Los Altos, California
Los Altos is a city in Santa Clara County, California, in northern Silicon Valley, in the San Francisco Bay Area. The population was 28,976 according to the 2010 census. Most of the city's growth occurred between 1950 and 1980. An agricultural town with many summer cottages and apricot orchards, Los Altos is now an affluent town in Silicon Valley. Los Altos has commercial zones limited to the downtown area, as well as small shopping and office parks lining Foothill Expressway and El Camino Real; the median household income of Los Altos for 2013-2017 was $208,309. The average home listing price in 2014 was $1.96 million. In 2017, Forbes ranked Los Altos as the 3rd and 48th most expensive ZIP codes in the United States with median home prices of $7,755,000 and $3,431,615, respectively. In 2018, data from the American Community Survey revealed that Los Altos was the fifth wealthiest city in the United States. Los Altos means "the heights" in Spanish; the area was called Banks and Braes. Paul Shoup, an executive of the Southern Pacific Railroad, his colleagues formed the Altos Land Company in 1906 and started the development of Los Altos.
The company acquired 140 acres of land from Sarah Winchester. Shoup wanted to link Los Gatos by making Los Altos a commuter town, it continued a train-a-day operation to and from San Francisco. In 1908, Southern Pacific Railroad began running steam train service through Los Altos with five trains per day. Two freight cars served as train depot; the first commercial building, Eschenbruecher’s Hardware, was built in downtown. In 1913, the craftsman-style Los Altos train station was built at 288 First Street. By 1949, many residents were dissatisfied with the zoning policy of Santa Clara county. There was a constant threat of being annexed by neighboring Palo Alto and Mountain View, so they decided to incorporate. Los Altos became the eleventh city in Santa Clara county on December 1, 1952. Train service stopped its operation in January, 1964, the train track became Foothill Expressway. In 1976, Apple co-founders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak built the first 50 Apple I computers in Jobs' garage in Los Altos.
In 2004, landlord Judy Fusco rented her Los Altos home known as'Casa Facebook', to Mark Zuckerberg where he and a few other associates scaled Facebook from 200,000 members to 2.5 million. Los Altos is located at 37°22′54″N 122°6′49″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.487 square miles. All of it is land. Los Altos is bordered by Los Altos Hills to the west, Palo Alto to the north and west, Mountain View to the north and east, Sunnyvale to the east, Cupertino to the southeast. Los Altos is crossed by three creeks that flow north to San Francisco Bay, Adobe Creek on its western boundary, Stevens Creek on its eastern boundary and Permanente Creek in the middle. Hale Creek is tributary to Permanente Creek, Permanente Creek is now diverted to Stevens Creek by a diversion channel. All three creeks originate on the flanks of Black Mountain; the 2010 United States Census reported that Los Altos had a population of 28,976. The population density was 4466.8 people per square mile.
The racial makeup of Los Altos was 20,459 White, 148 African American, 48 Native American, 6,815 Asian, 59 Pacific Islander, 195 from other races, 1,252 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,132 persons; the Census reported that 28,749 people lived in households, 34 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 193 were institutionalized. There were 10,745 households, out of which 4,067 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,476 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 599 had a female householder with no husband present, 228 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 199 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 55 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 2,086 households were made up of individuals and 1,228 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 8,303 families; the population was spread out with 7,560 people under the age of 18, 1,006 people aged 18 to 24, 5,273 people aged 25 to 44, 9,353 people aged 45 to 64, 5,784 people who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males. There were 11,204 housing units at an average density of 1727.1 per square mile, of which 9,002 were owner-occupied, 1,743 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%. 24,669 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,080 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 27,693 people, 10,462 households, 8,024 families residing in the city; the population density was 4269 people per square mile. There were 10,727 housing units at an average density of 1653.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.35% White, 15.42% Asian, 0.47% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino residents of any race constituted 3.76% of the population. Of 10,462 households, 33.6% had minor children living with them, 69.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female head with no husband present, 23
The Tech Museum of Innovation
The Tech Museum of Innovation known as The Tech, is a museum of science and technology in San Jose, California, in Silicon Valley. It is located the Plaza de César Chávez in Downtown San Jose; the Tech is considered one of the premier museums of technology in the United States. Planning began in 1978 by members of the Junior League of Palo Alto and assistance by the San Jose Junior League; the first 20,000-square-foot temporary exhibit opened in 1990 "The Garage" as it was named, opened in San Jose's former convention center. On October 31, 1998, it opened a brand-new 132,000-square-foot facility and has had 4,000,000 visitors; the museum is composed of each with its own significance. The ground floor includes The Tech Store, The Tech Cafe, the IMAX® Dome Theater and a recreational area, reserved for special events; the Tech's architecture is the work of Mexican architect Ricardo Legorreta. Four major theme galleries fill the Upper Level and Lower Level of the museum: Communication, Exploration and Life Tech.
