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Economy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

The economy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is dependent on agriculture, being the world’s leading producer of arrowroot and grows other exotic fruit and root crops. Bananas alone account for upwards of 60% of the work force and 50% of merchandise exports in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; such reliance on a single crop makes the economy vulnerable to external factors. St. Vincent's banana growers benefited from preferential access to the European market. In view of the European Union's announced phase-out of this preferred access, economic diversification is a priority. Tourism has grown to become a important part of the economy. In 1993, tourism supplanted banana exports as the chief source of foreign exchange; the Grenadines have become a favourite of the up-market yachting crowd. The trend toward increasing tourism revenues will continue. In 1996, new cruise ship and ferry berths came on-line increasing the number of passenger arrivals. In 1998, total visitor arrivals stood at 202,109 with United States visitors constituting 2.7%, as most of the nation's tourists are from other countries in the Caribbean and the United Kingdom.

Figures from 2005 record tourism's contribution to the economy at US$90 million. St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a beneficiary of the U. S. Caribbean Basin Initiative; the country belongs to the Caribbean Community, which has signed a framework agreement with the United States to promote trade and investment in the region. Household income or consumption by percentage share: Distribution of family income - Gini index: N/A Agriculture - products: banana, sweet-potatoes, spices.

Lungotevere Castello

Lungotevere Castello is the stretch of Lungotevere that links Piazza di Ponte Sant'Angelo to Piazza dei Tribunali, in Rome, in the rioni Borgo and Prati. The Lungotevere takes its name from the Mausoleum of Hadrian, better known as Castel Sant'Angelo, erected by Emperor Hadrian between 134 and 139. Several churches demolished or no more existing rose in the area: among them, Sant'Antonio della Mole Adriana, Sant'Angelo de Castro Sancti Angeli, the Chapel of the Holy Rosary and San Tommaso de Castro Sancti Angeli. In the environs of the castle there was an estate, called Arenaccio due to the vicinity to the strand of river Tiber: it was employed for military and circus performances. Rendina, Claudio. Le strade di Roma. First volume A-D. Rome: Newton Compton Editori. ISBN 88-541-0208-3

Alan Lightman

Alan Paige Lightman is an American physicist and social entrepreneur. He has served on the faculties of Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is Professor of the Practice of the Humanities at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he was one of the first people at MIT to have a joint faculty position in both the sciences and the humanities. In his thinking and writing, Lightman is known for exploring the intersection of the sciences and the humanities the dialogue between science, philosophy and spirituality, he is the author of the international bestseller Einstein's Dreams. Einstein's Dreams has been translated into more than 30 languages and adapted into dozens of independent theatrical and musical productions worldwide, most at the off Broadway Prospect Theater in New York, it is one of the most used "common books" on college campuses. Lightman's novel, he is the founder of the Harpswell Foundation, a nonprofit organization whose mission is to advance a new generation of women leaders in Southeast Asia.

Lightman has received six honorary doctoral degrees. Alan Lightman grew up in Memphis, Tennessee, his father Richard Lightman was a movie theater owner and played a major role in desegregating movie theaters in the South in 1962. His mother Jeanne Garretson was a dance Braille typist. Early on, Lightman demonstrated an interest in both the sciences and the arts by winning city and state science fairs as well as being a state winner of the National Council of Teachers of English award, he graduated from White Station High School. He earned an undergraduate degree in physics at Princeton University, Phi Beta Kappa, a PhD in physics from the California Institute of Technology. Lightman was a postdoctoral fellow in astrophysics at Cornell University. During this period he began publishing publishing poetry in small magazines and essays in Science 80, the Smithsonian, other magazines. At MIT, in the mid 1990s Lightman chaired the committee that established the communication requirement for all undergraduates.

In 2005, he was a cofounder of the Catalyst Collaborative at MIT, a partnership between MIT and Central Square Theater, in Cambridge, that sponsors plays involving science and the culture of science. In his scientific work, Lightman has made contributions to the theory of astrophysical processes under extreme temperatures and densities. In particular, his research has focused on relativistic gravitation theory, the structure and behavior of accretion disks, stellar dynamics, radiative processes, relativistic plasmas; some of his significant achievements are his discovery, with Douglas Eardley, of a structural instability in orbiting disks of matter, called accretion disks, that form around massive condensed objects such as black holes, with wide application in astronomy. His research articles have appeared in Physical Review, The Astrophysical Journal, Reviews of Modern Physics and other journals. In 1990 he chaired the science panel of the National Academy of Sciences Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee.

