click links in text for more info

Economy of New Mexico

Oil and gas production and federal government spending are important drivers of New Mexico's economy. State government has an elaborate system of tax credits and technical assistance to promote job growth and business investment in new technologies. In 2017 New Mexico's gross domestic product was $94.2 billion. In 2017 the per capita personal income was $39,811. In 2008 the percentage of persons below the poverty level was 17.1%. Cattle and dairy products top the list of major animal products of New Mexico. Cattle and other livestock graze most of the arable land of the state throughout the year. Limited, scientifically controlled dryland farming prospers alongside cattle ranching. Major crops include hay, nursery stock and chile peppers. Hay and sorghum top the list of major dryland crops. Farmers produce onions and dairy products. New Mexico specialty crops include piñon nuts, pinto beans, chiles; the Carlsbad and Fort Sumner reclamation projects on the Pecos River and the nearby Tucumcari project provide adequate water for limited irrigation in those areas of the desert and semiarid portions of the state where scant rainfall evaporates generally leaving insufficient water supplies for large-scale irrigation.

Located upstream of Las Cruces, the Elephant Butte Reservoir provides a major irrigation source for the extensive farming along the Rio Grande. Other irrigation projects use the San Juan River. Lumber mills in Albuquerque process pinewood, the chief commercial wood of the rich timber economy of Northern New Mexico. New Mexicans derive much of their income from mineral extraction. Before European exploration, Native Americans mined turquoise for making jewelry. After the Spanish introduced refined silver alloys they were incorporated into the Indian jewelry designs. New Mexico produces uranium ore, manganese ore, salt, copper ore and tin concentrates. New Mexico is rich in fossil fuel and alternative energy resources. Major petroleum and natural gas deposits are located in the Permian Basin in southeast New Mexico and in the San Juan Basin in the northwest; the San Juan Basin Gas Area is the largest field of proved natural gas reserves in the United States. According to the Energy Information Administration, State crude oil output is just over 3 percent of the annual U.

S. total, natural gas output is nearly 10 percent of the U. S. total. New Mexico contains major coal deposits in the northwest corner of the State; the boom in hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling beginning in the mid-2010s led to a large increase in the production of crude oil from the Permian Basin and other U. S. sources. New Mexico's oil and gas operations contribute to the state's above-average release of the greenhouse gas methane, including from a national methane hot spot in the Four Corners area. Nine tenths of electricity production in the State is from coal-fired plants. Much of New Mexico's geologically-active Rocky Mountain region holds geothermal power potential, pockets of the State are suitable for wind power development. New Mexico's southern deserts offer the State's most concentrated solar power potential; the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant is located in the Delaware Basin, is used to store nuclear waste. Source: Industrial output, centered around Albuquerque, includes electric equipment.

Defense-related industries include ordnance. Important high-technology industries include lasers, data processing, solar energy and semiconductors. Federal government spending is a major driver of the New Mexico economy. In 2005 the federal government spent $2.03 on New Mexico for every dollar of tax revenue collected from the state. This rate of return is higher than any other state in the United States; the federal government is a major employer in New Mexico providing more than a quarter of the state's jobs. Many of the federal jobs relate to the military. In addition to the National Guard, New Mexico has a New Mexico State Defense Force. Other minor locations include the New Mexico Army National Guard Headquarters in Santa Fe county and the National Guard Armory in far northern Rio Rancho in Sandoval county. Other federal installations include national observatories and the technology labs of Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories. SNL conducts electronic and industrial research on Kirtland AFB, on the southeast side of Albuquerque.

These installations include the missile and spacecraft proving grounds at White Sands. Other federal agencies such as the National Park Service, the United States Forest Service, the United States Bureau of Land Management are a big part of the state's rural employment base. Virgin Galactic, the first space tourism company to develop commercial flights into space, has decided to put its world headquarters and mission control at Spaceport America in Upham, New Mexico; the New Mexico Tourism Department estimates that in fiscal year 2006 the travel industry in New Mexico generated expenditures of $6.5 billion. The private service economy in urban New Mexico in

Przemysław II, Duke of Cieszyn

Przemyslaus II of Cieszyn known as Primislaus II of Teschen or Przemko II, was a Duke of Cieszyn from 1431, ruler over Bielsko and Skoczów, Duke of half of both Duchy of Głogów and Duchy of Ścinawa from 1460 and from 1468 sole ruler over Cieszyn. He was the third son of Duke Boleslaus I of Cieszyn by his second wife, daughter of Duke Siemowit IV of Masovia. After the death of his father in 1431, Przemysław II ruled over all the Duchy together with his brothers as co-rulers, but under the tutelage of their mother. On 29 November 1442 the formal division of the Duchy took place between Bolesław I's sons: Przemysław II took over Cieszyn and Skoczów. Przemysław II sought to interfere in political affairs. In 1443 he expressed his consent to the sale of the Duchy of Siewierz to Zbigniew Oleśnicki, Bishop of Kraków, in return for which he received from Wenceslaus I the amount of 500 pieces of silver. In 1447, together with his brother Bolesław II, he participated in the Congress of Kraków, where he supported Poland in a dispute about Siewierz.

