Kenny Shiels is a Northern Irish football player and manager who last managed Derry City in the League of Ireland. He spent all of his playing career at different levels in the Irish Football League. Shiels moved into coaching with the Northern Ireland national football team and English league side Tranmere Rovers, he moved to Scottish Premier League club Kilmarnock in 2010 to assist manager Mixu Paatelainen. Shiels was promoted to manager in 2011. Kilmarnock won the Scottish League Cup in his first season in charge, but he was sacked in June 2013 after he had been punished by the Scottish Football Association for making controversial comments. Shiels was appointed manager of Scottish Championship club Greenock Morton in December 2013, resigned in May 2014, he became Derry City manager in 2015. Shiels spent his entire playing career in Northern Irish football, both in the Irish Football League and at lower levels. Beginning at minor club Bridgend United, he subsequently appeared for Tobermore United, Distillery, Tobermore United again, Ballymena United, Tobermore United for a third time, Harland & Wolff Welders and Carrick Rangers.
Shiels third spell at Tobermore United was as player-manager and whilst in charge at the club Shiels won the prestigious North West Senior Cup in the 1989–90 season, as well as the North West Intermediate Cup in 1988–89 and 1989–90. Shiels got his first league appointment in 1992 when he took charge of Carrick Rangers, his first Irish League side. "King Kenny", as he became known at Taylors Avenue, proved a success at the club, winning the County Antrim Shield and securing a mid-table finish for the struggling seaside club. Shiels left Carrickfergus in December 1994 to take charge of Coleraine; the 1994–95 season ended in relegation for Coleraine after the unitary Irish League split into a new two division set-up, Coleraine placed in the eight team First Division below the Premier Division). The season was only three games old when Shiels, who had managed the club for only thirteen games in total, was sacked by a group of club directors. Two days he was asked to return for a single match and following this the board decided to endorse Shiels' management for the rest of the season.
Securely in charge, Shiels led the club to an 8–0 drubbing of Newry Town in the next match, the second of what proved to be a twenty match unbeaten league run. With his younger brother Sammy Shiels, who had played under Kenny Shiels' management at Carrick, leading the line in scoring 25 league goals, Coleraine won the title, thus promotion, a full fifteen points ahead of runners-up Ballymena United; the club would win the inaugural Irish News Cup, a competition for Irish League and League of Ireland clubs in North-West Ireland, that same season. The following season began with the Ulster Cup and Coleraine underlined their credentials by winning this competition, they carried their form into the league, with Shiels' men sitting top of the league after eight matches. The club remained in the hunt for the league title until the end of the season when they were pipped for the honours by Crusaders; this was to be the high-water mark of Shiels' time at Coleraine as the club began to slip back into a more mid-table position, despite some comparatively heavy investment in playing staff.
During the 1999–2000 season, things came to a head when the club lost consecutive matches to Limavady United in the Gold Cup and Linfield in the league, causing Shiels to tender his resignation. According to the official club website Shiels was manager of Moyola Park from January 1999 to December 2000, although these dates overlap in part with his time at Coleraine. Nonetheless Shiels was in charge of the club and signed a youthful Ivan Sproule for them. Shiels next appointment was at Ballymena United, where he was confirmed in the managerial chair on 2 January 2001; the club were battling relegation and Shiels was unable to prevent the club from dropping down at the end of the season. Shiels responded by making a number of big name signings, including Tommy Wright, Paul Beesley and Liberian international Leon Browne, but none of them proved a success and the club finished in fifth place; the club improved in the 2002–03 season, although they managed only second place in the First Division, as well as the Ulster Cup and the Country Antrim Shield.
