Eppelheim is a city in northern Baden-Württemberg bordering Heidelberg. It belongs to the district Rhein-Neckar-Kreis. Eppelheim is situated in the valley of the Upper Rhine southwest of the hills of the Odenwald and directly on the Bundesautobahn 5; the location of the city within the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is completely surrounded by the urban district of Heidelberg. Eppelheim borders the Heidelberg boroughs of Wieblingen in the North, Pfaffengrund in the East, Kirchheim in the South. To the West lies the municipality of Plankstadt within the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis. Another center in the Rhein-Neckar metropolitan region is Mannheim, about 20 km northwest of Eppelheim. Eppelheim does not have any boroughs, but locals orient on the directions of the compass and refer to the parts of the city that way. For example, northeast Eppelheim. However, there are no exact demarcations. Archaeological finds from the neolithic, the bronze age, the iron age, the early middle ages indicate that the area where the city is located was inhabited by people for a long time.
Eppelheim was first mentioned in historical documents pertaining to a grant in the year 770 in the Lorsch codex under the name Ebbelenheim. From the 11th century Eppelheim was a typical small village of the Electorate of the Palatinate; the number of inhabitants remained continuously under 150 up until the 18th century. Among the reasons for this was the destruction of Eppelheim in 1689; the village, like so many others in the area, was burned down by French troops on 28 January during the War of the Grand Alliance. Eppelheim was experienced a steady increase in population. In the 20th century the population boomed; the population went from 2644 in 1905 to 13,904 in 1997. The people of Eppelheim chose masonry as a career more than the average German in the 20th century. In 1908 there were over 400. Eppelheim is known in the region as a mason community. In 1998 Eppelheim was elevated to city status by the State of Baden-Württemberg; the municipal council of the city of Eppelheim has 22 members. They carry the title Stadträtin/Stadtrat.
The coat of arms in its current form was introduced in 1900. It is based on a lost seal from 1689; the coat of arms matches inescutcheon of the old coat of arms of the Electorate of the Palatinate, which refers to the honor of the counts palatine of the Rhine. The flag is yellow and red and was awarded by the Ministry of State in 1959. Eppelheim is twinned with: Wilthen, since 1989 Dammarie-lès-Lys, since 1996Friendly contacts have been established with the following cities: Vértesacsa Montebelluna The largest employer in Eppelheim is the Rudolf-Wild-Werke in the southern part of the city with about 1400 workers; the tax on the company's business is an important factor in determining the city budget. The company Wild has its headquarters in Eppelheim. Eppelheim is directly on the Bundesautobahn 5 and has access through the Heidelberg/Schwetzingen exit; the city is connected to the neighboring university city, Heidelberg by the well travelled streetcar line 22. The streetcar is run by the Rhein-Neckar-Verkehr GmbH.
The connection leads to other public transit opportunities. Bus line 713 connects to Schwetzingen via Plankstadt. Intracity connections are offered by Eppelheim's bus line 732, run by Busverkehr Rhein-Neckar GmbH as the so-called City-Bus. 1906: Jakob Neu, head teacher from 1878 to 1907 Andreas Jäger, mayor from 1919 to 1933 and from 1945 to 1954 1979: Rudolf Wild, founder of the Wild Alois Berberich, second mayor 1997: Leonie Wild, co-founder of the Wild-company 2001: Inge Burck 2003: Hans Stephan, retired rector 2006: Hans-Peter Wild and entrepreneur Wolfgang Ketterle, grew up in Eppelheim, holder of the Nobel Prize for Physics Ernst Knoll, eight times German champion and twice Olympic participant in wrestling Jakob Rupper, owner of a steel construction company and Member of Landtag Wolfgang Ernst, Lord Mayor of Leimen 2000-2016 Official website Private website about Eppelheim Condor Airpictures Aerial photos of Eppelheim and other cities
Hockenheim is a town in northwest Baden-Württemberg, about 20 km south of Mannheim and 10 km west of Walldorf. It is located in the Upper Rhine valley on the tourist theme routes Baden Asparagus Route and Bertha Benz Memorial Route; the town is known for its Hockenheimring, a motor racing course, which has hosted over 30 Formula One German Grand Prix races since 1970. Hockenheim is one of the six largest towns in the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district, it is twinned with the French town of Commercy, the German town of Hohenstein-Ernstthal in Saxony and the American town of Mooresville, North Carolina. Hockenheim is located in the Upper Rhine valley on an old trade route from Frankfurt to Basel; the brook Kraichbach divides the town in an eastern and a smaller western area, flows into the Rhine to the north near Ketsch. Hockenheim's total municipal area covers 3,484 ha, with ca. 28.8 percent used for settlement and transportation and ca. 45.9 percent for agriculture. The remaining area consists of ca. 22 percent forests and ca. 2.4 percent seas.
