Texas's 11th congressional district
Texas District 11 of the United States House of Representatives is a congressional district that serves the midwestern portion of the state of Texas. The current Representative from District 11 is Mike Conaway. Texas has had at least 11 districts since 1883. Major cities in the district are Lamesa, Odessa, San Angelo and Brownwood; the district is one of the most Republican districts in the nation. Much of the territory now in the district began shaking off its Democratic roots far sooner than the rest of Texas. For instance, Barry Goldwater did well in much of this area in 1964, Midland itself last supported a Democrat for president in 1948, it was President George W. Bush's strongest district in the entire nation in the 2004 election. While Democrats continued to hold most local offices here well into the 1980s and continued to represent parts of the region through the 1990s, today Republicans dominate every level of government winning by well over 70 percent of the vote. From 1903-2005 the district was contained Waco.
List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Confederate States of America
The Confederate States of America referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865. The Confederacy was formed by seven secessionist slave-holding states—South Carolina, Florida, Georgia and Texas—in the Lower South region of the United States, whose economy was dependent upon agriculture cotton, a plantation system that relied upon the labor of African-American slaves; each state declared its secession from the United States, which became known as the Union during the ensuing civil war, following the November 1860 election of Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln to the U. S. presidency on a platform which opposed the expansion of slavery into the western territories. Before Lincoln took office in March, a new Confederate government was established in February 1861, considered illegal by the government of the United States. States volunteered militia units and the new government hastened to form its own Confederate States Army from scratch overnight.
After the American Civil War began in April, four slave states of the Upper South—Virginia, Arkansas and North Carolina—also declared their secession and joined the Confederacy. The Confederacy accepted Missouri and Kentucky as members, although neither declared secession nor were they largely controlled by Confederate forces; the government of the United States rejected the claims of secession and considered the Confederacy illegally founded. The War began with the Confederate attack upon Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, a Union fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. No foreign government recognized the Confederacy as an independent country, although Great Britain and France granted it belligerent status, which allowed Confederate agents to contract with private concerns for arms and other supplies. In early 1865, after four years of heavy fighting which led to 620,000–850,000 military deaths, all the Confederate forces surrendered and the Confederacy vanished; the war lacked a formal end.
By 1865 Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America for the duration of the civil war, lamented that the Confederacy had "disappeared". On February 22, 1862, the Confederate Constitution of seven state signatories – Mississippi, South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia and Texas – replaced the Provisional Constitution of February 8, 1861, with one stating in its preamble a desire for a "permanent federal government". Four additional slave-holding states – Virginia, Arkansas and North Carolina – declared their secession and joined the Confederacy following a call by U. S. President Abraham Lincoln for troops from each state to recapture Sumter and other seized federal properties in the South. Missouri and Kentucky were represented by partisan factions adopting the forms of state governments without control of substantial territory or population in either case; the antebellum state governments in both maintained their representation in the Union. Fighting for the Confederacy were two of the "Five Civilized Tribes" – the Choctaw and the Chickasaw – in Indian Territory and a new, but uncontrolled, Confederate Territory of Arizona.
Efforts by certain factions in Maryland to secede were halted by federal imposition of martial law. A Unionist government was formed in opposition to the secessionist state government in Richmond and administered the western parts of Virginia, occupied by Federal troops; the Restored Government recognized the new state of West Virginia, admitted to the Union during the war on June 20, 1863, re-located to Alexandria for the rest of the war. Confederate control over its claimed territory and population in congressional districts shrank from 73% to 34% during the course of the American Civil War due to the Union's successful overland campaigns, its control of the inland waterways into the South, its blockade of the southern coast. With the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, the Union made abolition of slavery a war goal; as Union forces moved southward, large numbers of plantation slaves were freed. Many joined the Union lines, enrolling in service as soldiers and laborers; the most notable advance was Sherman's "March to the Sea" in late 1864.
