HOK Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum, is an American worldwide design, architecture and urban planning firm. Since its formation in 1955, the firm has designed over 200 structures worldwide; as of 2018, HOK is the largest U. S.-based architecture-engineering firm and the fourth-largest interior design firm. The firm maintains more than 1,700 professional staff across a global network of 24 offices and is active in all major architectural specialties, its senior leaders are located in several different locations across the world. HOK was established in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1955; the firm's name is derived from the surnames of its three founding partners: George Hellmuth, Gyo Obata and George Kassabaum, all graduates of the School of Architecture at Washington University in St. Louis; the design firm started with its three founders. The practice's first building designs were schools in St. Louis suburbs, St. Thomas Aquinas High School in Florissant was the first private/parochial school designed by the firm.
Another prominent school they designed was the Saint Louis Priory School. By the mid-1960s, the firm was winning commissions across the United States and began to open additional offices, starting with San Francisco in 1966 for the design of a library at Stanford University and Dallas in 1968 for the master planning and design of Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. In 1968, HOK launched its interior design practice. HOK expanded into Washington, DC, after winning the commission to design the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. In 1973, HOK established a presence in New York by acquiring Kahn & Jacobs, designers of many New York City skyscrapers. By the 1970s, the firm was operating internationally and in 1975 the firm was named as architect of the $3.5 billion King Saud University in Riyadh, at the time the single largest building project in the world. In 1979, George Kassabaum was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate Academician. In 1983, HOK formed HOK Sport Venue Event, which became a leader in designing sport stadiums and convention centers.
In January 2009, the Board of HOK Group, Inc. and managers of HOK Sports Facilities, LLC transferred ownership of HOK Sport to leaders of that practice. The company became an independent firm, rebranded itself as Populous. HOK's first office outside the United States opened in Hong Kong in 1984. In 1987, the firm opened a London office and in 1995, expanded this London practice by merging with renowned UK architectural practice Cecil Denny Highton. In November 1994, HOK acquired CRSS Architects, Inc. based in Houston, adding offices in Houston and Atlanta. HOK established its first offices in Canada in 1997 with the acquisition of Urbana Architects. In 2004, George Hellmuth's nephew, William Hellmuth, was named president of the firm. By 2007, international work represented more than 40% of HOK's annual revenue. In 2008, HOK opened an office in India. In 2010, it established an office in Washington. In 2012, HOK Chairman Bill Valentine retired after 50 years with the firm. HOK Chief Executive Officer Patrick MacLeamy, FAIA, assumed the role of chairman.
In 2013, HOK acquired the New York and Shanghai offices of hospitality design firm BBG-BBGM, creating one of the largest interior design firms. BBG-BBGM's office in Washington, D. C. continues to operate as BBGM. In 2014, ORO Editions published “HOK Tall Buildings,” a 300-page book exploring the design of the contemporary high-rise. On January 13, 2015, HOK announced that it had completed its acquisition of 360 Architecture, a 200-person, Kansas City-based firm specializing in the design of stadiums, arenas and wellness centers, mixed-use entertainment districts; the acquisition enabled HOK to launch a new global Sports + Recreation + Entertainment design practice and to open new offices in Kansas City and Columbus, Ohio. On May 15, 2015, the firm announced a multi-year partnership with the United Soccer League in the USA to lead a stadium development and standards initiative to help house all USL clubs in soccer-specific stadiums across North America by the end of the decade. In January 2016, HOK announced that Bill Hellmuth, the firm's president, would succeed Patrick MacLeamy as CEO, effective April 19, 2016.
In April 2017, HOK announced that Carl Galioto, FAIA, had been appointed president, with former president and current CEO Bill Hellmuth assuming the role of chairman. In 1983, HOK introduced HOK Draw, computer-aided drafting software products that specialized in conceptual architectural design. In the early 2000s, HOK began using Building Information Modeling to streamline the design and construction process. In 2012, Building Design + Construction ranked HOK the No. 1 BIM Architecture Firm. In 2013, DesignIntelligence magazine, based in part on the firm's leadership in buildingSMART and BIM, ranked HOK the No. 1 Design Firm for Technology Expertise. HOK is a leader in sustainable design. Professionals in the firm authored one of the industry's most respected resources on the topic, "The HOK Guidebook to Sustainable Design," published in 2000 by John Wiley & Sons. A second edition of the book was published in 2005. In September 2008, to better integrate nature's innovations into the design of buildings and cities worldwide, HOK announced an alliance with the Biomimicry Group, co-founded by Janine Benyus.
