This is the ancient Greek name of a small island off Naples, site of the Castel dellOvo. Megaris was a small but populous state of ancient Greece, west of Attica and north of Corinthia, whose inhabitants were adventurous seafarers, the capital, famous for white marble and fine clay, was the birthplace of Euclid. Mount Geraneia dominates the center of the region, the island of Salamis was originally under the control of Megara, before it was lost to Athens in the late 7th century BCE. The province of Megaris or Megarida was one of the provinces of the East Attica Prefecture and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Aspropyrgos, Mandra-Eidyllia and Megara. This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, James. London and New York, Frederick Warne
Paionia is a municipality in the Kilkis regional unit of Central Macedonia, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Polykastro, the municipality is named after the ancient region of Paeonia. It has an area of 919.276 km2 and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Paionia, except the municipal unit Polykastro
Serres (regional unit)
Serres is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia and its capital is the town of Serres. The total population reaches just over 175,000, the Strymonian Gulf lies to the south along with the Strymonas delta. Lake Kerkini was a located in the southern portion which is now drained. 41% of the unit are arable and most of the lands are near the Strymonas river which flows from Bulgaria. Another river is the Angitis in the part of the regional unit, with the ravine. The regional unit has many archaeological and historical features including Serres, several monasteries, the regional unit is a tourist attraction including Lailia, rich in forests, a skiing resort in the central portion, lake Kerkini which is a reservoir supplying water to the farmlands. Fishing is common within Ano Poroia especially during the months and famous Alistratis caves. The southern part around the Strymonas valley has a Mediterranean climate, in modern times, like the rest of Macedonia was contested territory between Greece, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire.
After its liberation from the Turks by the Bulgarians in the First Balkan War, during the National Schism, it was occupied by Bulgaria again only to form part of Greece at the end of the war. During the Second World War Bulgaria occupied Serres and launched a campaign of Bulgarisation, the regional unit Serres is subdivided into 7 municipalities. The prefecture had the territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, the Panserraikos F. C. association football club, based in Serres, plays in the Football League 2
Skydra is a municipality in the Pella regional unit of Macedonia in Greece.525 km2, the municipal unit 120.963 km2. Division of the municipal unit Skidra with total population 15,613, the 11 communities of Skydra are, In Skydra there is an ancient settlement in Mandalo. The town hosts two football clubs, Aetos Skydra F. C. plays in the Greek Football League 2 Nea Genia Skydras, in addition, Skydra has a volleyball team, Aristotelis Skydras V. C. which recently was promoted at the A2 Volleyball League
Chalcidice or Chalkidike or Chalkidiki or Halkidiki, is a peninsula and regional unit of Greece, part of the Region of Central Macedonia in Northern Greece. The autonomous Mount Athos region constitutes the easternmost part of the peninsula, the capital of Chalkidiki is the main town of Polygyros, located in the centre of the peninsula. Chalkidiki today is a summer tourist destination. Aristotle was born here in 384 B. C, the Cholomontas mountains lie in the north-central part of Chalkidiki. Chalkidiki consists of a peninsula in the northwestern Aegean Sea. Chalkidiki borders on the unit of Thessaloniki to the north. Its largest towns are Nea Moudania, Nea Kallikrateia and the town of Polygyros. Chalcidice, Chalkidiki, or Chalkidike, is the given to this peninsula from a group of people native to this region. The area was colony of the ancient Greek city-state of Chalkis, the ancient city of Stageira was the birthplace of the great philosopher Aristotle. Chalkidiki was an important theatre of war during the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, the Greek colonies of the peninsula were conquered by Philip II of Macedon and Chalkidiki became part of Macedonia.
After the end of the wars between the Macedonians and the Romans, the became part of the Roman Empire, along with the rest of Greece. At the end of the Roman Republic a Roman colony was settled in Cassandreia, during the following centuries, Chalkidiki was part of the Byzantine Empire. On a chrysobull of Emperor Basil I, dated 885, the Holy Mountain was proclaimed a place of monks, with the support of Nikephoros II Phokas, the Great Lavra monastery was founded soon afterwards. Athos with its monasteries has been self-governing ever since, after a short period of domination by the Latin Kingdom of Thessalonica, the area became again Byzantine until its conquest by the Ottomans in 1430. During the Ottoman period, the peninsula was important for its gold mining, in 1821, the Greek War of Independence started and the Greeks of Chalkidiki revolted under the command of Emmanouel Pappas, a member of Filiki Eteria, and other local fighters. The revolt was progressing slowly and unsystematically, the insurrection was confined to the peninsulas of Mount Athos and Kassandra.
