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Edlin

Edlin is a line editor, the only text editor provided with early versions of IBM PC DOS and MS-DOS. Although superseded in MS-DOS 5.0 and by the full-screen MS-DOS Editor, by Notepad in Microsoft Windows, it continues to be included in the 32-bit versions of current Microsoft operating systems. Edlin was created by Tim Paterson in two weeks in 1980, for Seattle Computer Products's 86-DOS based on the CP/M line editor ED — a distant relative of the UNIX ed text editor. Microsoft acquired 86-DOS and sold it as MS-DOS, so Edlin was included in v1.0–v5.0 of MS-DOS. From MS-DOS 6 onwards, the only editor included. Windows 95, 98 and ME ran on top of an embedded version of DOS, which reports itself as MS-DOS 7; as a successor to MS-DOS 6, this did not include Edlin. However, Edlin is included in the 32-bit versions of Windows NT and its derivatives—up to and including Windows 10—because the NTVDM's DOS support in those operating systems is based on MS-DOS version 5.0. However, unlike most other external DOS commands, it has not been transformed into a native Win32 program.

It does not support long filenames, which were not added to MS-DOS and MS-Windows until long after Edlin was written. The FreeDOS version was developed by Gregory Pietsch. There are only a few commands; the short list can be found by entering a? at the edlin prompt. When a file is open, typing L lists the contents; each line is displayed with a line number in front of it. *1,6L 1: Edlin: The only text editor in early versions of DOS. 2: 3: Back in the day, I remember seeing web pages 4: branded with a logo at the bottom: 5: "This page created in edlin." 6: The things that some people put themselves through.. To replace the contents of any line, the line number is entered and any text entered replaces the original. While editing a line pressing Ctrl-C cancels any changes; the * marker remains on that line. Entering I inserts one or more lines before the * line or the line given; when finished entering lines, Ctrl-C returns to the edlin command prompt. *6I 6:* 7:*^C *7D *L 1: Edlin: The only text editor in early versions of DOS. 2: 3: Back in the day, I remember seeing web pages 4: branded with a logo at the bottom: 5: "This page created in edlin."

6: * D - deletes the specified line, again optionally starting with the number of a line, or a range of lines. E.g.: 2,4d deletes lines 2 through 4. In the above example, line 7 was deleted. R - is used to replace all occurrences of a piece of text in a given range of lines, for example, to replace a spelling error. Including the? Prompts for each change. E.g.: To replace'prit' with'print' and to prompt for each change:?rprit^Zprint. It is case-sensitive. S - searches for given text, it is without the replacement text. A search for'apple' in the first 20 lines of a file is typed 1,20?sapple followed by a press of enter. For each match, it asks if it is the correct one, accepts n or y. P - displays a listing of a range of lines. If no range is specified, P displays the complete file from the * to the end; this is different from L. T - transfers another file into the one being edited, with this syntax: t. W - saves the file. E - quits edlin. Q - quits edlin without saving. Edlin may be used as a non-interactive file editor in scripts by redirecting a series of edlin commands.

A GPL-licensed clone of Edlin that includes long filename support is available for download as part of the FreeDOS project. This runs on operating systems such as Linux or Unix as well as MS-DOS. List of DOS commands ex, similar Unix line editors. 86-DOS Edlin | Microsoft Docs MS-DOS edlin command help Open source EDLIN implementation that comes with MS-DOS v2.0

Cragsmoor Historic District

The Cragsmoor Historic District in a historic district that includes most of the Cragsmoor hamlet atop the Shawangunk Ridge in the Town of Wawarsing, part of Ulster County, New York, United States. It is bounded by Henry and Sam's Point roads, a Y-shaped area of 3,620 acres. Within it are 168 buildings, 15 structures and 11 objects, all located amidst a quiet wooded ridgetop community, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. Many of the buildings in the district date to Cragsmoor's founding as an art colony in the late 19th century, when Edward Lamson Henry and some of his fellow painters visited what was a small mountain hamlet for local loggers and grew enamored of the scenery. Many homes were designed by Bert Goldsmith. George Inness, Jr. and Charles Courtney Curran were among the artists who lived and worked here