The league position was enough to ensure promotion, although the club had led the table until near the end when Dungannon Swifts took over at the top. With Nigel Jemson added to the side Shiels' Braidmen proved a hit in the top flight, finishing sixth and qualifying for the Intertoto Cup. Shiels again signed some big names, bringing in Rory Hamill, Gary Smyth, Gordon Simms and Tim McCann but the club failed to make any headway, he was sacked as manager on 4 May 2005. Shiels took charge of Larne for the 2005–06 season and took the club to two cup semi-finals, but his full-time job with the IFA meant that he was unable to devote his time to the club and so he stood down at the end of the season. Alongside his club jobs, Shiels was employed by the Irish Football Association to manage the Northern Ireland national under-17 football team, a role he retained, until 2007, when new senior manager Nigel Worthington brought in his own men at youth levels. Shiels took charge of Larne for the 2005–06 season and took the club to two cup semi-finals, but his full-time job with the IFA meant that he was unable to devote his time to the club and so he stood down at the end of the season.
Shiels joined Tranmere Rovers in May 2007, as their head of youth. He left Tranmere in June 2010 to become assistant manager at Kilmarnock
Mika-Matti Petteri "Mixu" Paatelainen is a Finnish football player and manager. He scored 18 goals in 70 appearances for the Finnish national team, which makes him Finland’s all time thirteenth most capped player and fifth top goalscorer, he is the eldest of three brothers. Their father Matti was a Finnish international. Paatelainen had a 20-year playing career. Most of his career was spent in the Scottish leagues, with Dundee United, Hibernian, St Johnstone and St Mirren, he played for Valkeakosken Haka in Finland, Bolton Wanderers and Wolverhampton Wanderers in England and RC Strasbourg in France. While at Bolton, Paatelainen became the first Finn to play in the Premier League. After retiring as a player in 2005, Paatelainen became manager of Scottish club Cowdenbeath, where he helped the club win the championship of Scottish Football League Third Division and earn a promotion. After a season coaching in his native Finland with TPS, Paatelainen returned to Scotland as manager of Hibernian, he left that position by mutual consent after 18 months.
After a year out of the game, Paatelainen was appointed manager of Kilmarnock. He enjoyed personal success during that time, he was appointed manager of the Finland national team in March 2011, a position he held until June 2015. He was appointed by Dundee United in October 2015, parting company with the club in May 2016 after their relegation to the Scottish Championship. Paatelainen made his debut for FC Haka in 1985, he played 48 league matches for scoring 18 goals. During his debut season, Haka won the Finnish Cup, the only honour of the club during his time there. In October 1987, Scottish Premier Division club Dundee United signed him for a £100,000 transfer fee, he scored on his debut a day and established himself as a first team regular, scoring 11 goals in his first season, including four goals in a 7–0 rout of Morton in April 1988. Paatelainen helped Dundee United reach the Scottish Cup Final in May 1988, although had to settle for a runners-up medal as United lost 2–1 to Celtic, he was the club's top scorer for the following two seasons, in total scored 47 times in 173 matches for United.
In March 1992, he transferred to Aberdeen for £400,000. During the three seasons he stayed there, he scored. Paatelainen played in two cup finals during his time at Pittodrie, but lost to Rangers in October 1992 in the League Cup Final and in May 1993 lost to the same opposition in the Scottish Cup Final. Paatelainen transferred in 1994 to English club Bolton Wanderers; the team was promoted to the Premier League in his first season with the club, which meant that Paatelainen became the first Finnish footballer to play in the Premier League. He played a crucial part in the promotion triumph, putting Bolton 3–2 ahead in their playoff final clash with Reading in extra time on their way to a 4–3 victory which ended a 15-year exile from the top flight. Paatelainen played in the 1995 League Cup Final, in which Wanderers were beaten 2–1 by Liverpool, he was unable to keep Bolton in the Premier League in 1995–96, although they did return the next season by winning the Division One title with 100 goals and 98 points.
He played for Wolverhampton Wanderers during the 1997–98 season. He failed to score for Wolves in the league but scored four times in their FA Cup run, with goals against Darlington, Charlton Athletic and Wimbledon, he scored once in the League Cup, against Queens Park Rangers. After his spell in Wolverhampton, Paatelainen decided to return to Scotland in the summer of 1998. Hibs had been relegated the previous season, Paatelainen's twelve goals in his first season helped his side get promotion back to the top division in Scotland, he is fondly remembered by Hibernian supporters for his hat-trick in a 6–2 victory over Edinburgh derby rivals Heart of Midlothian on 22 October 2000. Paatelainien's appearance for Hibs in their 2001 Scottish Cup Final defeat by Celtic meant that he became the first player to play in the Scottish Cup final with three different clubs. Despite this, Paatelainien never collected a winners medal in the competition. Paatelainen left Hibs in 2001 to sign for French club Strasbourg.