The municipal area is divided into two large natural regions, the "Rheinaue" to the west and the higher "Niederterrasse" to the east. The so-called "Hockenheimer Rheinbogen" is a meander area of the Rhine, which stretches over the municipalities of Ketsch and Altlußheim. 30 parts of it with a total of 656 ha are under nature conservation. An additional area three times larger is designated as landscape conservation area, with less strict usage limitations; the "Rheinbogen" offers biologically diverse, secondary wetlands as habitat for endangered plants and animals, it is an internationally important resting and feeding area for migrating birds in winter. The central urban area forms one unit and is only divided into five districts for statistical purposes. Together with the central town several small settlements belong to Hockenheim: the industrial areas "Bahnstation Talhaus" and "Wasserwerk", the farms and houses "Insultheimerhof", "Herrenteich, Ziegelei" and "Ketschau, Ziegelei“ as well as the deserted settlement "Westeheim".
Stamped bricks of the Roman Legio XIV Gemina Martia Victrix were found 1984 in a brick kiln during an excavation in Hockenheim. The stationing of this legion near Mainz from 71AD until 92AD indicates an early settlement in this area. Hockenheim was first mentioned 769 as "Ochinheim" in a donation document of the Lorsch Codex, an early monastery gift documentation; the name "Hockenheim" itself appeared first in 1238 in official documents. In the Middle Ages Hockenheim was owned by several alternating local authorities: the castle district Wersau, the Diocese of Speyer during the 12th and 13th century, various Palatinate rulers since 1286 and the Electoral Palatinate since 1462. In the 17th century Hockenheim was devastated twice by French troops, 1644 in the Thirty Years' War and 1674 in the Franco-Dutch War. During this period the former cultivation of hops in the area was replaced with tobacco, brought into the country by the French. 1803 the Electoral Palatinate was dissolved and the village was integrated in Baden.
With the growing tobacco crop the village flourished and was awarded town rights on 22 July 1895 by Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden. With the beginning of the 20th century asparagus cultivation replaced most of the remaining hops industry. At 29 May 1932 the Hockenheimring was opened with a motorcycle race. After World War II the decline of the cigar industry had begun, but Hockenheim was known for its Hockenheimring and could expand in other industrial branches. January 1973 Hockenheim was assigned to the newly formed Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district. In 1991, Hockenheim was the host of the 11th Baden-Württemberg State Horticultural Show; the town is led by the Lord Mayor, elected directly by the population every 8 years. Its Permanent Representative is the "Erste Beigeordnete", with the office designation of mayor; as of the local election on 25 May 2014, the local council of Hockenheim consists of 22 members, who hold the title "Stadtraetin/Stadtrat", the Lord Mayor presiding the council. In 1975 the Hockenheim government agreed upon a municipal association with the neighboring villages Altlußheim, Neulußheim and Reilingen.
Hockenheim is one of the six largest towns in the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district. Adopted in 1609, the coat of arms of Hockenheim has diagonally crossed silver hooks in a sign, below a crowned golden lion; the lion is the animal of the Electoral Palatinate. The form of the symbols was changed several times, but has been specified in its current form by municipal law since 1895; the Hockenheimring, a motor racing course built in 1932, has become the home of the Formula One German Grand Prix. It has hosted this event over 30 times since 1970, including every year between 1986 and 2006. Since 2007 Formula One races in Germany are alternating annually between the Hockenheimring and the Nürburgring; the course is used for several other motor racing events and open-air concerts. After Nurburgring's withdrawal from 2015, Hockenheimring started hosting German Grand Prix annually since 2018. A museum for tobacco cultivation was founded 1984 as the first of its kind in Baden-Württemberg; the motors
Bammental is a municipality in Rhein-Neckar Kreis of Baden-Württemberg. Bammental is about 9 km southeast of Heidelberg and 13 km northwest of Sinsheim in the Elsenz valley, between Mauer and Neckargemünd; the borough of Reilsheim belongs to Bammental. Neckargemünd Gauangelloch Wiesenbach Mauer Gaiberg Bammental has been settled since pre-history. Homo heidelbergensis found in neighboring Mauer, lived in the area around Bammental 500,000 to 600,000 years ago; the remains of a Roman road and Roman buildings bear witness to settlement by the Romans. At the end of the 8th century, there were multiple mentions of the Frankish settlement, Risolfesheim, in the Lorsch Codex; this settlement is the borough Reilsheim. Bammental started as an extension of Reilsheim at the turn of the millennium. From 1330 to 1803, Bammental belonged to the Electorate of the Palatinate of the Rhein. Bammental belonged to the Meckesheim tithe. After 1803, the settlement went to Baden; the coat of arms is based on an earlier court seal.