He is a past chair of the High Energy Division of the American Astronomical Society. Lightman's essays and stories have appeared in The Atlantic, Harper's Magazine, The New Yorker, the New York Times and many other publications, his novel Einstein's Dreams was made into a musical. Einstein's Dreams Good Benito The Diagnosis Reunion Ghost Song of Two Worlds Mr g Three Flames Screening Room Time Travel and Papa Joe’s Pipe A Modern Day Yankee in a Connecticut Court Dance for Two Best American Essays 2000, Living with the Genie, Heart of the Horse A Sense of the Mysterious The Accidental Universe Problem Book in Relativity and Gravitation Radiative Processes in Astrophysics Origins: the Lives and Worlds of Modern Cosmologists Ancient Light. Our Changing View of the Universe Great Ideas in Physics Time for the Stars. Astronomy for the 1990s The Discoveries: Great Breakthroughs in 20th Century Science Searching for Stars on an Island in Maine In Praise of Wasting Time In 2003, Lightman made his first trip to Southeast Asia, to Cambodia.

There he met a Cambodian lawyer named Veasna Chea who told him that when she had been g

Guy Coulombe

Guy Coulombe, was a senior public servant in the Canadian province of Quebec. At various times the leader of Hydro-Quebec and the Sûreté du Québec and the general manager of Montreal, Coulombe was described as Quebec's "go-to mandarin on tough issues." Coulombe was born to an upper-middle-class family in Quebec City. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree and a master's degree in sociology from the Université Laval and entered a Ph. D. program in economic development at the University of Chicago. He returned to Quebec City without completing his degree to enter the public service in the early years of Quebec's Quiet Revolution. Early yearsCoulombe became a Quebec public servant in 1963 as a member of the Bureau d'aménagement de l'Est de Québec. From 1966 to 1969, he was director of planning at the Office de planification et de développment du Québec, he entered the Canadian federal civil service in 1969 as assistant deputy minister of supply and services, but returned to Quebec in 1970 to become assistant secretary of the province's treasury board.

In 1973, he was promoted to secretary. In 1975, Coulombe was appointed by Quebec premier Robert Bourassa to become secretary-general of the Executive Council of Quebec, he was retained in this position after Parti Québécois leader René Lévesque succeeded Bourassa as premier in 1976. Two years he was named as president and chief executive officer of the Société générale de financement du Québec, he oversaw a restructuring of the organization and announced that it had made a $9.5 million profit for 1979, compared with losses of $14.4 million the previous year. In 1980, he announced that his agency would invest $1.2 billion in Quebec businesses over the next five years. Coulumbe was appointed as a representative of Quebec government agencies on the board of Domtar in 1981. In December of the same year, he oversaw the sale of a thirty-five per cent equity interest in Marine Industries Ltd. of Sorel to the French firm Alsthom-Atlantique. Hydro-QuebecRené Lévesque appointed Coulombe as president and chief executive officer of Hydro-Quebec in late 1981, with a term beginning on January 15, 1982.

In September 1982, Coulombe introduced a significant restructuring program for Hydro-Quebec's upper management. He released a revised capital spending program shortly thereafter, indicating that the agency would avoid significant new projects over the next five to six years due to a recession and reduced demand. Hydro-Quebec posted a forty-three per cent profit increase for 1982, despite a drop in consumption. Coulombe introduced another revised plan in 1983 that further downgraded capital spending in light of ongoing difficulties selling surplus energy to neighbouring markets. In mid-1985, Coulombe criticized a plan by Robert Bourassa to export twelve thousand megawatts of power to the United States of America. Although Coulombe favoured increased sales to the United States, he argued that Bourassa's strategy could lock Quebec into unfavourable rates and was too risky in the long term. After Bourassa became premier again in late 1985, Coulombe indicated that Hydro-Quebec could be confident of exporting 3,500 to 4,500 megawatts of power by the mid-1990s.