These galleries are being revamped and changed to fit the theme movies and exhibits. On the Lower Level there is a public piece of artwork titled Origin, inside a 45-foot-tall cylinder; the Tech Museum of Innovation reflects its social context, capturing Silicon Valley's celebration of technology with a fascination with what the museum's literature refers to as the "gizmos and gadgets" produced by Valley companies. Early reviews, criticized The Tech for failing to provide a coherent direction or message; the Tech has many exhibits dealing with energy efficiency, customization and genetics. The Tech Museum of Innovation offers a new approach to viewing galleries from a wide variety of different media; the majority of these exhibits are interactive and allows the viewer to engage in the learning experience. The Tech has joint partnerships with local attractions, ranging from jazz festivals to the Global Festival of Art; the IMAX Dome Theater shows mainstream movies as well as educational films. It is Northern California's only domed IMAX Theater and can seat up to 280 people.
The Tech has an interactive exhibit where people can build robots. The Tech created an open-to-the-public workshop space where the in-house prototypers build new exhibits. On special occasions The Tech will rent out Parkside Hall from the City of San José to host special larger exhibits. In 2007, this hall was the home to the exhibit known as Body Worlds 2, which brought in over 280,000 guests. In winter of 2008, there was a special Leonardo da Vinci exhibit that displayed some of his inventions and pictures, it ended January 2009, after a three-week extension. The Tech hosted Star Wars: Where Science Meets Imagination; the Tech opened a new exhibition on Digital Music in March 2014, called REBOOT:music, including Tim Thompson's Space Palette. The Tech Virtual launched in December 2007. On June 4, 2008, the world's first museum exhibits developed using this open source method opened in the museum's own Virtual Test Zone gallery; the seven exhibits, all contributed under a Creative Commons license and prototyped in the virtual world of Second Life, became part of the museum's Art, Film and Games exhibition.
The Virtual Test Zone gallery itself is a prototype exhibit area that will feature virtual-to-real-world exhibits on specific themes resulting from The Tech Virtual programs. The Tech is a registered 501 nonprofit; the Tech Awards is a program of The Tech wherein a yearly ceremony is held for individuals and organizations to get recognition for their technological contributions to improving the human condition. The Tech Challenge is a signature program of The Tech, it is a design challenge competition for students Grades 5–12. Over the past 26 years, The Tech Challenge had around 17,000 students compete by building devices to solve issues such as wildfires, fish removal and landing on an asteroid. Children's Discovery Museum of San Jose Exploratorium Museum website The Tech's About Us web page The Tech Virtual
Henry Ross Perot is an American business magnate and former politician. As the founder of the successful Electronic Data Systems corporation, he became a billionaire, he ran an independent presidential campaign in 1992 and a third party campaign in 1996, establishing the Reform Party in the latter election. Both campaigns were among the strongest presidential showings by a third party or independent candidate in U. S. history. Born in Texarkana, Texas, he became a salesman for IBM after serving in the United States Navy. In 1962, he founded a data processing service company. In 1984, General Motors bought a controlling interest in the company for $2.4 billion. Perot established Perot Systems in 1988 and was an angel investor for NeXT, a computer company founded by Steve Jobs after he left Apple. Perot became involved in the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue, arguing that hundreds of American servicemen were left behind in Southeast Asia after the Vietnam War. During President George H. W. Bush's tenure, Perot became active in politics and opposed the Gulf War and ratification of the North American Free Trade Agreement.
In 1992, Perot announced his intention to run for president and advocated a balanced budget, an end to the outsourcing of jobs, the enactment of electronic direct democracy. A June 1992 Gallup poll showed Perot leading a three-way race against President Bush and presumptive Democratic nominee Bill Clinton. Perot withdrew from the race in July, but re-entered the race in early October after he qualified for all 50 state ballots, he chose Admiral James Stockdale as his running mate and appeared in the 1992 CPD debates with Bush and Clinton. In the election, Perot did not win any electoral votes, he won support from across the ideological and partisan spectrum, but performed best among self-described moderates. Perot ran for president again in 1996, he won 8.4 % of the popular vote against Republican nominee Bob Dole. Perot did not seek public office again after 1996 and did not enter the 2000 Reform Party presidential primaries, he endorsed Republican George W. Bush over Reform nominee Pat Buchanan in the 2000 election and supported Republican Mitt Romney in 2008 and 2012.