Much of the Confederacy's infrastructure was destroyed, including telegraphs and bridges. Plantations in the path of Sherman's forces were damaged. Internal movement became difficult for Southerners, weakening the economy and limiting army mobility; these losses created an insurmountable disadvantage in men and finance. Public support for Confederate President Jefferson Davis's administration eroded over time due to repeated military reverses, economic hardships, allegations of autocratic government. After four years of campaigning, Richmond was captured by Union forces in April 1865. A few days General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant signalling the collapse of the Confederacy. President Davis was captured on May 10, 1865, jailed in preparation for a treason trial, never held; the initial Confederacy was established in the Montgomery Convention in February 1861 by seven states (South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana
Andrews County, Texas
Andrews County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,786, its county seat is Andrews. Andrews is named for a soldier of the Texas Revolution; the county was created August 21, 1876, from Tom Green County and organized in 1910. The Andrews Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Andrews County. Andrews County was represented in the Texas House of Representatives by George E. "Buddy" West from 1993 to June 25, 2008, when he died. He was succeeded in January 2009 by fellow Republican Tryon D. Lewis, who had defeated West for the Republican nomination in the April 8, 2008, primary election. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,501 square miles, of which 1,501 square miles is land and 0.4 square miles is water. The county contains the two largest being Baird lake and Shafter Lake. In the west part of Andrews County on the border with New Mexico, a private company, Waste Control Specialists owned by the late Harold Simmons and headquartered in Dallas, operates a 14,000 acres site.
The company was awarded a license to dispose of radioactive waste by the TCEQ in 2009. The permit allows for disposal of radioactive materials such as uranium and thorium from commercial power plants, academic institutions and medical schools; the company finished construction on the project in 2011 and began disposing of waste in 2012. There are two radioactive waste landfills at the site; the 30-acre compact site is owned and regulated by the State of Texas for use by Texas, up to 36 other states. The 90-acre federal site is owned by the United States federal government and is used for Department of Energy and other federal waste; the company employs about 1 % of the total labor force in Andrews and Andrews County. For years there has been a simmering dispute over which state these waste sites are lawfully a part of: Texas or New Mexico? The straight north-south border between the two states was defined as the 103rd meridian, but the 1859 survey, supposed to mark that boundary mistakenly set the border between 2.29 and 3.77 miles too far west of that line, making the Waste Control Specialists waste sites, which are west of the 103rd meridian, along with the current towns of Farwell and part of Glenrio, appear to be within the State of Texas.
New Mexico's short border with Oklahoma, in contrast, was surveyed on the correct meridian. New Mexico's draft constitution in 1910 stated; the disputed strip, hundreds of miles long, includes parts of valuable oilfields of the Permian Basin. A bill was passed in the New Mexico Senate to fund and file a lawsuit in the U. S. Supreme Court to recover the strip from Texas. Today, land in the strip is included in Texas land surveys and the waste sites for all purposes are taxed and governed by Andrews County and The State of Texas. US 385 SH 115 SH 176 Loop 1910 FM 181 FM 1218 FM 1967 FM 1788 FM 2371 Gaines County Martin County Midland County Ector County Winkler County Lea County, New Mexico As of the census of 2010, there were 14,786 people residing in the county. 79.5% were White, 1.5% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 15.5% of some other race and 2.0% of two or more races. 48.7% were Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 13,004 people, 4,601 households, 3,519 families residing in the county.
The population density was 9 people per square mile. There were 5,400 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.08% White, 1.65% Black or African American, 0.88% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 16.79% from other races, 2.87% from two or more races. 40.00% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,601 households out of which 40.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.50% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.29. In the county, the population was spread out with 31.50% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,036, the median income for a family was $37,017. Males had a median income of $33,223 versus $21,846 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,916. About 13.90% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.20% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over. The Andrews Independent School District serves all of Andrews County; the county is served by a weekly newspaper, local stations KACT AM and KACT-FM, nearby stations KBXJ and KPET, the various Midland and Odessa radio and TV stations. Andrews McKinney Acres Florey Frankel City Andrews County Veterans Memorial National Register of Historic Places listings in Andrews County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Andrews County Andrews County government website Andrews County from the Handbook of Texas Online Andrews County from the Texas Almanac Andrews County from the TXGenWeb Project Andrews County Profile from the Texas A
The Midland–Odessa is a metropolitan area located in West Texas half-way between El Paso and Fort Worth, Texas. In the past, the cities of Midland and Odessa experienced a rivalry of bitter competition and political intrigue. Since the early 1990s, the nature of the rivalry has changed into one of friendly competition and economic cooperation; the Midland–Odessa area today is marketed as "Two Cities, no Limits." Ackerly Goldsmith Midland Odessa Stanton Gardendale West Odessa Greenwood Lenorah Notrees Penwell Tarzan The Midland–Odessa combined statistical area, informally known as The Petroplex, akin to the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, is located along Interstate 20 in West Texas in a petroleum rich area called the Permian Basin. The Permian Basin extends into the South Plains region just south of Lubbock, extending westward into southeastern New Mexico. Midland–Odessa enjoys a climate typical of the resort cities of the Southwest United States; the terrain type is described as semi-arid mesquite-mixed grassland subtropical steppe.
