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Economy of Uttar Pradesh

The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fifth largest of all the states of India. According to the state budget for 2017–18, Uttar Pradesh's gross state domestic product is ₹16.89 lakh crore. The largest Indian state, has an urban population of 50,818,259, while Uttar Pradesh has an urban population of 44,495,063. According to the 2011 census report, 22.76% of Uttar Pradesh's population lives in urban areas. The state has 7 cities with populations exceeding 1 million each. After partition in 2000, the new Uttar Pradesh state produces about 92% of the economic output of the old Uttar Pradesh state. In 2011, the Tendulkar committee reported that 29.43% of Uttar Pradesh's population is poor, while the Rangarajan committee reported that 39.8% of the population is poor. In the tenth five-year planning period of 2002 and 2007, Uttar Pradesh registered an annual economic growth rate of 5.2%. In the eleventh period, between 2007 and 2012, Uttar Pradesh registered an annual economic growth rate of 7%. In 2012–13 and 2013–14, the growth rate decreased to 5.9% and 5.1% one of the lowest in India.

The state's debt was estimated at 67% of the gross domestic product in 2005. In 2012, the state was one of the highest receivers of overall remittances to India which stood at $0.1 billion, along with Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab. Additionally, the state government has selected seven cities for Metro train projects: Meerut, Gorakhpur, Kanpur and Varanasi; the Lucknow Metro project was completed in September 2017. Uttar Pradesh is an agrarian state, it contributed 8.89% in food grain production to the country in 2013–14. See Agriculture in uttar pradesh Uttar Pradesh is a major contributor to the national food grain stock. In 2013–14, this state produced 50.05 million tonnes of foodgrain, 18.90% of the country's total production. This is due to the fertile regions of the Indo-Gangetic plain and due to irrigation facilities such as canals and tube-wells. Lakhimpur Kheri is a densely populated sugar-producing district in the country, it has been the most common producer of food grains in India since the 1950s, due to high-yielding varieties of seed, greater availability of fertilizers and increased use of irrigation.

Western Uttar Pradesh is more advanced in terms of agriculture as compared to the other regions in the state. The majority of the state's population depends upon farming activities. Wheat, pulses and potatoes are major agricultural products. Sugarcane is the most important cash crop throughout the state. Uttar Pradesh is one of the most important states in India as far. Mangoes are produced in the state. Uttar Pradesh supports about 15% of India's total livestock population. In 1961, its livestock comprised 15% cattle, 21% buffaloes, 13% goats, 8% other livestock. Between 1951 and 1956 there was an overall increase of 14% in the livestock population. There are about 8,000 km² of water area, including lakes, rivers and streams; the fishing area in the state is over 2,000 km² and there are more than 175 varieties of fish. UP has witnessed rapid industrialization in the recent past after the launch of policies of economic liberalization in the country; as of March 1996, there were 1,661 medium and large industrial undertakings and 296,338 small industrial units employing 1.83 million persons.

The per capita state domestic product was estimated at ₹7,263 in 1997–98 and there has been a visible decline in poverty in the state. However, nearly 40 percent of the total population lives below the poverty line. There are numerous types of minerals in the state and many industries have come up based on these minerals. There are a number of cement plants in Mirzapur in the Vindhya region, a bauxite-based aluminium plant in the Banda region and Sonbhadra region. In the hilly regions of the state, many non-metallic minerals are found which are used as industrial raw materials. Coal deposits are found in the Singrauli region; the state is poor in mineral resources. The only considerable deposits are of limestone in Mirzapur district; these are being extracted and are used in cement manufacture. Uttar Pradesh has a booming electronics industry in the UP-Delhi-NCR and Lucknow-Kanpur Corridors where many electronics units are produced. Cottage industries, such as handloom and handicrafts, have traditionally provided livelihood to a large number of people in the state.

