Edmonton City Council
The Edmonton City Council is the governing body of the City of Edmonton, Canada. Members represent wards throughout the city, and are known as councillors, until 2010, Edmonton was divided in six wards with two councillors representing citizens in each ward. On July 22,2009, City Council voted to change the system of six wards to a system of 12 wards, each represented by a single councillor. City Councils current membership was elected in 2013 and will serve until the 2017 election, amarjeet Sohi was ward 12 councillor until November 2015, when he was elected Member of Parliament for Edmonton Mill Woods in the 2015 Canadian federal election. Mohinder Banga succeeded him for ward 12, in 1980, Edmonton adopted a ward system in which two councillors would be elected from each of six wards. In 1971, Edmonton adopted a system in which three aldermen would be elected from each of four wards. In 1968 Albertas legislation changed to require elections every three years in all of the provinces municipalities, in 1964 Edmonton unstaggered its terms for city officials, meaning that elections were held only every two years.
Additionally, all became elected at-large and two new aldermanic positions were added, bringing the total to twelve. In preparation for this, in 1963 the mayor and all positions up for re-election were elected to one-year terms. In 1947, the mayor began to be elected for a two-year term, the aldermanic positions remained split by the North Saskatchewan River, and in 1961 the number of aldermen on the south side increased from three to four. The council continued to be elected on staggered two-year terms, in 1933, a number of aldermanic positions were reserved for the south side of the North Saskatchewan River. It was one until 1935, two until 1936, and three thereafter, aldermen continued to be elected on staggered two-year terms, but the mayor was elected for a one-year term. In 1924, city council returned to a system whereby all aldermen were elected at-large and they continued to be elected on staggered two-year terms, and there continued to be ten of them. The mayor continued to be elected annually, and aldermen continued to be elected to staggered two-year terms, Edmonton was incorporated as a city in 1904.
The size of council was set at eight alderman plus the mayor, with the mayor being elected annually and the aldermen being elected on staggered two-year terms. The Edmonton Town Council was the body of Edmonton, Northwest Territories, from 1892 until 1904, when Edmonton was incorporated as a city. Throughout its history it included a mayor and six aldermen, the mayor was elected annually throughout the towns history, but beginning in 1898 they were elected to staggered two-year terms, with half of them elected each year. The mayor and aldermen were elected annually from 1892 to 1898, City of Edmonton official site Listing of city ward election maps, and bylaw 15142
Charles Lionel Gibbs, who went by his middle name Lionel, was a politician in Alberta, Canada. He served as a councillor in Edmonton from 1924 until his death and, concurrently. Gibbs was born November 11,1877, in Newport, Monmouthshire and was educated at Surrey and Oxford and he emigrated to Canada in 1907, and established an architecture firm in Edmonton and Gibbs, that same year. He taught at the Edmonton Technical High School, and chaired the citys Parks Commission in 1912, Gibbs first sought elected office in the 1910 election, when he ran for alderman on the Edmonton City Council. He finished ninth of eleven candidates, and was not elected, after this, he did not seek election again until 1914, when he was elected as a school trustee. He served his term in this position, but did not seek re-election at its conclusion. In the 1924 election, Gibbs was elected as an alderman running on the Labour slate and he finished first of twelve candidates in his 1926 re-election attempt, and was similarly re-elected in the 1928,1930, and 1932 re-election attempts.
While on city council, he participated in Labours first de facto majority on Council and he was still in office at the time of his death. Gibbs sought provincial office as a member of the Labour Party in the riding of Edmonton during the 1926 provincial election, at the time, the riding had five seats, elected using a single transferable vote electoral system. On the first count, he finished ninth of eighteen candidates, however and he was re-elected in the 1930 election, when he finished third of seventeen candidates on the first count as was the third of six candidates elected. He was still an MLA at the time of his death in 1934, charles Gibbs died September 5,1934, in Sault Ste. Marie, while on a tour of eastern Canada
James East was a politician and labour activist in Alberta, Canada. He was for a time and the longest-serving alderman in Edmontons history and he was an ardent monetary reformer. East was born in Bolton, Ontario on October 7,1871, at the age of thirteen, he began to work in sawmills and farms. He took up prospecting and travelled the English-speaking world at it, going from South Dakota to New Mexico and Colorado and he returned to Canada in 1906, moving to Edmonton in 1907. He continued prospecting, moving to the Yukon for a time in 1911 before returning to Edmonton, James East first sought political office in the February 1912 municipal election, when he ran for alderman on the Edmonton City Council, finishing fifth of eighteen candidates. Accordingly, Thomas J. Walsh - the second-place southside candidate, who had come in eighth - was elected to a two-year term and he was easily re-elected to a two-year term in the next election held in December. However, during this term, Justice William Ives convicted East of voting on a matter in which he had a pecuniary interest.
