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Economy of Burkina Faso

The economy of Burkina Faso is based on substance farming and livestock raising. Burkina Faso has an average income purchasing-power-parity per capita of $1,900 and nominal per capita of $790 in 2014. More than 80% of the population relies on subsistence agriculture, with only a small fraction directly involved in industry and services. Variable rainfall, poor soils, lack of adequate communications and other infrastructure, a low literacy rate, a stagnant economy are all longstanding problems of this landlocked country; the export economy remained subject to fluctuations in world prices. The country has a high population density, few natural resources, a fragile soil. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations. Following the African franc currency devaluation in January 1994 the government updated its development program in conjunction with international agencies, exports and economic growth have increased. Maintenance of its macroeconomic progress depends on continued low inflation, reduction in the trade deficit, reforms designed to encourage private investment.

The Burkinabé financial system represents 30% of the country’s GDP and is dominated by the banking sector, which accounts for 90% of total financial system assets. Eleven banks and five non-bank financial institutions operate in the country; the banking sector is concentrated, with the three largest banks holding nearly 60% of total financial sector assets. Banks are adequately capitalized, but remain vulnerable due to their overexposure to the cotton sector, the prices of which are subject to significant oscillations. A December 2018 report from the World Bank indicates that cotton had become the most important cash crop, while gold exports were increasing in recent years. In 2017, economic growth increased to 6.4% in 2017 due to gold production and increased investment in infrastructure. The increase in consumption linked to growth of the wage bill supported economic growth. Inflation remained low, 0.4% that year but the public deficit grew to 7.7% of GDP. The government was continuing to get financial aid and loans to finance the debt.

To finance the public deficit, the Government combined concessional aid and borrowing on the regional market. The World Bank said that the economic outlook remained favorable in the short and medium term, although that could be negatively impacted. Risks included high oil prices, lower prices of gold and cotton as well as terrorist threat and labour strikes; this is a chart of trend of gross domestic product of Burkina Faso at market prices estimated by the International Monetary Fund with figures in millions of CFA Francs. For purchasing power parity comparisons, the US Dollar is exchanged at 470.70 CFA Francs only. Mean wages were $0.56 per man-hour in 2009. Current GDP per capita of Burkina Faso grew 13% in the Sixties reaching a peak growth of 237% in the Seventies, but this proved unsustainable and growth scaled back to 23% in the Eighties. It shrank by 37% in the Nineties. Average wages in 2007 hover around 2 to 3 dollars per day. Although handicapped by an resource-deprived domestic economy, Burkina Faso remains committed to the structural adjustment program it launched in 1991.

It has recovered from the devaluation of the CFA in January 1994, with a 1996 growth rate of 5.9%. Many Burkinabé migrate to neighbouring countries for work, their remittances provide a substantial contribution to the balance of payments. Burkina Faso is attempting to improve the economy by developing its mineral resources, improving its infrastructure, making its agricultural and livestock sectors more productive and competitive, stabilizing the supplies and prices of cereals; the agricultural economy remains vulnerable to fluctuations in rainfall. The Mossi Plateau in north central Burkina Faso faces encroachment from the Sahara; the resultant southward migration means heightened competition for control of limited water resources south of the Mossi Plateau. Most of the population ekes out a living as subsistence farmers, living with problems of climate, soil erosion, rudimentary technology; the staple crops are pearl millet, sorghum and rice. The cash crops are cotton, groundnuts and sesame.

Livestock, once a major export, has declined. A 2018 report by the African Development Bank Group discussed a macroeconomic evolution: "higher investment and continued spending on social services and security that will add to the budget deficit"; this group's prediction for 2018 indicated that the budget deficit would be reduced to 4.8% of GDP in 2018 and to 2.9% in 2019. Public debt associated with the National Economic and Social Development Plan was estimated at 36.9% of GDP in 2017. Industry, still in an embryonic stage, is located in Bobo-Dioulasso, Ouagadougou and Koudougou. Manufacturing is limited to food processing and other import substitution protected by tariffs; some factories are owned, others are set to be privatized. Burkina Faso's exploitable natural resources are limited, although a manganese ore deposit is located in the remote northeast. Gold mining has increased since the mid-1980s and, along with cotton, is a leading export moneyearner. However, both gold and cotton are listed as goods produced by child labor and forced labor according to a recent U.