These industries include: Allahabad developed into major industrial centre. Some of the most reputed industries in allahabad include Alstom, ITI Limited, Bharat Pumps & Compressors headquarters, Steel Authority of India Limited, Dey's medical, EMC Limited, Food Corporation of India, Triveni Structurals Limited and Cotton Mills subsidiary of Central Government. Industrial development in Prayagraj is increasing as the Government of India has approved Allahabad-Naini-Bara Investment Zone, to be funded by the World Bank. Varanasi is a world-famous centre of handloom embroidered textiles. Lucknow is a centre of'Chikan' embroidery, renowned for its grace and delicacy, a skill more than 200 years old. Uttar Pradesh produces about 15% of the total fabric production of the country, employs about 30% of the total workforce of artisans in India and is responsible for an annual production of about $0.1 million USD in the state. Varanasi is well known for manufacturing the diesel-electric locomotives at Diesel Locomotive Works.

The workshop at DLW is further upgraded to manufacture electric locomotives for Indian Railways. It is the largest diesel-electric locomotives manufacturer in India; the st

Love & π

Love & π is a 2018 Taiwanese television series created and produced by EBC. It stars Ben Wu, Daniel Chen and Candy Yang as the main cast. Filming began on 28 May 2018 and ended in 4 November 2018, it aired every Saturday night from 10 pm to 11.30 pm. Zhao Wu Xian, Zhao Yuan Man, Hou Zi Cheng and Lin Mei Xin are good friends who grew up together in the same orphanage in Yun Lin. In year 2009, Wu Xian, Yuan Man and Zi Cheng went to Taipei to pursue their dreams, they will be facing some challenges on the way, how will they overcome it? Yuan Man thinks of her relationship with Wu Xian as siblings, he would like her to be his partner. However this journey of love is not smooth, may reach bottleneck. However, their “Love” will follow the “Circle” and back on its path again. Ivy Shao as Zhao Yuan-man Ben Wu as Zhao Wu-xian Daniel Chen as Hou Zi-cheng Candy Yang as Lin Mei-xin Jenny Lee as Zhang Ruo-yun Blue Lan as Liang Yi-qing Kerr Hsu as Xu Shi-ming Wasir Chou as Bai Wei-guang Jian Chang as Dean Zhao Andrew Liu as Zhang Hai-ping Love & π TTV Official Website Love & π EBC Official Website Love & π on Facebook Love & π LineTV Official Website Love & π LineTV Official Website

Hajra Waheed

Hajra Waheed is a Montréal-based artist. Her multimedia practice includes works on paper, sound, video and installation. Waheed uses news accounts, extensive research and personal histories to critically examine multiple issues including: covert power, mass surveillance, cultural distortion and the traumas of displacement caused by colonialism and mass migration. Waheed was born in 1980 in Canada, she has complex relationships to North America, the Middle East and South Asia. She grew up within the gated compound of Saudi ARAMCO in Dhahran, she studied at the Art Institute of Chicago where she received her BFA in advanced painting and art history, in 2002. She moved to Montréal in 2005 and completed her MA at McGill University in 2007. At 34, Waheed received the Victor Martyn Lynch-Staunton Award for Outstanding Achievement as a Canadian Mid-Career Visual Artist, she was shortlisted for the Sobey Art Award in 2016. Waheed's works are in the collections of the MoMA, British Museum, the Devi Art Foundation, Samdani Art Foundation, the Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, the National Gallery of Canada.

Hold Everything Dear, The Power Plant, The Video Installation Project, Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, Montréal, Viva Arte Viva, Venice Biennale, Turbulent Landings: NGC Canadian Biennial, Art Gallery of Alberta, Farewell Photography, Biennale für aktuelle Fotografie, Kunstverein Ludwigshafen, The Cyphers, BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art, Sea Change - Chapter 1, Character 1: In the Rough, Mosaic Rooms, London The Eighth Climate, 11th Gwangju Biennale, Sobey Art Award Exhibition, National Gallery of Canada, The Missing One, Dhaka Art Summit, Still Against the Sky, KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Asylum in the Sea, Foundarie Darling, Montréal, 2015 La Biennale de Montréal, Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, Montréal, Lines of Control, The Nasher Museum of Art, Duke University, Collages: Gesture and Fragments, Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, Montréal, Field Notes and Other Backstories, Art Gallery of Windsor, Lines of Control, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, The First Circle, Antoni Tàpies Foundation, Barcelona Official website