Ohio University is a public research university in Athens, Ohio. The first university chartered by an Act of Congress and the first to be chartered in Ohio, it was chartered in 1787 by the Congress of the Confederation and subsequently approved for the territory in 1802 and state in 1804, opening for students in 1809. Ohio University is the oldest university in Ohio, the eighth oldest public university in the United States and the 30th oldest university among public's and privates; as of fall 2018, the university's total enrollment at Athens was 20,000, while the all- campus enrollment was just under 35,000. Ohio University maintains a selective admission rate with further admission requirements for its Journalism and other select schools; the Heritage College of Medicine maintains its separate select admissions criteria. Ohio University offers more than 250 areas of undergraduate study. On the graduate level, the university grants master's degrees in many of its major academic divisions, doctoral degrees in selected departments.
Ohio University is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The university is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity". Ohio's athletic teams are called the Bobcats and compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division I level as charter members of the Mid-American Conference. Ohio football has participated in 12 bowl games through the 2016 season, while the men's basketball team has made 13 appearances in the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship. George Washington stated "the settlement of southeastern Ohio was not accidental, but the result of the careful deliberation of wise and patriotic men." The Confederation Congress, which operated under the Articles of Confederation, did not work with an executor or cabinet. Executive roles transacted from committees of appointed persons; the Ordinance of 1787 made Ohio University the first to be chartered through acts of Congress, with the purpose of expanding education. Additionally, the 1787 ordinance stated: "Religion and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind and the means of education shall forever be encouraged."
This epithet is engraved on the university's main college gateway. The university was first envisioned by Manasseh Cutler, credited as the school's founder along with Revolutionary War Brigadier General Rufus Putnam. Cutler had served as a chaplain in Washington's Continental Army; the institution's first name was American University. President Thomas Jefferson's policy initiatives included a westward expansion of the new nation, with the addition of several territories to U. S. statehood. In 1797, settlers from Marietta traveled downstream on the Ohio River and up the Hocking River to establish a location for the school, founding Athens due to its location directly between the original capital of Chillicothe and Marietta. In 1802 approval was granted by the territorial government for the establishment of the American Western University, but the school was not operated under that name. Ohio University was recognized by the new state on February 18, 1804, as its charter was certified by the General Assembly of the new state.
This last approval happened eleven months. The first three students enrolled in 1809; the first two bachelor's degrees were granted in 1815. The 20th century saw dramatic growth in student enrollment, academic offerings, research facilities. Between 1955 and 1970, undergraduate enrollment tripled. During this era, the campus grew, with the construction of 25 new dormitories located on two new residential college greens, with radio and television stations and classroom facilities, the construction of a 13,000-seat sports arena, it is now America's 25th largest residential college campus. In 1964, U. S. President Johnson publicly referenced his Great Society initiative for the first time on the College Green, bringing Ohio U into homes across America and garnering news in all continents. In 1975, Ohio established its medical school, known as the Ohio University Heritage College of Medicine. Heritage is the only medical college in the state to award the D. O. degree. In 2011, the college received the largest private donation to be given to a medical college in the U.
S. 240,000 living alumni now consider Ohio their alma mater, with Governors, Senators and media celebrities amongst its ranks. Ohio is classified among the top public universities in U. S. News & World Report ranking of "Best American Colleges," and named by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching as a Doctoral/High Research Activity institution. Ohio's libraries contain more than 3 million bound volumes; the university is a residential campus in Athens, overlooking the Hocking River. Constructed under the Jefferson presidency, New England and Early Americana Federalist themes are prevalent in the university's earliest architecture. Development of the campus began in 1812 with the erection of the university's central building, Manasseh Cutler Hall, a registered national landmark, built only 20 years after the White House; the historic College Green is the central quadrangle lawn and location of significant campus buildings: Manasseh Cutler Hall, the Office of the President. These three original primary structures are featured elements of the official current university logo and maintain true to their original design of over 200 years ago.
