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Economy of French Polynesia

The economy of French Polynesia is one of a developed country with a service sector accounting for 75%. French Polynesia's GDP per capita is one of the highest in the Pacific region. Before French colonisation, the Polynesian islands that constitute nowadays French Polynesia, relied on a subsistence economy. Work was organised and performed by the community as a whole under the direction of the Arii ruling class and the priests. Mountains were terraced for agriculture production, river banks were contained by stone walls, artificial soil was created on atolls in large trenches, large systems made out of coral stone walls trapped and stocked live fish. Production outputs were divided by the ruling class between the population. After the contact was established with European ships, foreign diseases killed large portions of the populations, Christian beliefs and clergy produced a huge shift in the culture of those islands. With fewer population to feed, more land per capita was available, the land use switched toward the limited production required by a family to live.

Habitations moved toward seashores as the population relied more on the sea trade. European ships stopped in those islands to purchase water, salt pork meat, dried fish and fresh fruits; as French and Americans settled, part of the agriculture moved towards exports of oranges, coffee and vanilla. They exported Tahitian black pearls and sandalwood. Santal wood nearly disappeared, cotton production was short lived as the USA's south recovered from the American Civil War, coffee and orange trees suffered from imported diseases that stopped those exports. Coprah and vanilla prices and competition worldwide impacted those productions in the second half of the 20th century, although they still exist; the guano mining at Makatea stopped in 1966 when the stocks were depleted. In 1962, France stationed military personnel in the region and started nuclear experimentations in Moruroa. French Polynesia's economy switched to services to support the military and the growing tourist industry. Tourism accounts nowadays for about 13% of the GDP, is a primary source of foreign currency earnings.

The tourist industry was impacted after the 9/11 terrorist attacks and the 2008 economic crises, never recovered since. There are around 160,000 tourists per year; the local government focuses its action at developing a high-end market with luxurious hotels built with foreign investment and French tax cut incentives, but many of these investments close after a few years. The subsidized air company Air Tahiti Nui brings tourists from France, Los Angeles and China. Other companies operate, like Air France and Air New Zealand; the small manufacturing sector processes agricultural products. Vanilla and pearls are its main exports; the public administration is a provider of stable employment. The French republic finances the functionaries working in education, hospitals and military; the local government controls its own administration, like the ministry of agriculture, oversees the administration and buildings of some sectors like schools. The local government influence a large part of the economy through subsidies and development programs.

Some parts of the economy involve quasi-monopolistic groups due to the small economy size, the challenges of a country of small islands spread in a huge oceanic space, the action of the government through subsidies and public companies. Some sectors show an important horizontal and vertical integration trend; the local government tries to maintain a healthy competition and regulate the growth of the biggest groups, but face many challenges. For example, it was unable to prevent a major supermarket group to develop its own vegetable production, ending its supplying contracts with local farmers, but it blocked the merger of two local shipping companies to avoid a monopoly on some trade routes. The price of shipping goods between islands is fixed by the government, subsidies are provided for transporting some items like farming products or construction materials; some products' price margins are controlled by the local government to reduce the disparity of prices between the different archipelagos.

Import taxes and VAT are fixed and collected by the local government that control what imports are allowed to protect its agriculture and nature from diseases and invasive species. The majority of the population is of European origin. Around 5% of the population is of Asian origin, descending from farm workers imported in the 19th century to work in the cotton fields, they are present in the trading sector of the economy. The recent metropolitan population is involved in the state administration and in small and medium-sized enterprises. Most Polynesians in agriculture farm traditional products like taro, ufi and sweet potato to feed themselves and small surplus are sold for monetary income alongside a small fishing activity. Farmers of Asian origin tends to produce Asian vegetables for the local market; the Moorea island developed pineapple production for local market and supplying the juice factory. Maupiti and Huahine produce watermelons. Tahiti and Tahaa have a small production of sugarcane for rum distillery.

Tahiti produces a small quantity of fresh milk for the local yogurt factory, as most of the population is used to drinking UHT and powdered milk from France and New Zealand. French Polynesia has a single slaughterhouse treating beef and chickens; the local beef meat production is limited and used to supply the local corned beef factory. Most of the meat comes fro

Love and Other Catastrophes

Love and Other Catastrophes is a quirky 1996 Australian romantic comedy film featuring Frances O'Connor, Radha Mitchell, Alice Garner, Matthew Dyktynski, Matt Day and Kym Gyngell. The film was the first full-length release by director Emma-Kate Croghan and is set and filmed at Melbourne University where she studied writing and film directing; the film was nominated for five Australian Film Institute awards, including best film, best original screenplay, best actress, best supporting actress, editing. Garner won a Film Critics Circle of Australia award for best supporting actress for her role in the movie; the story revolves around University of Melbourne film studies students and roommates Mia and Alice, each of whom is experiencing various upheavals. Mia and Alice are in desperate need of a housemate. Mia's girlfriend Danni is keen to move in. Obsessed with her favourite lecturer, Mia becomes embroiled in a war of paperwork with the University administration as she attempts to pursue him to his new department.

