Royal Library of the Netherlands
The Royal Library of the Netherlands is based in The Hague and was founded in 1798. The mission of the Royal Library of the Netherlands, as presented on the library's web site, is to provide "access to the knowledge and culture of the past and the present by providing high-quality services for research and cultural experience"; the initiative to found a national library was proposed by representative Albert Jan Verbeek on August 17 1798. The collection would be based on the confiscated book collection of William V; the library was founded as the Nationale Bibliotheek on November 8 of the same year, after a committee of representatives had advised the creation of a national library on the same day. The National Library was only open to members of the Representative Body. King Louis Bonaparte gave the national library its name of the Royal Library in 1806. Napoleon Bonaparte transferred the Royal Library to The Hague as property, while allowing the Imperial Library in Paris to expropriate publications from the Royal Library.
In 1815 King William I of the Netherlands confirmed the name of'Royal Library' by royal resolution. It has been known as the National Library of the Netherlands since 1982, when it opened new quarters; the institution became independent of the state in 1996, although it is financed by the Department of Education and Science. In 2004, the National Library of the Netherlands contained 3,300,000 items, equivalent to 67 kilometers of bookshelves. Most items in the collection are books. There are pieces of "grey literature", where the author, publisher, or date may not be apparent but the document has cultural or intellectual significance; the collection contains the entire literature of the Netherlands, from medieval manuscripts to modern scientific publications. For a publication to be accepted, it must be from a registered Dutch publisher; the collection is accessible for members. Any person aged 16 years or older can become a member. One day passes are available. Requests for material take 30 minutes.
The KB hosts several open access websites, including the "Memory of the Netherlands". List of libraries in the Netherlands European Library Nederlandse Centrale Catalogus Books in the Netherlands Media related to Koninklijke Bibliotheek at Wikimedia Commons Official website
The Lizzie McGuire Movie
The Lizzie McGuire Movie is a 2003 American teen comedy film released by Walt Disney Pictures on May 2, 2003. The film serves as the finale of the Disney Channel television series of the same name, was the first theatrical film based on a Disney Channel series; the film stars Hilary Duff, Adam Lamberg, Robert Carradine, Hallie Todd and Jake Thomas, tells the story of Lizzie's graduation trip to Rome. At its release, the film peaked at number two at the domestic box office behind X2: X-Men United; the Lizzie McGuire Movie was released on August 12, 2003 on VHS and DVD. The film begins as Lizzie McGuire prepares for her junior-high graduation with one of her two closest friends, David "Gordo" Gordon, her other best friend, has chosen to skip the graduation ceremony in favor of a trip to Mexico City to visit relatives. During the ceremony, Lizzie trips onstage and accidentally brings the curtain down on her fellow graduates. After graduation and some of her class embark on a trip to Rome, chaperoned by their future high school principal, the rude and stern Angela Ungermeyer.
To their dismay and Kate are assigned to the same hotel room. Their class visits the Trevi Fountain, where Lizzie is approached by an Italian pop star named Paolo who mistakes her for his singing partner, Isabella. Paolo asks Lizzie to meet him at the fountain the next day, she feigns illness to sneak away, he explains that he and Isabella are booked for the Italian Music Awards, but she left Italy after their breakup. Paolo tells Lizzie that Isabella lip syncs, begs her to pose as Isabella for the concert. Lizzie reluctantly agrees but soon begins to fall in love with Paolo. Lizzie continues to fake being ill to prepare for the concert, but Kate figures out her secret. To Lizzie's surprise, Kate agrees to help her and the two become friends again. Meanwhile, Ms. Ungermeyer interrogates the students to learn, sneaking out. Gordo is sent back home as punishment. Lizzie is shocked. Back home, Matt browses the Internet and finds Italian gossip sites with pictures of Lizzie as Isabella; when he tells his parents, the family flies to Rome.
At the airport Gordo meets Isabella, upset that someone is impersonating her. She and Gordo realize that Paolo is planning to have a nervous Lizzie unknowingly sing live at the concert, creating the impression that Isabella is a fake, which would damage Isabella's career and embarrass Lizzie. Gordo and Isabella rush to the concert to stop him; when Lizzie's parents arrive in Rome, Ms. Ungermeyer learns. Ethan reveals that she is performing at the Italian Music Awards, Lizzie's family and the class rush to the concert. Backstage and Isabella find Lizzie preparing for the show and warn her about Paolo's scheme. Lizzie refuses to believe them at first. Ms. Ungermeyer gets the class into the concert by pushing through the bouncers. During the performance Isabella and Gordo expose Paolo by turning on his microphone, revealing his real voice. Embarrassed, Paolo is ambushed outside by paparazzi. Isabella introduces Lizzie to the crowd, the two of them sing "What Dreams Are Made Of", they all celebrate at the hotel's after party, where Ms. Ungermeyer rescinds Gordo's punishment.
