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Economy of Guyana

With a per capita gross domestic product of $8,300 in 2016 and an average GDP growth of 4.2% over the last decade, Guyana is one of the fastest developing countries in the Western Hemisphere. It is expected to achieve GDP growth of over 85% in 2020; the economy made dramatic progress after President Hoyte's 1989 economic recovery program. As a result of the ERP, Guyana's GDP increased six percent in 1991 following 15 years of decline. Growth was above six percent until 1995, when it dipped to 5.1 percent. The government reported that the economy grew at a rate of 7.9 percent in 1996, 6.2 percent in 1997, fell 1.3 percent in 1998. The 1999 growth rate was three percent; the unofficial growth rate in 2005 was 0.5 percent. In 2006, it was 3.2%. Developed in junction with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the ERP reduced the government's role in the economy, encouraged foreign investment, enabled the government to clear all its arrears on loan repayments to foreign governments and the multilateral banks, brought about the sale of 15 of the 41 government-owned businesses.

The cellphone company and assets in the timber and fishing industries were privatized. International corporations were hired to manage the huge state sugar company, GuySuCo, the largest state bauxite mine. An American company was allowed to open a bauxite mine, two Canadian companies were permitted to develop the largest open-pit gold mine in South America. However, efforts to privatize the two state-owned bauxite mining companies, Berbice Mining Company and Linden Mining Company have so far been unsuccessful. Most price controls were removed, the laws affecting mining and oil exploration were improved, an investment policy receptive to foreign investment was announced. Tax reforms designed to promote exports and agricultural production in the private sector were enacted. Agriculture and mining are Guyana's most important economic activities, with sugar, bauxite and gold accounting for 70–75 percent of export earnings. However, the rice sector experienced a decline in 2000, with export earnings down 27 percent through the third quarter 2000.

Ocean shrimp exports, which were impacted by a one-month import ban to the United States in 1999, accounted for only 3.5 percent of total export earnings that year. Shrimp exports rebounded in 2000, representing 11 percent of export earnings through the third quarter 2000. Other exports include timber, garments and pharmaceuticals; the value of these other exports is increasing. Since 1986, Guyana has received its entire wheat supply from the United States on concessional terms under a PL 480 Food for Peace programme, it is now supplied on a grant basis. The Guyanese currency generated by the sale of the wheat is used for purposes agreed upon by the U. S. and Guyana Governments. As with many developing countries, Guyana is indebted. Reduction of the debt burden has been one of the present administration's top priorities. In 1999, through the Paris Club "Lyons terms" and the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries initiative Guyana managed to negotiate $256 million in debt forgiveness. In qualifying for HIPC assistance, for the first time, Guyana became eligible for a reduction of its multilateral debt.

About half of Guyana's debt is owed to the multilateral development banks and 20% to its neighbour Trinidad and Tobago, which until 1986 was its principal supplier of petroleum products. All debt to the U. S. government has been forgiven. In late 1999, net international reserves were at $123.2 million, down from $254 million in 1994. However, net international reserves had rebounded to $174.1 million by January 2001. Guyana's high debt burden to foreign creditors has meant limited availability of foreign exchange and reduced capacity to import necessary raw materials, spare parts, equipment, thereby further reducing production; the increase in global fuel costs contributed to the country's decline in production and growing trade deficit. The decline of production has increased unemployment. Although no reliable statistics exist, combined unemployment and underemployment are estimated at about 30%. Emigration, principally to the U. S. and Canada, remains substantial. Net emigration in 1998 was estimated to be about 1.4 percent of the population, in 1999, this figure totaled 1.2 percent.

