Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. is a Chinese multinational telecommunications equipment and consumer electronics manufacturer, headquartered in Shenzhen, China. Ren Zhengfei, a former military engineer in the People's Liberation Army, founded Huawei in 1987. At the time of its establishment, Huawei focused on manufacturing phone switches, but has since expanded to include building telecommunications networks, providing operational and consulting services and equipment to enterprises inside and outside of China, manufacturing communications devices for the consumer market. Huawei had over 170,000 employees as of September 2017, around 76,000 of them engaged in Research & Development, it has 21 R&D institutes around the world. As of 2017 the company invested US$13.8 billion in R&D. Huawei has deployed its products and services in more than 170 countries, as of 2011 it served 45 of the 50 largest telecom operators, its networks, numbering over 1,500, reaches one third of the world's population. Huawei overtook Ericsson in 2012 as the largest telecommunications-equipment manufacturer in the world, overtook Apple in 2018 as the second-largest manufacturer of smartphones in the world, behind Samsung Electronics.
It ranks 72nd on the Fortune Global 500 list. In December 2018, Huawei reported that its annual revenue had risen to US$108.5 billion in 2018. Huawei is thought to be the leading 5G provider in the world. Although successful internationally, Huawei has faced difficulties in some markets, due to allegations – from the United States government - regarding cybersecurity concerns. With the development of 5G wireless networks, there have been calls from the U. S. to prevent use of products by Huawei or fellow Chinese telecom ZTE to the U. S. or its allies. The company has argued that its products posed "no greater cybersecurity risk" than those of any other vendor, that there is no evidence of the U. S. espionage claims. The name Huawei may be translated as "splendid act" or "China is able". In Chinese pinyin, it is Huáwéi, pronounced in Mandarin Chinese. However, pronunciation of Huawei by non-Chinese varies in other countries, for example "Hua Way" or "How Wee" in the United States and "Hoe-ah-wei" in the Netherlands.
The company had considered changing the name in English as it was concerned that non-Chinese may find the name hard to pronounce, but decided to keep the name, launched a name recognition campaign instead to encourage a pronunciation closer to "Wah-Way" using the words "Wow Way". During the 1980s, Chinese government tried to modernise the country's underdeveloped telecommunications infrastructure. A core component of the telecommunications network was telephone exchange switches, in the late 1980s several Chinese research groups endeavoured to acquire and develop the technology through joint ventures with foreign companies. Ren Zhengfei, a former deputy director of the People's Liberation Army engineering corp, founded Huawei in 1987 in Shenzhen. Rather than relying on joint ventures to secure technology transfers from foreign companies, which were reluctant to transfer their most advanced technologies to Chinese firms, Ren sought to reverse engineer foreign technologies with local researchers.
At a time when all of China's telecommunications technology was imported from abroad, Ren hoped to build a domestic Chinese telecommunication company that could compete with, replace, foreign competitors. The company reports; the Far Eastern Economic Review reported that it received an $8.5 million loan from a state-owned bank, though the company has denied the existence of the loan. During its first several years the company's business model consisted of reselling private branch exchange switches imported from Hong Kong. Meanwhile, it was reverse-engineering imported switches and investing in research and development to manufacture its own technologies. By 1990 the company had 600 R&D staff, began its own independent commercialisation of PBX switches targeting hotels and small enterprises; the company's first major breakthrough came in 1993, when it launched its C&C08 program controlled telephone switch. It was by far the most powerful switch available in China at the time. By deploying in small cities and rural areas and placing emphasis on service and customizability, the company gained market share and made its way into the mainstream market.
The company developed collusive joint venture relationships with local authorities, whereby it would provide "dividends" to the local officials in exchange for their using Huawei products in the network. Ahrens writes that. Huawei gained a key contract to build the first national telecommunications network for the People's Liberation Army, a deal one employee described as "small in terms of our overall business, but large in terms of our relationships". In 1994, founder Ren Zhengfei had a meeting with Party general secretary Jiang Zemin, telling him that "switching equipment technology was related to national security, that a nation that did not have its own switching equipment was like one that lacked its own military." Jiang agreed with this assessment. Another major turning point for the company came in 1996, when the government in Beijing adopted an explicit policy of supporting domestic telecommunications manufacturers and restricting acc
Bang & Olufsen
Bang & Olufsen is a high-end luxury Danish consumer electronics company that designs and manufactures audio products, television sets, telephones. It was founded in 1925 by Peter Bang and Svend Olufsen, who designed a radio to work with alternating current, a product of significance at a time when most radios were still running on batteries. In May 2015, HARMAN International Industries, announced the completion of its acquisition of Bang & Olufsen Automotive car audio business. In March 2017, Tymphany, an audio ODM based in Hong Kong and with manufacturing operations in Dongchen, announced the acquisition of the engineering and manufacturing operation in the Czech Republic from Bang & Olufsen. Peter Bang, son of Camillo Bang, a successful Danish businessman, showed great interest in radio technology from an early age. After graduating as an engineer in 1924, he spent six months working in a U. S. radio factory. Upon his return to Denmark, he teamed up with his friend Svend Olufsen, whose parents made the attic of their manor house in Struer in Jutland available for experiments.