He returned to Hibs for one season, where he combined his playing duties with coaching the youths. In 2003, he transferred to St Johnstone, when Hibs no longer wished to extend his contract acting as an assistant manager. Paatelainen only stayed with St Johnstone for one season. Paatelainen transferred to St Mirren, where he served as an assistant manager; this was his last club. During his playing career Paatelainen scored 143 league goals. Paatelainen played 70 matches for Finland, he played his first international match on 9 September 1986, against East Germany. One of his feats in the national team was scoring four goals in a single match against San Marino, which stands as a record number of goals in one match for Finland, he retired from international football in 2000. In addition to his appearances for the senior national team, Paatelainen played eight matches each for the Finland under-21s and the under-19s. Having worked as a coach while still playing for St Johnstone and St Mirren, Paatelainen was appointed full-time manager of Scottish Third Division part-time football team Cowdenbeath in August 2005.
In his first season, he guided the Blue Brazil to their first league title in 67 years. He signed his brothers Mikko for the club. On 21 October 2006, Paatelainen resigned as manager of Cowdenbeath to
Manuel Pascali is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder or defender for Italian Serie C side Casertana. Pascali most famously captained Kilmarnock to a Scottish League Cup title in 2012. However, he didn't play in the final due to injury, is considered by many to be one of the clubs greatest players - earning a plaque at Rugby Park next to other club legends, he started his career with Sant'Angelo before moving on to Serie C2 with Pizzighettone and Carpenedolo. He earned a move to Serie A with Parma in 2007, although he was loaned out to Foligno of Serie C1/A for the entire 2007–08 season, he joined Kilmarnock on trial in July 2008 with a view to a one-year loan deal. During this period however, his performances convinced manager Jim Jefferies to part with an undisclosed fee to acquire him on a three-year deal. Upon joining Kilmarnock, Pascali revealed that Sergio Porrini played a role of Pascali joining a Scottish club and says he might be successful there, which he did on in his Kilmarnock's career.
On 9 August 2008, Pascali made his debut for the club in a 1–0 win over Hibernian. On 23 August 2008, Pascali scored his first goal for the club in the 45th minute in a 1–0 win over Hamilton Academical, his second goal came on 15 December 2008 in a 2–0 win over Motherwell. On 13 January 2009, Pascali provided an assist to an Allan Russell goal in a 2–1 defeat by Aberdeen. In his first season, Pascali scored three goals. Pascali started the 2009–10 season with a win in the 3–1 triumph over Morton in the League Cup after coming on as a substitute early in the second half, he played his first league match of the season in a 3–1 win over St Mirren on 29 August. He was sent off in the league match against Rangers on 19 September, after a second bookable offence in a 0–0 draw. On 18 January 2010, Pascali scored his first of the season in a 1–0 win over Falkirk to advance Kilmarnock to the fifth round of the Scottish Cup. On 30 January 2010, Pascali scored his second of the season in a thrilling 4–4 draw against Dundee United.
In his second season, Pascali made 26 appearances in total and scored two goals, one in the league and one in the Scottish Cup. Pascali played in the first league match of the 2010–11 season, a 2–1 defeat by Rangers. On 10 November 2010, Pascali provided an assist to Conor Sammon in a 3–0 win over Hamilton, his first in two years. On 19 March 2011, Pascali scored his first goal of the season and provided the assist for Jamie Hamill to score the second goal in a 3–1 win over Motherwell. On 23 April, Pascali scored a header in the 87th minute in a 4–2 defeat against Dundee United. Pascali provided an assist for James Fowler in his next game on 30 April against Hearts in a 2–2 draw. Pascali received 3 one-match bans. Pascali scored twice. At the start of the season, Pascali started the 2011–12 campaign with a 1–1 draw against Dundee United on 24 July 2011 and soon became a temporary skipper for the club. After a match against Rangers on 27 September 2011, which Kilmarnock lost 2–0, Pascali was involved in an altercation in the tunnel with Rangers defender Steven Whittaker which Rangers' manager Ally McCoist dismissed as'handbags' and "like two boys in the playground" in his post-match press conference.
