Aberdeen International Airport is an international airport, located at Dyce, a suburb of Aberdeen, Scotland 5 nautical miles northwest of Aberdeen city centre. A total of just under 3.1 million passengers used the airport in 2017, an increase of 4.6% compared with 2016. The airport is owned and operated by AGS Airports which owns and operates Glasgow and Southampton airports, it was owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings. Aberdeen Airport is a base for Eastern Airways and Loganair; the airport serves as the main heliport for the Scottish offshore oil industry. With the utilisation of newer aircraft, helicopters can reach northernmost platforms on both the east and west of Shetland areas. However, helicopters sometimes use Wick, Kirkwall and Sumburgh for refuelling stops; the airport has one main passenger terminal, serving all charter holiday flights. In addition, there are four terminals dedicated to North Sea helicopter operations, used by Bristow Helicopters, CHC Helicopter, NHV and Babcock Mission Critical Services Offshore.
Bristow Helicopters have a small terminal adjacent to the main passenger terminal, used for oil company charter flights to Scatsta and Sumburgh in Shetland, operated by Eastern Airways. The airport opened in 1934, established by Eric Gandar Dower, intended to link the northern islands of Scotland with London. During Second World War the airfield became a Royal Air Force station – RAF Dyce, it was the site of the Dyce Sector Operations Room within No. 13 Group RAF. Although fighters were there throughout the Battle of Britain to provide protection from German bombing raids from Occupied Norway, it was used as a photographic reconnaissance station. Anti-shipping operations by Coastal Command were carried out from RAF Dyce as well as convoy escort; the airfield was bombed by the Luftwaffe on 26 July 1940 and 27 August 1940, no damage was reported. A decoy site was located at Harestone Moss near Whitecairns; the aim of this site was to create the impression of an active airfield during the night. The decoy worked on around four occasions, where several raids resulted in bombs being dropped on the decoy site.
The decoy site had a small underground bunker. This was used to power a decoy'flarepath' in addition to a rotating lamp to give the impression of a taxiing aircraft. Near the airport off the A96, to deter German gliders landing to attack RAF Dyce during WW2, the flat areas across from Concraig Farm had wooden poles erected as anti-glider landing poles. A Spitfire IIa crashed at the east side of the airfield on 19 November 1941 during attack practice with a target glider being towed. F/O Zaoral is buried in the old Dyce graveyard, where some German aircrew are buried that crashed in Aberdeen in 1940. A significant wartime event occurred in May 1943 when a German, Junkers Ju 88 night fighter landed here; the surrender of this aircraft was of great intelligence value at the time, as it was fitted with the latest FuG 202 Liechtenstein BC A. I radar; the aircraft is displayed in the RAF Museum in London. On 17 August 1943, a Mosquito crashed following a stall in the circuit, crashing onto 5 John Street in Dyce village.
On 26 December 1944, A Messerschmitt BF109G signalling intentions to surrender crash landed at the airfield. On 16 May 1945, two pilots were killed when a Wellington bomber crashed on landing wrecking a goods train in Dyce Station. During air raids in the Second World War, aircraft were moved to East Fingask beside Oldmeldrum. One RAF building still remains at East Fingask, where aircrews waited for the "All Clear" before returning to Dyce airfield; the following units have been based at Aberdeen Airport: Virtually nothing remains from the war era at the airport due to expansion and development of the industrial estates around it. The original airport terminal was located at the East Side where the Bond Offshore Helicopters Terminal 2 is located, a new terminal was built along with a new control tower to handle the increase in air traffic; the airport was nationalised in 1947 and was transferred to the control of the British Airports Authority in 1975. From 1967 and 1970 there were regular flights to Toronto.
With the discovery of North Sea oil, helicopter operations began in 1967, linking the growing number of oil platforms to the mainland. As Aberdeen became the largest oil-related centre in Europe, the airport became the world's largest commercial heliport. Today, Aberdeen Airport handles more than 37,000 rotary wing movements carrying around 468,000 passengers annually. Helicopters account for half of all aircraft movements at the airport; until March 2005, aircraft were not allowed to take-off or land between 22:30 and 06:00 local time due to noise constraints. The city council overturned this ban, despite some Dyce residents' objections, the airport is now open 24 hours a day to fixed-wing aircraft with a quota count of QC4 or below, the overnight restrictions still apply to helicopters. General aviation flight training for private pilots licences takes place from the East Side of the airport. Signature Flight Support handles most of the private flights and corporate jets that park on the Eastside Apron.