The College Green has changed little in the past two centuries, which contributes to the university's colonial appearanc
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the study and application of electricity and electromagnetism. This field first became an identifiable occupation in the half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, electric power distribution and use. Subsequently and recording media made electronics part of daily life; the invention of the transistor, the integrated circuit, brought down the cost of electronics to the point they can be used in any household object. Electrical engineering has now divided into a wide range of fields including electronics, digital computers, computer engineering, power engineering, telecommunications, control systems, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing and microelectronics. Many of these disciplines overlap with other engineering branches, spanning a huge number of specializations such as hardware engineering, power electronics and waves, microwave engineering, electrochemistry, renewable energies, electrical materials science, much more.
See glossary of electrical and electronics engineering. Electrical engineers hold a degree in electrical engineering or electronic engineering. Practising engineers may be members of a professional body; such bodies include the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Institution of Engineering and Technology. Electrical engineers work in a wide range of industries and the skills required are variable; these range from basic circuit theory to the management skills required of a project manager. The tools and equipment that an individual engineer may need are variable, ranging from a simple voltmeter to a top end analyzer to sophisticated design and manufacturing software. Electricity has been a subject of scientific interest since at least the early 17th century. William Gilbert was a prominent early electrical scientist, was the first to draw a clear distinction between magnetism and static electricity, he is credited with establishing the term "electricity". He designed the versorium: a device that detects the presence of statically charged objects.
In 1762 Swedish professor Johan Carl Wilcke invented a device named electrophorus that produced a static electric charge. By 1800 Alessandro Volta had developed the voltaic pile, a forerunner of the electric battery In the 19th century, research into the subject started to intensify. Notable developments in this century include the work of Hans Christian Ørsted who discovered in 1820 that an electric current produces a magnetic field that will deflect a compass needle, of William Sturgeon who, in 1825 invented the electromagnet, of Joseph Henry and Edward Davy who invented the electrical relay in 1835, of Georg Ohm, who in 1827 quantified the relationship between the electric current and potential difference in a conductor, of Michael Faraday, of James Clerk Maxwell, who in 1873 published a unified theory of electricity and magnetism in his treatise Electricity and Magnetism. In 1782 Georges-Louis Le Sage developed and presented in Berlin the world's first form of electric telegraphy, using 24 different wires, one for each letter of the alphabet.
This telegraph connected two rooms. It was an electrostatic telegraph. In 1795, Francisco Salva Campillo proposed an electrostatic telegraph system. Between 1803-1804, he worked on electrical telegraphy and in 1804, he presented his report at the Royal Academy of Natural Sciences and Arts of Barcelona. Salva’s electrolyte telegraph system was innovative though it was influenced by and based upon two new discoveries made in Europe in 1800 – Alessandro Volta’s electric battery for generating an electric current and William Nicholson and Anthony Carlyle’s electrolysis of water. Electrical telegraphy may be considered the first example of electrical engineering. Electrical engineering became a profession in the 19th century. Practitioners had created a global electric telegraph network and the first professional electrical engineering institutions were founded in the UK and USA to support the new discipline. Francis Ronalds created an electric telegraph system in 1816 and documented his vision of how the world could be transformed by electricity.
Over 50 years he joined the new Society of Telegraph Engineers where he was regarded by other members as the first of their cohort. By the end of the 19th century, the world had been forever changed by the rapid communication made possible by the engineering development of land-lines, submarine cables, from about 1890, wireless telegraphy. Practical applications and advances in such fields created an increasing need for standardised units of measure, they led to the international standardization of the units volt, coulomb, ohm and henry. This was achieved at an international conference in Chicago in 1893; the publication of these standards formed the basis of future advances in standardisation in various industries, in many countries, the definitions were recognized in relevant legislation. During these years, the study of electricity was considered to be a subfield of physics since the early electrical technology was considered electromechanical in nature; the Technische Universität Darmstadt founded the world's first department of electrical engineering in 1882.
The first electrical engineering degree program was started at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the physics department
Digital protective relay
In utility and industrial electric power transmission and distribution systems, a digital protective relay is a computer-based system with software-based protection algorithms for the detection of electrical faults. Such relays are termed as microprocessor type protective relays, they are functional replacements for electro-mechanical protective relays and may include many protection functions in one unit, as well as providing metering and self-test functions. The digital protective relay is a protective relay that uses a microprocessor to analyze power system voltages, currents or other process quantities for the purpose of detection of faults in an electric power system or industrial process system. A digital protective relay may be called a "numeric protective relay", it is called numerical relay. Low voltage and low current signals are brought into a low pass filter that removes frequency content above about 1/3 of the sampling frequency; the AC signal is sampled by the relay's analog-to-digital converter from 4 to 64 samples per power system cycle.