In 2010, HOK and energy and daylighting consultant The Weidt Group completed design of Net Zero Court, a 170,735-square-foot, market-rate, zero-emissions class A commercial office building in St. Louis. In 2013, HOK and Biomimicry 3.8 released the Genius of Biome report, a textbook for how to apply biomimicry design principles. In 2015, for the sixth consecutive year, the DesignIntel
The Missouri River is the longest river in North America. Rising in the Rocky Mountains of western Montana, the Missouri flows east and south for 2,341 miles before entering the Mississippi River north of St. Louis, Missouri; the river takes drainage from a sparsely populated, semi-arid watershed of more than half a million square miles, which includes parts of ten U. S. states and two Canadian provinces. When combined with the lower Mississippi River, it forms the world's fourth longest river system. For over 12,000 years, people have depended on the Missouri River and its tributaries as a source of sustenance and transportation. More than ten major groups of Native Americans populated the watershed, most leading a nomadic lifestyle and dependent on enormous bison herds that roamed through the Great Plains; the first Europeans encountered the river in the late seventeenth century, the region passed through Spanish and French hands before becoming part of the United States through the Louisiana Purchase.
The Missouri River was one of the main routes for the westward expansion of the United States during the 19th century. The growth of the fur trade in the early 19th century laid much of the groundwork as trappers explored the region and blazed trails. Pioneers headed west en masse beginning in the 1830s, first by covered wagon by the growing numbers of steamboats that entered service on the river. Settlers took over former Native American lands in the watershed, leading to some of the most longstanding and violent wars against indigenous peoples in American history. During the 20th century, the Missouri River basin was extensively developed for irrigation, flood control and the generation of hydroelectric power. Fifteen dams impound the main stem of the river, with hundreds more on tributaries. Meanders have been cut and the river channelized to improve navigation, reducing its length by 200 miles from pre-development times. Although the lower Missouri valley is now a populous and productive agricultural and industrial region, heavy development has taken its toll on wildlife and fish populations as well as water quality.
From the Rocky Mountains of Montana and Wyoming, three streams rise to form the headwaters of the Missouri River: the longest begins near Brower's Spring, 9,100 feet above sea level on the southeastern slopes of Mount Jefferson in the Centennial Mountains. From there it flows west north, it passes through Canyon Ferry Lake, a reservoir west of the Big Belt Mountains. Issuing from the mountains near Cascade, the river flows northeast to the city of Great Falls, where it drops over the Great Falls of the Missouri, a series of five substantial waterfalls, it winds east through a scenic region of canyons and badlands known as the Missouri Breaks, receiving the Marias River from the west widening into the Fort Peck Lake reservoir a few miles above the confluence with the Musselshell River. Farther on, the river passes through the Fort Peck Dam, downstream, the Milk River joins from the north. Flowing eastward through the plains of eastern Montana, the Missouri receives the Poplar River from the north before crossing into North Dakota where the Yellowstone River, its greatest tributary by volume, joins from the southwest.
At the confluence, the Yellowstone is the larger river. The Missouri meanders east past Williston and into Lake Sakakawea, the reservoir formed by Garrison Dam. Below the dam the Missouri receives the Knife River from the west and flows south to Bismarck, the capital of North Dakota, where the Heart River joins from the west, it slows into the Lake Oahe reservoir just before the Cannonball River confluence. While it continues south reaching Oahe Dam in South Dakota, the Grand and Cheyenne Rivers all join the Missouri from the west; the Missouri makes a bend to the southeast as it winds through the Great Plains, receiving the Niobrara River and many smaller tributaries from the southwest. It proceeds to form the boundary of South Dakota and Nebraska after being joined by the James River from the north, forms the Iowa–Nebraska boundary. At Sioux City the Big Sioux River comes in from the north; the Missouri flows south to the city of Omaha where it receives its longest tributary, the Platte River, from the west.