One of the goals was to restrain and detain the coming of the Ottoman army from Istanbul. Finally, the resulted in a decisive Ottoman victory at Kassandra
Thessaloniki (regional unit)
Thessaloniki is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia and its capital is the city of Thessaloniki, the regional unit stretches from the Thermaic Gulf to the Strymonic Gulf. The Thermaic Gulf lies to the southwest while the Strymonic Gulf is in the east, two bodies of water are located to the north, Lake Koronia in the heart of the regional unit and Lake Volvi to the east. There are farmlands throughout the western and the part, a few in the northeast. The mountains include the Chortiatis to the part, the Vertiskos to the north. The regional unit borders on the Imathia regional unit to the southwest, Pella to the west, Kilkis to the north, Serres to the east and its climate includes hot Mediterranean summers and cool to mild winters in low-lying areas and its plains. Winter weather is common in areas 500 m above sea level. The area of the Thessaloniki regional unit joined the rest of Greece in 1912, the area was struck by an earthquake in 1978, and by flooding due to rainfall in October 2006.
Thessaloniki is the birthplace of Mustafa Kemal, founder of the modern Turkey, the Thessaloniki regional unit is subdivided into 14 municipalities. Its area was the largest in the country covering about 7% of all of Greece, the prefectures of Pella and Kilkis were split off in 1930 and 1937 respectively, and after World War II in 1947, Imathia and Pieria. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a unit within the Central Macedonia region. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, Province of Thessaloniki Province of Lagkadas Note, Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. The regional unit of Thessaloniki is connected with the following roads, parts of the GR-67 linking Chalkidiki and the GR-65 linking Kilkis, were converted into motorways during the 2000s. Public transport services are provided by the Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization Thessaloniki Metro Most of the stations are in the city, here are list of stations outside the city, Thermi TV - Thermi Iraklis Aris PAOK Apollon Kalamarias Agrotikos Asteras List of settlements in the Thessaloniki regional unit Macedonia
Hydra is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece, located in the Aegean Sea between the Saronic Gulf and the Argolic Gulf. It is separated from the Peloponnese by a strip of water. In ancient times, the island was known as Hydrea, a reference to the springs on the island. The municipality of Hydra consists of the islands Hydra, the province of Hydra was one of the provinces of the Piraeus Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality, there is one main town, known simply as Hydra port. It consists of a harbor, around which is centered a strand of restaurants, markets. Steep stone streets lead up and outward from the harbor area, most of the local residences, as well as the hostelries on the island, are located on these streets. Other small villages or hamlets on the island include Mandraki, Vlychos, Episkopi, Hydra depends on tourism, and Athenians account for a sizable segment of its visitors. High-speed hydrofoils and catamarans from Piraeus, some 37 nautical miles away, serve Hydra, there is a passenger ferry service providing an alternative to Hydrofoils that runs from Hydra Harbor to Metochi on the Peloponnese coast.
Many Athenians drive to Metochi, leave their car in the car park. Rubbish trucks are the motor vehicles on the island, since by law, cars. Horses and donkeys, and water taxis provide public transportation, the inhabited area, however, is so compact that most people walk everywhere. Hydra benefits from numerous bays and natural harbors, and has a maritime culture. The island is a popular yachting destination and is the home of the Kamini Yacht Club, in 2007, a National Geographic Traveler panel of 522 experts rated Hydra the highest of any Greek island as a unique destination preserving its integrity of place. The Tsamadou mansion on the side of the harbor as one enters is now a Maritime Academy. The Tombazi mansion is now part of the School of Fine Arts, the mansions of Lazarus and George Kountouriotis, Kriezi, Voulgari and Miaouli all contain collections of 18th-century island furniture. The descendants of Lazarus Kountouriotis donated his mansion to the Historic-Ethnologic Institute of Greece, today, it operates as an extension branch of the National Museum of History.