When they opened their business in 1925, Bang concentrated on the technology while Olufsen dealt with business. There were a number of successful developments in the 1930s and 1940s, including a sound recording system for the film industry, roof-mounted loudspeakers for circuses and army vehicles, the iconic Beolit 39 radio with a Bakelite cabinet, it was, many years before their business became profitable. The firm suffered a huge setback towards the end of World War II when its factory at Gimsing in Struer in Northwestern Jutland was burnt down by pro-Nazi saboteurs as punishment for the management's refusal to collaborate with the Germans. Undeterred and Olufsen rebuilt the factory, producing electric razors until 1955, going on to develop a range of radio and television sets influenced by designer Ib Fabiansen when he began work for the company in 1957. In the 1990s, B&O opened its dedicated stores, selling directly to users instead of selling through retailers; the production of audio separates was discontinued in favor of mini-type audio systems sold, as was usual for B&O, at a price higher than the industry average.
Due to the economic crisis of 2008 the company experienced a sharp decline in sales and announced significant losses. A restructuring plan included 300 layoffs in Denmark on 21 October 2008, the abandonment of development of new mobile phones, MP3 players, standalone systems like DVD2 and HDR2. Instead, the company will focus on its traditional strengths: high-quality audio and video products as well as sound systems for the automotive industry. B&O returned to profitability in 2010. In January 2015, B&O revealed that the firm would consider bid approaches from competitors due to a profit warning issued at the end of 2014. In March 2015, HP announced that B&O would become the company's new premium audio partner for its computers and other devices; the partnership replaced the one with Beats Electronics which ended upon its acquisition by Apple Inc. Despite its decision to suspend the manufacture of separate components, B&O continues to develop and market loudspeakers, its flagship speaker, the BeoLab 5, uses digital signal processing to adjust its frequency response to the room and location in which it is placed.
Its midrange and treble drivers use the audio lens technology developed by Sausalito Audio's Manny LaCarrubba to spread the sound over a 180-degree range in order to fill the room, overcoming the directional range limitations of normal midrange and treble drivers, preventing the sound from reflecting off the ceiling and floor before reaching the listener. B&O acquired the audio lens technology in 2007. In 2003, B&O entered into an agreement with Audi to provide an advanced sound system and in 2005 a sound system based on the BeoLab 5 with 1000 W amplifiers became available to Audi's flagship model, the A8. Audi markets this sound system using the Olufsen brand name. A unique feature of this sound system is its motorized tweeters that emerge from the dashboard when the sound system is turned on. Audi subsequently extended the optional advanced sound system to their A4, A5, A6, A7, A8, Q5, Q7, TT and R8 models, it is a US$6,300 option on the A8/Q7. B&O supplies sound systems for higher-end, premium vehicles such as the Aston Martin DBS, Rapide, BMW 5 Series, BMW 5 Series Gran Turismo, BMW 6 Series, BMW M6, BMW's flagship 7 Series, BMW X5 and Mercedes-Benz AMG models.