Downstream, it begins to define the Nebraska–Missouri border flows between Missouri and Kansas. The Missouri swings east at Kansas City, where the Kansas River enters from the west, so on into north-central Missouri. To the east of Kansas City, the Missouri receives, on the left side, the Grand River, it passes south of Columbia and receives the Osage and Gasconade Rivers from the south downstream of Jefferson City. The river rounds the northern side of St. Louis to join the Mississippi River on the border between Missouri and Illinois. With a drainage basin spanning 529,350 square miles, the Missouri River's catchment encompasses nearly one-sixth of the area of the United States or just over five percent of the continent of North America. Comparable to the size of the Canadian province of Quebec, the watershed encompasses most of the central Great Plains, stretching from the Rocky Mountains in the
Transportation in St. Louis
Transportation in St. Louis, Missouri includes road, rail and air transportation modes connecting the city of St. Louis with surrounding communities in Greater St. Louis, national transportation networks, international locations; the city of St. Louis supports a public transportation network that includes bus and light rail service; the city of St. Louis contains five interstate highways that connect to a larger regional highway system. Interstate 70, an east-west highway, runs from the northwest corner of the city to downtown St. Louis; the north-south Interstate 55 enters the city at the south near the Carondelet neighborhood and runs toward the center of the city, both Interstate 64 and Interstate 44 enter the city on the west, running parallel to the east. Additionally, Interstate 270 crosses the extreme northern portion of the city before crossing the Mississippi River on the Chain of Rocks Bridge. Two of the five interstates merge south of Gateway Arch National Park and leave the city on the Poplar Street Bridge into Illinois, while Interstate 70 crosses into Illinois via the newly built Stan Musial Veterans Memorial Bridge north of downtown.
Interstate 44 terminates at Interstate 70 on the western end of the Stan Musial Bridge. The city of St. Louis has several major roadways, including the north-south Memorial Drive, located on the western edge of Gateway Arch National Park and parallel to Interstate 44, the north-south streets of Grand Boulevard and Jefferson Avenue, both of which run the length of the city, Gravois Road, which runs from the southeastern portion of the city to downtown and used to be signed as U. S. Route 66. An east-west roadway that connects the city with surrounding communities is Martin Luther King, Jr. Drive, which carries traffic from the western edge of the city to downtown. Local bus service in the city of St. Louis is provided by the Bi-State Development Agency via MetroBus, with more than 75 routes connecting to MetroLink commuter rail transit and stops in the city and region; the city is served by Madison County Transit, which connects downtown St. Louis to Madison County, Illinois. National bus service in the city is offered by Greyhound Lines and Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach, with a station at the Gateway Multimodal Transportation Station, Megabus, with a stop at St. Louis Union Station.
Light rail service in the city of St. Louis consists of two lines operating on double track servicing the same stations in the city, although branching to different destinations outside the city. Both lines enter the city north of Forest Park on the western edge of the city or on the Eads Bridge in downtown St. Louis to Illinois. All of the system track is in independent right of way, with both surface level and underground subways track in the city. All stations are independent entry. Rail service is provided by the Bi-State Development Agency, funded by a sales taxes levied in the city and other counties in the region; the Gateway Multimodal Transportation Center acts as the hub station in the city of St. Louis, linking the city's light rail system, local bus system, passenger rail service, national bus service. River transportation is available through the Port of St. Louis, 19.3 miles of riverbank on the Mississippi River that handles more than 32 million tons of freight annually. The Port is the 2nd largest inland port by trip-ton miles, the 3rd largest by tonnage in the United States, with more than one hundred docking facilities for barge shipping and 16 public terminals on the river.
