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Economy of Mauritius

The economy of Mauritius is a mixed developing economy based on agriculture, financial services, tourism. Since the 1980s, the government of Mauritius has sought to diversify the country's economy beyond its dependence on just agriculture sugar production. In terms of energy, Mauritius' endowment with alternative energy resources and good governance makes it one of the potential winners in the global transition to renewable energy and the country is ranked no. 8 among 156 nations in the index of geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition. In 1961, Professor James Meade painted a bleak picture of the economic prospects of Mauritius, which had a population of 650,000. All the disadvantages associated with smallness of island states weighed in his conviction that Mauritius was caught in a Malthusian trap and, therefore, if economic progress could at all be achieved, it would be to a limited extent. Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, ICT and tourist sectors.

For most of the period, annual growth has been 4%. This compares favourably with other sub-Saharan African countries and is due to sustained progress in economic conditions. Important is that it has achieved what few fast growing economies achieve, a more equitable income distribution and inequality fell from 45.7 to 38.9 between 1980 and 2006. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, a much-improved infrastructure. Sugarcane is grown on about 90 % of accounts for 25 % of export earnings; the government's development strategy centers on expanding local financial institutions and building a domestic information telecommunications industry. Mauritius has attracted more than 9,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India and South Africa, investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector, has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act.

Mauritius has attracted US$10.98 billion in Foreign direct investment inflows. Top sectors attracting FDI inflows from Mauritius are electrical equipment, telecommunications, fuels and gypsum products and services sector. With a well-developed legal and commercial infrastructure and a tradition of entrepreneurship and representative government, Mauritius is one of the developing world’s most successful democracies; the economy has shown a considerable degree of resilience, an environment conducive to dynamic entrepreneurial activity has moved further toward economic freedom. The island’s institutional advantages are noticeable. A transparent and well-defined investment code and legal system have made the foreign investment climate in Mauritius one of the best in the region. Taxation is efficient; the economy is diversified, with significant private-sector activity in sugar, economic processing zones, financial services in offshore enterprises. The government is trying to modernize the sugar and textile industries, which in the past were overly dependent on trade preferences, while promoting diversification into such areas as information and communications technology and business services, seafood processing and exports, free trade zones.

Agriculture and industry have become less important to the economy, services tourism, accounted for over 72 percent of GDP. The government still owns utilities and controls imports of rice, petroleum products, cement. Recent reports on progress on the Millennium Development Goals by the Overseas Development Institute indicated four key reasons for economic success. Heterodox liberalisation and diversification Concerted strategy of nation building Strong and inclusive institutions High levels of equitable public investment Mauritius has followed a pragmatic development strategy in which liberalisation process was sequenced and tailored to its competitive advantages and weaknesses; the export-orientated approach has encouraged liberalisation supported by strong state involvement as a facilitator. Strategies were adapted according to results. There has been stability, regardless of which political party is in power. Liberalisation occurred in phases that were initiated to build on advantages the economy enjoyed on the international market.

1970s: Mauritius profited from sugar rents, established an export processing zone EPZ and attracted capital and foreign investment in manufacturing. 1980s–1990s: EPZ expanded and led to a significant increase in foreign direct investment and tourism. Preferential access to sugar and clothing markets amounted to 7% of GDP in the 1980s and 4.5% in the 1990s, capital and current accounts were liberalised, contributing to an investment and employment boom and the high inflow of FDI brought with it managerial skills. 1990s–2010: Further diversification and investment. A concerted strategy of nation building since Independence created the foundations for sustained growth. Partnerships across ethnic groups allowed economic redistribution to be negotiated and the resulting better balance of economic and political power allowed strong and independen

Lectionary 61

Lectionary 61, designated by siglum ℓ 61, is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment leaves. It is a lectionary. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th-century. Survived only one leaf of the codex with two lessons from the Gospel of Matthew and Gospel of John, it is written in Greek minuscule letters, on 1 parchment leaf, in two columns per page, in 26 lines per page. The manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz; the manuscript is not cited in the critical editions of the Greek New Testament. The codex is located in the Bibliothèque nationale de France, in Paris, it was rebound with minuscule 729. List of New Testament lectionaries Biblical manuscript Textual criticism

2-Acetylfuran

2-Acetylfuran is a low melting solid or high boiling liquid, depending on temperature. The solid melts at 30 °C and has a density of 1.0975 g/ml at 20 °C, while the normal boiling point of the liquid is 168–169 °C. 2-Acetylfuran is a useful intermediate in the synthesis of fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals, is used in the production of the generic cephalophosphorin antibiotic cefuroxime. 2-Acetylfuran was prepared by Ashina in 1914 via the reaction of the methyl Grignard reagent on 2-furonitrile. Modern industrial synthesis involves the Friedel–Crafts acylation of furan with acetic anhydride. A one-pot synthesis of an intermediate to the HIV integrase inhibitor S-1360 was based on the Friedel-Crafts alkylation of 2-acetylfuran with 4-fluorobenzyl chloride using zinc chloride catalyst. Reaction of 2-acetylfuran with aqueous sodium nitrite gave 2-furanyloxoacetic acid, an intermediate to Cefuroxime, a second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic. Isomaltol - same core, with a hydoxy group in the 3-position 2-Furoic acid