In 1447, the death of his mother Euphemia enabled Przemysław II and his brother Bolesław II to move to their domains in Skoczów and Fryštát. Bolesław II died in 1452, leaving one son, Casimir II. Przemysław II took over the guardianship of his orphaned nephew. Przemysław II supported his suzerain, the Bohemian king George of Podebrady and maintained close ties with the Polish king Casimir IV Jagiellon, demonstrated, for example, in 1454, when Przemysław II received in Cieszyn Princess Elisabeth of Austria, on her way to Kraków for her wedding to King Casimir IV. However, the good relations with Poland deteriorated after the dispute between Poland and Duke John IV of Oświęcim, which ended after a further agreement on 1 July 1457 in Kraków. Three years Przemysław II was present at a meeting between the Kings of Poland and Bohemia in Bytom, where he served as conciliator; the next mediation took place on 9 June 1461 between the King of Poland. In 1460 Władysław, another of Przemysław II's brothers, died without issue.

In his will, he left his domains – half of both Głogów and Ścinawa – to his widow Margareta of Celje and Przemysław II, who took effective power over all the lands. Przemysław II tried to get closer to Bohemian and Polish rulers and in 1462 in Głogów both kings met and negotiated the future of the Bohemian Kingdom; as a reward for his services, he received the town of Valašské Meziříčí in eastern Moravia, only during his lifetime. In 1466 the prince took an active part in the expedition of George of Podebrady to Kłodzko, causing tension between Cieszyn and the powerful Wrocław. After the abdication of his brother Wenceslaus I in 1468, Przemysław II could take power over Cieszyn, although the former duke in fact renounced on behalf of his nephew Casimir II. In 1469 he took part in the election of Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus as King of Bohemia in Olomouc thanks to the efforts of Pope Paul II and insurgent Bohemian Catholic nobility. For some time, Przemysław II went to Hungary and Bohemia, took part in the war against Corvinus' enemies in the Upper Silesia.

It appeared, that Matthias Corvinus didn't recompense Przemysław II for his support, but tried depriving him of Cieszyn. In this situation, in 1471 Przemysław II joined the opposition against the King, supporting the Bohemian candidacy of Prince Vladislaus II Jagiellon, son of Casimir IV. Trying to shift between Poland and Hungary, in 1473 Przemysław II supported Matthias Corvinus in his war against Duke Wenceslaus III of Rybnik. However, the common victory didn't improve his relations with the Hungarian monarch. In 1474 Wenceslaus I, the last surviving brother of Przemysław II, died without issue, allowing him to unify all their domains under his rule. Przemysław II's growing importance, didn't please Bohemian-Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus, during the meeting of Racibórz in 1475, obtained from Casimir IV of Poland the guarantee that he could interfere without difficulties in the sovereignty over the Duchy of Teschen, threatening to deprive Przemysław II if he didn't pay a huge contribution.

The Duke was saved from a final fall against the Hungarian-Polish army expedition, thanks to Jakub z Dębna, who supported the defense of Cieszyn. Przemyslaw II, had to agree to the seizure of half of both Głogów and Ścinawa in 1476 by King Matthias. After, Przemysław II retained only the main town of a few cities, he was buried in the Dominican church in Cieszyn. Without male issue, on his death he was succeeded by his nephew Casimir II, the only male member of the Cieszyn branch. Around 1465, Przemysław II married daughter of Duke Bolesław IV of Warsaw, they had one daughter: Hedwig of Cieszyn. From this marriage were born four children, two sons and two daughters; the oldest son was János Zápolya King of Hungary, the oldest of the daughters, Barbara Zápolya, was the first wife of Sigismund I the Old, King of Poland. Panic, Idzi. Poczet Piastów i Piastówien cieszyńskich. Cieszyn: Urząd Miejski. ISBN 83-917095-4-X. Cawley, Charles, SILESIA, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, Mirosla

Rabih Ataya

Rabih Mohammad Ataya is a Lebanese professional footballer who plays as a right winger for Malaysian club UiTM, on loan from Ahed, the Lebanon national team. His main qualities are technical ability, as well as his finishing and crossing. After spending two years with Tadamon Sour in the Lebanese Premier League, Ataya earned a transfer to Ansar where he played for eight years, he made a total of 88 league appearances for scoring 20 in the process. He appeared in the 2013 AFC Cup for the club. On 16 January 2017, it was announced that Iranian club Zob Ahan had completed the transfer of Rabih Ataya during the winter transfer window, he joined on an 18-month contract for an undisclosed fee: he would be reunited with fellow Lebanese player Ali Hamam. On 17 August 2018, he returned to Lebanon, joining reigning champions Ahed in a deal involving Hassan Chaito, who moved from Ansar to Ahed. On 14 February 2020, Ataya was sent on a six-month loan to Malaysia Super League club UiTM. Ataya made his international debut in 2012.