S. Department of Labor report. Agriculture in Burkina Faso List of companies based in Burkina Faso United Nations Economic Commission for Africa This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website Economy of Burkina Faso at Curlie Wes

Nu Fornacis

Nu Fornacis, Latinized from ν Fornacis, is a single, variable star in the southern constellation of Fornax. It is blue-white in hue and faintly visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude that fluctuates around 4.69. This body is located 370 light years distant from the Sun based on parallax, is drifting further away with a radial velocity of +18.5 km/s. It is a candidate member of the Pisces-Eridanus stellar stream; this object is an Ap star with a stellar classification of B9.5IIIspSi matching a late B-type giant star. The'Si' suffix indicates an abundance anomaly of silicon, it is an Alpha2 Canum Venaticorum variable that ranges from magnitude 4.68 down to 4.73 with a period of 1.89 days – the same as its rotational period. It is 3.65 times as massive and 245 times as luminous as the Sun, with 3.44 times the Sun's diameter

Family reunion

A family reunion is an occasion when many members of an extended family congregate. Sometimes reunions are held for example on the same date of every year. A typical family reunion will assemble for some recreation and discussion; the older attendees are grandparents, siblings or first cousins while the youngest may be second, third or fourth cousins to each other. It is not uncommon for regular family reunions to be sponsored by family organizations or family associations centered on a more distant common ancestor or a shared surname. Family reunion programs are sponsored by Red Cross organizations. See the List of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies; the International Committee of the Red Cross leads the international movement and which has special responsibilities under international humanitarian law. Many adults using an adoption reunion registry are able to locate siblings. Adoption Reunion groups offer support guidance for birth parents and adoptees. Adoption Reunion organizations help to support adoption reform.

According to TRIADOPTION® Library which kept records on adoption search and reunion beginning in the 1970s, Jean Paton formed Orphan Voyage back in 1954 and is considered the grandmother of the adoption reunion movement. ALMA was formed in New York City in 1972, ISRR in 1975, CUB in 1976, dozens more sprung up around the US, Canada and Australia. By 1985 there were over 500 support organizations worldwide; the adoption reunion movement grew from grass roots local organizations coming together under forming the AAC in 1979 at a conference held in Washington, DC. Groups from each region were instrumental in finding ways to help their members reunite with their birth families and surrendered/relinquished children. One of the early groups was Yesterday's Children in Illinois founded by Donna Cullom, they were instrumental in filing the first class action suit in 1974 on behalf of adoptees having access to their original records and birth certificates. In Canada, Parent Finders was formed by Joan Vanstone.

Philadelphia Forum, Adoptees In Search, Search Triad, Operation Identity and so many others held meetings, gave support, assisted in search and offered education in their communities. Like them WARM was a non-profit organization providing search and educational resources and support to the adult adoption community. WARM maintains a collection of Orphan memorials dedicated to adoptees and birthparents who died before being reunited. Many reunions are made possible by family history societies; the Federation of Family History Societies is an international organisation based in the UK which represents and supports over 220 family history societies. The Federation of East European Family History Societies was organized in 1992 as an umbrella organization that promotes family research; the Canadian Federation of Genealogical and Family History Societies work with Canadian born families. Family reunification for third-country nationals remains a politically charged issue; the ICCPR states the right of each person to enter in the country of her nationality.

This statement has been open to variety of interpretation. Family reunification has become a controversial humanitarian and human rights issue as well as a much debated immigration policy issue. In 2015, North Korea have plan that program of family reunion with South Korea; the purpose of genealogical societies is to form a community of researchers and help its members create a library of families history resources. FGS represents the members of more than 600 genealogical societies. Organizations like the African American Genealogical Society of Northern California assist family members connect the branches of the family tree using genealogy and Internet resources. Traditional family reunion activities include an afternoon luncheon or early evening dinner and program featuring music, poetry reading, history recitals, honorary recognition of elders, community contributions and educational achievements. Historic skits Reenactments that highlight pivotal points in a family’s history. Participants are introduced to the art of developing a timeline as well as period research with a focus on costume design, customs and social, economic and technological developments.