Winters are mild with a few seasonable cold spells. In the spring the wind is quite strong and the summer can bring extended heat waves with many consecutive days with highs of 100 degrees or more; the average rainfall of Midland–Odessa is 14.96 inches. Midland–Odessa is located in zone 8 according to the USDA 2003 Plant Hardiness Map. On average the area experiences 316 days of sunshine a year; the Midland–Odessa, TX Combined Statistical Area is made up of two Metropolitan Statistical Areas encompassing three counties. The CSA includes Martin and Midland counties in the Midland MSA, Ector County in the Odessa MSA; the Midland–Odessa CSA encompasses 2,720 sq mi of area, of which 2,713 sq mi is land and 6.6 sq mi is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 237,132 people, 86,591 households, 62,647 families residing within the CSA; the racial makeup of the CSA was 75.47% White, 5.77% African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.83% from other races, 2.38% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.84% of the population. The median income for a household in the CSA was $35,117, the median income for a family was $41,819. Males had a median income of $33,778 versus $23,013 for females; the per capita income for the CSA was $17,700. The economy of the area is dependent on the petroleum industry and has experienced a series of booms and busts as the price of crude oil has fluctuated; the Permian Basin is the source of the New York Mercantile Exchange's benchmark West Texas Intermediate Crude. Traditionally, the core cities of Midland and Odessa have played distinct roles in the petroleum industry. Midland has a predominantly white-collar population. Odessa by contrast is home to blue-collar workers and industrial facilities. In 2003 Family Dollar constructed its seventh distribution center, in its industrial complex, since Telvista, an incoming call center, Coca-Cola Enterprises have relocated to this complex located on Interstate 20. In even-numbered years, Odessa hosts the Permian Basin International Oil Show—the world's largest inland petroleum exposition—at the Ector County Coliseum.
In recent years, both cities have made efforts to diversify into additional industries to reduce their dependence on the petroleum industry. Midland–Odessa is well positioned to become an energy nexus for the region and for the United States as a whole; the metropolitan area is home to two major natural gas powerplants and in July 2006 it was announced that Odessa was one of four possible sites for a FutureGen zero-emissions coal-fired powerplant. The Permian Basin is home to several windfarms and the city of Andrews is a candidate site for an experimental high temperature nuclear reactor; this focus on new sources of alternative energy in addition to petroleum has led some to refer to the Permian Basin as the Energy Basin. The recent high price of crude oil has led to a significant economic boom in the area. Midland–Odessa is served by Midland International Air and Space Port, located between the core cities in Terminal and has since been annexed into Midland proper; this airport serves as a regional hub for cities and towns throughout the Permian Basin and as a gateway to Big Bend National Park.
Odessa Schlemeyer Airport and Midland Air Park serve as an option for smaller jets. The spirit of cooperation can be seen in the Midland Odessa Transportation Alliance and its centerpiece project "La Entrada al Pacifico" or "Entrance to the Pacific". La Entrada al Pacifico is an official trade corridor that connects the Mexican port city of Topolobampo on the west coast of Mexico with major markets in the Eastern and North Eastern United States and includes an inland port facility to be located in Midland–Odessa. Midland–Odessa is home to the University of Texas of the Permian Basin, which has its primary campus in Odessa proper. Other University facilities include The Center for Energy and Economic Diversification and the planned Fine Arts Performing Center centrally located in Midland County near Midland International Airport; the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at the Permian Basin has a main campus located in downtown Odessa and the Physician Assistant Program located on the campus of Midland College.
Local colleges of Midland–Odessa include Midland College and Odessa College. There are three public school districts in the metropolitan area. Ector County Independent School District Midland Independent School District Greenwood Independent School District
Midland is a city in and the county seat of Midland County, United States, on the Southern Plains of the state's western area. A small portion of the city extends into Martin County. At the 2010 census, the population of Midland was 111,147, a 2015 estimate gave a total of 132,950, making it the twenty-fourth most populous city in the state of Texas. Due to the oil boom in Midland, certain officials have given population estimates above 155,000, it is the principal city of the Midland, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Midland County, the population of which grew 4.6 percent, between July 1, 2011 and July 1, 2012, to 151,662 according to the U. S. Census Bureau; the metropolitan area is a component of the larger Midland−Odessa, Texas Combined Statistical Area, which had an estimated population of 295,987 on July 1, 2012. People in Midland are called Midlanders. Midland was founded as the midway point between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas and Pacific Railroad in 1881.