Lizzie's Parents punish her and grounded her for the summer. Lizzie and Gordo sneak away from the party to go up to the roof, where they promise to never let things change between them; the two kiss and rejoin the party before they get into more trouble. Hilary Duff as Lizzie McGuire and Isabella Parigi Singing voice for Isabella Parigi provided by Haylie Duff Adam Lamberg as David Zephyr "Gordo" Gordon, Lizzie's best friend Robert Carradine as Samuel "Sam" McGuire and Matt's father Hallie Todd as Joanne "Jo" McGuire and Matt's mother Jake Thomas as Matthew "Matt" McGuire, Lizzie's younger brother Yani Gellman as Paolo Valisari Alex Borstein as Ms. Angela Ungermeyer Clayton Snyder as Ethan Craft, Lizzie's classmate Ashlie Brillault as Katherine "Kate" Sanders, Lizzie's popular ex-best friend Brendan Kelly as Sergei, Paolo's bodyguard Carly Schroeder as Melina Bianco, Matt's best friend Daniel Escobar as Mr. Escobar, the drama teacher/choir director at Hillridge Junior High School Jody Raicot as Giorgio Terra MacLeod as Franca DiMontecatini Claude Knowlton as the stage manager The film, produced by Stan Rogow, was directed by Jim Fall from a screenplay by Susan Estelle Jansen, Ed Decter and John J. Strauss, was filmed on location in Rome, Italy in the fall of 2002.
All the series characters reprised their roles except for Lalaine, who left the series late in the second season to film the Disney Channel original movie You Wish!. Her character was said to be on vacation with her family in Mexico City; the film had a mixed critical reception based on 98 reviews on Rotten Tomatoes, giving a 41% overall approval rating. The site's consensus stated it was a "harmless piece of fluff that ought to satisfy fans of the TV show". Scott Brown of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a B+: "Let's face it: Lizzie McGuire is just too darn polished to be a junior-high underdog by the standards of her'luxe suburban environs', but that hasn't tarnished her comeback-kid cred among the six-and-ups who faithfully follow her Disney Channel show—and it doesn't make The Lizzie McGuire Movie, a
The Santa Clause 2
The Santa Clause 2 is a 2002 American Christmas fantasy romantic mystery comedy film directed by Michael Lembeck. It is the second installment in the Santa Clause film series. All the principal actors from the first film, including Tim Allen, Eric Lloyd, Wendy Crewson and Judge Reinhold, reprise their roles. Released on November 1, 2002, the film received mixed reviews from critics and grossed $172 million worldwide on a $65 million budget, it was followed by another sequel, The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause, released in 2006. Eight years have passed since Scott Calvin took on the mantle of Santa Claus, redeemed himself to be good, solved The Santa Clause Mystery. Now he has become a great Santa at the North Pole, until Head Elf Bernard and Curtis, the Keeper of the Handbook of Christmas break the news that there is another clause – the "Mrs. Clause", a mystery of who will marry Scott. Scott is now pressed to get married before the next Christmas Eve, or the clause will be broken and he will stop being Santa forever.
At the same time, Abby the Elf delivers news, more distressing: Scott's own son Charlie- is on the naughty list. Scott must return to his home to search for a set things right with Charlie, he brings this up when visited by the Council of Legendary Figures consisting of Mother Nature, Father Time, the Easter Bunny, the Tooth Fairy, the Sandman. To cover for Santa's prolonged absence, Curtis helps Santa create a life-size toy replica of Santa, much to Bernard's horror; because of the impending end of his contract, Scott undergoes a "de-Santafication process" that turns him back into Scott Calvin. He has a limited amount of magic to help him. Scott returns home to his ex-wife Laura, her husband Neil, their six-year-old daughter Lucy, Charlie, who Scott realizes has been vandalizing his school to get attention, he and Charlie both face the ire of the school principal Carol Newman when Charlie defaces the lockers. At the North Pole, Toy Santa follows the rulebook too and begins to think that everyone in the world is naughty because of their small mistakes.