The air ambulance is positioned on the eastside apron in a dedicated hangar, Gama Aviation operates King-Air aircraft from Aberdeen. Aberdeen, being a major city in the oil industry h
Religion in Aberdeen
Religion in Aberdeen is diverse. Traditionally Christianity with the city being represented by a number of denominations the Church of Scotland through the Presbytery of Aberdeen and the Catholic faith. However, according to the 2001 census, Aberdeen is the least religious city in the country as Glasgow and Edinburgh, with nearly 43% of people claiming to have no religion. Liberal religion in Aberdeen and the North East of Scotland is represented through a Unitarian community and the city is home to an Islamic mosque in Old Aberdeen and a small informal Jewish congregation; the Hazelhead area holds a Thai Buddhist temple. There is no formalHindu building; the University of Aberdeen has a small Bahá'í society. The largest denomination in the city is the Church of Scotland; the Church of Scotland's Presbytery of Aberdeen has 41 parish churches. In the Middle Ages, Aberdeen contained houses of the Carmelites and Franciscans, the latter surviving in modified form as the chapel of Marischal College as late as the early 20th century.
Churches still in use today are located in the city centre including Bon Accord Free Church, situated on Rosemount viaduct near His Majesty's Theatre and Gilcomston South Church situated at the corner of Union Street and Summer Street. Many other churches in the city centre have been converted into restaurants. In the Middle Ages there was only one burgh kirk - the Kirk of St Nicholas, one of Scotland's largest parish churches. Like a number of other Scottish kirks, it was subdivided after the Reformation, in this case into the East and West churches; the Kirk of St Nicholas congregation is now an ecumenical partnership in membership of both the Church of Scotland and the United Reformed Church. The large kirkyard of the Kirk of St Nicholas is separated from Union Street by a 147 ft long Ionic façade, built in 1831; the divided church within, with a central tower and spire, forms one continuous building 220 ft in length. The pre-Reformation Diocese of Aberdeen is said to have been first founded at Mortlach in Banffshire by Máel Coluim II to celebrate his victory there over the Danes, but in 1137 David I transferred the bishopric to Old Aberdeen, twenty years St Machar's Cathedral was begun, a few hundred yards from the river Don.
With the exception of the period of the episcopate of William Elphinstone, building progressed slowly. Gavin Dunbar, who followed him in 1518, completed the structure by adding the two western spires and the southern transept; the church suffered at the Reformation, but is still used by the Church of Scotland as a parish church. St Mary's Cathedral is the Roman Catholic cathedral. A Gothic Revival building, it was erected in 1859. St. Andrew's Cathedral is the Scottish Episcopal Cathedral, it was constructed in 1817, as St Andrew's Chapel, was Archibald Simpson's first commission. The church was raised to Cathedral status in 1914; the Episcopal Church in Aberdeen is notable for having consecrated the first bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, Samuel Seabury. The cathedral was renovated in the 1930s to commemorate the 150th anniversary of Seabury's consecration; the memorial was dedicated with a ceremony attended by the US ambassador to the UK, Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. Belmont street at the turn of the 19th century was better known as Holy Street as crowds would file out of six churches set over the 400 metre road.