Ford has begun to replace the Sony sound systems in their vehicles with B&O PLAY audio systems in new models, such as the revised 2018 F-150 and the 2019 Ranger. In addition to consumer products the company produces business-to-business services in the area of custom audio-visual installations for car manufacturers, the hospitality industry. Additionally the company's expertise in aluminium manufacturing is available to other businesses for the production of non-B&O products. B&O has a distinctive design appeal that Wired described as "quality media delivery via striking objects", their work with radios and loudspeakers led them to value high fidelity musical reproduction uninfluenced by technological limitations. To this end, psychoacoustics was important to testing B&O products. By 1960, B&O had begun its foray into global markets with star designers Henning Moldenhawer and Jacob Jensen. B&O hires designers rather than directly employing them in the company. David Lewis, who became involved with B&O
Procter & Gamble
The Procter & Gamble Company is an American multi-national consumer goods corporation headquartered in downtown Cincinnati, founded in 1837 by English American William Procter and Irish American James Gamble. It specializes in a wide range of personal health/consumer health, personal care and hygiene products. Before the sale of Pringles to the Kellogg Company, its product portfolio included foods and beverages. In 2014, P&G recorded $83.1 billion in sales. On August 1, 2014, P&G announced it was streamlining the company and selling off around 100 brands from its product portfolio in order to focus on the remaining 65 brands, which produced 95% of the company's profits. A. G. Lafley—the company's chairman, CEO until October 31, 2015—said the future P&G would be "a much simpler, much less complex company of leading brands that's easier to manage and operate". David Taylor is the current CEO of Procter & Gamble. Candlemaker William Procter, born in England, soapmaker James Gamble, born in Ireland, both emigrated from the United Kingdom.
They settled in Cincinnati and met when they married sisters Olivia and Elizabeth Norris. Alexander Norris, their father-in-law, called a meeting in which he persuaded his new sons-in-law to become business partners. On October 31, 1837, as a result of the suggestion, Procter & Gamble was created. In 1858–1859, sales reached $1 million. By that point, about 80 employees worked for Gamble. During the American Civil War, the company won contracts to supply the Union Army with soap and candles. In addition to the increased profits experienced during the war, the military contracts introduced soldiers from all over the country to Procter & Gamble's products. In the 1880s, Procter & Gamble began to market a new product, an inexpensive soap that floats in water; the company called the soap Ivory. William Arnett Procter, William Procter's grandson, began a profit-sharing program for the company's workforce in 1887. By giving the workers a stake in the company, he assumed that they would be less to go on strike.
The company began to build factories in other locations in the United States because the demand for products had outgrown the capacity of the Cincinnati facilities. The company's leaders began to diversify its products, as well, in 1911, began producing Crisco, a shortening made of vegetable oils rather than animal fats; as radio became more popular in the 1920s and 1930s, the company sponsored a number of radio programs. As a result, these shows became known as "soap operas"; the company moved into other countries, both in terms of manufacturing and product sales, becoming an international corporation with its 1930 acquisition of the Thomas Hedley Co. based in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. After this acquisition, Procter & Gamble had their UK Headquarters at'Hedley House' in Newcastle upon Tyne, until quite recently. Numerous new products and brand names were introduced over time, Procter & Gamble began branching out into new areas; the company introduced Tide laundry detergent in 1946 and Prell shampoo in 1947.
In 1955, Procter & Gamble began selling the first toothpaste to contain fluoride, known as Crest. Branching out once again in 1957, the company purchased Charmin paper mills and began manufacturing toilet paper and other tissue paper products. Once again focusing on laundry, Procter & Gamble began making Downy fabric softener in 1960 and Bounce fabric softener sheets in 1972. One of the most revolutionary products to come out on the market was the company's disposable Pampers diaper, first test-marketed in 1961, the same year Procter & Gamble came out with Head & Shoulders. Prior to this point, disposable diapers were not popular, although Johnson & Johnson had developed a product called Chux. Babies always wore cloth diapers, which were labor-intensive to wash. Pampers provided a convenient alternative, albeit at the environmental cost of more waste requiring landfilling. Amid the recent concerns parents have voiced on the ingredients in diapers, Pampers launch Pampers Pure collection in 2018, a "natural" diaper alternative.
Procter & Gamble acquired a number of other companies that diversified its product line and increased profits. These acquisitions included Folgers Coffee, Norwich Eaton Pharmaceuticals, Richardson-Vicks, Shulton's Old Spice, Max Factor, the Iams Company, Pantene, among others. In 1994, the company made headlines for big losses resulting from levered positions in interest rate derivatives, subsequently sued Bankers Trust for fraud. In 1996, P&G again made headlines when the Food and Drug Administration approved a new product developed by the company, Olestra. Known by its brand name'Olean', Olestra is a lower-calorie substitute for fat in cooking potato chips and other snacks. In January 2005, P&G announced the acquisition of Gillette, forming the largest consumer goods company and placing Unilever into second place; this added brands such as Gillette razors, Duracell and Oral-B to their stable. The acquisition was approved by the European Union and the Federal Trade Commission, with conditions to a spinoff of certain overlapping brands.