She is hampered in her efforts to transfer by her current supervisor Professor Leach. To add to her woes she breaks up with her girlfriend, Danni. Danni pursues another love interest, in part to get back at Mia. Alice, a habitual perfectionist, is four years late with her thesis on'Doris Day as Feminist Warrior', she can't find anyone who fits her strict criteria. Frustrated, she falls for the most unsuitable male possible... Ari, a classics student and part-time gigolo; however she is the object of desire of Michael. As the day ends and the party begins events begin to unscramble in unexpected ways. Omnia Vincit Amor... Love Conquers All. Matt Day as Michael Douglas Matthew Dyktynski as Ari Alice Garner as Alice Frances O'Connor as Mia Radha Mitchell as Danni Suzi Dougherty as Savita Kim Gyngell as Professor Richard Leach Suzanne Dowling as Dr. Russell Torquil Neilson as Toby Christine Stephen-Daly as Susan Dominic McDonald as Zac Alvin Chong as Alvin Myles Collins as Myles Antony Neate as Tony Brigid Kelly as Brigid Love and Other Catastrophes features music by many bands including: Daryl McKenzie - "Manhattan Walk" Velvet Underground - "Sunday Morning" The Cruel Sea - "Just a Man" Dave Graney & The Coral Snakes - "You're Just Too Hip Baby" Underground Lovers - "Recognize" Godstar - "Pushpin" Rebecca's Empire - "Empty" Tumbleweed - "TV Genocide" Spdfgh - "Steal Mine" Tex and Charlie - "Fake That Emotion" Monday Michiru - "Rainy Daze" The Boners - "Perils of Mia" The Cardigans - "Carnival" Bellydance - "Bubbles" Blue Mink - "Can You Feel It Baby" Simon Holmes and Morgana Ancone - "Let's Do It" Died Pretty - "Good At Love" Love and Other Catastrophes grossed $1,687,929 at the box office in Australia.

Cinema of Australia Love and Other Catastrophes on IMDb Love and Other Catastrophes at the TCM Movie Database Love and Other Catastrophes at Oz Movies Love and Other Catastrophes at AllMovie Roger Ebert review Love and Other Catastrophes at the National Film and Sound Archive

Meri Biwi Ka Jawaab Nahin

Meri Biwi Ka Jawaab Nahin is a 2004 Indian film directed by Pankaj Parashar and produced by S. M. Iqbal, it stars Sridevi. This is a remake of the 1992 Telugu movie Mondi Mogudu Penki Pellam, starring Vijayashanti; the film was shot in 1994 and delayed for 10 years releasing in 2004. This is a story of a beautiful village girl called Durga, who married her childhood sweetheart Ajay Khanna. Ajay is a policeman who brought his wife to live with him; as a simple girl, Durga has the nature of too much talk. Although Ajay looked a little embarrassed to see the nature of his wife, always outspoken, but how did he love Durga, but the harsh nature of Durga and always fighting for truth and justice that have made him have more enemies. Durga made friends with Gangu, a shopkeeper and her brother, Ballu. One night, Durga saw a girl about to be kidnapped by a group of men, she rescued the girl. The thugs were men of Bhairav, a ruthless man who attacked the editor of the press who want to expose the crimes that take the kidney organs illegally from poor people to sell.

Angry at the interruption of his business, he asked a policeman named SP Chaurasia to get rid of Durga. One day, while Ballu was out of town, his sister, Radha was kidnapped and taken to a brothel by Bhairav's men. Durga managed to save Radha. However, the brothel was raided by the police, a trap planned by Chaurasia to get rid of Durga, he asked Durga and Radha to become witness, but in court he accused them of being prostitutes. At that time, Ajay was sent for duty out of town so do not know the fate of his wife. Durga had to fight clear her good name; when Ajay returns, he anxiously helps his wife in clearing her name. He managed to find the culprit that ruined his wife's reputation but with the lack of evidence, he could not bring justice to his wife. Meanwhile, Radha's brother was told of what had happened by Gangu. In anger, he killed one of Bhairav's men and left the dead body in front of Chaurasia's mistress, Savitri's house in which he was sleeping; when Durga and Gangu saw the dead body, Gangu awoken the villagers and they demanded Savitri to come out.

Scared of defamation, Chaurasia ran out through the back door only to be caught by the villagers and was beaten up by them. Ajay soon arrived at the scene at dragged him to court. Ajay twist the story as Chaurasia did with his false statement during Durga's trial. Savitri came in as his witness and stated that they spent the night together and it was impossible for the murder to happen. Chaurasia was freed only to reveal that Savitri said what she said only because her child was kidnapped by Bhairav's men in order to free Chaurasia. Ballu confessed that he was jailed. Soon after, Savitri went to the higher authority to tell the truth. In the meantime and Ajay conducted Radha's wedding, but it was interrupted as Chaurasia wanted revenge on Durga and Ajay. Not long after the fight, the police force arrested Bhairav and Chaurasia. In the end, Durga's name was cleared, Ballu managed to conduct his sister's wedding as he was granted bail, Durga was approached by entire politicians, Ajay was promoted and they lived ever after.

Sridevi as Durga Akshay Kumar as Inspector Ajay Khanna Gulshan Grover as Ballu Anupam Kher as Bhairav Chaudhary Johnny Lever as Chitra Gupta Laxmikant Berde as Inspector Prakash Anil Nagrath as Police Commissioner Kiran Kumar as SP Chaurasia Neena Gupta as Savitri Jayshree T. as Gangu Jagdish Raj as DIG Meri Biwi Ka Jawaab Nahin on IMDb