The Port Authority added 2 new small fire and rescue craft in 2012 and 2013. St. Louis Lambert International Airport and operated by the City of St. Louis, is 11 miles northwest of downtown along I-70 between I-170 and I-270 in St. Louis County, it is the busiest airport in the state. In 2011, the airport saw 255 daily departures to about 90 domestic and international locations and a total of nearly 13,000,000 passengers; the airport serves as a focus city for Southwest Airlines and was a former hub for Trans World Airlines and former focus-city for American Airlines and AmericanConnection. Air cargo transportation is available at St. Louis Lambert International Airport and at other nearby regional airports, including MidAmerica St. Louis Airport, Spirit of St. Louis Airport, St. Louis Downtown Airport. Commuter rail and long-distance passenger train service in the city is provided by Amtrak. All Amtrak trains serving St. Louis use the Gateway Multimodal Transportation Center downtown. Amtrak trains terminating in the city include the Lincoln Service to Chicago and the Missouri River Runner to Kansas City, Missouri.
St. Louis is an intermediate stop on the Texas Eagle route which provides long distance passenger service between San Antonio and Chicago, Illinois. St. Louis is the nation's third-largest rail hub, moving everything from grain, crushed stone, prepared foodstuffs, oils, nonmetallic mineral products and tobacco products, to motorized vehicles and parts. Freight rail service in St. Louis is provided on tracks owned by Union Pacific, Norfolk Southern, Foster Townsend Rail Logistics - Manufacturers Railway, Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis, the BNSF Railway; the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis is a switching and terminal railroad jointly owned by all the major rail carriers in St. Louis; the company operates 30 diesel-electric locomotives to move railcars around the classification yards, deliver railcars to local industries, ready trains for departure. The TRRA processes and dispatches a significant portion of railroad traffic in the metropolitan area and owns and operates a
A grain is a small, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption. A grain crop is a grain-producing plant; the two main types of commercial grain crops are legumes. After being harvested, dry grains are more durable than other staple foods, such as starchy fruits and tubers; this durability has made grains well suited to industrial agriculture, since they can be mechanically harvested, transported by rail or ship, stored for long periods in silos, milled for flour or pressed for oil. Thus, major global commodity markets exist for maize, soybeans and other grains but not for tubers, vegetables, or other crops. Grains and cereal are synonymous with the fruits of the grass family. In agronomy and commerce, seeds or fruits from other plant families are called grains if they resemble caryopses. For example, amaranth is sold as "grain amaranth", amaranth products may be described as "whole grains"; the pre-Hispanic civilizations of the Andes had grain-based food systems but, at the higher elevations, none of the grains was a cereal.
All three grains native to the Andes are broad-leafed plants rather than grasses such as corn and wheat. All cereal crops are members of the grass family. Cereal grains contain a substantial amount of a carbohydrate that provides dietary energy. Finger millet fonio foxtail millet Japanese millet Coix lacryma-jobi var. Ma-yuen kodo millet maize millet pearl millet proso millet sorghum barley oats rice rye spelt teff triticale wheat wild rice Starchy grains from broadleaf plant families: amaranth buckwheat chia quinoa kañiwa kiwicha Pulses or grain legumes, members of the pea family, have a higher protein content than most other plant foods, at around 20%, while soybeans have as much as 35%; as is the case with all other whole plant foods, pulses contain carbohydrate and fat. Common pulses include: chickpeas common beans common peas fava beans lentils lima beans lupins mung beans peanuts pigeon peas runner beans soybeans Oilseed grains are grown for the extraction of their edible oil. Vegetable oils provide some essential fatty acids.
They are used as fuel and lubricants. Black mustard India mustard rapeseed safflower sunflower seed flax seed hemp seed poppy seed Because grains are small and dry, they can be stored and transported more than can other kinds of food crops such as fresh fruits and tubers; the development of grain agriculture allowed excess food to be produced and stored which could have led to the creation of the first permanent settlements and the division of society into classes. Those who handle grain at grain facilities may encounter numerous occupational hazards and exposures. Risks include grain entrapment, where workers are submerged in the grain and unable to remove themselves.
BJC HealthCare is a non-profit health care organization based in St. Louis, Missouri, it is the St. Louis area's—and one of Missouri's—biggest employers. BJC includes two nationally recognized academic hospitals – Barnes–Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children's Hospital, which are both affiliated with the Washington University School of Medicine. BJC HealthCare was created in 1993 when Barnes–Jewish Inc. merged with Christian Health Services with the intent to create a system consisting of a large urban teaching facility and a network of suburban community hospitals. In 1994, Missouri Baptist Medical Center and St. Louis Children's Hospital joined BJC HealthCare. In addition to operating 12 hospitals in Missouri and Illinois, BJC HealthCare operates BJC Home Care Services, the oldest home care service west of the Mississippi, which offers hospice, home infusion and medical equipment services. BJC HealthCare facilities rank among the top health care institutions in the country. Flagship hospitals are Barnes–Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children's Hospital, affiliated with Washington University School of Medicine.
