Edina, Minnesota

Edina is a city in Hennepin County, United States. Edina began as a small milling community in the 1860s; the population was 47,941, as of 2010. Edina began as part of Minnesota. By the 1870s, 17 families, most of them immigrating as a result of the potato famine in Ireland, had come to Minnesota and claimed land in the southwest section of what was Richfield Township, they were followed by settlers from New England and Germany, who claimed additional land near Minnehaha Creek. The Baird and Grimes neighborhoods and the Country Club District in the northeast part of Edina were among the first areas to be established; the area known as the Cahill Settlement, at West 70th Street and Cahill Road, was an early community center and the home of Cahill School. In 1888, the residents of the township held a meeting to consider founding a new village, thus separating themselves from Richfield Township; the idea was favorably accepted by those within the community and a committee was established to oversee the transition.

After the decision was made to form a new village, a debate ensued regarding the naming of the new village. Several town meetings were held in the Minnehaha Grange Hall, during which the names Hennepin Park and Edina were suggested. Minutes taken by Henry F. Brown, a farmer and future owner of the Edina Mill, are summarized as follows: A long debate ensued with regard to the name by which the corporation shall be called. A motion was made and passed to reconsider the vote taken at the previous meeting of the name of the proposed village, Westfield. Another motion was made by Andrew Craik to call the proposed village Edina. Before the motion could be decided, James A. Bull, a member of the five person committee, made another motion to adjourn, seconded by the majority. However, the chairman of the meeting called this motion out of order, at which time disorder ensued with Baird, Wilson and Bull declaring their intent to no longer serve as members of the committee if a gag law was to prevail. During this heated moment the meeting became somewhat boisterous until, after a few minutes order was restored.

Seeing that no more work could be done at this time, a final motion was made and passed to reschedule the meeting to a future date. At the next meeting, the name Edina was chosen with a vote of 47 for and 42 against. There has been a prevailing myth about the decision to name the new village Edina, which states that two opposing communities—the Irish Cahill community and the Scottish Mill community—fought about whether to give the community an Irish name or a Scottish name; the 1860 census, indicates that there were no Scottish people in Edina in 1860, only a couple were present at the time of Edina's founding. The first suburban development in Edina occurred during the early 1900s in Morningside, a neighborhood in the northeastern part of the village; as Morningside grew, conflict arose between its residents who wanted more city services, the residents of the rest of the village who wanted to maintain Edina's rural character. As a result of that conflict, Morningside became a separate village.

In 1966, the Village of Morningside once again became part of Edina. Edina was not the first settlement in its location. According to historian Deborah Morse-Kahn, the Quaker village that existed where Edina would be built included African American families of Civil War veterans and freed slaves "became involved in community life—especially as farmland owners and cultural leaders." At the November 1898 general election, J. Frank Wheaton, a Republican African American, was elected to the Minnesota House of Representatives representing District 42, which included all of Edina. Wheaton beat his white Democratic opponent in every Minneapolis city ward and in every village within the legislative district, including Edina though the legislative district had only 100 African American residents out of a total of 40,000 residents. In the early 20th century suburban development brought discriminatory policies that led to nearly all of the African Americans, living in Edina to move away. James W. Loewen described the suburb as a sundown town.

Researchers point in particular to Samuel Thorpe's development of the Country Club Historic District, which used deed restrictions as means to exclude non-whites, stating explicitly that: No lot shall be sold, leased, or rented to any person other than one of the white or Caucasian race, nor shall any lot be used or occupied by any person other than one of the white or Caucasian race, except such as may be serving as domestics for the owner or tenant of said lot, while said owner or tenant is residing thereon. Other developments, like that built by N. P. Dodge Corporation just a mile away, followed suit in attempting to protect land values through racial policies. Though the Supreme Court ruled these kinds of discriminatory housing clauses unenforceable in its Shelley v. Kraemer decision of 1948, reports of discrimination persisted through the 1950s and 1960s. According to the Edina Historical Society's story about the first black family in Morningside in 1960, attempts to keep them out included tactics like trying "to get lot condemned for drainage."