It is the hometown of former First Lady Laura Bush, the onetime home of former Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, former First Lady Barbara Bush. Midland was established in June 1881 on the Texas and Pacific Railway, it earned its name because of its central location between Fort Worth and El Paso, but because there were other towns in Texas by the name of Midway, the city changed its name to Midland in January 1884 when it was granted its first Post Office. Midland became the county seat of Midland County in March 1885, when that county was first organized and separated from Tom Green County. By 1890, it had become one of the most important cattle shipping centers in the state; the city was incorporated in 1906, by 1910 the city established its first fire department, along with a new water system. Midland was changed by the discovery of oil in the Permian Basin in 1923 when the Santa Rita No. 1 well began producing in Reagan County, followed shortly by the Yates Oil Field in Iraan.
Soon, Midland was transformed into the administrative center of the West Texas oil fields. During the Second World War, Midland was the largest bombardier training base in the country. A second boom period began after the war, with the discovery and development of the Spraberry Trend, still ranked as the third-largest oil field in the United States by total reserves, yet another boom period took place during the 1970s, with the high oil prices associated with the oil and energy crises of that decade. Today, the Permian Basin produces one fifth of natural gas output. Midland's economy still relies on petroleum. By August 2006, a busy period of crude oil production had caused a significant workforce deficit. According to the Midland Chamber of Commerce, at that time there were 2,000 more jobs available in the Permian Basin than there were workers to fill them. John Howard Griffin wrote a history of Midland in 1959, Land of the High Sky. In 1967, the U. S. Supreme Court heard the case of Midland County.
Midland mayor Hank Avery had sued Midland County, challenging the electoral-districting scheme in effect for elections to the County Commissioner's Court. The county districts geographically quartered the county, but the city of Midland, in the northwestern quarter, accounted for 97% of the county's population. A judge, elected on an at-large basis, provided a fifth vote, but the result was that the three rural commissioners, representing only three percent of the county's population, held a majority of the votes; the majority of the U. S. Supreme Court held that the districting inequality violated the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection clause; the dissenting minority held that this example of the Warren Court's policy of incorporation at the local-government level exceeded the Court's constitutional authority. Midland is located in the Permian Basin in the plains of West Texas. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 71.5 square miles, of which 71.3 square miles is land and 0.2 square mile is water.
Midland cool to mild winters. The city is subject to cold waves during the winter, but it sees extended periods of below-freezing cold. Midland receives 14.6 inches of precipitation per year, much of which falls in the summer. Highs exceed 90 °F on 101 days per year, 100 °F on 16 days. Nicknamed "The Tall City", Midland has long been known for its downtown skyline. Most of downtown Midland's major office buildings were built during a time of major Permian Basin oil and gas discoveries; the surge in energy prices in the mid-1980s sparked a building boom for downtown Midland. For many years, the 22-story Wilco Building in downtown Midland was the tallest building between Fort Worth and Phoenix. Today, the tallest is the 24-story Bank of America Building. Four buildings over 500 feet tall were planned in the 1980s, including one designed by architect I. M. Pei; the great oil bust of the mid-1980s killed any plans for future skyscrapers. A private development group was planning to build Energy Tower at City Center, proposed to stand at 870 feet tall with 59 floors.
If it had been built, it would have been Texas' sixth tallest building. At the 2010 census, 111,149 people, 41,268 households, 32,607 families resided in Midland; the population density was 1,558.9 people per square mile. There were 47,562 housing units at an average density of 667.1 per sq
Prosopis glandulosa known as honey mesquite, is a species of small to medium-sized, thorny shrub or tree in the legume family. The plant is native to the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico, its range extends into southern eastern Texas. It can be part of the Mesquite Bosque plant association community in the Sonoran Desert ecoregion of California and Arizona, Sonora state. Prosopis glandulosa has rounded big and floppy, drooping branches with feathery foliage and straight, paired spines on twigs; this tree reaches 20–30 ft, but can grow as tall as 50 ft. It is considered to have a medium growth rate, it flowers from March to November, with pale, elongated spikes and bears straight, yellow seedpods. The seeds are eaten by a variety such as scaled quail. Other animals, including deer, collared peccaries and jackrabbits, feed on both pods and vegetation. Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana M. C. Johnst. Prosopis glandulosa has been intentionally introduced into at least a half-dozen countries.