In 2009, Dell acquired Perot Systems for $3.9 billion. According to Forbes, Perot was the 167th richest person in the United States in 2016. Perot was born in Texarkana, the son of Lula May Perot and Gabriel Ross Perot, a commodity broker specializing in cotton contracts, his patrilineal line traces back to an immigrant to French Louisiana in the 1740s. He attended, he graduated from Texas High School in Texarkana in 1947. One of Perot's childhood friends was Hayes McClerkin, who became the Speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives and a prominent lawyer in Texarkana, Arkansas. Perot made Eagle Scout in 1942, after 13 months in the program, he is a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award. From 1947 to 1949, he attended Texarkana Junior College entered the U. S. Naval helped establish its honor system. Perot said his appointment notice to the academy—sent by telegram—was sent by W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel, Texas's 34th governor and former senator. Perot married Margot Birmingham of Greensburg, Pennsylvania, in 1956.
After he left the Navy in 1957, Perot became a salesman for IBM. He became a top employee and tried to pitch his ideas to supervisors, who ignored him, he left IBM in 1962 to found Electronic Data Systems in Dallas and courted large corporations for his data processing services. Perot was refused. EDS received lucrative contracts from the U. S. government in the 1960s, computerizing Medicare records. EDS went public in 1968 and the stock price rose from $16 a share to $160 within days. Fortune called Perot the "richest Texan" in a 1968 cover story. In 1984 General Motors bought controlling interest in EDS for $2.4 billion. In 1974, Perot gained some press attention for being "the biggest individual loser on the New York Stock Exchange" when his EDS shares dropped $450 million in value in a single day in April 1970. Just prior to the 1979 Iranian Revolution, the government of Iran imprisoned two EDS employees in a contract dispute. Perot sponsored their rescue; the rescue team was led by retired U.
S. Army Special Forces Colonel Arthur D. "Bull" Simons. When the team was unable to find a way to extract the two prisoners, they decided to wait for a mob of pro-Ayatollah revolutionaries to storm the jail and free all 10,000 inmates, many of whom were political prisoners; the two prisoners connected with the rescue team, the team spirited them out of Iran via a risky border crossing into Turkey. The exploit was recounted in On Wings of Eagles by Ken Follett, which became a best-seller. In the 1986 mini-series, Perot was portrayed by Richard Crenna. In 1984, Perot bought a early copy of Magna Carta, one of only a few to leave the United Kingdom, it was lent to the National Archives in Washington, D. C. where it was displayed alongside the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution. In 2007, it was sold by the Perot Foundation "for medical research, for improving public education and for assisting wounded soldiers and their families." The document sold for US$21.3 million on Dec. 18, 2007, to David Rubenstein, managing director of the Carlyle Group, is kept on display at the National Archives.
After Steve Jobs lost the original power struggle at Apple an
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party; the Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism, while populism was its leading characteristic in the rural South. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive Party, beginning a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party over the coming decades, leading to Woodrow Wilson being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform, supporting social justice. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist anti-business wings.
The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal of the 1930s, the pro-business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s, most Southern whites and many Northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level; the once-powerful labor union element became less supportive after the 1970s. White Evangelicals and Southerners became Republican at the state and local level since the 1990s. People living in metropolitan areas, women and gender minorities, college graduates, racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, such as Jewish Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Arab Americans and African Americans, tend to support the Democratic Party much more than they support the rival Republican Party; the Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.
It seeks to provide government regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as the introduction of social programs, support for labor unions, affordable college tuitions, moves toward universal health care and equal opportunity, consumer protection and environmental protection form the core of the party's economic policy. Fifteen Democrats have served as President of the United States; the first was President Andrew Jackson, the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. The most recent was President Barack Obama, the 44th president and held office from 2009 to 2017. Following the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats held a majority in the House of Representatives, "trifectas" in 14 states, the mayoralty of numerous major American cities, such as Boston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco, Portland and Washington, D. C. Twenty-three state governors were Democrats, the Party was the minority party in the Senate and in most state legislatures; as of March 2019, four of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court had been appointed by Democratic presidents.