In response, then-mayor Ken Joyce wrote a note dismissing the drainage concern and challenging citizens "to live the Golden Rule". Shortly thereafter the village voted in favor of inclusion. Jewish resi

Lose All Time

Lose All Time is the second album from Vancouver's You Say Party and the first for their new label Paper Bag Records who released it on March 20, 2007. "Downtown Mayors Goodnight, Alley Kids Rule!" reached #1 on CBC Radio 3's R3-30 chart the week of June 7, 2007. The vinyl release of Lose All Time was released by Paper Bag Records in July 2007. There were only 300 copies in Europe and 300 copies in North America produced. Five Year Plan Downtown Mayors Goodnight, Alley Kids Rule! Opportunity Teenage Hit Wonder Monster Like I Give A Care Poison Moon Giant Hands You're Almost There Dancefloor Destroyer Midnight Snake Quiet World Quit it Five Year Plan Downtown Mayors Goodnight, Alley Kids Rule! Opportunity Teenage Hit Wonder Monster Like I Give A Care Poison Moon Giant Hands Dancefloor Destroyer You're Almost There Quiet World Quiet World Five Year Plan Downtown Mayors Goodnight, Alley Kids Rule! Monster Teenage Hit Wonder Poison Giant Hands Machine Legs Moon Dancefloor Destroyer You're Almost There Opportunity Like I Give A Care Midnight Snake Monster


Khardiha is a village in the Karail area of the Mohammadabad tehsil in Ghazipur district, Uttar Pradesh, India. It has population of 1896 as per 2011 Census, it has its own local administration under Panchayati Raj system, with Gram Pradhan as head of local administration. Since the beginning this village has been an important center of education and cultural activities. In 1541 ce, when Sultan Sher Shah Suri was ruling the country after defeating the Moghul emperor Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun in the battle of Chausa, the foundation of village KHAIRA DEEH was laid down by Babu Madhav Rai, elder son of Kunwar Narayan Shah of Kuresar-Naraianpur branch of Mulhan Dikshit family. Khardiha belongs to Tallukedar Babu Madhav Rai's faimily. In sixth generation of Babu Madhav Rai's descendant elder brother Babu Ugrasen Rai got the zamindari of Kundesar and younger brother Babu Vikram Rai moved to'Kharhiyan'. In spite of being a small village compared to the nearby Joga Musahib, Gondaur, Kanuaan and Siyadeeh, Khardiha is considered an important place by neighbouring villages.

Before 1995 Kardiha had Musardeva, Gyanpur, Lalapur and Navpura village under its panchayat. But now only one village comes under Khardiha panchayat. Khardiha gram sabha had people from every social strata as its Pradhan. List of former Pradhans of this village after independence is mentioned below: Late Shivshwaroop Rai Late Keshav Prasad Rai Late Kapildev Rai Late Rajnarain Ram Shri Ramchandra Rai Shrimati Maya Kharwar Temples such as Mahavir Ji, Brahma baba shrine, Budhva Shivji and Durgaji are famous; the village has three primary schools, one government added Shri Sarvodaya Inter college and Khardiha Degree College. Late Brij Mangal Rai established both the colleges. There was a time; however situation has deteriorated. Khardiha’s past glory is faded with the passage of time; the village is at a distance of nearly 36 km from Ghazipur city Railway station and UP Roadways Ghazipur depot. Other nearby railway stations are Karimuddinpur and Buxar railway station. Khardiha can be reached through road transport by mean of private vehicles or rented vehicles, such as buses and Taxies.

Khardia comes under Bhanwarkol block, Mohammadabad vidhansabha of Ballia Lok Sabha constituency. Although the Tehsil under which it is administered is Mohammadabad, comes under Ghazipur district. Agriculture is the main source of income and living for the residents, nearly all type of food grains which are cultivated in eastern UP are produced here, popular crops include wheat and potatoes, though other crops such as mustard, grams are produced in large quantities, the village has owned rice mills and oil mills. Farmers sell their products either in the local market or in the anaj mandi located in yusufpur. Farming is done with semi modern and semi classical techniques, tractors electrical water pumping sets are used for farming but bigger machines like harvesters are used in the village. Language spoken by majority in the village is a mix of Bhojpuri and Hindi, though Urdu has a great influence on it. Culturally the area is much influenced by Varanasi, a major cultural center nearby. Indian Independence activist Brij Mangal Rai was born in this village on 14 January 1914.

Renowned literary figure Viveki Rai started his career in Khardiha Inter College. Ghazipur Ballia Buxar Varanasi Mughalsarai Patna Mohammadabad, Ghazipur Rajapur, Ghazipur Sherpur, Ghazipur Villages in Ghazipur Uttar Pradesh