There are numerous churches and six Orthodox monasteries on the island, two particularly noteworthy monasteries are Profitis Ilias, founded in the 10th century, and Ayia Efpraxia
Locris was a region of ancient Greece, the homeland of the Locrians, made up of three distinct districts. The city of Locri in Calabria, known in antiquity as Epizephyrian Locris, was a founded by the Locrians in Magna Graecia. There is some disagreement over whether it was those from Opuntian Locris or from Ozolian Locris who were responsible, the territory of the Locrians was divided into three by Doris and Phocis, perhaps due to an early invasion of a contiguous Locrian state. This fact, combined with the regions infertility, meant that the Locrians tended to be dominated by their neighbours, to the south-west of Phocis was Ozolian Locris, situated on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth, between Naupactus and Crisa. The main cities of Ozolian Locris were Amphissa and Naupactus which was its seaport, to the north east of Phocis was Opuntian Locris, named after its main city, Opus. Finally, to the north of Phocis was Epicnemidian Locris, situated near the pass of Thermopylae, the territories of the Opuntian Locri and the Epicnemidian Locri were not a continuous unit but were separated from one another by Phocis The main towns of Ozolian Locris were Amphissa and Naupactus.
Today, the area is part of Aetolia-Acarnania and Phocis, the main towns of Opuntia Locris were Opus and Larymna. Today, Opuntian Locris is part of modern Phthiotis, main article, Epicnemidian Locris The main towns of Epicnemidian Locris were Nicaea and Thronium. Today, Epicnemidian Locris is part of modern Phthiotis, the province of Locris was one of the provinces of the Phthiotis Prefecture. Its capital was the town Atalanti and its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Amfikleia-Elateia and Molos-Agios Konstantinos
West Attica is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Attica, the capital of the regional unit is the town of Eleusis. The regional unit covers the part of the agglomeration of Athens. The regional unit West Attica is subdivided into 5 municipalities and these are, Aspropyrgos Eleusis Fyli Mandra-Eidyllia Megara With respect to parliamentary elections West Attica belongs to the electoral district of Attica. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit West Attica was created out of the former prefecture West Attica, the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, there were two provinces in the prefecture of West Attica and the Attica Province. List of settlements in Attica Official website News and information
Phthiotis is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Greece. The capital is the city of Lamia, the name dates back to ancient times. It is best known as the home of Achilles, Phthiotis covers the northern and southern shorelines of the Malian Gulf, an inlet of the Aegean Sea. It stretches inland towards the west along the valley of the river Spercheios, in the south it covers the upper part of the Cephissus valley. Phthiotis means the region of Phthia, the southernmost region of ancient Thessaly around Pharsalus, in Classical times, it referred to the region of Achaea Phthiotis, which bordered on Thessalian Phthiotis to the south and east. Achaea Phthiotis covered the part of the present regional unit Phthiotis. The southeastern part of present Phthiotis was covered by the ancient region Locris, NE Greek National Road 1/E75, SE, E, Cen. NE Greek National Road 3, SE, S, Cen, N Greek National Road 27, S, Cen. Greek National Road 38, W, the regional unit Phthiotis is subdivided into 7 municipalities.
These are, Amfikleia-Elateia Domokos Lamia Lokroi Makrakomi Molos-Agios Konstantinos Stylida The prefecture Phthiotis and Phocis was created in 1845, in 1947 this prefecture was split into the southern part Phocis and the northern part Phthiotis. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Phthiotis was created out of the former prefecture Phthiotis, the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, Province of Domokos - Domokos Province of Phthiotis - Lamia Province of Locris - Atalanti Note, Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. Thanos Livaditis Dimitrios Holevas Lamia F. C. Ionikos Lamias BC List of traditional Greek place names List of settlements in Phthiotis Media related to Fthiotis at Wikimedia Commons
Visaltia is a municipality in the Serres regional unit, Greece. The seat of the municipality is in Nigrita and it was named after the ancient region Bisaltia. The ancient city of Berge is located here.333 km2, the province of Visaltia was one of the provinces of the Serres Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality Visaltia, and part of the municipal unit Strymoniko
East Attica is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Attica, the capital of the regional unit is the town of Pallini. The regional unit covers the part of the agglomeration of Athens. The regional unit East Attica is subdivided into 13 municipalities, as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit East Attica was created out of the former prefecture East Attica. The prefecture had the territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below, the prefecture of East Attica was subdivided into three provinces, the Province of Marathon, the Province of Mesogia, and the Province of Lavriotiki. They were abolished before the Kallikratis programme came into effect, list of settlements in Attica Official website