He indicated that it had a plan for exports as large as those preferred by Bourassa if "economic growth exceeds present predictions."Coulombe oversaw a major deal in late 1985 to export up to 2,300 megawatts of Quebec's energy to New England utilities. The following year, he announced that Hydro-Quebec would invest between twenty and twenty-seven billion dollars to construct new dams and transmission lines over the next decade to export energy to the United States. In early 1987, he helped conclude a deal for Quebec to export up to one thousand megawatts of power to Maine by 2020; the latter deal was valued at fifteen billion dollars. Coulombe left Hydro-Quebec in April 1988, at around the same time that Premier Bourassa introduced his plans for the massive Great Whale Hydro Project in northern Quebec to provide energy for New York State. Rumours had circulated that Coulombe was unhappy working under Bourassa. Subsequent careerCoulombe was appointed by the government of Canada to the Canadian National Railway board of governors in June 1988.

He served a brief term as president and chief operating officer of Consolidated-Bathurst Inc. in the late 1980s, in which capacity he advocated a merger with Domtar. He resigned. Coulombe was appointed as president of the Quebec-Canada Television Consortium in April 1991, in July 1992 he was appointed to a three-year term on the board of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, he was the Quebec government's chief negotiator in land claims negotiations with the Atikamekw and Montagnais First Nations in the same period. Sûreté du QuébecIn November 1996, Coulombe was appointed as interim director of the Sûreté du Québec, the provincial police force, he was the first civilian to oversee the SQ or its predecessor organizations in the force's 127-year history. One journalist wrote that the Quebec government had "effectively placed the Sûreté in trusteeship" through his appointment. Coulombe introduced a series of reforms in August 1997 that he said would make the SQ "become again a great police force." His one hundred page plan included requirements that investigators file daily reports and videotape interrogations, the hiring of in-house lawyers to advise investigators, better screening for promotions and preference for educated candidates

Jarrow Hall – Anglo-Saxon Farm, Village and Bede Museum

Jarrow Hall - Anglo-Saxon Farm and Bede Museum is a museum in Jarrow, South Tyneside, England which celebrates the life of the Venerable Bede. The site features a museum dedicated to the life and times of the famous monk, with other features and attractions – including a reconstructed Anglo-Saxon farm and the 18th-century Georgian building Jarrow Hall House itself – reflected in a calendar of activities, including special themed events, an educational programme for schools and heritage skills workshops, alongside space for businesses and events; the Anglo-Saxon attraction Bede's World opened on an 11-acre site in Jarrow in 1993 at a cost of £10m, was run by the Bede's World Charitable Trust, with grant support from the local council. Although the complex attracted 70,000 visitors a year, it became no longer financially viable and ceased operation in February 2016; the writer and broadcaster Melvyn Bragg was critical of its closure, in an item on BBC Radio 4's Broadcasting House in 2016, he contrasted the museum's plight to the funding made available to the Garden Bridge Project in London.

It was announced in August 2016 that the former Bede's World site would re-open as'Jarrow Hall Anglo-Saxon Farm and Bede Museum', to be managed by the charity Groundwork's South Tyneside and Newcastle trust. Following over £100,000 of investment by Groundwork and a soft-open in October 2016, the site launched on 8 April 2017, hosting activities for all ages including farm talks, live re-enactment combat, authentic Anglo Saxon craft and lectures, as well as the reconstructed historical dwellings being renovated by authentically-attired workers using traditional wattle and daub building techniques; the interior of Jarrow Hall House was renovated with Georgian-era expertise provided by Durham University, hosts a new coffee shop, Hive Coffee Company. The direction and development of the site is now led by Leigh Venus, former Venue Manager of Newcastle upon Tyne's historic Tyneside Cinema; the Bede Museum building features an "Age of Bede" exhibit, which includes excavated artefacts from the historic monastery such as stained glass, imported pottery and stone carvings, exhibits about Anglo-Saxon culture, Bede's life and works, the life of a monk, the medieval Kingdom of Northumbria.