Söder om kärleken

Söder om kärleken is a 2009 album by the Swedish singer and songwriter Sofia Karlsson, her fourth studio album. Söder om kärleken is Sofia Karlsson's fourth studio album. Magnus Eriksson, writing in the Swedish national daily newspaper Svenska Dagbladet, said that the melodies were soft, caressing lilting, like the lyrics, giving an immediate and close expression for her experience. Karlsson captured the nuances of love with supreme precision. If love was ambiguous, her lyrics were crystal beautiful. Christel Hofberg, interviewing Karlsson in the Swedish newspaper Göteborgs Posten, said that Karlsson had made a fresh start with the album, all of it being her own work except for two songs co-written; the lyrics were personal: "South of Love" named a warm place where one could stand and look at love. The FolkWorld music review website wrote that it respected Karlsson for daring to record her own compositions after her two albums of covers, it liked the "solid guitar, nice violin" and other instruments, Blåsut being reminiscent of Alison Krauss in style and sound.

The reviewer singled out Stjärnor över Asahikawa as a fragile, sensitive song where Karlsson was at her best. While the album was less adventurous than her earlier work, it was beautiful and would please listeners who liked Karlsson's style, fitting "perfectly in her repertoire". Anders Dahlbom, writing on the Swedish news and culture website Nöje described the album as having less bite than her earlier albums, but still with a voice that always gets one to stand up and listen. Dahlbom called it Americana with a melancholy shimmer, folk music that vibrated with sensitivity and the joy of performing; the album won a gold disk in 2011. Du Var Där Skärmabrink Smält Mig Till Glöd Andra Sidan Dadgad Dina Händer Stjärnor Över Asahikawa Visa Från Kåkbrinken Blåsut Regn över Årsta Andra Sidan Imma På Fönstret Alltid Dig Nära Sofia Karlsson — vocals, Irish transverse flute, guitar, bouzouki, glockenspiel, Hammond B3, tenor guitar, transverse flute Gustaf Ljunggren - guitar, pedal steel, resonator guitar, lap steel, melody banjo, mando guitar, bass clarinet, flute, tenor guitar Henry Cederblom - electric guitar, guitar Sofie Livebrant - vocals Roger Tallroth - 12-string guitar, tenor guitar, cittern Stuart Duncan - violin, mandolin Mike Marshall - mandolin Staffan Lindfors - bass, vocals Olle Linder - bass, drums Per Ekdahl - shaker Fredrik Gille - percussion Per Svenner - floor tom Gideon Andersson - guitar Bent Clausen - vibraphone

Radosław Majdan

Radosław Majdan is a Polish former footballer who played as a goalkeeper. In total, Majdan has played seven matches for Polish national team; the first was on January 26, 2000. Between 2006-2010 he was a member of the West Pomeranian Regional Assembly, he is goalkeepers trainer for his last club Polonia Warsaw He retired in May 2010 becoming the sports director of his last club Polonia Warsaw. He has many tattoos, including the logo of Pogoń across his left chest. Majdan and his ex-wife "Doda", a popular Polish pop singer, were called the "Polish Beckhams." Pogoń Szczecin Göztepe Izmir PAOK FC Bursaspor F. C. Ashdod Wisła Kraków Pogoń Szczecin Polonia Warszawa Official site Radosław Majdan at National-Football-Teams.com

Shuanghu County

Shuanghu County transliterated from Tibetan as Co'nyi County, is a county under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Nagqu, in the northernmost part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. It was formed in 2012, combining the territory of the former Shuanghu Special District with the eastern half of Nyima County. Much of the county is within the Changtang area. Shuanghu translates to "two lakes". Shuanghu County is at high elevation above 5,000 meters above sea level, sparsely populated; the vast majority of its population practices nomadic pastoralism. The climate is rough and dry. There is a weather station in Shuanghu, established in 1999, which on average measures negative temperatures throughout the year; the highest temperature on record is +2.3 °C, the lowest −62.4 °C. The county comprises seven town-level divisions: the administrative center at Cuozheluomazhen 措折罗玛镇, the six townships Xibdê 协德乡, Yagqu 雅曲乡, Garco 嘎措乡 Cozhêdangma 措折强玛乡, Domar 多玛乡, Parling 巴岭乡.

Purog Kangri Glacier, near Purog Kangri Peak has been reported as the world's largest "third largest glacier", at 422 km2 as of 2009, but melting at "an accelerated rate". Changtang Kunlun Mountains Dagze Lake Lake Urru World's highest county established in Tibet, China.org.cn, July 26, 2013