Story telling A fascinating art that brings to life tales of ancestors and their accomplishments. Along with stories of legends of the past, life lessons are taught; the meaning behind family traditions are shared while relaying important family history factoids and the ties that bind. Genealogy tours Takes the family on an exciting tour of important genealogical hot spots including the family homestead, the towns in which the family settled, the jobs they held, machines they worked, markets they traded and streets they walked as well as social activities they immersed themselves into. Genealogy presentations A Presentation of historic documents and vintage artifacts that identify timelines, economic status, historic events and locations of ancestors. Family Reunion Month A Proclamation in 1985 To raise awareness of a growing trend of runaway children and newly formed organizations to help reunite families of runaways the Congress, by House Joint Resolution 64, has designated the period between Mother's Day, May 12, Father's Day, June 16, 1985, as "Family Reunion Month" and authorized and requested the President to issue a proclamation in observance of this period

Oswald Wreford-Brown

Oswald Eric Wreford-Brown was an English cricketer and footballer. Wreford-Brown was a right-handed batsman who, after captaining Charterhouse School's cricket team played for Gloucestershire, he made a single first-class appearance during the 1900 season, against Middlesex. From the tailend, he scored five runs in the only innings. Wreford-Brown played football for Charterhouse School and as a senior player for amateur clubs Old Carthusians, Free Foresters and Old Salopians, he won the 1898–99 London Senior Cup with Old Carthusians and the 1902–03 Arthur Dunn Challenge Cup with Old Salopians. Wreford-Brown's older brother and nephew, both played first-class cricket, he was educated at a number of schools, before joining Charterhouse School in 1891. He spent time in Canada and in 1902, became a member of the Stock Exchange and a partner in a law firm. In November 1914, during the early months of the First World War, Wreford-Brown was commissioned into the Northumberland Fusiliers as a temporary lieutenant.

His regiment arrived on the Western Front in July 1915, two months after his brother Claude had been killed in West Flanders. Wreford-Brown was promoted to temporary captain on 8 September 1915. On 5 July 1916, during the Battle of the Somme, Wreford-Brown's promotion to full captain was confirmed, but he was mortally wounded in the leg by a shell near Fricourt and died two days at 5th Casualty Clearing Station in Corbie, he was buried in Corbie Communal Cemetery. Oswald Wreford-Brown at Cricket Archive


Harasta known as Harasta al-Basal or Hirista, is a city and northeastern suburb of Damascus, Rif Dimashq, Syria. Harasta has an altitude of 702 meters, it has a population of 34,184 as of 2007, making it the 43rd largest city per geographical entity in Syria. During the Syrian Civil War, it was one of the earliest rebel-held cities in Syria. Before the war, Harasta had been home to the 104th and 105th Republican Guard regiments and has a high population of Alawites in the suburbs, although it was a site of several anti-government protests in 2011. Harasta was reported under rebel control by early 2012. In March 2012 and again on 21 October 2012 it was reported that Harasta was under heavy government shelling. On 25 October, the Syrian army fired heavy tank and rocket barrages, after rebels overran two army checkpoints on the edge of the town. On 26 October 2012, it was shelled with heavy artillery, killing at least 10. On 30 October, government airstrikes targeted Harasta, it reported to be under regime control on 25 November 2012.

In August 2013 it was reported under rebel control with government advances on key points in the town. Government control but rebel advances were reported in January 2014, it was reported targeted by chemical attacks in April 2014. Territory in Harasta changed hands during the Rif Dimashq offensive, it has been the site of fighting in the Battle of Harasta. On 23 March 2018, the Syrian army captured Harasta

Vietnam Electricity

Vietnam Electricity is the largest power company in Vietnam. Vietnam Electricity was established by the Government of Vietnam as a State-owned company in 1994, operated as a one-member limited liability company in 2010. Entrusted with the mission of ensuring sufficient electricity for national socio-economic growth and meeting up with customers’ demands with continuously improved quality and services, EVN concentrates on power development and investment while serves the Government as an important macro regulatory tool for national economic development. EVN runs its owned large scale hydropower and coal fired power plants with a total installed capacity of 28,169 MW, which contribute up to 58% of the national power generation system, while controls three power generation corporations, one power transmission corporation, five regional power distribution corporations, manages the operation of the national power system through the National Load Dispatch Center. EVN dedicates to the vision of becoming a leading power corporation in the region, playing a key role in ensuring national energy security with high responsibility to the customers and the whole community.

National Power Transmission Corporation Power Generation Corporation No. 1 Power Generation Corporation No. 2 Power Generation Corporation No. 3 Northern Power Corporation Central Power Corporation Southern Power Corporation Hanoi City Power Corporation Ho Chi Minh City Power Corporation National Load Dispatch Center Electric Power Trading Company Official site