East attempted to return to office in the 1914 election, in 1916, East enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, where he spent the rest of the First World War on the hospital ships Araguaya and Letitia before leaving the military in 1919. Upon his return to life, East returned immediately to politics. In the years intervening since his last election, party politics had arrived at the level in Edmonton. Esst served on city council for the ten years. The 1921 election when East ran for re-election was less kind to Labour than the 1919 election had been, finishing second, was the only one of its candidates elected to city council. He was re-elected in the three elections as well. He finished first in 1923, second in 1925, and third in 1927, in the 1929 municipal election, rather than running for re-election as alderman, East challenged his former federal rival James Douglas for the mayoralty. He was defeated handily, finishing second in a four-person race and he tried to return to aldermanic office in 1930 but finished sixth out of twelve candidates, missing the five available seats.
Labours rival, the Civic Government Association party, swept all seats, East sat out the 1931 election, but made a successful run for alderman in 1932, when he finished fourth. He received only three more than James Ponton, the CGAs lowest-ranking candidate. In 1935, municipal politics in Edmonton began to re-align, Labour continued to run candidates, but for the first time they were up against Social Credit candidates, many of whom had links to the political left and to Labour
Arthur Thompson Cushing was a politician in Alberta, Canada and a municipal councillor in Edmonton. His brother, William Henry Cushing, was a mayor of Calgary, while another brother, Alfred Cushing, Cushing was born in Kenilworth, Ontario February 10,1869. He was educated at Essec High School, and earned a B. A. from the University of Toronto in 1898 and he moved to Edmonton in 1900 to manage his brothers lumber business. In 1902 he became manager of the Edmonton branch of Cushing Bros. Ltd. which he would manage until retiring in 1927, the same year, he married Annie Nelson, with whom he would have five children. At the expiration of his term, at the 1904 election he chose to run for the school board rather than seeking re-election as alderman. He was elected, and served for one year before running for mayor in the 1905 election and he was defeated by Charles May, and took a hiatus from politics. He returned for the 1909 election, when he was elected to the public school board. He did not run for re-election at the conclusion of his two year term, devoting himself to the construction of a new factory in 1911.
He was again elected to the board in the 1917 election, finishing third of seven candidates, in the 1927 election, newly retired from his business, Arthur Cushing returned for a third and final stint as a school trustee. He was re-elected in the 1929 and 1931 elections and he did not seek re-election when his last term ended in 1933. Cushing served as the president of the Edmonton Board of Trade and he died in Vancouver on March 26,1944. Edmonton Public Library Biography of Arthur Cushing City of Edmonton biography of Arthur Cushing
John Wesley Fry
John Wesley Fry was a politician in Alberta, Canada and a mayor of Edmonton. John Fry was born in Woodstock, Ontario on December 5,1876 and he grew up in Woodstock and Owen Sound and moved to Regina, Saskatchewan in 1897 to attend Normal School. He received his certificate and taught for three years in Gainsborough, Saskatchewan. He married and moved to a homestead near Lloydminster, in 1911, he moved to Edmonton and entered the contracting and real estate business. John Wesley Fry sought office eleven times in his political career and his first attempt took place in the 1932 election, when he ran for the position of alderman on Edmonton City Council. He was elected, finishing second of fifteen candidates and he was re-elected in the 1934 and 1936 elections, finishing second each time. Fry resigned midway through his two year term to run for mayor in the 1937 election, challenging incumbent Joseph Clarke. He defeated Clarke by three votes, and would go on to be re-elected in 1938,1939,1940,1941,1942,1943.
He did not seek re-election in the 1945 election, and did not seek office again thereafter. He died December 23,1946, survived by his wife, four daughters, one of his daughters, Gladys Fry Douglas, was captain of the Edmonton Grads basketball team. His eight years as mayor were the longest in Edmontons history at that point, william Hawrelak surpassed the record in 1963. Frys record of eight years as mayor stood until 2003. John Fry Park, a park in Edmonton, is named in Frys honour
Sidney Parsons was a Canadian politician, mayor of Edmonton and candidate for election to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Parsons was born in Revelstoke, near to Plymouth, Devon and he was educated in Plymouth, but he and his parents immigrated to New Jersey in the early 1900s. He attended technical schools there, and began work as a bricklayer with the Standard Oil Company in Bayonne, in 1910, he moved to Edmonton, where he enlisted in the armed forces to fight in World War I. He served with the 49th Battalion, under the command of future mayor William Antrobus Griesbach. Upon his return to Canada, Parsons married Gertrude Florence Smitt on January 8,1918, in his post-war life, Parsons was active in the labour movement and served as an executive officer of the Edmonton Trades & Labour Council. Parsons first sought elected office in the 1931 Edmonton election, when he ran for Edmonton City Council as an aldermanic candidate and he finished seventh of fifteen candidates, and was not elected.