The seal has been documented to have been in use since 1747. It was recognized in 1894 by the General State Archive; the lion and the field of lozenges represent the Electorate of the Palatinate of the Rhine. The tree represents the etymological origin of Baum im Tal; the flag is green and white and was awarded by the Ministry of the Interior in 1965. Vertus, France since 18 June 1966 There is a museum of local history in the old train station. Bammental is on federal highway B 45 between Sinsheim; the train line, which comes from Heidelberg over Neckargemünd and afterwards goes on to Sinsheim, has two stops in Bammental. The connection is part of the S-train system of the Rhine-Neckar region. At the old train station In Reilsheim Wilhelm Kling, politician Hans-Dieter Flick, former football coach, assistant of Jogi Löw, lives in Bammental Official Home Page
Sinsheim is a town in south-western Germany, in the Rhine Neckar Area of the state Baden-Württemberg about 22 kilometres south-east of Heidelberg and about 28 kilometres north-west of Heilbronn in the district Rhein-Neckar. It consists of a town centre and 12 suburbs with a total population of 35,373, its area encompasses 127 square kilometers. The Elsenz, an unnavigable left-bank tributary of the Neckar, flows through the town, reaching the Neckar at Neckargemünd; the list below shows the 12 suburban villages Population data was as of 31 December 2004 and the one of Sinsheim was of 12,229. The region around Sinsheim has been settled since 700,000 BC, as shown by the finding of the fossil Homo heidelbergensis in the village of Mauer, about 12 km north of Sinsheim; the Romans ruled the area from 90 AD to 260 AD. The city was founded in about 550 AD by the Frankish nobleman Sunno, it was first mentioned in 770 AD in the Codex of the cloister Lorsch. Since 1192, the town had a privilege first granted by Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor.
Sinsheim was affected by wars and poverty from the 1500s to the 1700s. Sinsheim-born revolutionary Franz Sigel became a famous Union general in the American Civil War; the Elsenz Valley Railway and Sinsheim station were opened in 1868 and the nearby Steinsfurt–Eppingen line was opened in 1900. The World Wars and the Great Depression kept Sinsheim from growing until the A6 Autobahn was built in 1968, it connected Sinsheim to national and international roads, with Mannheim, Frankfurt am Main, Heidelberg, Ludwigshafen all now within 1 hour by car. While traditionally being an agricultural town, the highway made it into a small industrial centre, but it has been hit by recession and international outsourcing in recent years; the numbers are census results or official data of the statistical offices. ¹ census results Sinsheim's main tourist attraction is the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum situated in the suburb Steinsfurt, displaying a collection of historic vehicles to over 1 million visitors per year.
In 1989, a trade fair area was established that features all kinds of popular events. Additionally, Sinsheim has a medieval city core. An old fortress, Burg Steinsberg in the village of Weiler, overlooks Sinsheim. With its octagonal tower, dating back to the 13th century, the fortress has sometimes been called the "compass" of the Kraichgau region, nowadays contains a restaurant. On September 19, 2006 the mayor of Sinsheim announced a stadium would be built not far from the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum, for the town's most successful football club TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. Construction of the €100 million stadium, which seats 30,164, was funded by Dietmar Hopp, a co-founder and major share holder of software giant SAP and a former player in the youth system of TSG 1899 Hoffenheim; the club christened their new stadium "Rhein Neckar-Arena" on 31 January 2009 with a 2–0 win over Energie Cottbus. Franz Sigel, U. S. Army General in the American Civil War Volker Kauder, politician Jannis Hoppe, control theorist Media related to Sinsheim at Wikimedia Commons
Eschelbronn is a village with 2,597 inhabitants in the Rhein-Neckar district of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is adjacent to Sinsheim. Eschelbronn was mentioned in the year 788/789 in a deed of donation from the monastery of Lorsch. In the end of the 13th century it became property of the diocese of Speyer. In 1267 a castle of wood was built and in 1375 was transformed to a moated castle of stone. In 1526 the population were converted to Lutheranism. In 1803 Eschelbronn became a part of Baden. 1807 the village joined the district of Waibstadt and was assigned 1813 to the district of Sinsheim, which in the year 1973 became the Rhine Neckar Area. In former times the main income source from the inhabitants was agriculture, however in the 18th century the weaving mill of lines became more and more important. Since the end of the 19th century Eschelbronn is well known for its furniture manufacturing industry. Official webseite museum of cabinetmaking
Eberbach is a town in Germany, in northern Baden-Württemberg, located 33 km east of Heidelberg. It belongs to the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, its sister cities are United States and Thonon-les-Bains, France. Eberbach lies at the foot of the Katzenbuckel, at 626 m the highest elevation in the Odenwald, in the Naturpark Neckartal-Odenwald, on the romantic Burgenstraße along the river Neckar. Eberbach includes the boroughs of Neckarwimmersbach, Friedrichsdorf, Rockenau, Badisch Igelsbach, Gaimühle, Badisch Schöllenbach and Pleutersbach; the border with Hesse runs through the borough of Igelsbach. Therefore, only the northeast half, called Badisch Igelsbach, of the borough belongs to Eberbach; the southwest half, called Hessisch Igelsbach, belongs to the Hessian municipality of Hirschhorn. The same is true for the borough Schöllenbach; the larger part of Schöllenbach belongs to the municipality of Hesseneck. Eberbach is a former Imperial Free City, founded soon after 1227 – when the castle was first mentioned – by German King Henry VII of the House of Hohenstaufen.