Barnes–Jewish Hospital is the largest hospital in Missouri with 1,228 beds and is known as the flagship of BJC HealthCare. It is the adult teaching hospital for Washington University School of Medicine and is one of three Level I trauma centers in St. Louis.. Barnes–Jewish was formed by the 1996 merger of two hospitals, Barnes Hospital and The Jewish Hospital of St. Louis, which were built in proximity to each other on the eastern edge of Forest Park. Barnes Hospital opened on December 1914, at its current location on Kingshighway Boulevard. Leaders of the St. Louis Jewish community established a hospital in 1902 on Delmar Boulevard. Jewish Hospital moved to its current location two blocks from Barnes Hospital in 1927; the current facility houses the Charles F. Knight Emergency and Trauma Center, a 52,000-square-foot, 61-bed Level I trauma center that includes two full-body CT scanners and six trauma/critical care rooms. Connected to rooftop helipad via a dedicated elevator. Barnes–Jewish Hospital contains within the Center for Advanced Medicine the Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, a partnership between Barnes-Jewish Hospital and the Washington University School of Medicine.
The Siteman Cancer Center is the only cancer center in Missouri which holds Comprehensive Cancer Center designation from the National Cancer Institute. Barnes–Jewish Hospital has earned a place on U. S. News & World Report’s Honor Roll of America’s best hospitals for the past 20 years and is home to 15 specialties ranked among the best nationally. In 2012, the hospital was ranked 6th in the country by U. S. News & World Report. Barnes-Jewish Hospital received a 2 star rating from medicare in 2016. Built in 1921 in Columbia, Boone Hospital Center is a 394-bed hospital owned by Boone County and administered by BJC HealthCare; the facility is a Level II trauma center as well as a regional referral center excelling in heart services, neurology and cancer services. Boone Hospital operates five ambulances in Boone County, they are located at bases in Centralia, the northeast side of Columbia, the north-central side of Columbia, the southeast side of Columbia, on the Boone Hospital grounds. They, along with the University Hospital ambulance service, provide emergency care for the entire county.
In 2005, the hospital became the first Mid-Missouri facility to receive the Magnet designation from the American Nurses Credentialing Center, it was honored as one of the nation’s top 100 hospitals by Thomson Reuters in 2010. Boone Hospital Center and its Stewart Cancer Center are members of the Siteman Cancer Network, an affiliation with regional medical centers, aimed at improving the health of individuals and communities through cancer research and prevention. Alton Memorial Hospital is a 206-bed hospital located in Alton, serving the River Bend area of southwestern Illinois; the facility offers the area's only balloon angioplasty program, open MRI through Twin Rivers MRI Center, CT services, PET imaging, nuclear medicine and other advanced medical imaging services, as well as cardiac and pulmonary rehabilitation. The hospital operates a 24-hour emergency center and the region's only hospital-based ALS ambulance service. Alton Memorial Hospital opened a new 76-bed patient care tower; the Duncan Wing houses the hospital's Surgical Care Unit, Intermediate Care Unit and Medical Care Unit.