After years of a state-dominated economy, the mechanisms for private investment, domestic or foreign, are still evolving. The shift from a state-controlled economy to a mixed economic system began under Desmond Hoyte and continued under PPP/CIVIC governments; the current PPP/C administration recognizes the need for foreign investment to create jobs, enhance technical capabilities, generate goods for export. The foreign exchange market was liberalized in 1991, currency is now traded without restriction; the rate is subject to change on a daily basis, but the Guyana dollar has depreciated 17.6% from 1998 to 2000 and may depreciate further pending the stability of the post-election period. Guyana is a member of the WTO; the following table shows the main economic indicators in 1980–2017

RCAF Eastern Air Command

Eastern Air Command was the part of the Royal Canadian Air Force's Home War Establishment responsible for air operations on the Atlantic coast of Canada during the Second World War. It played a critical role in anti-submarine operations in Canadian and Newfoundland waters during the Battle of the Atlantic. Eastern Air Command had several fighter squadrons and operational training units under its umbrella. HQ Halifax, Nova Scotia. HQ Halifax, Nova ScotiaNo. 1 Group. HQ St. John's, Nova ScotiaNo. 1 Group, HQ St. John's, NewfoundlandNo. 5 Group, HQ Gaspé, Quebec No. 12 Group was headquartered at Halifax, Nova Scotia and No. 3 Training Command RCAF had its headquarters at Montreal, Quebec. No. 3 Training Command provided training for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, flying from air bases throughout Quebec and the Maritime provinces. The schools were operated by the RAF or the RCAF however the operational training units were RCAF units and under command of No. 12 Group, RCAF Eastern Air Command.

The assigned training schools and units conducted advanced flying courses including Service Flying Training, Air Observer and Gunnery, General Reconnaissance, Naval Aerial Gunnery, Air Navigation and Operational training throughout the war. Together with some of the advanced aircraft types these units flew hundreds of older bomber and patrol aircraft, relegated to armed training roles. Training Command aircraft were active everywhere over the entire Eastern Command Area of Operations and therefore made an important contribution to the surveillance of the region acting as a force multiplier -providing extra eyes and ears on watch for enemy U-Boats during flying patrols -particularly during the emergency of the Battle of the St. Lawrence when some of the units temporarily took part as a stop gap measure. A good example of the training schools involvement in operations with the EAC during the emergency of the battle is illustrated by author Hugh A. Haliday wrote: "The need for Atlantic patrols was undiminished, yet the Battle of the St. Lawrence stretched EAC resources.

Based at Charlottetown, 31 General Reconnaissance School was mobilized to fly patrols using Avro Ansons, each carrying two 250-pound bombs. At the outset of the war the Anson and its ordnance had failed in RAF anti-submarine work. Now in Canada it was remobilized as an aerial scarecrow. German views varied as to Canadian countermeasures; the captain of U-517 found his operations restricted by strengthened air patrols. In October 1942, U-69 reported “strong sea patrol and constant patrol by aircraft with radar.” RCAF Western Air Command David Ernest Hornell Convoy ONS 5 Battle of the St. Lawrence Leonard Birchall Canadian Northwest Atlantic


Webheath is a district of Redditch, in Worcestershire, England. The district neighbours Batchley and the village of Callow Hill, it is near Feckenham and Astwood Bank. Webheath used to be a village but has been swallowed up and now comes under the town of Redditch. Residents of Webheath have been alarmed by proposals to build hundreds of extra houses on nearby greenbelt land; the local infrastructure around schools and roads is of great concern. Access to the proposed site is very restricted and is only by minor roads. Webheath has one Post Office, 2 pubs, The Rose and Crown and The Foxlydiate Inn, a Premier Hotel. There is a Village Hall and a local grocery store, Biddles. Webheath has two first schools, both are located on Downsell Road, they are: Webheath Primary Academy School Mount Carmel Catholic First SchoolWebheath Church of England First School and Our lady of Mount Carmel Catholic First School. Webheath comes under the West ward on Redditch Borough Council, it is represented both from the Conservative party.