As a result, Toy Santa takes over the North Pole using giant toy soldiers which he made himself and places Bernard under house arrest. He unveils his plan to the elves to give lumps of coal to the world. After a few failed dates, Scott finds himself falling for Carol, he accompanies her in a horse-drawn sleigh to the faculty Christmas party, during which she confesses that she used to believe in Santa as a child, until she was forced to stop doing so by her parents after fighting with children who told her that Santa is not real. Using a little of his Christmas magic, Scott enlivens the otherwise dull party by presenting everyone with their childhood dream gifts, he makes a special presentation to Carol, with his last remnant of magic, wins her over and they kiss passionately under mistletoe. However, when Scott attempts to explain to her that he is Santa, she does not believe him, thinking that he is mocking her childhood, throws him out. After which, Charlie confesses to Scott how hard it is for him that Scott is never around like other fathers, reveals the pressure he is under to conceal the secret that his father is Santa.
Lucy manages to convince Charlie not to be mad at Scott since he is his father, which causes Charlie to convince Carol that his father is Santa by showing her his magic snowglobe. Curtis flies in to deliver the news about the Toy Santa's plan. However, Scott has used up the last of his magic wooing Carol, cannot return to the North Pole. With a little help from the Tooth Fairy and Curtis manage to do so, only for Toy Santa to find them and tie them up, but Charlie and Carol spring him free by summoning the Tooth Fairy to fly them to the North Pole. Scott goes after the Toy Santa, who has left with the sleigh, riding Chet, a reindeer-in-training, they both crash back into the village. With an army of elves, Bernard and Curtis lead them into a snowball fight to overthrow the toy soldiers. Toy Santa is defeated and reduced to a six-inch height, Scott marries Carol in a ceremony, Scott transforms back to Santa, Christmas proceeds as it always has. In addition and Charlie reveal the truth to Lucy about Scott being Santa Claus and she cannot tell anyone about his secret, but that it's more of a gift than a burden.
Tim Allen as Scott Calvin / Santa Claus / Toy Santa Eric Lloyd as Charlie Calvin Elizabeth Mitchell as Principal Carol Newman Wendy Crewson as Laura Miller Judge Reinhold as Dr. Neal Miller Liliana Mumy as Lucy Miller David Krumholtz as Bernard the Elf Spencer Breslin as Curtis the Elf Danielle Woodman as Abby the Elf Aisha Tyler as Mother Nature Peter Boyle as Father Time Jay Thomas as Easter Bunny Kevin Pollak as Cupid Art LaFleur as Tooth Fairy Michael Dorn as Sandman A teaser trailer for this film referred to it as Santa Clause 2: The Escape Clause, scheduled for release in November 2001; the subtitle would become the subtitle of the following sequel in 2006. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 55% based on 113 reviews, with an average rating of 5.5/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Though it's harmless as family entertainment and has moments of charm, The Santa Clause 2 is predictable and forgettable." On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews, the film has a weighted average score of 48 out of 100, based on 26 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale. The Santa Clause 2 was nominated for Saturn Award for Best Fantasy Film; the Santa Clause 2 grossed $139.2 million in the United States and Canada, $33.6 million i
Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website
In Plain Sight
In Plain Sight is an American dramatic television series that premiered on the USA Network on June 1, 2008. The series revolves around Mary Shannon, a Deputy United States Marshal attached to the Albuquerque, NM, office of the Federal Witness Security Program, more known as the Federal Witness Protection Program. Shannon must find ways to balance her professional life of protecting witnesses, her professional relationship with her work partner, US Marshal Marshall Mann, her problematic personal life; the show was filmed on location in New Mexico. On May 4, 2012, In Plain Sight concluded with its fifth season. In Plain Sight was scheduled to premiere on Thursday, April 24, 2008, but USA Network held the series back when the WGA strike delayed production of the summer series Burn Notice, it instead made its debut on Sunday, June 1, 2008. It was renewed on July 21, 2008, for a second season with a 16-episode run, which began April 19, 2009. Following creative differences with Executive Producer David Maples, USA Network made the decision to use the season's 15th episode, the first part of a planned two-part season-ender, as the show's season finale.
Series creator David Maples and co-producer Paul Stupin subsequently stepped down as executive producers at the end of season 2, although they remained as consulting producers, were replaced by John McNamara. Todd Williams’s and Lesley Ann Warren's roles were changed to guest stars, a retooling of scriptwriting was designed to place greater emphasis on Mary's cases and less on her personal life, while retaining its character-driven storytelling. According to USA executive Jeff Wachtel, the shift in producers reflects the network's desire that the show remain upbeat rather than overly dark. In Plain Sight was renewed for a third season of 16 episodes on August 2, 2009. Although the planned 16th episode of season 2 was set to be the opening episode of season 3, the episode was shelved and replaced by a new opening episode, written by new showrunner, John McNamara; the season was reduced to 13 episodes when McNamara took a leave of absence for medical reasons. In a statement released to The Futon Critic, the producer of Universal Cable Productions said, "John Romano assumed executive producer responsibilities for the remaining episodes.