In December 2018, he was called up for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup squad. Scores and results list Lebanon's goal tally first. Ansar Lebanese FA Cup: 2011–12 Lebanese Super Cup: 2012Ahed Lebanese Premier League: 2018–19 Lebanese FA Cup: 2018–19 Lebanese Super Cup: 2018, 2019 AFC Cup: 2019 Awards Lebanese Premier League Team of the Season: 2015–16 Lebanese Premier League Goal of the Season: 2018–19 Rabih Ataya at Rabih Ataya at Soccerway Rabih Ataya at Rabih Ataya at FA Lebanon Rabih Ataya at Lebanon Football Guide

GA Peach

GA Peach is the third studio album by the American rapper Rasheeda. It was released on April 25, 2006; the album was released after Rasheeda's four-year career hiatus. The album is considered her "comeback" album, because although it was unsuccessful, it helped her to "bounce back" from the failure of her second album; the lead single, "Georgia Peach" was mildly successful, but the second and third singles were unsuccessful. The album showed a sexier side of Rasheeda than her first two albums with a heavier focus on songs geared for the nightclubs; the album is Rasheeda's second independently released album and her sole release on Big Cat Records. Frost's first two albums were unsuccessful, so she decided to take a break from her career. In early 2005, Rasheeda began to look for a new label, she signed a dual contract with D-Lo Entertainment and Big Cat Records. In late 2005, she began work on her third studio album, aimed to show a sexier side of herself, with more crunk and dance oriented tracks as she had matured from the girl that everyone knew from her first two albums.

"Georgia Peach" was released as the lead single from the album on March 14, 2006. No music video was produced for the single, mildly successful, it only reached #89 on the US R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. "Touch Ya Toes" was released as the second single from the album on July 25, 2006. No music video was produced for the single, it failed to chart. "Got That Good" was released as the third and final single from the album on November 7, 2006. The album debuted at #81 on the Billboard 200. "Georgia Peach" "You Can Get It" "Touch Ya Toes" "Don't Hate" "Buy My Drink" "See Me Naked" "Pack Ya Bags" "Type a Girl" "Lifestyle" "Every Rapper Can't Trap" "Let It Clap" "Chanel Shades" "Bring It to Mamma" "Hold Whatcha Got" "Who Can Love You...?" "Got That Good" "Poppin Bottles" Official website

Electrochemical potential

In electrochemistry, the electrochemical potential, μ, is a thermodynamic measure of chemical potential that does not omit the energy contribution of electrostatics. Electrochemical potential is expressed in the unit of J/mol; each chemical species has an electrochemical potential at any given point in space, which represents how easy or difficult it is to add more of that species to that location. If possible, a species will move from areas with higher electrochemical potential to areas with lower electrochemical potential. For example, if a glass of water has sodium ions dissolved uniformly in it, an electric field is applied across the water the sodium ions will tend to get pulled by the electric field towards one side. We say the ions have electric potential energy, are moving to lower their potential energy. If a glass of water has a lot of dissolved sugar on one side and none on the other side, each sugar molecule will randomly diffuse around the water, until there is equal concentration of sugar everywhere.

We say that the sugar molecules have a "chemical potential", higher in the high-concentration areas, the molecules move to lower their chemical potential. These two examples show that an electrical potential and a chemical potential can both give the same result: A redistribution of the chemical species. Therefore, it makes sense to combine them into a single "potential", the electrochemical potential, which can directly give the net redistribution taking both into account, it is easy to measure whether or not two regions have the same electrochemical potential for a certain chemical species: Allow the species to move back and forth between the two regions. If the chemical potential is the same in the two regions, the species will move back and forth between the two regions, but on average there is just as much movement in one direction as the other, there is zero net migration. If the chemical potentials of the two regions are different, more molecules will move to the lower chemical potential than the other direction.

Moreover, when there is not diffusive equilibrium, i.e. when there is a tendency for molecules to diffuse from one region to another there is a certain free energy released by each net-diffusing molecule. This energy, which can sometimes be harnessed, the free-energy per mole is equal to the electrochemical potential difference between the two regions, it is common in electrochemistry and solid-state physics to discuss both the chemical potential and the electrochemical potential of the electrons. However, in the two fields, the definitions of these two terms are sometimes swapped. In electrochemistry, the electrochemical potential of electrons is the total potential, including both the chemical potential and the electric potential, is by definition constant across a device in equilibrium, whereas the chemical potential of electrons is equal to the electrochemical potential minus the local electric potential energy per electron. In solid-state physics, the definitions are compatible with this, but occasionally the definitions are swapped.