The IUCN considers it as one of the world's 100 worst invasive species outside its native habitat range. The seeds are disseminated by livestock that graze on the sweet pods, the shrubs can invade grasslands, with cattlemen regarding mesquites as range weeds to be eradicated. Due to latent buds underground, only coppicing them makes permanent removal difficult. A single-trunked tree, cut down will soon be replaced by a multi-trunked version. Prosopis glandulosa shrubs and trees provide shelter and nest building material for wildlife, produce seed pods in abundance containing beans that are a seasonal food for diverse birds and small mammal species; as the common name indicates, honey mesquite is a honey plant that supports native pollinator species of bees and other insects, cultivated honey bees. It is a larval host for Reakirt's blue butterflies. Mesquite flour contains abundant protein and carbohydrates, can be used in recipes as a substitute for wheat flour. In Namibia, although an invasive species, it has qualities that have made it useful for humans, including: growing rapidly there, having dense shade, abundantly producing seed pods, a available firewood.
The indigenous peoples of California and southwestern North America used parts of Prosopis glandulosa as a medicinal plant, food source and tools material, fuel. The Cahuilla ate the pods, which were ground into meal for cake; the thorns of the plant were used as tattoo needles, the ashes for tattoos, by the Cahuilla and Serrano Indians of Southern California. Its dense and durable wood is prized for making tools and arrow points, for the unique flavor it lends to foods cooked over it; the deep taproots larger than the trunks, are dug up for firewood. This species of mesquite, known as haas by the Seri people of northwestern Mexico, was important for food and nonfood uses; the Seris had specific names for various stages of the growth of the mesquite pod. It was a important wild food plant because it fruits during drought years. Data related to Prosopis glandulosa at Wikispecies USDA Plants Profile for Prosopis glandulosa Calflora Database: Prosopis glandulosa Jepson Manual eFlora treatment of Prosopis glandulosa Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center NPIN−Native Plant Information Network: Prosopis glandulosa UC CalPhotos gallery
Midland County, Texas
Midland County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of 2015, the population was 161,077; the county seat is Midland. The county is so named as the county is halfway between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas and Pacific Railway. Midland County is included in the Midland, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Midland–Odessa Combined Statistical Area. In 1968, the county lost before the Supreme Court in Avery v. Midland County which required local districts to be nearly equal; the city of Midland had most of the county's population but only elected one of the five county commissioners, found to violate the Fourteenth Amendment. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles, of which 900 square miles is land and 1.8 square miles is water. The Spraberry Trend, the third-largest oil field in the United States by remaining reserves, underlies much of the county. I-20 BL I-20 SH 137 SH 140 SH 158 SH 191 SH 349 Loop 40 Loop 250 Loop 268 Martin County Glasscock County Upton County Ector County Andrews County Reagan County As of the census of 2000, there were 116,009 people, 42,745 households, 30,947 families residing in the county.
The population density was 129 people per square mile. There were 48,060 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 77.32% White, 6.98% Black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 12.17% from other races, 1.92% from two or more races. 29.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 42,745 households, out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.60% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.21. In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.20% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years.
For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,082, the median income for a family was $47,269. Males had a median income of $36,924 versus $24,708 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,369. 12.90% of the population and 10.30% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 16.20% are under the age of 18 and 7.90% are 65 or older. Although Midland was Democratic, it has been unabashedly Republican in presidential elections since 1952; the last Democratic presidential candidate to win the county was Harry Truman in 1948. In the presidential election of 1964 in which the incumbent president, Texan Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson, won a national landslide victory, it gave 57.8% of its ballots to Republican presidential candidate and Arizona native Barry Goldwater. In 2008, it cast 36,135 votes for Republican John McCain for president, 78% of the vote in Midland County.
Democrat Barack Obama received 21 % of 9,672 votes. Other candidates received 1% of the vote. Midland County is in the 11th Congressional District in Texas and it is represented by Mike Conaway, a Republican; the 11th Congressional District gave George W. Bush 78% of its votes in 2004, higher than any other congressional district in the nation. In Midland County in 2004, Republican George W. Bush received 82% of the vote in Midland County, while Democrat John Kerry received 18%. Midland Odessa Dameron City Germania Pleasant Prairie Lee Slaughter List of museums in West Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Midland County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Midland County Gary Painter, sheriff of Midland County since 1985 Midland County government's website Midland County from the Handbook of Texas Online Midland County Profile of the Texas Association of Counties