Manager Kenny Shiels wanted an end to the row that developed between Kirk Broadfoot and Pascali and referred to Broadfoot as "the ugly boy from Rangers" and "the male model from Ayrshire" in a radio interview. However, Broadfoot claimed Pascali made death threats and was "in my face saying he was going to kill me". In response to this, Pascali branded Broadfoot a publicity-seeking coward. Four days after the incident on 1 October 2011, Pascali scored his first of the season in a 2–1 defeat by St Johnstone. On 19 November 2011, Pascali scored his second goal of the season in a 1–1 draw against Hibernian, followed up by scoring the winning goal for Kilmarnock in a 1–0 win at Rugby Park against Rangers in the Scottish Premier League on 27 November 2011. Following his goal against Rangers, Pascali spoke to BBC Scotland's Chick Young and said scoring against Rangers was the best day of his career. On 7 January 2012, Pascali scored the only goal for Kilmarnock in a 1–1 draw against Dundee in the Scottish Cup.
On 11 February 2012, Pascali broke his leg while stretching for the ball during training. He spent the rest of the 2011–12 season on the sidelines, he ended the season with four goals. During his rehabilitation, Pascali signed a new deal with Kilmarnock, he penned a three-year contract and manager Shiels described Pascali as "one of the three quartermasters" along with Garry Hay and James Fowler. Pascali made his first appearance since his leg injury in a 0–0 draw against Dundee in the opening game of the 2012–13 season on 4 August. Pascali started Kilmarnock's next match, away to Inverness Caledonian Thistle and scored his first goal of the new campaign in a 1–1 draw. On 24 November, Pascali received a straight red card in the fifth minute after a foul on Nigel Hasselbaink in a 2–1 defeat by St Johnstone, his sending off was criticised by Kenny Shiels and after the match the club appealed the red card. However, the appeal was unsuccessful meaning. St Johnstone manager Steve Lomas spoke out about the sending off insisting the Kilmarnock supporters were wrong to jeer Hasselbaink after the winger was made the scapegoat by the home crowd.
After the two match ban, Pascali returned to the squad in a 2–0 win over Aberdee
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
Gourock is a town falling within the Inverclyde council area and forming a burgh of the county of Renfrew in the West of Scotland. It has in the past functioned as a seaside resort on the East shore of the upper Firth of Clyde, its principal function today, however, is as a popular residential area, extending contiguously from Greenock, with a railway terminus and ferry services across the Clyde. The name Gourock comes from a Gaelic word in reference to the hill above the town; as far back as 1494 it is recorded that James IV sailed from the shore at Gourock to quell the rebellious Highland clans. Two hundred years William and Mary granted a Charter in favour of Stewart of Castlemilk which raised Gourock to a Burgh of Barony. In 1784 the lands of Gourock were purchased by a former merchant in Jamaica, he built Gourock House near the site of the castle in what the family gifted to the town as Darroch Park renamed by the council as Gourock Park. From a small fishing village in the traditional county of Renfrewshire, Gourock grew into a community involved in herring curing, copper mining, ropemaking and latterly yacht-building and repairing.
Within sight of Gourock, in the early hours of Friday 21 October 1825, PS Comet was run into by the steamer Ayr, some 62 people losing their lives. When the competing railway companies extended their lines to provide fast connections to Clyde steamer services the Pierhead was built as a railway terminus. Nowadays a passenger ferry serves Kilcreggan and electric trains provide a service to Glasgow from Gourock railway station at the pierhead; the David MacBrayne Ltd headquarters is at the pier, a passenger ferry service to Dunoon is run by their Argyll Ferries subsidiary. A car ferry service is run by Western Ferries from McInroy's Point on the west side of the town to Hunter's Quay to the north of Dunoon. Like many Scottish seaside towns, Gourock's tourist heyday was in the latter half of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth. Evidence of this part of its past is disappearing - The Bay Hotel and Cragburn Pavilion and The Ashton, three local landmarks, disappeared towards the end of the last century.