As a minimum, magnitude of the incoming quantity using Fourier transform concepts would be used in a simple relay function. More advanced analysis can be used to determine phase angles, reactive power, waveform distortion, other complex quantities. Only the fundamental component is needed for most protection algorithms, unless a high speed algorithm is used that uses subcycle data to monitor for fast changing issues; the sampled data is passed through a low pass filter that numerically removes the frequency content, above the fundamental frequency of interest, uses Fourier transform algorithms to extract the fundamental frequency magnitude and angle. The relay analyzes the resultant A/D converter outputs to determine if action is required under its protection algorithm. Protection algorithms are a set of logic equations in part designed by the protection engineer, in part designed by the relay manufacturer; the relay is capable of applying advanced logic. It is capable of analyzing whether the relay should trip or restrain from tripping based on parameters set by the user, compared against many functions of its analogue inputs, relay contact inputs and order of event sequences.
If a fault condition is detected, output contacts operate to trip the associated circuit breaker. The logic is user-configurable and can vary from changing front panel switches or moving of circuit board jumpers to accessing the relay's internal parameter setting webpage via communications link on another computer hundreds of kilometers away; the relay may have an extensive collection of settings, beyond what can be entered via front panel knobs and dials, these settings are transferred to the relay via an interface with a PC, this same PC interface may be used to collect event reports from the relay. In some relays, a short history of the entire sampled data is kept for oscillographic records; the event recording would include some means for the user to see the timing of key logic decisions, relay I/O changes, see, in an oscillographic fashion, at least the fundamental component of the incoming analogue parameters. Digital/numerical relays provide a front panel display, or display on a terminal through a communication interface.
This is used to real-time current/voltage values, etc.. More complex digital relays will have metering and communication protocol ports, allowing the relay to become an element in a SCADA system. Communication ports may include Ethernet. Communication languages may include Modbus, IEC61850 protocols. By contrast, an electromechanical protective relay converts the voltages and currents to magnetic and electric forces and torques that press against spring tensions in the relay; the tension of the spring and taps on the electromagnetic coils in the relay are the main processes by which a user sets such a relay. In a solid-state relay, the incoming voltage and current wave-forms are monitored by analog circuits, not recorded or digitized; the analog values are compared to settings made by the user via potentiometers in the relay, in some case, taps on transformers. In some solid-state relays, a simple microprocessor does some of the relay logic, but the logic is fixed and simple. For instance, in some time overcurrent solid state relays, the incoming AC current is first converted into a small signal AC value the AC is fed into a rectifier and filter that converts the AC to a DC value proportionate to the AC waveform.
An op-amp and comparator is used to create a DC. A simple microprocessor does a slow speed A/D conversion of the DC signal, integrates the results to create the time-overcurrent curve response, trips when the integration rises above a set-point. Though this relay has a microprocessor, it lacks the attributes of a digital/numeric relay, hence the term "microprocessor relay" is not a clear term; the digital/numeric relay was invented by George Rockefeller. George conceived of it in his Master's Thesis in 1967-68 at Newark College of Engineering, he published his seminal paper Fault Protection with a Digital Computer in 1969. Westinghouse developed the first digital relay with the Prodar 70 being developed between 1969 and 1971, it was commissioned in service on a 230kV transmission line at PG&E's Tesla substation in February 1971 and was in service for six
Purdue University is a public research university in West Lafayette and the flagship campus of the Purdue University system. The university was founded in 1869 after Lafayette businessman John Purdue donated land and money to establish a college of science and agriculture in his name; the first classes were held on September 1874, with six instructors and 39 students. The main campus in West Lafayette offers more than 200 majors for undergraduates, over 69 masters and doctoral programs, professional degrees in pharmacy and veterinary medicine. In addition, Purdue has more than 900 student organizations. Purdue is a member of the Big Ten Conference and enrolls the second largest student body of any university in Indiana, as well as the fourth largest foreign student population of any university in the United States. In 1865, the Indiana General Assembly voted to take advantage of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act of 1862, began plans to establish an institution with a focus on agriculture and engineering.