Democratic Party officials trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. That party inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party arose in the 1830s with the election of Andrew Jackson. Since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues, they have been more liberal on civil rights issues since 1948. On foreign policy, both parties have changed position several times; the Democratic Party evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican or Democratic-Republican Party organized by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. The party favored republicanism; the Democratic-Republican Party came to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812, the Federalists disappeared and the only national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans.
The era of one-party rule in the United States, known as the Era of Good Feelings, lasted from 1816 until the early 1830s, when the Whig Party became a national political group to rival the Democratic-Republicans. However, the Democratic-Republican Party still had its own internal factions, they split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe and the party faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the modern Democratic Party. As Norton explains the transformation in 1828: Jacksonians believed the people's will had prevailed. Through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the president; the Democrats became the nation's first well-organized national party and tight party organization became the hallmark of nineteenth-century American politics. Opposing factions led by Henry Clay helped form the Whig Party; the Democratic Party had a small yet decisive advantage over the Whigs until the 1850s, when the Whigs fell apart over the issue of slavery.
In 1854, angry with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Dem
Henry B. Eyring
Henry Bennion Eyring is an American educational administrator and religious leader. After being set apart on January 14, 2018, Eyring is the Second Counselor to Russell M. Nelson in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Eyring was the First Counselor to Thomas S. Monson in the First Presidency from 2008 until Monson's death on January 2, 2018. Eyring was the Second Counselor to Gordon B. Hinckley in the First Presidency from October 6, 2007, until Hinckley's death on January 27, 2008. Eyring has served as a general authority of the church in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, the First Quorum of the Seventy, the Presiding Bishopric, becoming the first man to have served in all of these positions. Eyring has served twice as Commissioner of the Church Educational System, he is the fifth most senior apostle among the ranks of the church. Eyring was born in Princeton, New Jersey, the second child of Henry Eyring a professor at Princeton and the dean of the graduate school at the University of Utah and president of the American Chemical Society, his wife, Mildred Bennion.
His father's sister, Camilla Eyring, married Spencer W. Kimball, making Henry B. the nephew of Kimball, the 12th president of the LDS Church. He lived in Princeton until his early teenage years; until the start of World War II they attended LDS meetings at the branch in New Brunswick, New Jersey, but with the gasoline rationing of the war, they received permission to hold meetings in their home, which had only the Eyring family. As a teenager and his family moved to Salt Lake City, where his father took a post at the University of Utah. Eyring spent two years in the U. S. Air Force, stationed at Sandia Base in New Mexico. In New Mexico, Eyring served as a district missionary for the LDS Church. Eyring had been in the ROTC at the University of Utah. While in the Air Force, he served as a liaison between military scientists, his main responsibility was to analyze data from weapons tests of nuclear weapons. At the end of the assignment, he gave a report and ended up meeting in person with a collection of several leading generals.
He had received a bachelor's degree in physics from the University of Utah. He went on to earn both masters and doctoral degrees in Business Administration from the Harvard Business School, before embarking on a career in academia. Over the summer after his first year at Harvard, Eyring did an internship with Arthur D. Little as a consultant for Abitibi Power and Paper Company, he did an analysis to study. His suggestion was to abandon river logging and turn to truck transport of logs, but a combination of not calculating the issue deep enough and having a CEO of the company who had risen through the ranks from being a River Logger prevented Eyring's suggestions from being adopted then. While studying at Harvard, Eyring was influenced by Georges Doriot, who offered Eyring a chance to work with him and Ken Olsen, the founder of Digital Equipment Company. Eyring chose instead to pursue a doctorate in business. In the fall of 1962, Eyring began work as a professor at Stanford University, he completed his doctorate in business in the summer of 1963.
That summer, Eyring did a fellowship with the RAND Corporation. Eyring had married his wife, the summer before he started at Stanford, they spent their first year of married life moving through various homes his real estate developer father-in-law was in the process of refurbishing, they spent the next 10 years living in the guest house of his in-laws' property. Among Eyring's associates at Stanford were Ed Zschau. Eyring worked with Zschau in the founding of the computer company System Industries. Eyring was an associate professor of business at the Stanford Graduate School of Business from 1962 to 1971, he was a Sloan Visiting Faculty Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. At MIT, he took multiple courses in human behavior, including courses from Douglas McGregor, who died of a heart attack while Eyring was at MIT, Ed Schein and Warren Bennis. Eyring has served twice as Commissioner of Church Education, from September 1980 to April 1985, from September 1992 to January 2005, when he was replaced by W. Rolfe Kerr.