Councillor Kath Banks and Councillor Michael Braley represent Webheath on a four-year term. Webheath is the final district to the West of the Redditch constituency; the constituency was created in 1997 where Labour's Jacqui Smith was elected until her defeat in 2010. Karen Lumley of the Conservative Party represented Redditch in Westminster until her retirement in 2017, she was succeeded by fellow Conservative Rachel Maclean. Webheath is a semi-rural suburb which lies to the West of Redditch and it is just north of the small rural village of Callow Hill. There are a small selection of amenities, such as pubs The Rose and Crown and The Foxlydiate Arms, as well as a Post Office and the independent grocery Biddles; the local Church of England Church is St Philip's on Church Road, established by Harriett, 13th Baroness Windsor, although it was not consecrated until after her death, The church was established to serve estate workers from Hewell Grange, as such is a comparatively modest affair that has only listed as a grade II heritage building.

The nave has been modernised and is warm and comfortable. Building work commenced in 2016 to create space for meetings and storage, to provide the much needed toilets; the annual church fete at the beginning of July is a major community event, Christmas services fill the church to capacity. There is no church history of Webheath. Webheath First School Mount Carmel First School

Kiss Me Quick (Nathan Sykes song)

"Kiss Me Quick" is a song by English singer Nathan Sykes. The song was released in the United Kingdom on 28 June 2015 as the lead single from his debut studio album Unfinished Business; the song was written by Ali Tennant, Jin Choi, Greg Bonnick and Hayden Chapman. The song peaked at number 14 on number 19 on the Scottish Singles Chart; the song peaked at number one on the Dance Club Songs chart. In an interview with Capital FM, Nathan said, "It just came around, when we were out just outside of London in the countryside, I was working with LDN Noise and we were just chatting about nonsense and I just said, I'm bad at flirting, honestly. Revealed during his shoot for Schön magazine. "So we wrote a song that can flirt for me, it's as simple as that. "Obviously with the album there are songs that are a lot deeper lyrically and a lot are personal to me about relationship and things that I've gone through and this was just as simple. We were just joking about the fact that I can't flirt. So that's what we wrote "Kiss Me Quick" about and it ended up being my debut single."

Sykes performed. In June 2015, he performed an acoustic version of the song in a special session for Shazam. A music video to accompany the release of "Kiss Me Quick" was first released onto YouTube on 21 May 2015 at a total length of three minutes and eighteen seconds. Talking about the video Nathan said, "I had a clear vision for the video and worked with Emil to develop the idea, it was important to me to highlight the musicality of the track because "Kiss Me Quick" has such a big, brass sound and I wanted that to be a focus, I'm happy with the result!"


Kharosa is a village situated at about 45 km from Latur City in Latur district, India. The place is renowned for its caves. Other attractions include the beautiful sculptures of Narasimha, Shiv Parvati and Ravana. There are about 12 caves. There are about a couple of dozen carved panels depicting mythological stories. Nearby villages are: Ramegaon, Shivani; the upper side of the hill you will find Renuka devi Temple and a Mosque side by side which shows the unity of Hindus and Muslims in the area. Everyone who come to visit the temple visit the mosque. On the top side of the hill you will find source of water, called as Seeta Nhani as they believe that Rama,Lakshmana and Seeta had once lived there. Villagers nearby are co-operative and helpful. Route:The nearest major railway station is the Latur Railway Station, on the Latur-Miraj rail route, it is about 45 km from Latur on Latur-Nilanga Road via Ausa-Lamjana. Car can go up to the caves on the left flank and up to Devi Temple on right flank of a small hillock.

Regular buses which connect Kharosa with Latur and Nilanga/Udgir. Https://


Aurichalcite is a carbonate mineral found as a secondary mineral in copper and zinc deposits. Its chemical formula is 526; the zinc to copper ratio is about 5:4. Aurichalcite occurs in the oxidized zone of copper and zinc deposits. Associated minerals include: rosasite, hemimorphite, hydrozincite and azurite, it was first described in 1839 by Bottger who named the mineral for its zinc and copper content after the Greek όρειχαλκος, for "mountain brass" or "mountain copper", the name of a fabulous metal. The type locality is the Loktevskoye Mine, Upper Loktevka River, Rudnyi Altai, Altaiskii Krai, Western Siberia, Russia. Aurichalcite displays prismatic crystals in the form of encrustations and sometimes columnar structures; the crystal system is monoclinic