Communities throughout the state offered their facilities and money to bid for the location of the new college. Popular proposals included the addition of an agriculture department at Indiana State University or at what is now Butler University. By 1869, Tippecanoe County’s offer included $150,000 from Lafayette business leader and philanthropist John Purdue, $50,000 from the county, 100 acres of land from local residents. On May 6, 1869, the General Assembly established the institution in Tippecanoe County as Purdue University, in the name of the principal benefactor. Classes began at Purdue on September 1874, with six instructors and 39 students. Professor John S. Hougham was Purdue’s first faculty member and served as acting president between the administrations of presidents Shortridge and White. A campus of five buildings was completed by the end of 1874. Purdue issued its first degree, a Bachelor of Science in chemistry, in 1875 and admitted its first female students that fall. Emerson E. White, the university’s president from 1876 to 1883, followed a strict interpretation of the Morrill Act.
Rather than emulate the classical universities, White believed Purdue should be an "industrial college" and devote its resources toward providing a liberal education with an emphasis on science and agriculture. He intended not only to prepare students for industrial work, but to prepare them to be good citizens and family members. Part of White's plan to distinguish Purdue from classical universities included a controversial attempt to ban fraternities; this ban was overturned by the Indiana Supreme Court and led to White's resignation. The next president, James H. Smart, is remembered for his call in 1894 to rebuild the original Heavilon Hall "one brick higher" after it had been destroyed by a fire. By the end of the nineteenth century, the university was organized into schools of agriculture and pharmacy, former U. S. President Benjamin Harrison was serving on the board of trustees. Purdue's engineering laboratories included testing facilities for a locomotive and a Corliss steam engine, one of the most efficient engines of the time.
The School of Agriculture was sharing its research with farmers throughout the state with its cooperative extension services and would undergo a period of growth over the following two decades. Programs in education and home economics were soon established, as well as a short-lived school of medicine. By 1925 Purdue had the largest undergraduate engineering enrollment in the country, a status it would keep for half a century. President Edward C. Elliott oversaw a campus building program between the world wars. Inventor and trustee David E. Ross coordinated several fundraisers, donated lands to the university, was instrumental in establishing the Purdue Research Foundation. Ross's gifts and fundraisers supported such projects as Ross–Ade Stadium, the Memorial Union, a civil engineering surveying camp, Purdue University Airport. Purdue Airport was the country's first university-owned airport and the site of the country's first college-credit flight training courses. Amelia Earhart joined the Purdue faculty in 1935 as a consultant for these flight courses and as a counselor on women's careers.
In 1937, the Purdue Research Foundation provided the funds for the Lockheed Electra 10-E Earhart flew on her attempted round-the-world flight. Every school and department at the university was involved in some type of military research or training during World War II. During a project on radar receivers, Purdue physicists discovered properties of germanium that led to the making of the first transistor; the Army and the Navy conducted training programs at Purdue and more than 17,500 students and alumni served in the armed forces. Purdue set up about a hundred centers throughout Indiana to train skilled workers for defense industries; as veterans returned to the university under the G. I. Bill, first-year classes were taught at some of these sites to alleviate the demand for campus space. Four of these sites are now degree-granting regional campuses of the Purdue University system. Purdue's on-campus housing became racially desegregated in 1947, following pressure from Purdue President Frederick L. Hovde and Indiana Governor Ralph F. Gates.
After the war, Hovde worked to expand the academic opportunities at the university. A decade-long construction program emphasized research. In the late 1950s and early 1960s the university established programs in veterinary medicine, industrial management, nursing, as well as the first computer science department in the United States. Undergraduate humanities courses were strengthened
Evanston is a city in Cook County, United States, 12 miles north of downtown Chicago, bordered by Chicago to the south, Skokie to the west, Wilmette to the north. It had a population of 74,486 as of 2010, it is one of the North Shore communities that adjoin Lake Michigan and is the home of Northwestern University. The boundaries of the city of Evanston are coterminous with those of the former Evanston Township, dissolved in 2014 by voters with its functions being absorbed by the city of Evanston. Prior to the 1830s, the area now occupied by Evanston was uninhabited, consisting of wetlands and swampy forest. However, Potawatomi Indians used trails along higher lying ridges that ran in a general north-south direction through the area, had at least some semi-permanent settlements along the trails. French explorers referred to the general area as "Grosse Pointe" after a point of land jutting into Lake Michigan about 13 miles north of the mouth of the Chicago River. After the first non-Native Americans settled in the area in 1836, the names "Grosse Point Territory" and "Gross Point voting district" were used through the 1830s and 1840s, although the territory had no defined boundaries.