This article uses the electrochemistry definitions. In generic terms, electrochemical potential is the mechanical work done in bringing 1 mole of an ion from a standard state to a specified concentration and electrical potential. According to the IUPAC definition, it is the partial molar Gibbs energy of the substance at the specified electric potential, where the substance is in a specified phase. Electrochemical potential can be expressed as μ ¯ i = μ i + z i F Φ, where: μi is the electrochemical potential of species i, in J/mol, μi is the chemical potential of the species i, in J/mol, zi is the valency of the ion i, a dimensionless integer, F is the Faraday constant, in C/mol, Φ is the local electrostatic potential, in V. In the special case of an uncharged atom, zi = 0, so μi = μi. Electrochemical potential is important in biological processes that involve molecular diffusion across membranes, in electroanalytical chemistry, industrial applications such as batteries and fuel cells, it represents one of the many interchangeable forms of potential energy through which energy may be conserved.

In cell membranes, the electrochemical potential is the sum of the chemical potential and the membrane potential. The term electrochemical potential is sometimes used to mean an electrode potential. In some contexts, the electrode potential of corroding metals is called "electrochemical corrosion potential", abbreviated as ECP, the word "corrosion" is sometimes omitted; this usage can lead to confusion. The two quantities have different meanings and different dimensions: the dimension of electrochemical potential is energy per mole while that of electrode potential is voltage. Nernst equation Fermi level Electrochemical gradient Membrane potential Concentration cell Poisson–Boltzmann equation Electrochemical potential – lectur

Jeffrey Bleustein

Jeffrey L. Bleustein is an American business executive, the former Chief executive officer of Harley-Davidson, he is credited with helping save the company from possible bankruptcy in the 1980s, leading the company's resurgence as the dominant motorcycle manufacturer in the United States. Bleustein is a native of Scarsdale, New York, comes from a family with a background in manufacturing, his grandfather, an immigrant from Poland, ran a company called Atlas Baby Carriage in the Bronx, along with his father and two of his uncles. He earned a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Cornell University, a master's degree and PhD in engineering mechanics from Columbia University, he spent a year as a NATO postdoctoral fellow in England. From 1966 to 1971, Bleustein was an Associate Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Yale University, his work on piezoelectricity along with related work by Yuri Vasilyevich Gulyayev on a new type of transverse surface acoustic wave led to that wave being called the Bleustein-Gulyaev wave.

In 1971, he decided to enter the corporate world and took a job as a technology consultant with American Machine and Foundry known as AMF, a sporting goods manufacturer. He was considered the "golden boy" of AMF's engineering team. AMF had purchased the Harley-Davidson motorcycle company in 1969. In 1975, AMF assigned Bleustein to help reorganize Harley-Davidson's engineering operations, which he described as "an overgrown blacksmith shop" at that time, he began commuting from New York to Milwaukee one day a week to manage the process. Bleustein became a Harley-Davidson employee in 1975 as vice president of engineering. AMF's ownership of Harley-Davidson was problematic, by some accounts, the company was close to bankruptcy in the early 1980s. Along with 12 others Harley-Davidson executives, Bleustein helped lead an $81.5 million leveraged buyout of the company in 1981. He was promoted to senior vice president in 1988, executive vice president in 1990, president and Chief operating officer in 1993 and Chief executive officer in 1997.

He became chairman of the board in 1998. In 2010, the Harvard Business Review called Bleustein one of "The 100 Best-Performing CEOs in the World, mentioning the $13 billion increase in the company's market capitalization during his tenure as CEO, he was replaced by James L. Ziemer; as CEO, Bleustein was known for holding large numbers of face-to-face meetings with stakeholders, including customers, employees and suppliers. He was an advocate of the "free flow of ideas" He is credited with strengthening the dealer network and for Harley-Davidson's expansion to China, including opening dealerships in Beijing and Shanghai. After accepting his first job at Harley-Davidson, Bleustein soon became an "avid biker" Early in his time with the company, he was embarrassed to discover that his new Harley-Davidson Sportster was leaking oil, this motivated him to redesign the engine to eliminate the oil leak problem, he was responsible for other engineering innovations, including rubber engine mounts to reduce vibration, redesign of the iconic Harley-Davidson V-twin engine, introduction of Kevlar drive belts.

He was an active participant in the Harley Owners Group, attending six or more events each year. Bleustein is a member of the board of directors of the Kohler Company, he serves on the boards of the Medical College of Wisconsin and the Milwaukee Jewish Federation, is a member of Milwaukee's Congregation Shalom. Appearances on C-SPAN