Genoa is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy. In 2015, 594,733 people lived within the city's administrative limits; as of the 2011 Italian census, the Province of Genoa, which in 2015 became the Metropolitan City of Genoa, counted 855,834 resident persons. Over 1.5 million people live in the wider metropolitan area stretching along the Italian Riviera. Located on the Gulf of Genoa in the Ligurian Sea, Genoa has been one of the most important ports on the Mediterranean: it is the busiest in Italy and in the Mediterranean Sea and twelfth-busiest in the European Union. Genoa has been nicknamed la Superba due to its glorious impressive landmarks. Part of the old town of Genoa was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2006 as Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli; the city's rich cultural history in art and cuisine allowed it to become the 2004 European Capital of Culture. It is the birthplace of Christopher Columbus, Andrea Doria, Niccolò Paganini, Giuseppe Mazzini, Renzo Piano and Grimaldo Canella, founder of the House of Grimaldi, among others.
Genoa, which forms the southern corner of the Milan-Turin-Genoa industrial triangle of Northwest Italy, is one of the country's major economic centers. The city has hosted massive shipyards and steelworks since the 19th century, its solid financial sector dates back to the Middle Ages; the Bank of Saint George, founded in 1407, is among the oldest in the world and has played an important role in the city's prosperity since the middle of the 15th century. Today a number of leading Italian companies are based in the city, including Fincantieri, Selex ES, Ansaldo Energia, Ansaldo STS, Edoardo Raffinerie Garrone, Piaggio Aerospace, Mediterranean Shipping Company and Costa Cruises; the flag of Genoa is a red cross on a white field. The English Monarch paid an annual tribute to the Doge of Genoa for this privilege." The patron saint of Genoa was Saint Lawrence until at least 958, but the Genoese transferred their allegiance to Saint George at some point during the 11th or 12th century, most with the rising popularity of the military saint during the Crusades.
Genoa had a banner displaying a cross since at latest 1218 as early as 1113. But the cross banner was not associated with the saint. A depiction of this flag is shown in the Genoese annals under the year 1227; the Genoese flag with the red cross was used alongside this "Saint George's flag", from at least 1218, known as the insignia cruxata comunis Janue. The saint's flag was the city's main war flag, but the cross flag was used alongside it in the 1240s; the Saint George's flag remained the main flag of Genoa at least until the 1280s. The flag now known as the "St. George's Cross" seems to have replaced it as Genoa's main flag at some point during the 14th century; the Book of Knowledge of All Kingdoms shows it, inscribed with the word iustiçia, described as: And the lord of this place has as his ensign a white pennant with a red cross. At the top it is inscribed in this manner; the city of Genoa covers an area of 243 square kilometres between the Ligurian Sea and the Apennine Mountains. The city stretches along the coast for about 30 kilometres from the neighbourhood of Voltri to Nervi, for 10 kilometres from the coast to the north along the valleys Polcevera and Bisagno.
The territory of Genoa is popularly divided into 5 main zones: the centre, the west, the east, the Polcevera and the Bisagno Valley. Genoa is adjacent to two popular Ligurian vacation spots: Portofino. In the metropolitan area of Genoa lies Aveto Natural Regional Park. Genoa has a humid subtropical climate in the Köppen climate classification, since only one summer month has less than 40 millimetres of rainfall, preventing it from being classified as oceanic or Mediterranean; the average yearly temperature is around 19 °C during 13 °C at night. In the coldest months: December and February, the average temperature is 12 °C during the day and 6 °C at night. In the warmest months – July and August – the average temperature is 27.5 °C during the day and 21 °C at night. The daily temperature range is limited, with an average range of about 6 °C between high and low temperatures. Genoa sees significant moderation from the sea, in stark contrast to areas behind the Ligurian mountains such as Parma, where summers are hotter and winters are quite cold.
Annually, the average 2.9 of nights recorded temperatures of ≤0 °C. The coldest temperature recorded was −8 °C on the night of February 2012. Average annual number of days with temperatures of ≥30 °C is about 8, average four days in July and August. Average annual temperature of the sea is 17.5 °C, from 13 °C in the period January–March to 25 °C in August. In the period from June to October, the average sea temperature exceeds
Forte dei Marmi
Forte dei Marmi is a sea town and comune in the province of Lucca, in northern Tuscany. It is the birthplace of Paola Ruffo di Calabria, Queen of the Belgians from 1993 to 2013. Tourism is the principal activity of Forte dei Marmi's citizens; the population of the town, amounting to some 7,700, nearly triples during the summer, because of the hundreds of tourists who come from Florence, Milan and Russia. Forte dei Marmi is one of the major destinations; the city contains a gate built in a former bog, a historical artifact that relates to strategic planning by the ancient Roman army. In Italian Forte dei Marmi means "Fort of the marbles"; the town takes its name from the fortress that rises in the middle of the main square, built under Grand Duke Peter Leopold, to become Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1788. The fortress was built to defend the coast from outer attacks, but in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century it became the place where the marble quarried from the Alpi Apuane was stocked before being sent to the pier for shipping.