Winooski Falls Mill District

The Winooski Falls Mill District is located along the Winooski River in the cities of Winooski and Burlington, Vermont, in the United States of America. It encompasses a major industrial area that developed around two sets of falls on the river in the 19th century; the Winooski River flows from the southeast into Lake Champlain. The city of Burlington in Chittenden County, Vermont is on the south bank and Winooski and Colchester on the north, it is 45 miles from the Canada–US border. There are two sets of falls on the river; the historic district refers to the mills built on both banks at the lower falls. The designated district stretches on the northern bank of the river to Center and Canal Streets, including 110 West Canal Street, on the southern bank including Burlington addresses 485 to 497 Colchester Avenue, 5 to 21 Mill Street and 10 to 32 Barrett Street; the Burlington addresses represent a 1993 enlargement of the district. In 1789, Ira Allen, one of the towns founders built a dam across the upper falls, used it to power two saw mills to provide cut timber for the British market in Québec.

It was in 1835 that the water rights to the Colchester bank were secured and in 1835 the Burlington Woolen Mill was constructed beneath the lower falls. They followed the employment patterns used in Lowell and employed single girls to work in the mills. A series of tenement houses were built to house the operatives, on common land on the hill leading to Winooski Falls Village; the second mill, the Winooski Mill, a cotton mill, was built in 1846 by the Winooski Mill Company on the Burlington side of the river. This operated as such until 1888. Wool remained the less profitable fiber until the cotton famine of the 1860; this and improvements in wool cleaning techniques caused rapid expansion and the construction of new mills. Water power systems improved, new steam powered system expanded capacity; this require more operatives and a large number of French Canadians and Irish workers were employed. The Colchester Merino Mill and the Winooski Worsted Mill were built in the 1880s. In 1902, the American Woolen Company purchased all the mills from the Burlington Woolen Company and refurbished them with modern equipment.

The Champlain Mill was built in 1912. By 1922, the American Woolen Company was the state's largest employer and Winooski Falls split from Colchester, incorporating itself as the City of Winooski. In 1927, there was a major flood where the dams were destroyed and all mills suffered heavy damage, from which some never recovered; the mills closed in 1954. Lewis Hine was photographer. Hine used his camera as a tool for social reform, his photographs were instrumental in changing the child labor laws in the United States. In 1908, he became the photographer for the National Child Labor Committee, leaving his former teaching position. Over the next decade, Hine documented child labor in American industry to aid the NCLC's lobbying efforts to end the practice. In 1909 he visited Burlington, took photographs in Chace Mill; these demonstrate the employment practices where children with French Canadian names are seen to be working in responsible posts, they provide images of the machines in use at the time.

Mule spinning was rare in the United States. This five story mill was built of local stone over a canal that drove its centrally placed waterwheel, it was built in 1837 and destroyed by fire in 1961. A timber dam was constructed across the lower falls to provide a head for this wheel; the timber dam was destroyed in the floods of 1927. As of 1921 the Burlington Mills employed 1,500 workers who produced items such as Kerseys, Meltons and worsted dress goods 44°29′18″N 73°11′06″W A three-story, 34-bay brick-built mill built on the site of a previous mill. Water for the waterwheel entered through two head gates connected to the upper dam. One gate opened to the working wheel, while the other lead to the wheel pit of a former wheel, a wallower passes the rotary motion to each floor, which contain line shafts; the Lewis Hine photograph shows. The mill was built by the Burlington Mill Company in 1892, changed its name when it was purchased by the Chace Mills of Fall River in 1912 A five-story mill, of 28 bays by 8 bays.