Six observation rooms are available on the ground floor. Alton Memorial Hospital was a recipient of a 2009-2010 Hospital Value Index: Best in Value Award by a Data Advantage LLC study. Barnes–Jewish St. Peters Hospital is a 111-bed facility in St. Peters that serves St. Charles and Warren counties; the hospital has a 15-bed emergency department, as well numerous other patient services, including cardiac surgery and pulmonary services. In 2004, the hospital completed an $18.5 million expansion which included new Cardiology and Women's centers, in addition to the Outpatient Surgery and Endoscopy Center. Construction was begun in 2008 on a two-story $28 million expansion project to add 64 additional patient rooms, a new inpatient pharmacy and medical office space to the facility. Barnes–Jewish St. Peters houses a satellite facility of the Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, a p
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch is the major regional newspaper in St. Louis, serving St. Louis City and County, St. Charles County, the Metro East and surrounding counties, it is the only daily newspaper in the city. The publication has received 18 Pulitzer Prizes; the paper is owned by Lee Enterprises of Davenport, which purchased Pulitzer, Inc. in 2005 in a cash deal valued at $1.46 billion. The paper is sold at $4 on Sundays and Thanksgiving Day; the price may be higher outside adjacent states. Sales tax is included at newsracks. On April 10, 1907, Pulitzer wrote what became known as the paper's platform: I know that my retirement will make no difference in its cardinal principles, that it will always fight for progress and reform, never tolerate injustice or corruption, always fight demagogues of all parties, never belong to any party, always oppose privileged classes and public plunderers, never lack sympathy with the poor, always remain devoted to the public welfare, never be satisfied with printing news, always be drastically independent, never be afraid to attack wrong, whether by predatory plutocracy or predatory poverty.
In 1878, Joseph Pulitzer purchased the bankrupt St. Louis Dispatch at a public auction and merged it with the St. Louis Evening Post to create the St. Louis Post and Dispatch, whose title was soon shortened to its current form, he appointed John A. Cockerill as the managing editor, its first edition, 4,020 copies of four pages each, appeared on December 12, 1878. In 1882, James Overton Broadhead ran for US Congress against John Glover; the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, at Cockerill's direction, ran a number of articles questioning Broadhead's role in a lawsuit between a gaslight company and the city. Broadhead's friend and law partner, Alonzo W. Slayback, publicly defended Broadhead, asserting that the St. Louis Post-Dispatch was nothing more than a "blackmailing sheet." The next day, October 13, 1882, Cockerill re-ran an offensive "card" by John Glover that the paper had published the prior November. Incensed, Slayback barged into Cockerill's offices at the paper demanding an apology. Cockerill killed Slayback.
A grand jury refused to indict Cockerill for murder, but the economic consequences for the paper were severe. Therefore, in May 1883, Pulitzer sent Cockerill to New York to manage the New York World for him; the Post-Dispatch was one of the first daily newspapers to print a comics section in color, on the back page of the features section, styled the "Everyday Magazine." At one time, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch had the second-largest news bureau in Washington, D. C. of any newspaper in the Midwestern United States. After Joseph Pulitzer's retirement, generations of Pulitzers guided the newspaper, ending when great-grandson Joseph Pulitzer IV left the company in 1995; the Post-Dispatch was characterized by a liberal editorial page and columnists, including Marquis Childs. The editorial page was noted for political cartoons by Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, who won the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for editorial cartooning, Bill Mauldin, who won the Pulitzer for editorial cartooning in 1959. Several months prior to the anniversary edition, the newspaper published a 63rd anniversary tribute to "Our Own Oddities", a lighthearted feature that ran from 1940 to 1990.
During the presidency of Harry S. Truman, the paper was one of his most outspoken critics, it associated him with the Pendergast machine in Kansas City, attacked his integrity. In 1950, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch sent a reporter, Dent McSkimming, to Brazil to cover the 1950 FIFA World Cup; the reporter paid for his own travelling expenses and was the only U. S. reporter in all of Brazil covering the event. In 1959 the St. Louis Globe-Democrat entered into a joint operating agreement with the Post-Dispatch; the Post–Globe operation merged advertising, printing functions and shared profits. The Post-Dispatch, distributed evenings, had a smaller circulation than the Globe-Democrat, a morning daily; the Globe-Democrat folded in 1983, leaving the Post-Dispatch as the only daily newspaper in the region. In August 1973 a Teamsters union representing Globe and Post-Dispatch staffers went on strike, halting production for six weeks. On January 13, 2004, the Post-Dispatch published a 125th anniversary edition, which included some highlights of the paper's 125 years: Coverage of Charles Lindbergh, who flew across the Atlantic despite being denied financial or written support from the Post-Dispatch.