Forte dei Marmi's field hockey team is in the Italian A-league. During their expansion within the Italian territory, the Romans settled in Versilia; the army managed to overcome the people of Liguria in the 2nd century BC, under the skillful command of the proconsuls Publius Cornelius Cethegus and Marcus Baebius Tamphilus. The whole territory was centuriated to create new settlements for the colonies coming from Luni and Lucca; the silver lead and iron mines were exploited and the area became a strong economic resource. Between Querceta and the Vaiana area, where Forte dei Marmi is located, there was a road that represented one of the axes of the Roman land centuriation. Vaiana is mentioned in a document from 794 AD that registers the sale of a piece of land called "Vaiano", where it was discovered that there were springs that contributed to the waterlogging of the nearby countrysides. In 1515 the marble quarries of the Versilian municipalities were donated to the Medici family. In the mid-17th century, the Medici government decided to divert the flow of the river Versilia, to avoid the flooding of the town of Pietrasanta.
A new course was laid so that the waters of the Versilia would overflow in the swamps of lake Porta. This meant that the territories of Vaiana had to be cut out of the river's trajectory. At about 1,500 meters, the river Versilia's new path crossed a road wanted and planned by Michelangelo, so a wooden bridge was built. Throughout the years, other canals were built and the area was reclaimed; the road became more important for the marble transportation. The first stable settlement on the coast was called Caranna. On, other settlements were built in what now is the current Forte dei Marmi city centre; the area was called "Magazzino del Ferro" or "Magazzino della Magona" or "Magazzino dei Marmi" because of the only building on the seashore. The whole district was known as "Marina". In 1788 the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Peter Leopold II, commissioned the construction of a fort, the Forte Lorense, to defend the marble shipments and promote the territory, it was similar to the forts of Marina di Bibbona on the Maremman seaside.
The fort was completed on 6 February 1788. It was a defense point against pirate raids and it was used as a deposit for the marble that came from the Apuane mountains to be shipped out to sea. Thus, the area began to be known as Forte dei Marmi. In 1833 the Grand Ducal Government asked engineer Giovanni Franchi to reconstruct the Ponte delle Tavole. In the meantime, the town of Forte dei Marmi was considered part of the municipality of Pietrasanta at the Unification of Italy in 1861; the touristic development at the beginning of the 20th century led to the birth of a city committee that asked for the detachment from Pietrasanta and planned on joining the town of Serravezza or on affirming its own independence. With the political support of Giovanni Montauti from Lucca, sponsored by the counts Siemens-Schuckert who owned most of the territory, Forte dei Marmi declared its autonomy as a separate comune on 26 April 1914. Tourism in Forte dei Marmi started at the end of the 18th century when the rich families of the inland went to the coast to breathe healthy air and to sandbathe.
At the beginning of the 19th century many wealthy families from Tuscany and the north of Italy started to choose this town for their summer holidays. On European families started to do so. Many important and famous people started to arrive in the area and the first villas were built in the pinewood near the sea; the first ones were Agnelli, Giovanni Gentile, Thomas Mann, Renato Fucini, Italo Balbo, Curzio Malaparte, Enrico Pea, Aldous Huxley, Guglielmo Marconi, the writer Riccardo Bacchelli, the sculptor Henry Moore, Luchino Visconti and many Italian noble families. Artists meeting every day talking about arts and culture created; the Grand Hotel in Forte became an important pl
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
The Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Italy. The office was one of the positions which Italy inherited from the Kingdom of Sardinia where it was the most ancient ministry of the government: this origin gives to the office a ceremonial primacy in the Italian cabinet. Parties1861–1912: Historical Right Historical Left Military 1912–1922: Liberal Union Radical Party Democratic Liberal Party 1922–1943: National Fascist Party 1943–1946: Labour Democratic Party Christian Democracy Independent Military Governments Rightist coalition Leftist coalition Liberal coalition Fascist Military Mixed coalition Parties 1946-1994: Christian Democracy Socialist Party Republican Party Liberal Party Democratic Socialist Party Independent Since 1994: People's Party Forza Italia/The People of Freedom Italian Renewal The Olive Tree Democrats of the Left/Democratic Party National Alliance Italian Radicals New Centre-Right/Popular Alternative Independent Governments Centrist coalition Centre-right coalition Centre-left coalition Populist coalition Mixed coalition Affari Esteri Foreign policy
A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing on water. Seaplanes that can take off and land on airfields are in a subclass called amphibious aircraft. Seaplanes and amphibians are divided into two categories based on their technological characteristics: floatplanes and flying boats; these aircraft were sometimes called hydroplanes, but this term applies instead to motor-powered watercraft that use the technique of hydrodynamic lift to skim the surface of water when running at speed. Their use tailed off after World War II because of the investments in airports during the war. In the 21st century, seaplanes maintain a few niche uses, such as for dropping water on forest fires, air transport around archipelagos, access to undeveloped or roadless areas, some of which have numerous lakes; the word "seaplane" is used to describe two types of air/water vehicles: the floatplane and the flying boat. A floatplane has slender pontoons, or mounted under the fuselage. Two floats are common.