P&G agreed to sell its SpinBrush battery-operated electric toothbrush business to Church & Dwight, Gillette's Rembrandt toothpaste line to Johnson & Johnson. The deodorant brands Right Guard and Dri, Dry Idea were sold to Dial Corporation; the compa
Symantec Corporation is an American software company headquartered in Mountain View, United States. The company provides services. Symantec is a member of the S&P 500 stock-market index; the company has development centers in Pune and Bengaluru. On October 9, 2014, Symantec declared it would split into two independent publicly traded companies by the end of 2015. One company would focus on the other on information management. On January 29, 2016, Symantec sold its information-management subsidiary, named Veritas Technologies to The Carlyle Group; the name "Symantec" is a portmanteau of the words "syntax" and "semantics" with "technology". Founded in 1982 by Gary Hendrix with a National Science Foundation grant, Symantec was focused on artificial intelligence-related projects, including a database program. Hendrix hired several Stanford University natural language processing researchers as the company's first employees, among them Barry Greenstein. Hendrix hired Jerry Kaplan as a consultant to build the in-RAM database for Q&A.
In 1984, it became clear that the advanced natural language and database system that Symantec had developed could not be ported from DEC minicomputers to the PC. This left Symantec without a product, but with expertise in natural language database query systems and technology; as a result in 1984 Symantec was acquired by another, smaller software startup company, C&E Software, founded by Denis Coleman and Gordon Eubanks and headed by Eubanks. C&E Software developed a combined file management and word processing program called Q&A for "question and answer."The merged company retained the name Symantec. Eubanks became its chairman, Vern Raburn, the former President of the original Symantec, remained as President of the combined company; the new Symantec combined the file management and word processing functionality that C&E had planned, added an advanced Natural Language query system that set new standards for ease of database query and report generation. The natural language system was named "The Intelligent Assistant".
Turner chose the name of Q&A for Symantec's flagship product, in large part because the name lent itself to use in a short merchandised logo. Brett Walter designed the user interface of Q&A. Q&A was released in November 1985. During 1986, Vern Raburn and Gordon Eubanks swapped roles, Eubanks became CEO and president of Symantec, while Raburn became its chairman. Subsequent to this change, Raburn had little involvement with Symantec, in a few years time, Eubanks added the Chairmanship to his other roles. After a slow start for sales of Q&A in the fall of 1985 and spring of 1986, Turner signed up a new advertising agency called Elliott/Dickens, embarked on an aggressive new advertising campaign, came up with the "Six Pack Program" in which all Symantec employees, regardless of role, went on the road and selling dealer sales staff nationwide in the United States. Turner named it Six Pack because employees were to work six days a week, see six dealerships per day, train six sales representatives per store and stay with friends free or at Motel 6.
A promotion was run jointly with SofSell. This promotion was successful in encouraging dealers to try Q&A. During this time, Symantec was advised by Jim Lally and John Doerr — both were board members of Symantec at that stage — that if Symantec would cut its expenses and grow revenues enough to achieve cash flow break-even KPCB would back the company in raising more venture capital. To accomplish this, the management team worked out a salary reduction schedule where the chairman and the CEO would take zero pay, all vice presidents would take a 50% pay cut, all other employees' pay was cut by 15%. Two employees were laid off. Eubanks negotiated a sizable rent reduction on the office space the company had leased in the days of the original Symantec; these expense reductions, combined with strong international sales of Q&A, enabled the company to attain break-even. The increased traction for Q&A from this re-launch grew Symantec's revenues along with early success for Q&A in international markets following Turner's having placed emphasis on establishing international sales distribution and multiple language versions of Q&A from initial shipment.