A Pulitzer Prize-winning campaign to clean up smoke pollution in St. Louis. In the late 1930s and early 1940s, the city had the filthiest air in America. See 1939 St. Louis smog. Sports coverage, including nine "St. Louis baseball Cardinals" championships, an NBA title by the St. Louis Hawks in 1958, the 2000 Super Bowl victory of the St. Louis Rams. Coverage of the city's "cultural icons" including Kate Chopin, Tennessee Williams, Chuck Berry, Miles Davis. On January 31, 2005, Michael Pulitzer announced the sale of Pulitzer, Inc. and all its assets, including the Post-Dispatch and a small share of the St. Louis Cardinals, to Lee Enterprises of Davenport, for $1.46 billion. He said. On March 12, 2007, the paper eliminated 31 jobs in its circulation, classified phone rooms, purchasing, telephone operations and marketing departments. Several rounds of layoffs have followed. On March 23, 2009, the paper converted to a compact style every day from the previous broadsheet Sunday through Friday and tabloid on Saturday.
On May 4, 2012, the Post-Dispatch named Gilbert Bailon. In 2015
Barnes-Jewish Hospital is the largest hospital in the U. S. state of Missouri. It is the adult teaching hospital for the top-ranked Washington University School of Medicine, is located in St. Louis, it is rated one of the top hospitals in the United States by U. S. News & World Report. In 2012-13, it was ranked sixth-best medical center overall. In the 2018-2019 U. S. News and World Report Best Hospitals Ranking, Barnes-Jewish was ranked number 11 in the nation. Barnes-Jewish Hospital is a member of BJC HealthCare and is located on the campus of the Washington University Medical Center. Barnes-Jewish is the largest private employer in Greater St. Louis, employing 9,703 people, including 1,763 attending physicians, in 2011, it is responsible for the education of 801 interns and fellows. Barnes-Jewish has 1,167 beds and, in 2011, had 54,282 inpatient admissions and 85,994 emergency department visits; the same year, 20,743 outpatient surgeries and 18,437 inpatient surgeries were performed at the hospital.
Barnes-Jewish was formed by the merger of two hospitals, Barnes Hospital and The Jewish Hospital of St. Louis; each hospital was built in the early 1900s in proximity to each other on the eastern edge of Forest Park. Although the hospitals were linked by an affiliation agreement in 1993, the two were merged in 1996. Barnes Hospital was founded at the bequest of wholesale grocer and banker, Robert Barnes, who died in 1892. In coordination between Barnes executors and St. Louis philanthropist Robert Brookings, the hospital was intended as an affiliate for the Washington University school of medicine. Barnes hospital opened on December 1914 at its current location on Kingshighway Boulevard; the hospital was designed by architect, Theodore Link, had a 373-bed capacity. It was at this time that the St. Louis Children's Hospital, in 1915 the reorganized school of medicine, were relocated adjacent to Barnes Hospital. Jewish Hospital was founded in 1902 by leaders of the St. Louis Jewish community in order to care for "the sick and disabled of,'any creed or nationality.'"
The hospital was located on 5414 Delmar Boulevard. Due to the increasing number of patients and need for expansion, the hospital was relocated two blocks north of the Barnes hospital/Washington University Medical school complex in 1926. Barnes-Jewish Hospital has earned a place on U. S. News & World Report's Honor Roll of America's best hospitals for the past 18 years. Barnes-Jewish is home to 15 specialties ranked among the best nationally including cancer; the old Barnes Hospital was one of the first to treat diabetic patients with insulin and the first to install an electronic data processing system in a hospital. In 2016 Barnes-Jewish Hospital received a two star rating from medicare hospital quality rankings. Becker's Hospital Review recognized Barnes-Jewish Hospital as one of: "100 Great Hospitals" in March 2012, 2014. "100 Hospitals and Health Systems With Great Oncology Programs," along with the affiliated Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, in February 2013. "100 Hospitals With Great Heart Programs" in January 2013.
"100 Hospitals With Great Neurosurgery and Spine Programs" in March 2013. "100 Hospitals With Great Women's Health Programs" in August 2012. "101 Hospitals With Great Orthopedic Programs" in July 2012. "100 Great Places to Work in Healthcare" in April 2012. Barnes-Jewish Hospital website BJC HealthCare Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center Washington University Orthopedics