Among other callings in the LDS Church, Eyring has served as a regional representative and member of the Sunday School General Board. Eyring served as an early-morning seminary teacher early in his time as a professor at Stanford University, as bishop of the Stanford singles’ ward on. Eyring served as president of Ricks College from 1971 to 1977, as a counselor to Presiding Bishop Robert D. Hales from 1985 to 1992, as a member of the First Quorum of the Seventy, from 1992 to 1995. Following the death of church president Howard W. Hunter, Eyring was sustained to the church's Quorum of the Twelve Apostles on April 1, 1995 and ordained an apostle that week. Eyring was sustained as Second Counselor in the church's First Presidency on October 6, 2007, filling the vacancy left by the death of James E. Faust, on August 10, 2007; when the First Presidency was reorganized following the death of Gordon B. Hinckley, Eyring was called and set apart as the First Counselor on February 3, 2008; the new First Presidency, with Monson as president, was announced on February 4, 2008.
As a member of the First Presidency, Eyring has dedicated the San Salvador El Salvador, Gilbert Arizona, Payson Utah, Indianapolis Indiana, Philadelphia Pennsylvania Temples where he had presided at the groundbreaking in 2011 as well as rededicating the Buenos Aires Argentina and Mexico City Mexico Temples. In 2014, after a meeting with Pope Francis, Eyring spoke a
Stanford Graduate School of Business
The Stanford Graduate School of Business is the graduate business school of Stanford University in Stanford, California. Stanford GSB offers a general management Master of Business Administration degree, the MSx Program and a Ph. D. program, along with joint degrees with other schools at Stanford including Earth Sciences, Engineering and Medicine. The school was founded in 1925 when trustee Herbert Hoover formed a committee of Wallace Alexander, George Rolph, Paul Shoup, Thomas Gregory, Milton Esberg to secure the needed funds for the school's founding. Willard Hotchkiss became first dean of Stanford GSB; the library was formally inaugurated on April 3, 1933. The collection was established with assorted reports; the school moved from Jordan Hall to new quarters in the History Corner of the Main Quad in 1937. Jonathan Levin was appointed as the 10th dean of the school in September 2016; the Knight Management Center is situated within the greater Stanford campus. There are ten buildings at the Knight Management Center: the Gunn Building, Zambrano Hall, North Building, Arbuckle Dining Pavilion, Bass Center, the Faculty Buildings, the Patterson Building, the MBA Class of 1968 Building, the McClelland Building.
The Schwab Residential Center was designed by Mexican architect Ricardo Legorreta. The 158,000 square-foot facility consists of 280 guest rooms. There are three main art installations on campus, including Monument to Change as it Changes, Monument to the Unknown Variables, Ways to Change; the GSB maintains close links with the venture capital and technology firms of nearby Silicon Valley. Stanford GSB has the traditional MBA program and the MSx program: The school has 400 students per year in its full-time two-year MBA program, considered the best in the world. In June 2006, the School announced a dramatic change to its curriculum model, it aims to offer each student a customized experience by offering broader menus of course topics. The graduating class of 2009 was the first class having gone through the new curriculum. Current and past students include Fulbright Scholars, Marshall Scholars, Gardner, Rhodes and Truman fellows. 15% of the class entered the MBA program with other graduate or professional degrees.
Ds. Stanford GSB offers a PhD in Management degree for those looking to pursue a career in academia; the students at the school have traditionally maintained a policy of grade non-disclosure whereby they do not release grades. Some annual academic distinctions do exist. Students graduating in the top ten percent of the class are designated "Arjay Miller Scholars", named after the former dean, Arjay Miller; the top student receives the Henry Ford II award at graduation. At the end of the first year five students are designated Siebel Scholars based on a combination of academics and extracurriculars; the Stanford MSx Program is a full-time, one-year master's degree program for managers in mid-career. Fellows who complete the academic program are awarded the degree of Master of Science in Management; the program's principal objective is to help participants strengthen their capacity for organizational leadership. The ideal MSx candidate is a senior manager who has had or will soon be appointed to his or her first general management position.