The area remained only sparsely settled, supporting some farming and lumber activity on some of the higher ground, as well as a number of taverns or "hotels" along the ridge roads. Grosse Pointe itself eroded into the lake during this period. In 1850, a township called Ridgeville was organized, extending from Graceland Cemetery in Chicago to the southern edge of the Ouilmette Reservation, along what is now Central Street, from Lake Michigan to Western Avenue in Chicago; the 1850 census shows a few hundred settlers in this township, a post office with the name of Ridgeville was established at one of the taverns. However, no municipality yet existed. In 1851, a group of Methodist business leaders founded Northwestern University and Garrett Biblical Institute, they chose a bluffed and wooded site along the lake as Northwestern's home, purchasing several hundred acres of land from Dr. John Foster, a Chicago farm owner. In 1854, the founders of Northwestern submitted to the county judge their plans for a city to be named Evanston after John Evans, one of their leaders.
In 1857, the request was granted. The township of Evanston was split off from Ridgeville Township; the nine founders, including John Evans, Orrington Lunt, Andrew Brown, hoped their university would attain high standards of intellectual excellence. Today these hopes have been fulfilled, as Northwestern ranks with the best of the nation's universities. Evanston was formally incorporated as a town on December 29, 1863, but declined in 1869 to become a city despite the Illinois legislature passing a bill for that purpose. Evanston expanded after the Civil War with the annexation of the village of North Evanston. In early 1892, following the annexation of the village of South Evanston, voters elected to organize as a city; the 1892 boundaries are those that exist today. During the 1960s, Northwestern University changed the city's shoreline by adding a 74-acre lakefill. In 1939, Evanston hosted the first NCAA basketball championship final at Northwestern University's Patten Gymnasium. In August 1954, Evanston hosted the second assembly of the World Council of Churches, still the only WCC assembly to have been held in the United States.
President Dwight Eisenhower welcomed the delegates, Dag Hammarskjöld, secretary-general of the United Nations, delivered an important address entitled "An instrument of faith". Evanston first received power in April 1893. Many people lined the streets on Emerson St. where the first appearance of street lights were lined and turned on. Today, the city is home to Northwestern University, Music Institute of Chicago, other educational institutions, as well as headquarters of Alpha Phi International women's fraternity, Rotary International, the National Merit Scholarship Corporation, the National Lekotek Center, the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, the Sigma Chi Fraternity and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. Evanston is the birthplace of Tinkertoys, is the one of the locations having originated the ice cream sundae. Evanston was Company, which for many years supplied the most jobs. Evanston was a dry community from 1858 until 1972, when the City Council voted to allow restaurants and hotels to serve liquor on their premises.
In 1984, the Council voted to allow retail liquor outlets within the city limits. According to the 2010 census, Evanston has a total area of 7.802 square miles, of which 7.78 square miles is land and 0.022 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 74,486 people, 30,047 households, 15,621 families residing in the city; the population density was 9,574.0 people per square mile. There were 33,181 housing units at an average density of 4,264.9 per square mile. The 2010 census showed that Evanston is ethnically mixed with the following breakdown in population: 65.6% White, 18.1% Black or African American, 0.2% American Indian or Alaska Native, 8.6% Asian, 0.02% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 3.6% some other race, 3.8% from two or more races. 9.0 % were Latino of any race. There were 30,047 households, out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were headed by married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 48.0% were non-families.