Only the floats of a floatplane come into contact with water. The fuselage remains above water; some small land aircraft can be modified to become float planes, in general, floatplanes are small aircraft. Floatplanes are limited by their inability to handle wave heights greater than 12 inches; these floats add to the empty weight of the airplane and to the drag coefficient, resulting in reduced payload capacity, slower rate of climb, slower cruise speed. In a flying boat, the main source of buoyancy is the fuselage, which acts like a ship's hull in the water because the fuselage's underside has been hydrodynamically shaped to allow water to flow around it. Most flying boats have small floats mounted on their wings to keep them stable. Not all small seaplanes have been floatplanes, but most large seaplanes have been flying boats, with their great weight supported by their hulls; the term "seaplane" is used by some instead of "floatplane". This is the standard British usage; this article treats both flying boats and floatplanes in the US fashion.
An amphibious aircraft can land both on conventional runways and water. A true seaplane can only land on water. There are amphibious flying boats and amphibious floatplanes, as well as some hybrid designs, e.g. floatplanes with retractable floats. Modern production seaplanes are most light aircraft, of a floatplane design; the Frenchman Alphonse Pénaud filed the first patent for a flying machine with a boat hull and retractable landing gear in 1876, but Austrian Wilhelm Kress is credited with building the first seaplane, Drachenflieger, in 1898, although its two 30 hp Daimler engines were inadequate for take-off, it sank when one of its two floats collapsed. On 6 June 6, 1905, Gabriel Voisin took off and landed on the River Seine with a towed kite glider on floats; the first of his unpowered flights was 150 yards. He built a powered floatplane in partnership with Louis Blériot, but the machine was unsuccessful. Other pioneers attempted to attach floats to aircraft in Britain, Australia and the United States.
On 28 March 1910, Frenchman Henri Fabre flew the first successful powered seaplane, the Gnome Omega-powered hydravion, a trimaran floatplane. Fabre's first successful take off and landing by a powered seaplane inspired other aviators, he designed floats for several other flyers; the first hydro-aeroplane competition was held in Monaco in March 1912, featuring aircraft using floats from Fabre, Curtiss and Farman. This led to the first scheduled seaplane passenger services, at Aix-les-Bains, using a five-seat Sanchez-Besa from 1 August 1912; the French Navy ordered its first floatplane in 1912. In 1911−12, François Denhaut constructed the first seaplane with a fuselage forming a hull, using various designs to give hydrodynamic lift at take-off, its first successful flight was on 13 April 1912. Throughout 1910 and 1911, American pioneering aviator Glenn Curtiss developed his floatplane into the successful Curtiss Model D land-plane, which used a larger central float and sponsons. Combining floats with wheels, he made the first amphibian flights in February 1911 and was awarded the first Collier Trophy for US flight achievement.
From 1912, his experiments with a hulled seaplane resulted in the 1913 Model E and Model F, which he called "flying-boats". In February 1911, the United States Navy took delivery of the Curtiss Model E and soon tested landings on and take-offs from ships, using the Curtiss Model D. In Britain, Captain Edward Wakefield and Oscar Gnosspelius began to explore the feasibility of flight from water in 1908, they decided to make use of Windermere in England's largest lake. The latter's first attempts to fly attracted large crowds, though the aircraft failed to take off and required a re-design of the floats incorporating features of Borwick’s successful speed-boat hulls. Meanwhile, Wakefield ordered a floatplane similar to the design of the 1910 Fabre Hydravion. By November 1911, both Gnosspelius and Wakefield had aircraft capable of flight from water and awaited suitable weather conditions. Gnosspelius's flight was short-lived. Wakefield’s pilot, taking advantage of a light northerly wind took off and flew at a height of 50 feet to Ferry Nab, where he made a wide turn and returned for a perfect landing on the lake’s surface.