The Stanford MSx was called the Stanford Sloan Master's Program, because students in the program are known as Stanford Sloan Fellows. The Stanford MSx is one of the three Sloan Fellows programs, sharing a similar format with the others at the MIT Sloan School of Management and the London Business School; these programs were supported by Alfred P. Sloan, Chairman of General Motors from 1937 to 1956, who envisioned the Sloan Fellowship in his alma mater of MIT in 1931; the degree distinguishes itself from the MBA by acknowledging the life experiences of fellows. Like the MBA program, the MSx program requires a set of core courses along with electives, the MSx program has separate core courses, more tailored for the experience level of fellows. Stanford GSB has a number of relationships with other leading business schools, it offers a number of Executive Education programs jointly with Harvard Business School. It offers one of the three Sloan Fellows programs, coordinating with the others at the MIT Sloan School of Management and the London Business School.
The school works at the forefront of global business teaching. There are three winners of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences on the faculty, five recipients of the John Bates Clark Award, 19 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, four members of the National Academy of Sciences. William F. Sharpe's research interests focus on macro-investment analysis, equilibrium in capital markets and the provision of income in retirement. Myron Scholes’ research has focused on understanding uncertainty and its effect on asset prices and the value of options, including flexibility options. Michael Spence's research interests focus on the study of economic growth and development, dynamic competition and the economics of information. In 2017, GSB was tied for 4th by U. S. News & World Report No. 1 by Forbes, 1st by the Financial Times, 5th by The Economist, 2nd by Bloomberg Businessweek. In the ranking aggregator Poets & Quants Stanford's MBA Program was ranked 2nd in the US; the Stanford Graduate School of Business is the most selective business school in the United States.
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Roberta Frances "Bobbi" Fiedler is a former Republican U. S. Representative from California. Born Roberta Frances Horowitz in Santa Monica, California on April 22, 1937, Fiedler attended area public schools. Studies continued at Santa Monica City College. Fiedler formed her political identity at Encino's Lanai Road Elementary School, where she mobilized other mothers to protest court-ordered desegregation busing. Fiedler formed an organization called Bustop in 1976, the organization grew to 30,000 members in weeks. Fiedler's role in the grass-roots group helped propel her to public office, as she won a surprising upset in 1977 against Los Angeles school board president Robert Docter, who favored desegregation busing. While serving on the Los Angeles Board of Education and fellow board member Roberta Weintraub were fierce opponents of desegregation busing. In 1980, Fiedler ran as a Republican for Congress against Democrat James C. Corman, who had served 20 years in Congress. Fiedler was an underdog, running against Corman in a district, 62% Democratic, with the incumbent next in line to be chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee.
But in a year in which Reagan's coattails drew large numbers of Democratic voters to the GOP, the National Republican Congressional Committee targeted Corman, hoping not to defeat him, but to embarrass him. Desegregation busing was the central issue in the election between Corman. Time magazine reported on the campaign as follows: "Again the issue is local: busing, ordered by the California Supreme Court in 1977 to desegregate public schools in Los Angeles County. Corman's campaign manager, Clint Reilly recalled that his candidate's position on racial integration drew heavy fire from Fiedler, whom he described as "the leader of LA's anti-busing movement." Reilly noted that the Republican Party raised more than a million dollars for Fiedler, "the campaign was waged in the racially charged atmosphere of the San Fernando Valley." After a fierce campaign in which Corman was picketed by anti-integration activists, the candidates entered election day in a dead heat in the polls, Corman lost to Fiedler by 750 votes out of 200,000 cast.
Fiedler was one of several Jewish woman, elected to Congress from California. Fiedler considered herself an independent Republican, breaking with her party over her support for abortion rights and the Equal Rights Amendment. After her narrow victory in 1980, Fiedler was re-elected in 1982, defeating Democrat George Henry Margolis 71.8% to 24.1%. She won in another landslide in 1984, defeating Charlie Davis 72.3% to 25.9%. In 1986, Fiedler did not run for re-election to the House of Representatives, opting instead to make what proved to be an unsuccessful bid for the Republican nomination to challenge three-term Democratic incumbent Alan Cranston for his United States Senate seat, she was charged with political corruption in January 1986 after an undercover investigation showed that Fiedler offered $100,000 to a rival, State Senator Ed Davis, if he would withdraw from the Republican senatorial primary. The charges were dismissed by Judge Robert Altman. Despite the dismissal of the charges in February 1986, Fiedler garnered only 7.2% of the vote in the Republican primary.
Fiedler passed away on March 3, 2019 in California. List of Jewish members of the United States Congress Women in the United States House of Representatives Official Congressional Biography