At the same time, Gourock has continued to expand along the coastline, with new estates above the medieval Castle Levan, restored and is in use as a bed and breakfast. Further development is taking place, though a short stretch of green belt still separates the town from the Cloch lighthouse which looks out over the firth to Innellan in Argyll. Gourock has one of the three remaining public outdoor swimming pools in Scotland. Gourock Outdoor Pool was built in 1909 and reconstructed in 1969, it was once tidal and had a sandy floor, but is now a modern, heated facility, with cleaned sea water used in the saltwater pool; the pool was closed at the end of the 2010 summer season for a major improvement project, now completed. The existing changing accommodation was demolished and replaced with a more modern leisure centre, incorporating an enlarged gymnasium and lift access from the street level down to the new changing accommodation and the upgraded pool; the megalithic Kempock Stone, popularly known as "Granny Kempock Stone", stands on a cliff behind Kempock Street, the main shopping street.
The superstition was that for sailors going on a long voyage or a couple about to be married, walking seven times around the stone would ensure good fortune. A flight of steps winds up from the street past the stone to Castle Mansions and St John's Church, whose crown steeple forms a landmark dominating Gourock. Kempock Street itself has a good variety of traditional shops including baker's and greengrocer's shops. Gourock has a golf course, which stretches from behind Trumpethill to Levan estates. Gourock has a large yacht club named the Royal Gourock Yacht Club. Situated on Ashton Road at the junction of Victoria Road, it was known as Gourock Sailing Club when it was founded in 1894, it became Gourock Yacht Club in 1900, acquired Royal status in 1908. Clan Darroch's links with Gourock began in the half of the 18th century with Duncan Darroch, 1st of Gourock, who had returned to Scotland after making a fortune in the West Indies. There is a story that as a lad, before leaving for Jamaica, he climbed into the garden of Gourock House to get apples from the orchard, when chased out by the gardener said he would return to buy the estate with its orchard.
He acquired the Barony of Gourock from the Stewarts of Castlemilk in 1784. He was granted arms by the Court of the Lord Lyon and designated Chief of McIireich; the present head of the Scottish clan Darroch is titled Claire Darroch-Thompson, 8th of Gourock, Lady of the Barony of Gourock, following the death of her father, the late Duncan Darroch of Gourock on 1 February 2011. Gourock's principal industry, apart from tourism and fishing, was chandlery. An eponymous ropework opened in the town but moved to Port Glasgow. More Amazon.com opened a distribution centre at Faulds Park, an industrial estate to the south of the town. The Amazon building was occupied by Mimtec who manufactured PC products in high volumes for IBM. Areas of the town include Ashton, Cardwell Bay, Levan, McInroy's Point and Trumpethill; the promenade at Ashton forms part of the Inverclyde Coastal Path. McInroy's Point is a small peninsula in the west of the town. In the early 1970s, a pier was constructed here to form the departure point for Western Ferries services to Hunters Quay, near Dunoon on the Cowal peninsula.
This provided a second ferry crossing of the Firth of Clyde operating in competition to the state owned Caledonian MacBrayne car ferry, which since 2011 has been replaced by the Argyll Fer
Rugby Park is a football stadium situated in the Scottish town of Kilmarnock. It was first used in 1899 and is the home of Kilmarnock FC, it underwent a major redevelopment in 1994–95, becoming an all-seater stadium with a capacity of 17,889. In addition to its main duty of hosting home matches for Kilmarnock it has been the venue for two Scottish international matches, it can be used for concerts, with Elton John playing to 15,000 in a first for the venue. In 2002, the club constructed a 4-star hotel complex next to the ground. Kilmarnock played at three other sites in their early years, before the club moved to Rugby Park in December 1877; this was not the precise site of the present stadium. The grounds were shared by cricket and rugby teams – sports which Kilmarnock had played – and the connection with rugby gave the ground its name. Rugby Park hosted its first international match in March 1894. By this time, the pitch had been moved to its current position; the ground was rebuilt and inaugurated with a match against then-champions Celtic on 26 August 1899, when Kilmarnock fought back from a 2–0 deficit to secure a draw.