There is a working reconstructed Anglo-Saxon farm called Gyrwe after the Old English name for Jarrow, showing animal husbandry with full-size reconstructions of three timber buildings from Northumbria based on the evidence of archaeological work. Thirlings Hall was the largest, with animal hide and other objects. A wood-burning fire in the form of a small pit/designated area is used throughout the year, allows for a great smell to filter through the building; the two other buildings, smaller in size, are a grubenhaus – a sunken building used as a cold store – and a monk's cell. All buildings were built using traditional techniques; the farm animals are of similar breeds to animals that would have been present circa 1300 years ago, to simulate the types of animals which would have been seen in Anglo-Saxon England. Ancient strains of wheat and vegetables, such as those the monks might have eaten, used to be selectively grown on site. Visitors are able to tour the ruins of the Anglo-Saxon monastery of St Paul, designated a scheduled monument.

The site features a coffee shop located in Jarrow Hall House, an 18th-century Georgian property adjacent to the Bede Museum. The house was renovated in 2017; the Medieval herb garden situated at the rear of Jarrow Hall House features over 200 species of herbs, there is a gift shop situated within the Bede Museum. The site house events and conference facilities, both within Jarrow Hall House and the Bede Museum building. Jarrow Hall Official Site ]

Ināra Tetereva

Ināra Tetereva is a private patron of the arts and charity in Latvia. Tetereva attended Teika Secondary School in Riga from 1960 to 1971, attended courses at the Art Academy of Latvia from 1971 to 1974. In 2010, Ināra Tetereva received the annual Business Women’s Association award as the Most Generous Patron. In 2011, Boriss Teterevs and Ināra Tetereva were awarded Order of the Three Stars. In 2011, the patrons Boris and Ināra Teterev were awarded the Cicero Prize. In 2011, the State Inspection for Heritage Protection, the Latvian National Commission for UNESCO and the association ICOMOS Latvia Association awarded Ināra Tetereva the Special Prize for Patronage of the Annual Cultural Heritage Awards. In 2012, Boris Teterev and Ināra Tetereva were awarded the title Riga Citizen of the Year 2012 for the promotion of the tradition of charitable and cultural patronage in Riga. In 2012, Dante Alighieri Society awarded the patrons Boriss Teterevs and Ināra Tetereva the Annual Grand Prize for contributing to the preservation of Italian cultural heritage in Latvia.

In 2012, Riga Stradiņš University conferred honorary doctorates on Boriss Teterevs and Ināra Tetereva. Since 1997, the Teterev family has been and wholeheartedly supporting the reconstruction of Rundāle Palace. In 2010, Boriss and his spouse Ināra Tetereva established a family charity foundation to support outstanding charity initiatives that provide public benefits both in Latvia and internationally; the foundation supports culture initiatives – the completion of the restoration of Rundāle Palace, the Riga Russian Theatre and the Latvian Academy of Music. In 2012, as patrons Boris and Inara Teterev donated the artistic work Gondola by the artist Dmitry Gutov to the Art Museum Riga Bourse. Within the framework of the higher education excellence programme, the Boris and Ināra Teterev Foundation cooperates with the Riga Stradiņš University, which has established the patron Boriss Teterevs’s scholarship to medical students, awards grants for research and the Academy of Intelligence, has created the framework for the RSU development strategy 2012 – 2020.

In 2012, in cooperation with the Art Academy of Latvia, they created the strategic action plan for higher education, founded the grant of patroness Ināra Tetereva for students of the Art Academy of Latvia. In 2011, the Foundation supported the newly founded Prize of the Year of the Art Academy of Latvia. In 2012, the Ināra Tetereva art scholarship was established, with the first awards going to Lilita Bauģe, Sandra Strēle and Agita Šteinberga. In 2012, the Academy of the Latvian National Opera was established thanks to the Foundation; the Foundation provides assistance to community development and animal welfare organisations, helps low-income people and those in need. The Foundation has supported soup kitchens since 2010; the Foundation’s animal welfare support is significant: it sponsors the animal shelters Dzīvnieku draugs and Labās mājas. The Latvian TV channel LTV1 has been airing Ķepa uz sirds since 2011, a family infotainment programme about animal welfare issues, expert advice, animal grooming and breeding.

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