In 1985, Rod Turner negotiated the publishing agreement with David Whitney for Symantec's second product, which Turner named NoteIt. It was evident to Turner that NoteIt would confuse the dealer channel if it was launched under the Symantec name, because Symantec had built up interest by that stage in Q&A, because the low price for the utility would not be attractive to the dealer channel until demand had been built up. Turner felt. Turner and Gordon E. Eubanks, Jr. chairman of Symantec Corporation, agreed to form a new division of Symantec, Eubanks delegated the choice of name to Turner. Turner chose the name Turner Hall Publishing, to be a new division of Symantec devoted to publishing third-party software and ha
Didcot is a railway town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire and the historic county of Berkshire. Didcot is 10 miles east of Wantage and 15 miles north west of Reading; the town is noted for its railway heritage and having been a station on Brunel's Great Western Main Line from London Paddington, opening in 1844. Today the town is known for its railway museum and power stations, is the gateway town to the Science Vale: three large science and technology centres in the surrounding villages of Milton and Harwell. In 2017, researchers named Didcot as the most "normal" town in England; the area around present-day Didcot has been inhabited for at least 9,000 years. A large archaeological dig between 2010 and 2013 produced finds from the Mesolithic, Iron Age and Bronze Age. In the Roman era the inhabitants of the area tried to drain the marshland by digging ditches through what is now the Ladygrove area north of the town near Long Wittenham, evidence of, found during surveying in 1994.
A hoard of 126 gold Roman coins dating from about AD 160 was found just outside the village in 1995 by an enthusiast with a metal detector. It is now displayed at the Ashmolean Museum on loan from the British Museum; the Domesday Book of 1086 does not record Didcot. In 13th-century records the toponym appears as Dudecota, Doudecote, Dudcote or Dudecothe; some of these spellings continued into centuries, were joined by Dodecote from the 14th century onward, Dudcott from the 16th century onward and Didcott from the 17th century onward. It is derived from Old English, meaning the shelter of Dudda's people; the name is believed to be derived from that of Dida, a 7th-century Mercian sub-king who ruled the area around Oxford and was the father of Saint Frithuswith or Frideswide, now the patron saint of both Oxford and Oxford University. Didcot was a rural Berkshire village, it remained so for centuries, only appearing in records. If Didcot existed at the time of the Domesday Book in 1086, it will have been much smaller than several surrounding villages, including Harwell and Long Wittenham, that modern Didcot now dwarfs.
The nearest settlement recorded in the Domesday Book was Wibalditone, with 21 inhabitants and a church, whose name survives in Willington's Farm on the edge of Didcot's present-day Ladygrove Estate. The oldest parts of the Church of England parish church of All Saints are 12th-century, they include the walls of the nave and east wall of the chancel, which were built about AD 1160. The church is a Grade II* listed building. Parts of the original village survive in the Lydalls Road area around All Saints' church. In the 16th-century Didcot was a small village of landowners and tradespeople with a population of about 120; the oldest surviving house in Didcot is White Cottage, a 16th-century timber-framed building in Manor Road that has a wood shingle roof. It is a Grade II listed building. At that time the village centre consisted of a group of cottages and surrounding farms around Manor and Lydalls Roads; those still surviving include The Nook, Thorney Down Cottage and Manor Cottage, which were all built in the early to mid-17th century.
Didcot village was on the route between Wantage, which in 1752 was made a toll road. Didcot had three toll gates that collected revenue for the turnpike trust until 1879, when the trust was dissolved due to the growing use of the railway; the Great Western Railway, engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, reached Didcot in 1839. In 1844 the Brunel-designed Didcot station was opened; the original station burnt down in the late 19th century. Although longer, a cheaper-to-build line to Bristol would have been through Abingdon farther north, but the landowner the first Lord Wantage is reputed to have prevented that alignment; the railway and its junction to Oxford assisted the growth of Didcot. The station's name helped to standardise the spelling "Didcot". Didcot's junction of the routes to London, Oxford and to Southampton via the Didcot and Southampton Railway made the town militarily important during the First World War campaign on the Western Front and the Second World War preparations for D-Day.
The DN&S line has since closed, the large Army and Royal Air Force ordnance depots have disappeared beneath the power station and Milton Park Business Park. Remains of the DN&S railway survive in the eastern part of town; this line, designed to provide a direct link to the south coast from the Midlands and the North avoiding the indirect and congested route via Reading and Basingstoke, was built in 1879–82 after previous proposals had failed. It was designed as a main line and was engineered by John Fowler and built by contractors TH Falkiner and Sir Thomas Tancred, who together constructed the Forth Railway Bridge, it was a costly line to build due to the heavy engineering challenges of crossing the Berkshire and Hampshire Downs with a 1 in 106 gradient to allow for higher mainline speeds, this initial cost and the lower than expected traffic volumes caused the company financial problems. It never independently reached Southampton, but instead joined the main London and South Western Railway line at Shawford, south of Winchester.