Given the unexpected change, we decided to end the season at a natural spot—with the surprising cliffhanger of episode 13."After the conclusion of season 3, USA Network ordered two more seasons of In Plain Sight The fourth season premiered on May 1, 2011, in its original time slot. The fifth and final season began on March 16, 2012, consisted of eight episodes; the series finale aired on May 4, 2012. Jeff Beal composed the theme song for the series. W. G. Snuffy Walden composed the music for the first season, followed by Tree Adams for the second season. Evan Frankfort, Liz Phair, Marc Dauer composed the music for the remainder of the series. Mary Shannon: Mary is a capable officer, a nonconformist and uninterested in typical feminine wiles. To her witnesses, she is known as Mary Shepard. Mary has trust and abandonment issues that lead her to have difficulties with relationships due to a difficult childhood resulting from her father's abandonment and her mother's alcoholism. During the first two seasons, Mary dates Raphael Ramirez, a minor league baseball player, they become engaged.
During the fourth season, she has a one-night stand with her ex-husband and becomes pregnant. Throughout her pregnancy, Mary is convinced that she wants to give the baby up for adoption, becomes agitated whenever everyone around her starts treating her differently. In the season four finale, "Something Borrowed, Something Blew Up", she goes into premature labor. In the season five premiere, "The Anti-Social Network", it is revealed that after Mary gave birth to a daughter, she changed her mind about giving her up and decided to keep her because she felt that no one could protect her baby better than she could, she names her daughter Norah Shannon, shares custody with Mark. During the final season, she begins a relationship with Kenny, a single dad. Marshall Mann: A fifth-generation Deputy U. S. Marshal, to his witnesses, he is known as Marshall Miller. Marshal Mann is Mary's partner, as well as her best friend, appeared to desire more than her friendship as the series progressed, he seems to know a little about everything, what Mary calls "useless information", is ever speechless.
The only time this has happened was in the season-three episode "Whistle Stop", when he discovered Raphael and Mary had broken up, leading her to declare him "verbally impotent". Friction between Marshall and Mary occurs at times due to Marshall's cerebral approach and Mary's gut instinct, though both are protective of witnesses and each other. Though Mary and Marshall have disagreed about the proper course of action regarding policies, Marshall has backed down after taking time to get a perspective and will adopt Mary's position if her cause is right—even when her attitude is not. In seasons, Marshall begins a relationship with Detective Abigail Chaffee of the Albuquerque police force, he and Abigail move in together and become engaged. Stan McQueen: As chief inspector for WITSEC's Southwest region, Stan is Marshall and Mary's boss, he is a flexible boss and stand-up guy backing up both Marshall and Mary when they hit trouble. Stan likes to stick to official WITSEC doc
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
National Library of the Czech Republic
The National Library of the Czech Republic is the central library of the Czech Republic. It is directed by the Ministry of Culture; the library's main building is located in the historical Clementinum building in Prague, where half of its books are kept. The other half of the collection is stored in the district of Hostivař; the National Library is the biggest library in the Czech Republic, in its funds there are around 6 million documents. The library has around 60,000 registered readers; as well as Czech texts, the library stores older material from Turkey and India. The library houses books for Charles University in Prague; the library won international recognition in 2005 as it received the inaugural Jikji Prize from UNESCO via the Memory of the World Programme for its efforts in digitising old texts. The project, which commenced in 1992, involved the digitisation of 1,700 documents in its first 13 years; the most precious medieval manuscripts preserved in the National Library are the Codex Vyssegradensis and the Passional of Abbes Kunigunde.
In 2006 the Czech parliament approved funding for the construction of a new library building on Letna plain, between Hradčanská metro station and Sparta Prague's football ground, Letná stadium. In March 2007, following a request for tender, Czech architect Jan Kaplický was selected by a jury to undertake the project, with a projected completion date of 2011. In 2007 the project was delayed following objections regarding its proposed location from government officials including Prague Mayor Pavel Bém and President Václav Klaus. Plans for the building had still not been decided in February 2008, with the matter being referred to the Office for the Protection of Competition in order to determine if the tender had been won fairly. In 2008, Minister of Culture Václav Jehlička announced the end of the project, following a ruling from the European Commission that the tender process had not been carried out legally; the library was affected by the 2002 European floods, with some documents moved to upper levels to avoid the excess water.
Over 4,000 books were removed from the library in July 2011 following flooding in parts of the main building. There was a fire at the library in December 2012. List of national and state libraries Official website