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Edgar the Peaceful

Edgar, known as the Peaceful or the Peaceable, was King of England from 959 until his death. He was the younger son of Edmund I and Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury, came to the throne as a teenager, following the death of his older brother Eadwig; as king, Edgar further consolidated the political unity achieved by his predecessors, with his reign being noted for its relative stability. His most trusted advisor was Dunstan, whom he made Archbishop of Canterbury; the pinnacle of Edgar's reign was his coronation at Bath in 973, organised by Dunstan and forms the basis for the current coronation ceremony. After his death he was succeeded by his son Edward. Edgar was the son of Edmund Ælfgifu of Shaftesbury. Upon the death of King Edmund in 946, Edgar's uncle, ruled until 955. Eadred was succeeded by his nephew, Edmund's eldest son. Eadwig was not a popular king, his reign was marked by conflict with nobles and the Church St Dunstan and Archbishop Oda. In 957, the thanes of Mercia and Northumbria changed their allegiance to Edgar.

A conclave of nobles declared Edgar as king of the territory north of the Thames. Edgar became King of England upon Eadwig's death in October 959, aged 16. One of Edgar's first actions was to recall Dunstan from exile and have him made Bishop of Worcester and Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, subsequently Bishop of London and Archbishop of Canterbury. Dunstan remained Edgar's advisor throughout his reign. While Edgar may not have been a peaceable man, his reign was peaceful; the Kingdom of England was well established, Edgar consolidated the political unity achieved by his predecessors. By the end of his reign, England was sufficiently unified in that it was unlikely to regress back to a state of division among rival kingships, as it had to an extent under the reign of Eadred. William Blackstone mentions. According to George Molyneaux, Edgar's reign, "far more than the reigns of either Alfred or Æthelstan, was the most pivotal phase in the development of the institutional structures that were fundamental to royal rule in the eleventh-century kingdom".

Indeed, an early eleventh century king Cnut the Great states in a letter to his subjects that"it is my will that all the nation and lay, shall steadfastly observe Edgar's laws, which all men have chosen and sworn at Oxford". The Monastic Reform Movement that introduced the Benedictine Rule to England's monastic communities peaked during the era of Dunstan, Æthelwold, Oswald. In 963, Edgar killed Earl Æthelwald, his rival in love, near present-day Longparish, Hampshire; the event was commemorated by the Dead Man's Plack, erected in 1825. In 1875, Edward Augustus Freeman debunked the story as a "tissue of romance" in his book, Historic Essays. Edgar was crowned at Bath and along with his wife Ælfthryth was anointed, setting a precedent for a coronation of a queen in England itself. Edgar's coronation did not happen until 973, in an imperial ceremony planned not as the initiation, but as the culmination of his reign; this service, devised by Dunstan himself and celebrated with a poem in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, forms the basis of the present-day British coronation ceremony.

The symbolic coronation was an important step. Six kings in Britain, including the King of Scots and the King of Strathclyde, pledged their faith that they would be the king's liege-men on sea and land. Chroniclers made the kings into eight, all plying the oars of Edgar's state barge on the River Dee; such embellishments may not be factual, what happened is unclear. Edgar died on 8 July 975 at Hampshire, he was buried at Glastonbury Abbey. He left two sons, his successor Edward, his illegitimate son by Æthelflæd, daughter of ealdorman Ordmaer, Æthelred, the younger, the child of his wife Ælfthryth. Edgar had a illegitimate daughter by Wulfthryth, who became abbess of Wilton, she was joined there by Edith of Wilton, who lived there as a nun until her death. Both women were regarded as saints. "e was small both in stature and bulk..." House of Wessex family tree Keynes, Simon. "England, c. 900–1016." In The New Cambridge Medieval History III. C.900–c.1024, ed. Timothy Reuter. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

456-84. Rex, Peter. Edgar, King of the English 959-75. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Tempus. Scragg, Donald. Edgar, King of the English, 959–975: New Interpretations. Publications of the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies. Manchester: Boydell Press, 2008. ISBN 1-84383-399-9. Contents. Sobecki, Sebastian. "Edgar's Archipelago." In The Sea and Englishness in the Middle Ages: Maritime Narratives and Culture, ed. Sobecki. Cambridge: Brewer, 2011. 1–30. Edgar 11 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England Medieval Sourcebook: Anglo-Saxon Dooms: laws of King Edgar, a fragment Edgar the Peaceful at Find a Grave

Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Special Class Series

The Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Special Class Series is an Emmy award given to television programs that do not "fall into other established categories." Prior to 2000, the category was referred to as Special Class Program and both series and specials competed in the same category. A separate category for singular specials was created in 2000. Winners in bold 1974 The ABC Afternoon Playbreak The ABC Afternoon Playbreak CBS Daytime 90 1975 The ABC Afternoon Playbreak The ABC Afternoon Playbreak 1976 First Ladies Diaries First Ladies Diaries First Ladies Diaries 1977 The American Woman: Portraits of Courage 1978 Live from Lincoln Center Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom Camera Three Good Morning America 1979 Camera Three Beethoven Festival Cinematic Eye 1980 FYI: For Your Information Giselle New American Bandstand 1965 1981 FYI: For Your Information Good Morning America 1982 FYI: For Your Information The Body Human The Body Human 1983 New American Bandstand 1965 FYI: For Your Information 1984 FYI: For Your Information I Remember It Well: ABC Daytime's 25th Anniversary Minutes New American Bandstand 1965 1985 For Our Times ABC Notebook New American Bandstand 1965 For Our Times For Our Times For Our Times The People's Court Tournament of Roses Parade Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade 1986 Chagall's Journey Live from Lincoln Center For Our Times Tournament of Roses Parade Living in Hope America's Musical Theater America's Musical Theater New American Bandstand 1965 The People's Court 1987 ABC Notebook Taking Children Seriously One to Grow On ABC Notebook The 700 Club The People's Court 1988 New American Bandstand 1965 For Our Times The People's Court Soap Opera Digest Awards Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade 1989 China: Walls and Bridges James Stewart's Wonderful Life Fight Back! with David Horowitz Siskel & Ebert Soap Opera Awards 1990 Fight Back! with David Horowitz Good Morning America Siskel & Ebert Soap Opera Awards The Berlin Celebration Concert1991 Live from Lincoln Center Good Morning America Live from Lincoln Center Siskel & Ebert 1992 Spaceship Earth: Our Global Environment CNN Newsroom Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade NBA All-Star Stay in School Jam The Streets 1993 Great Wonders of the World This Island Earth Live from Lincoln Center What Every Baby Knows CNN Newsroom 1994 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade Good Morning America CNN Newsroom The Victory Garden 1995 Talk Soup Good Morning America Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade E!

News Live CNN Newsroom 1996 World AIDS Day Special CNN Newsroom E! News Live Good Morning America Talk Soup 1997 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade Hollywood Moments CNN Newsroom E! News Live Talk Soup 1998 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade Behind the Screen with Nick Clooney CNN Newsroom Judge Judy Live from Lincoln Center 1999 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade Behind the Screen with Nick Clooney Judge Judy Earth Matters Pop Up Video 2000 Film Preservation Classics Behind the Screen with John Burke CNN Newsroom Judge Judy Pop Up Video 2001 Behind the Screen with John Burke A Baby Story Celebrity Homes Judge Judy Pop Up Video 2002 Behind the Screen with John Burke Cool Women in History Judge Judy Pop Up Video Trading Spaces 2003 A Baby Story Breakfast with the Arts Judge Judy Pop Up Video While You Were Out 2004 When I Was a Girl Animal Rescue with Alex Paen A Baby Story Judge Judy Trading Spaces: Boys vs. Girls 2005 Starting Over Animal Rescue with Alex Paen A Baby Story Breakfast with the Arts Judge Judy 2006 A Baby Story Animal Rescue with Alex Paen Judge Judy Starting Over Trading Spaces: Boys vs. Girls 2007 Made Animal Rescue with Alex Paen A Baby Story Judge Judy Starting Over 2008 Made Cause Effect Instant Beauty Pageant Samantha Brown: Passport to Latin America Split Ends 2009 True Life Equitrekking Made Split Ends We Mean Business 2010 The Relic Hunter with Ian Grant Travelscope Ruby Equitrekking Laura McKenzie's Traveler 2011 Made Housecat Housecall Private Sessions Too Fat for 15: Fighting Back 2012 Super Soul Sunday Ask This Old House Made Pop Up Video Quiet Campus Sanjay Gupta MD

Photonic Sensors

Photonic Sensors is an international journal and has been available online as an Open Access publication since 2011. It is co-published quarterly by the University of Electronic Science & Technology of China and Springer. Photonic Sensors publishes original, peer-reviewed articles that report on new developments of interest to members of the photonics and sensor communities in all fields of photonic-sensing science and technology, including but not limited to topics on: Optical fiber sensors Planar waveguide sensors Laser-based sensors Biophotonic sensors and instruments Sensor multiplexing and networking Materials and devices for photonic sensing. Photonic Sensors focuses on experimental contributions related to novel principles, structures or materials for photonic sensors. Papers that report investigations into combinations of experimental and analytical/numerical approaches are welcome. In addition to regular research articles, Photonic Sensors publishes letters and review articles. Letters provide an opportunity to disseminate research results that are of current interest to the photonic sensor community.

Photonic Sensors has an international editorial board with strong academic background. The journal’s Editor-in-Chief, Professor Yun-Jiang Rao is one of the world’s leading experts in the field of optical fiber sensors and recognized as a Fellow of the International Society for Optical Engineering. Prof. Rao serves as the Associate Editor of IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology and Optics & Laser Technology, he has authored or co-authored more than 300 peer-reviewed papers in scientific journals or technical conferences, among which >200 papers were indexed in Web of Science with >3000 citations and his H-index is 28. The editorial board consists of 36 internationally recognized experts from 15 different countries or regions, with a majority of editors from outside China Mainland. All the board members are foremost experts in their research fields, covering all the scopes of Photonic Sensors. Photonic Sensors is covered by the following services: •ACM Digital LibraryAstrophysics Data SystemChemical Abstracts ServiceChemWebDOAJEI-Compendex since Vol. 2, Mar. 2012 •Google Scholar •OCLC •SCImago.

Photonic Sensors has been evaluated as Q2 in 2012 and Q1 in 2013 in both Categories of Atomic and Molecular Physics and Optics, Electronic and Magnetic Materials in the SCImago Journal Rank. •SCOPUS. Photonic Sensors has been #6 among 590 SCOPUS journals in China in 2013, see http://www.scimagojr.com/journalrank.php?country=CN •Summon by ProQuest According to the data in Web of Science, the 69 Photonic Sensors papers published in 2011 and 2012 have gained 104 citations, indicating a calculated impact factor of about 1.50 in 2013. Both download and citation times of the Photonic Sensors papers are increasing rapidly. Journal home page Introduction of journal on publishing company website