In the Second World War there was so much military traffic to the port of Southampton that the line was upgraded. The northern section between Didcot and Newbury was made double track, it was closed for 5 months in 1942–43
Ascot is a small town in East Berkshire, England, 6 miles south of Windsor, 4 miles east of Bracknell and 25 miles west of London. It is most notable as the location of Ascot Racecourse, home of the Royal Ascot meeting, is one of the most valuable towns in England when taking into account the average house price, it is one of the most expensive towns in Britain to rent a property. The town comprises three areas: South Ascot, it is in the civil parish of Ascot. Ascot is in the district administered by the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, a unitary authority. Ascot, South Ascot and a small part of North Ascot are in the civil parish of Sunninghill and Ascot, although most of North Ascot is in the civil parish of Winkfield, in the district of Bracknell Forest; the Church of England parish church of All Saints, Ascot Heath is a red brick Gothic Revival building designed by T. H. Rushforth and built in 1864, it has a richly decorated interior. The east window of its chancel is a Jesse window with stained glass made by C.
E. Kempe & Co in 1907. Above it is a rose window by Co.. The Church of England parish church of All Souls, South Ascot is another red-brick Gothic Revival building, it was designed by J. L. Pearson and built in 1896–97, it has a central tower with a pyramidal roof. Its nave has aisles of four bays; the ceilings of the chancel and the crossing under the tower are rib vaulted. All Souls' is a Grade II* listed building. Ascot Priory was founded in 1861 for the Society of the Most Holy Trinity, it has buildings designed by the architects Charles Buckeridge, William Butterfield, George Gilbert Scott and Leonard Stokes. The Roman Catholic church of St Francis is a red-brick Gothic Revival building, it was designed by the Roman Catholic priest and architect A. J. C. Scoles, built in 1889 and has an apsidal chancel. Independent senior schools in the area include Heathfield School, St. George's School, St Mary's School, Ascot, a Catholic all-girls boarding school, located in South Ascot and the Licensed Victuallers' School, located down the road from Ascot Racecourse.
Papplewick is based in Ascot. The local state secondary school in the Ascot area is Charters School in nearby Sunningdale, which received a'Grade 1 Outstanding' assessment from the Schools watchdog Ofsted in 2009. Facilities tend to be geared towards the racecourse, but there is a small range of shops in the wide High Street. Most of the expected facilities one would expect to find in a small town are here, including a supermarket, petrol station and many cafes. Most buildings are post-war with flats above the ground floor retail space. Heatherwood Hospital was at the western edge of the town. Ascot has a station on a bisection of the railway line from London Waterloo to Reading, Bagshot and Guildford built by the London and South Western Railway and now operated by South West Trains; as a consequence of the frequent service on this line, Ascot is now a commuter centre with its residents in both directions. The centrepiece of Ascot's year is held in June: Royal Ascot is without doubt the world's most famous race meeting, steeped in history dating back to 1711.
The royal family attend the meeting. It is a major event in the British social calendar. Although this has placed Ascot onto the British social map, it has many direct effects on the local community, not least of which are the associated traffic problems; the course is still owned by the crown. Ascot Racecourse employs over 70 full-time staff, which increases temporarily to 6,000 during Royal Ascot week; the village has a variety of businesses located at the Ascot Business Park, opened in 2008, including the UK headquarters of global toy manufacturer Jakks Pacific, in addition to numerous small and medium enterprises. The Chartered Institute of Building, a professional body for those working in the construction industry and built environment, is based in Ascot. Ascot has a Non-League football club, Ascot United F. C. which plays at Ascot Racecourse. Ascot has an Army Cadet Force unit, called 4 Platoon Ascot; the unit, being badged as Irish Guards, means that the unit sees Irish Guards events such as the St. Patrick's Day Parade, has the privilege of taking part in an Irish Guards ACF skills competition, run by the battalion.