37.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 10
Washington State University
Washington State University is a public research university in Pullman, Washington. Founded in 1890, WSU is a land-grant university with programs in a broad range of academic disciplines. With an undergraduate enrollment of 24,470 and a total enrollment of 29,686, it is the second largest institution of higher education in Washington state behind the University of Washington; the university operates campuses across Washington known as WSU Spokane, WSU Tri-Cities, WSU Vancouver, all founded in 1989. In 2012, WSU launched an Internet-based Global Campus, which includes its online degree program, WSU Online. In 2015, WSU expanded to a sixth campus, known as WSU Everett; these campuses award bachelor's and master's degrees. Freshmen and sophomores were first admitted to the Vancouver campus in 2006 and to the Tri-Cities campus in 2007. Enrollment for the four campuses and WSU Online exceeds 29,686 students; this includes 1,751 international students. WSU's athletic teams are called the Cougars and the school colors are crimson and gray.
Six men's and nine women's varsity teams compete in NCAA Division I in the Pac-12 Conference. Both men's and women's indoor track teams compete in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation. Washington State College was established by the Washington Legislature on March 28, 1890, less than five months after statehood; the institution was one of the land-grant colleges created under the 1862 federal Morrill Act signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln. The federal land grants for the new institution included 90,000 acres of federal land for an agricultural college and 100,000 acres for a school of science. After an extended search for a location, the state's new land-grant college opened in Pullman on January 13, 1892; the year 1897 saw the first graduating class of women. The school changed its name from Washington Agricultural College and School of Science to State College of Washington in 1905, but was called Washington State College; the state legislature changed the name to Washington State University in 1959.
Enoch Albert Bryan, appointed July 22, 1893, was the first influential president of WSU. Bryan held graduate degrees from Harvard and Columbia and served as the president of Vincennes University in Indiana. Before Bryan's arrival, the fledgling university suffered through significant organizational instability. Bryan guided WSU toward respectability and is arguably the most influential figure in the university's history; the landmark clock tower in the center of campus is his namesake. WSU's role as a statewide institution became clear in 1894 with the launch of its first agricultural experiment station west of the Cascade Mountains near Puyallup. WSU has subsequently established extension offices and research centers in all regions of the state, with major research facilities in Prosser, Mount Vernon, Wenatchee. In 1989, WSU gained branch campuses in Spokane, the Tri-Cities, Vancouver. Overall, the federal government and the State of Washington have entrusted 190,000 acres of land to WSU for agricultural and scientific research throughout the Pacific Northwest.
Professional education began with the establishment of the School of Veterinary Science in 1899. The veterinary school was elevated to college status in 1916 and became the College of Veterinary Medicine in 1925. Graduate education began in the early years and, in 1902, the first master's degree was conferred, an M. S. in Botany. In 1917, the institution was organized into five colleges and four schools, with deans as administrative heads. In 1922 a graduate school was created. In 1929, the first Ph. D. degree was conferred, in bacteriology. The university offers bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees in 200 fields of study through 65 departments and programs; these departments and programs are organized into 10 academic colleges as follows: College of Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences College of Arts and Sciences Carson College of Business Edward R. Murrow College of Communication College of Education Voiland College of Engineering and Architecture Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine College of Nursing College of Pharmacy College of Veterinary MedicineIn addition, WSU has an all-university honors college, a graduate school, an online global campus, an accredited intensive English program for non-native speakers.
Washington State University is chartered by the State of Washington. A board of regents provides direction to the president. There are ten regents appointed by the governor; the tenth is a student regent appointed on an annual basis. A bill adding an eleventh regent, who would be a full-time or emeritus faculty member, stalled in the Washington legislature in 2018; the regents are Theodor P. Baseler, Brett Blankenship, Scott E. Carson, Marty Dickinson, Ron Sims, Jordan Frost, Lura J. Powell, Heather Redman, Lisa K. Schauer, Michael C. Worthy. Kirk Schulz serves as WSU's president and chief executive officer. Daniel Bernardo serves as provost and handles academics and faculty matters for WSU statewide; the former president, Elson Floyd the former president of University of Missouri System, succeeded V. Lane Rawlins on May 21, 2007, served until his death on June 20, 2015. Bernardo was dean of the WSU College of Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences. WSU has had 11 presidents in its 125-year history: George W. Lilley, John W. Heston, Enoch A. Bryan, Ernest O. Holland, Wil