The last remaining church congregation in Belmont Street has now moved to Union Square South Christ Central. Triple Kirks pub, The Academy Shopping mall, Neptune Night Club, Slain's Castle theme pub is all that remains of the 19th-century traditional church; the last church to be in Belmont Street was the charismatic newfrontiers church, Christ Central, which met in the Belmont Picturehouse. On Justice Street, is the category B listed St Peter's Roman Catholic Church which opened in 1804
Peterhead is a town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. It is Aberdeenshire's biggest settlement, with a population of 18,537 at the 2011 Census. Peterhead sits at the easternmost point in mainland Scotland, it is referred to as The Blue Toun and people who were born there as Blue Touners. More they are called blue mogginers from the blue worsted moggins or stockings that the fishermen wore. Peterhead was developed as a planned settlement. In 1593 the construction of Peterhead's first harbour, Port Henry, encouraged the growth of Peterhead as a fishing port and established a base for trade. Peterhead was a Jacobite supporting town in the Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745. In particular, it was one of the Episcopalian north-eastern ports where reinforcements, plus money and equipment, were periodically landed from France during the Forty-Five. A lifeboat station was first established in 1865. Since early times Peterhead has received a portion of its water supply from Morris Wells. Peterhead convict prison was opened in 1888, gaining a reputation as one of Scotland's toughest prisons.
The present harbour has two massive breakwaters, enclosing an area of 300 acres in Peterhead bay. The south breakwater, about 2,700 ft long, was constructed in 1892–1912 using convict labour from the prison; the north breakwater, constructed 1912–56, is 1,500 ft long. A new phase of growth was initiated in the 1970s with Peterhead becoming a major oil industry service centre, the completion of the nearby St Fergus gas terminal. At this time, considerable land holdings were allocated for industrial development. In recent times, the town has suffered from several high-profile company closures and is facing a number of pressures, including Common Fisheries Policy reforms. However, it retains a diverse economy, including food processing, service industries and, still fishing; the Peterhead Port Authority plans to extend the northern breakwater as a stimulus to the town's economic development. In addition, to assist with business diversification and town centre environmental improvements, the'Peterhead Project' initiative under the Aberdeenshire Towns Partnership brings together the Council, Scottish Enterprise Grampian, Communities Scotland and community representatives.
Between 1952 and 2004 the Royal Air Force station RAF Buchan was located near the town. The radar unit ceased to be a RAF station on 1 September 2004 and was downgraded to a Remote Radar Head named RRH Buchan. Peterhead is the largest settlement in a committee area of Aberdeenshire; the town was a burgh in the historic county of Aberdeenshire. In 1930 it became a small burgh under the Local Government Act 1929, but in 1975 small burghs were abolished and Peterhead became part of the district of Banff and Buchan within the new Grampian Region; when districts and regions were abolished in 1996, Peterhead became part of the new unitary authority of Aberdeenshire. Since 1975 Peterhead has had a community council, with limited powers. Peterhead Academy houses around 1,300 pupils and the school is split into six houses, with all the names associated with areas of the town; the school has pupils coming from surrounding villages such as Boddam, Cruden Bay, Inverugie, Rora, St Fergus and Crimond. The academy's motto is "Domus Super Petram Aedificata".
The academy is Scotland's largest school at over 22,920 m2 of gross internal floor area. The school has multiple subjects such as ICT, French/German, Engineering, Home Economics, many more; the building is split in two distinct designs. The older section of the school was built before the Second World War, whilst the newer section of the school with hexagonal designs came after; the latter section of the school shares space with the town's community centre and sports facilities. Peterhead has six primary schools. There is one special school, Anna Ritchie, which caters for most specific learning difficulties and other disabilities. There is Peterhead Alpha School which caters for children with social and behavioural difficulties, as well as learning difficulties, e.g. dyspraxia and dyslexia. Peterhead has a number of in-town and out-of-town bus services. Peterhead is further from a railway station than any other town of its size in Great Britain; the town once had two stations, namely Peterhead railway station and Peterhead Docks railway station.
Passenger trains on the Formartine and Buchan Railway stopped in 1965 under the Beeching Axe, freight in 1970. The start of reconstruction of the Borders Railway to Galashiels has begun a local political debate into the possibility of reopening the line from Aberdeen to Fraserburgh and Peterhead; the nearest airport with scheduled services is Aberdeen Airport. A heliport has been set up at the Eastern end of the former RAF Buchan air base. Recreational aviation takes place from a part of a former runway. In 2008, a Blueprint for Growth was published – a plan to extend the town beyond its bypass; the plan involved 4,500 homes, 4 new primary schools, a new secondary school and a new hospital to be built in the next 20–25 years –