It parades at 19:15 until 21:30 on a Monday and Wednesday night at Sunningdale Parish Hall and recruits from the local and surrounding area. The unit used to parade at Ascot Racecourse, however they were evicted due to an appeal made out by the Racecourse owners, they now temporarily parade at Broomhill Lane. The unit now has a new Detachment Commander. Boris Berezovsky, an exiled Russian tycoon and died in Ascot. Josh Cuthbert, singer from Union J Sarah Harding, Girls Aloud, born in Ascot John Lennon and Ringo Starr of The Beatles, lived at Tittenhurst Park, Ascot Camilla Luddington, actress and raised in Ascot Marti Pellow, singer of Wet Wet Wet lives in Ascot Adam Roberts, science fiction author, lives in North Ascot. Chris Evans, English presenter and producer for radio and television lives in Ascot. Ditchfield, P. H.. H. eds.. A History of the Coun
Ericsson is a Swedish multinational networking and telecommunications company headquartered in Stockholm. The company offers services and infrastructure in information and communications technology for telecommunications operators, traditional telecommunications and Internet Protocol networking equipment and fixed broadband and business support services, cable television, IPTV, video systems, an extensive services operation. Ericsson had 35% market share in the 2G/3G/4G mobile network infrastructure market in 2012; the company was founded in 1876 by Lars Magnus Ericsson. The company operates in around 180 countries. Ericsson holds over 42,000 granted patents as of December 2016, including many in wireless communications. Lars Magnus Ericsson began his association with telephones in his youth as an instrument maker, he worked for a firm. In 1876, at the age of 30, he started a telegraph repair shop with help from his friend Carl Johan Andersson in central Stockholm and repaired foreign-made telephones.
In 1878 Ericsson began selling his own telephone equipment. His telephones were not technically innovative. In 1878 he made an agreement to supply telephones and switchboards to Sweden's first telecommunications operating company, Stockholms Allmänna Telefonaktiebolag. In 1878, local telephone importer Numa Peterson hired Ericsson to adjust some telephones from the Bell Telephone Company, he analyzed the technology. He was familiar with Bell and Siemens Halske telephones through his firm's repair work for Telegrafverket and Swedish State Railways, he improved these designs to produce a higher-quality instrument to be used by new telephone companies such as Rikstelefon to provide cheaper service than the Bell Group. Ericsson had no patent or royalty problems because Bell had not patented their inventions in Scandinavia, his training as an instrument maker was reflected in the standard of finish and the ornate design of Ericsson telephones of this period. At the end of the year he started to manufacture telephones much like those of Siemens.
Ericsson became a major supplier of telephone equipment to Scandinavia. Its factory could not keep up with demand. Much of its raw materials were imported. Much of the walnut wood used for cabinets was imported from the United States. Stockholm's telephone network expanded that year and the company reformed into a telephone manufacturer; when Bell bought the biggest telephone network in Stockholm, it only allowed its own telephones to be used with it. Ericsson's equipment was sold to free telephone associations in the Swedish countryside and in other Nordic countries; the prices of Bell equipment and services led Henrik Tore Cedergren to form an independent telephone company called Stockholms Allmänna Telefonaktiebolag in 1883. As Bell would not deliver equipment to competitors, he formed a pact with Ericsson to supply the equipment for his new telephone network. In 1918 the companies were merged into Allmänna Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson. In 1884, a multiple-switchboard manual telephone exchange was copied from a design by C. E. Scribner at Western Electric.
This was legal because the device was not patented in Sweden, although in the United States it had held patent 529421 since 1879. A single switchboard could handle up to 10,000 lines; the following year, LM Ericsson and Cedergren toured the United States, visiting several telephone exchange stations to gather "inspiration". They found U. S. switchboard designs were more advanced but Ericsson telephones were equal to others. In 1884, a technician named Anton Avén at Stockholms Allmänna Telefonaktiebolag combined the earpiece and the mouthpiece of a standard telephone into a handset, it was used by operators in the exchanges where operators needed to have one hand free when talking to customers. Ericsson picked up this invention and incorporated it into Ericsson products, beginning with a telephone named The Dachshund; as production grew in the late 1890s, the Swedish market seemed to be reaching saturation, Ericsson expanded into foreign markets through a number of agents. The UK and Russia were early markets, where factories were established improve the chances of gaining local contracts and to augment the output of the Swedish factory.
In the UK, the National Telephone Company was a major customer. The Nordic countries were Ericsson customers. Other countries and colonies were exposed to Ericsson products through the influence of their parent countries; these included Australia and New Zealand, which by the late 1890s were Ericsson's largest non-European markets. Mass production techniques now established. Despite their successes elsewhere, Ericsson did not make significant sales into the United States; the Bell Group and Automatic Electric dominated the market. Ericsson sold its U. S. assets. Sales in Mexico led to inroads into South American countries. South Africa and China were generating significant sales. With his company now multinational, Lars Ericsson stepped down from the company in 1901. Ericsson ignored the growth of automatic telephony in the United States and concentrated