It was their first match in the top tier of Scottish football, having won the Second Division the previous season. The ground was constructed with a running track around its edge, a pavilion and a stand along the west side; this layout meant. The pavilion and stand were linked in 1914, which produced 1,900 seats in a total capacity of 20,000. In 1935 a cover was added to part of the south terrace; this terracing was dubbed the Johnnie Walker stand, due to the company having an advert on the roof. During the Second World War, the British Army installed large oil storage tanks on the pitch; the club was not compensated. Floodlights were installed and first used in an October 1953 friendly match against Manchester United. A roof was added to the east terrace in 1959, the West Stand was renovated during the 1960–61 season. Rugby Park set its record attendance in March 1962, when 35,995 fans saw Kilmarnock lose 4–2 to Rangers in the 1961–62 Scottish Cup; this was a successful era for the club, as they finished runners-up in the league four times and won the league championship in 1964–65.
Safety regulations cut the capacity of Rugby Park to 17,528 by the 1980s, but this figure was troubled as the club fell to the Second Division. The Taylor Report, published in January 1990, recommended that British stadiums should become all-seater. Around the same time, a new board of directors took control of Kilmarnock; the new board proposed to move the club to an out-of-town site besides the A77 road as part of a wider development, but this was rejected by planning restrictions. The board decided to redevelop Rugby Park; the last game before reconstruction was played on 7 May 1994, when Kilmarnock beat Rangers 1–0. During the 1994–95 season the capacity was reduced as three new stands were constructed, their completion brought the capacity of the stadium to 18,128. The work was completed in just 348 days, as the new stands were first opened for a game against Rangers on 20 April. Kilmarnock opened the new Rugby Park on 6 August 1995, in a friendly match against English league champions Blackburn Rovers.
Alan Shearer hit a hat-trick as the home team lost 5–0. On 12 May 1998 Rugby Park hosted the last Ayrshire Cup final, as Kilmarnock fought back from 0–2 to beat Ayr United 4–2. In the summer of 1999, league regulations meant that Kilmarnock had to install undersoil heating at the ground. On 26 August of that year, Kilmarnock celebrated one hundred years at Rugby Park with a victory over KR Reykjavik in the 1999–2000 UEFA Cup; some work has since been done to increase the revenue created by the ground. In June 2002 the Park Hotel was opened adjacent to the stadium; the hotel was built on the site of Kilmarnock’s training pitch. The hotel has a conference centre, a café bar and a restaurant. In November 2004 and new sports bar was opened in the West Stand, sponsored by Foster's Lager. An artificial surface was installed in the summer of 2014. Despite becoming a modern, all-seater stadium, a number of features in the design of the stands give it a unique look. All stands bar the West Stand have little beneath them, as the tea bars and toilets are located under the lowest possible point towards the pitch.
The rest of the area underneath is open tarmac, with the steel framework exposed. Moreover, the turnstiles for the three newer stands are built into a perimeter wall rather than the stadium itself, there are large open air spaces before the stands themselves. Other stadiums have a similar design – for example Tynecastle’s Roseburn Stand, although there is considerable less space there. One advantage is that since the public smoking ban has come into force it has been possible for fans to stand in the open areas at half-time for a cigarette; the East Stand is distinctive in appearance as it does not cover the full length of the pitch, tapering before ending around 15yds before the extremity of the pitch. This is because the ground behind the stand is residential, can not be built on. However, the gap is not as large as a similar truncation at Fir Park, for example, is filled by flags. Scotland have played two games at Rugby Park; the match against Georgia was the first rugby union international match featuring a tier 1 nation to be pl
In association footballing terms, a caretaker manager is somebody who takes temporary charge of the management of a football club when the regular manager is dismissed, or leaves for a different club. However, a caretaker may be appointed if the regular manager is suspended, ill or unable to attend to their usual duties. Caretaker managers are appointed at short notice from within the club the assistant manager, a senior coach, or an experienced player. In other sports, the term "interim manager" is more used. Caretaker managers in Eastern Europe are head coaches that carry prefix title performing duties or sometimes temporary performing duties; these managers do not have a required license to be full. Famous examples include long-standing Arsenal assistant manager Stewart Houston, who stepped in after George Graham was abruptly sacked in the middle of the 1994–95 season and guided the club to the 1995 European Cup Winners' Cup Final. Tony Barton was appointed manager of Aston Villa after the departure of Ron Saunders and led the club to win the 1982 European Cup after only three months in charge.