He fared similarly in the 1932 and 1934 elections, in the 1935 provincial election, Parsons ran as a Labour candidate in the riding of Edmonton, he finished last of twenty-seven candidates, winning only fifty-two votes. After this defeat, he returned to politics, and was finally elected alderman in the 1938 election. He was re-elected in 1940,1942,1944,1946 and he resigned half way through his two-year aldermanic term to run for mayor in the 1949 election. He narrowly won the five candidate field, and was elected to a two-year term and he sought re-election in the 1951 election, but was soundly defeated by William Hawrelak. He did not return to public life thereafter, in life, Parsons was involved in veterans organizations. He was president of the Ex-Servicemens Association and was an member of the Montgomery branch of the Royal Canadian Legion. He served as a representative on the Edmonton Hospital Board. Sidney Parsons died April 22,1955, Parsons Road and Parsons Industrial, both in Edmonton, are named in his honour
Rice Sheppard was a politician and farmers activist in Alberta, Canada. He served on Edmonton City Council for many years, ran for mayoral and federal office, Sheppard was born April 2,1861 in Lambourn, Berkshire and was educated at the Wesleyan School. His father was James Sheppard, who was married to Louisa Sheppard and Louisa moved to Essex, England. Rice took his first job when he was ten years old, at the age of twenty-one, he opened a bakery in Clapham, this business expanded to four shops by the time that he sold it in 1897. In 1883, he married Elizabeth Mary Major and he emigrated to Canada in 1897, and took up farming near South Edmonton. They ultimately had 14 children, some in Britain and more in Alberta, Sheppards first bid for elected office took place in the 1909 provincial election, when he sought election to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta as a Conservative candidate in Strathcona. He was soundly defeated in the two person race by the incumbent, Liberal Premier Alexander Rutherford, around the same time, Sheppard was active with the Temperance and Moral Reform League of Alberta, which advocated for prohibition in Alberta.
Their efforts would be successful in 1916, in 1905, Sheppard helped found the Alberta Farmers Association which held meetings in the Ross Block, still standing in Old Strathcona, Edmonton. Sheppard was a member of a responsible for setting up Albertas first municipal hospitals. Although he ran for nomination as candidate for the UFA he was not successful and he sought provincial office in a 1937 by-election in Edmonton. As the UFA had effectively disbanded its political arm after its defeat in the 1935 election. Sheppard, who by had transferred his allegiance to the new Social Credit government and he finished last of five candidates with under one percent of the vote, as Edward Leslie Gray held the riding for the Liberals. Rice Sheppard served a total of twelve years on Edmonton City Council. The first of these was the 1913 election, when he was elected to a term as an alderman. He ran for re-election at the conclusion of this term, in the 1915 election and he stayed out of municipal politics for four years.
With the advent of political parties at the level in Edmonton, he aligned himself with the Labour faction. In the 1919 election, Sheppard made a return to office, finishing third of twelve candidates, as Labour retained the mayoralty. Rather than seek re-election as an alderman in the 1924 election and he was defeated in the two person race, taking just under forty percent of the vote
For the school of the same name, see Harry Ainlay Composite High School. Harry Ainlay was born in Brussels, Ontario to Watson and Emily Ainlay and he came to Alberta in 1907 to help his carpenter father and settled near Stavely for several years before moving to Edmonton in 1912. In 1911, he married Edith Hamilton, the two would remain married until her death in 1959, Ainlay spent several years in the real estate business, returned to school at the University of Alberta. Upon his graduation in 1920, he returned to teaching, serving as vice-principal of the Queen Alexandra School and principal of the Garneau and Strathcona high schools. Ainlay first sought office in the 1930 Edmonton election, when he ran for alderman on Edmonton City Council and was defeated. He was more successful in the 1931 election, when he finished second of fifteen candidates and was elected to a two-year term and he was re-elected in the 1933 election, but was defeated in the 1935 election. Once out of office, Ainlay made his first bid for mayor in the 1936 election and he made two subsequent unsuccessful attempts to return to aldermanic office before taking three years off from municipal politics.
Ainlay returned to office in the 1941 election, finishing first of fourteen candidates in the aldermanic race and he was re-elected in 1943, but resigned half way through his two-year term to run for mayor in the 1945 election, when he defeated Winslow Hamilton. He was re-elected in the 1946 and 1947 elections, defeating Thomas Cairns and Frederick Speed and his 1947 win was notable because it marked the first election in which the mayor was elected to a two-year term. Interestingly, government offices in Edmonton abided by the citys DST, the next session of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta passed legislation outlawing the use of daylight saving time in Alberta, and Edmonton returned to standard time. Harry Ainlay did not seek re-election in the 1949 election, due to issues arising from a serious fall he had sustained working on his retirement home in BC. Ainlay ran in provincial and federal elections a total of four times, the first was in a 1936 by-election in the riding of Edmonton, when he finished last in a three candidate field that was won by Liberal Walter Morrish.
His second bid for office took place in the 1940 Alberta election. He finished eighth of nineteen candidates on the first count, and was not one of the five candidates elected, ainlays lone bid for federal office took place in the 1945 federal election, when he ran in the riding of Edmonton East. He finished second of five candidates, defeating incumbent Liberal MP Cora Taylor Casselman and this pattern - defeating the incumbent but still losing - held in his last bid for provincial office. After leaving politics in Edmonton, Ainlay had moved to British Columbia and he finished second of four candidates, defeating incumbent Progressive Conservative Roderick Charles MacDonald, but being defeated by Lyle Wicks of the British Columbia Social Credit League. Already more than 60 years old, this was his last bid for public office, after leaving politics, Ainlay was the head of the Yellowhead Route Association in the 1940s and 1950s. He died in Haney, British Columbia on March 12,1970 and he was survived by his second wife, Jean