(280 feet by100 feet. The Colchester Merino Mill built in 1880 and extended in 1902 stands in a group of buildings built on a large rock outcrop; the buildings are dated from 1860 to 1902. The 1902 extension connected it to the Winooski Worsted Mill, its name tells us. It was a 3-story brick built mill with heavy beam construction; the twenty pane windows are topped by segmental brick arches. It was powered by an internal waterwheel which exploited a sliceway from an earlier mill, used the head provided by the timber dam at the lower falls. In the same complex as the Colchester Merino Mill, the Winooski Worsted Mill is a similar design. Worsted is a different thread from woolen using combing rather than carding techniques; the building was similar in design to the Merino Mill. This is brick built structure built for one process in the cleaning of wool, it is a two-story brick building, with basement, oriented parallel to West Canal Street. It comprises a twenty-by-five bay main block, with projecting center bays, attached engine room and dye house with the typical louvred slat roof lights.

Raw wool would be weighed and s

Menace to Sobriety (Ugly Kid Joe album)

Menace to Sobriety is the second album by Ugly Kid Joe. It was released in 1995; the album title is an allusion to the movie Menace II Society. It received favourable reviews & reached number 2 on the UK's rock album charts, in the first week of its release. "Milkman's Son" and "Tomorrow's World" were released as singles. Music videos were released for "Tomorrow's World", "Milkman's Son", "Cloudy Skies". "Intro" – 1:49 "God" – 2:54 "Tomorrow's World" – 4:18 "Clover" – 3:34 "C. U. S. T." – 2:59 "Milkman's Son" – 3:51 "Suckerpath" – 4:53 "Cloudy Skies" – 4:28 "Jesus Rode a Harley" – 3:15 "10/10" – 3:37 "V. I. P." – 3:46 "Oompa" – 2:04 "Candle Song" – 2:56 "Slower Than Nowhere" - 5:25 Whitfield Crane – lead vocals Klaus Eichstadt – guitar, backing vocals Dave Fortman – guitar, backing vocals Cordell Crockettbass guitar, backing vocals Shannon Larkindrums, percussion Album - Billboard

Sokol Point

Sokol Point is the narrow hilly point projecting 1.9 km into Darbel Bay on Loubet Coast in Graham Land, Antarctica. It is formed by an offshoot of Sherba Ridge, separates the glacier termini of Drummond Glacier to the east and Widdowson Glacier to the south; the point is named after the settlements of Sokol in Southeastern Bulgaria. Sokol Point is located at 66°41′03″S 65°43′56″W, 8.1 km northeast of Rubner Peak, 29.35 km east-southeast of Madell Point, 43.4 km south of Cape Bellue, 9.65 km south of Gostilya Point and 9.4 km west-southwest of Voit Peak. British mapping in 1976. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. British Antarctic Territory. Scale 1:200000 topographic map. DOS 610 Series, Sheet W 66 64. Directorate of Overseas Surveys, Tolworth, UK, 1976. Bulgarian Antarctic Gazetteer. Antarctic Place-names Commission. Sokol Point. SCAR Composite Antarctic Gazetteer. Sokol Point. Copernix satellite imageThis article includes information from the Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, used with permission

Charles Guy Briggle

Charles Guy Briggle was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois. Born in Rushville, Briggle received a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Illinois College of Law in 1904, he was in private practice in Morris, Illinois from 1905 to 1907, in Springfield, Illinois from 1907 to 1927 serving as a Master in Chancery for the Illinois Circuit Court in Sangamon County from 1917 to 1927. He served as a Judge of the Illinois Circuit Court in Sangamon County until 1932. On January 8, 1932, Briggle was nominated by President Herbert Hoover to a new seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois created by 46 Stat. 1196. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 20, 1932, received his commission on January 25, 1932, he served as Chief Judge from 1948 to 1958, assuming senior status on August 1, 1958. He served in that capacity until his death on June 6, 1972. Charles Guy Briggle at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center