Club Director Trevor Brooking was appointed as caretaker manager of West Ham United following Glenn Roeder's illness at the end of the 2002–03 season again following his dismissal early in the 2003–04 season. If a caretaker proves to be successful during their spell in charge, they are sometimes given the manager's job permanently. Glenn Roeder was appointed permanent manager of Newcastle United after having taken over as caretaker following Graeme Souness' dismissal in 2006; this occurred when Ricky Sbragia got the Sunderland job permanently after Roy Keane's resignation in November 2008 but he resigned himself at the end of the season 2008–09. This happened in the 2010–11 Premier League. After an impressive run of results, which saw Liverpool rise to 6th on the table, Dalglish was appointed the permanent manager of Liverpool, on a three-year contract. In the 2018–19 Premier League. After an impressive run of results, which saw Manchester United rise to 4th on the table and qualified for UEFA Champions League quarter-finals, Solskjær was appointed as permanent manager of Manchester United on 28 March 2019, on a three-year contract.
In Norway, a notable example occurred in 2006 when Rosenborg BK coach Per-Mathias Høgmo announced he was taking a leave of absence in mid-season, citing health concerns. At the time, Rosenborg were ten points behind leaders SK Brann, his assistant Knut Tørum was appointed on an interim basis, proceeded to lead Rosenborg to a furious comeback, clinching the league title with one match to spare. Høgmo announced his resignation two days after Rosenborg clinched, Tørum was named permanent coach after the season. In Spain, On 30 October 2018, Julen Lopetegui was sacked as Real Madrid coach after poor results, with the appointment of Santiago Solari as caretaker coach. After 14 days, Solari give a permanent contract because in Spain no club was allowed to have a caretaker for more than two weeks, he was sacked and replaced by former teammate Zinedine Zidane for the second times. On the other hand, Tony Parkes was named caretaker manager of Blackburn Rovers on six separate occasions between 1986 and 2004, without being given the role in a permanent capacity.
He is still yet to be given a permanent managerial role. In November 2007, Sandy Stewart led St Johnstone to victory in the final of the Scottish Challenge Cup in his only game in charge as caretaker manager. In the 2007–08 season, Cevat Güler won Süper Lig as Galatasaray's caretaker manager, he was in charge for the last five matches of the season due to Karl Heinz Feldkamp's resignation. In the 2007 Hazfi Cup final, Sepahan's head coach, Luka Bonačić had travelled to his country, Croatia for personal reasons and was unavailable to manage the team in the second leg. Mansour Ebrahimzadeh, assistant to Bonačić served as caretaker manager for that match. Sepahan won the title. Guus Hiddink was caretaker manager of Chelsea in 2009, leading his team to the UEFA Champions League semi-final, where they shut out FC Barcelona at Camp Nou and tied them back at Stamford Bridge; the latter was said as a controversial game in decisions made by the referee Tom Henning Øvrebø. Chelsea would eliminated on away goals.
He finished off his tenure with the team. The club was reported happy to have Hiddink as manager on a temporary basis. Roberto Di Matteo won the Champions League and FA Cup as caretaker manager of Chelsea in 2012, leading to him being appointed permanent manager on a two-year contract, he was sacked a few months into the new season, being replaced by another caretaker manager, Rafael Benítez, who led his team to victory in the Europa League, as well as guiding the team to a third-place finish in the league, thus ensuring direct qualification for next year's Champions League. Benítez was not offered a contract as permanent manager, instead being replaced by José Mourinho who went back to Chelsea for a second term. Head coach