After his pledge to the Counts Palatine in 1330, the old Free City belonged to the Electorate of the Palatinate. In 1803 it passed to the Principality of Leiningen, since 1806 it has belonged to Baden; until 1924 it was the seat of the authority office. In 1977 the town celebrated its 750-year jubilee; the historic old town, a pedestrian precinct, with its four well maintained towers, many well kept timber-frame houses and some town wall remnants, is a magnet for tourists. The Eberbach castle ruins, which stand above the town on one of the mountains in the Odenwald range that surrounds the town, are worthy of sightseeing as part of the string of castles along the river Neckar. Eberbach lies on the Burgenstraße, which leads from Mannheim all the way to Prague; the Ohrsberg is a peak in Eberbach. It is 229 m high. Several museums can be found in Eberbach: Heimatmuseum der Stadt Eberbach — Museum of Local History for the Town of Eberbach Küfereimuseum — cooperage museum Zinnfiguren-Kabinett — tin figures Eberbach town council has 22 members, who are elected every five years.
The 2014 election was as follows: The mayor is directly elected for eight years. Description: Eberbach's coat of arms is heraldically described thus: Argent on lowered fess wavy azure a boar striding sable; this makes the coat of arms a rebus of the town's name – a "canting" coat of arms – since it shows a boar and a wavy blue line representing a brook. Eberbach's flag is white; as an Imperial City, Eberbach would have had leave to have its arms bear the Imperial eagle. The Imperial eagle was once to be found in the town wall at the upper gate. A photograph taken of it in 1909, along with the armorial stone itself, are today kept in the Town Museum, where they may be seen; the current coat of arms has been established to be from a seal impression dating back to 1387. The boar's appearance, however, in today's arms, adopted in 1976, is unlike the original; the following events are held yearly: Apfeltag – mid-October Bärlauchtage - mid-March to mid-April celebrate Ramsons Frühlingsfest - mid-May Kuckucksmarkt: Eberbach's Cuckoo Market is a folk festival on the last weekend of August.
The name traces itself back to an old traditional story. According to the tale, an Eberbacher in an inn in Neckarwimmersbach was served a cuckoo, rather than the pigeon that he had ordered; this he proceeded to consume. The Cuckoo Market is held in Neckarwimmersbach at the "In der Au" sports grounds and in several streets, it was once held on the Neckar's north bank between Pulverturm and Grüner Baum, nowadays where the aforesaid Spring Festival is held. The S 1/2 lines of the Rhine-Neckar S-Bahn run half-hourly along the Neckar Valley Railway towards Mosbach and Heidelberg/Mannheim. Moreover, regional express trains shuttle along this same right of way two-hourly bound for Mannheim and Heilbronn. Regional trains run every two hours along the Odenwaldbahn to Darmstadt and Frankfurt. Eberbach, unlike most towns of comparable size, maintains its own transport system, the Stadtwerke Eberbach; the fleet comprises all together 6 buses which weekdays serve the main routes from 5:10 to 19:30 half-hourly, lesser routes irregularly.
Saturdays the buses run from 6:30 to 14:50. At the Spring Festival and the Cuckoo Market, special services are laid on. In the latter case, the service runs quite late into the evening to accommodate "marketgoers"; the town transport serves the following routes: 801, 807: Railway station – Ledigsberg 802, 802a, 809: Railway station – Eberbach/Nord 803: Railway station – Rockenau 804: Railway station – Igelsbach 805: Railway station – Holdergrund 806: Hirschhorn – Brombach. Furthermore, the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Neckar and Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund transport systems serve various regional bus routes. Eberbach lies on the well-used Bundesstraßen B37 and B45. Eberbach is headquarters to the world's biggest gelatin producer, the GELITA Group, the textile machine factory Dilo, the rowboat building yard Empacher and the ticket vending and fare collecting machine manufacturer, Krauth Technology, whose products are sold worldwide; the headquarters of the Neckardraht Group is li
Heddesbach is a town in the district of Rhein-Neckar in Baden-Württemberg in Germany