In Switzerland, Emile Taddéoli equipped the Dufaux 4 biplane with swimmers and took off in 1912. A seaplane was used during the Balkan Wars in 1913, when a Greek "Astra Hydravion" did
Fiat Automobiles S.p. A. is an Italian automobile manufacturer, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p. A., part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced. Fiat Automobiles is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy. During its more than century-long history, it remained the largest automobile manufacturer in Europe and the third in the world after General Motors and Ford for over twenty years, until the car industry crisis in the late 1980s. In 2013, Fiat S.p. A. was the second largest European automaker by volumes produced and the seventh in the world, while FCA is the world's eighth largest auto maker. In 1970, Fiat Automobiles employed more than 100,000 in Italy when its production reached the highest number, 1.4 million cars, in that country. As of 2002, it built more than 1 million vehicles at six plants in Italy and the country accounted for more than a third of the company's revenue.
Fiat has manufactured railway engines, military vehicles, farm tractors and weapons such as the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914. Fiat-brand cars are built in several locations around the world. Outside Italy, the largest country of production is Brazil, where the Fiat brand is the market leader; the group has factories in Argentina and Mexico and a long history of licensing manufacture of its products in other countries. Fiat Automobiles has received many international awards for its vehicles, including nine European Car of the Year awards, the most of any other manufacturer, it ranked many times as the lowest level of CO2 emissions by vehicles sold in Europe. On 11 July 1899, Giovanni Agnelli was part of the group of founding members of FIAT, Fabbrica Italiana di Automobili Torino; the first Fiat plant opened in 1900 with 35 staff making 24 cars. Known from the beginning for the talent and creativity of its engineering staff, by 1903 Fiat made a small profit and produced 135 cars; the company went public selling shares via the Milan stock exchange.
Agnelli led the company until his death in 1945, while Vittorio Valletta administered the firm's daily activities. Its first car, the 3 ½ CV resembled contemporary Benz, had a 697 cc boxer twin engine. In 1903, Fiat produced its first truck. In 1908, the first Fiat was exported to the US; that same year, the first Fiat aircraft engine was produced. Around the same time, Fiat taxis became popular in Europe. By 1910, Fiat was the largest automotive company in Italy; that same year, a new plant was built in Poughkeepsie, NY, by the newly founded American F. I. A. T. Automobile Company. Owning a Fiat at that time was a sign of distinction; the cost of a Fiat in the US was $4,000 and rose up to $6,400 in 1918, compared to $825 for a Ford Model T in 1908, $525 in 1918, respectively. During World War I, Fiat had to devote all of its factories to supplying the Allies with aircraft, machine guns and ambulances. Upon the entry of the US into the war in 1917, the factory was shut down as US regulations became too burdensome.
After the war, Fiat introduced its first tractor, the 702. By the early 1920s, Fiat had a market share in Italy of 80%. In 1921, workers hoisted the red flag of communism over them. Agnelli responded by quitting the company. However, the Italian Socialist Party and its ally organization, the Italian General Confederation of Labour, in an effort to effect a compromise with the centrist parties ordered the occupation ended. In 1922, Fiat began to build the famous Lingotto car factory—then the largest in Europe—which opened in 1923, it was the first Fiat factory to use assembly lines. In 1928, with the 509, Fiat included insurance in the purchase price. Fiat made military machinery and vehicles during World War II for the Army and Regia Aeronautica and for the Germans. Fiat made obsolete fighter aircraft like the biplane CR.42, one of the most common Italian aircraft, along with Savoia-Marchettis, as well as light tanks and armoured vehicles. The best Fiat aircraft was the G. 55 fighter. In 1945, the year Benito Mussolini was overthrown, the National Liberation Committee removed the Agnelli family from leadership roles in Fiat because of its ties to Mussolini's government.
They were not returned until 1963, when Giovanni's grandson, took over as general manager until 1966, as chairman until 1996. In 1970, Fiat employed more than 100,000 in Italy when its production reached the highest number, 1.4 million cars, in that country. As of 2002, Fiat built more than 1 million vehicles at six plants in Italy and the country accounted for more than a third of the company's revenue. Towards the end of 1976 it was announced that the Libyan government was to take a shareholding in the company in return for a capital injection Other aspects of the Libyan agreement included the construction of a truck and bus plant at Tripoli. Chairman Agnelli candidly described the deal as "a classic petro-money recycling operation which will strengthen the Italian reserves, provide Fiat with fresh capital and give the group greater tranquility in which to carry out its investment programmes". On 29 January 20
Prince Egon von Fürstenberg
Prince Egon von Fürstenberg was a socialite, banker and interior designer, member of the German aristocratic family Fürstenberg. In 1969, he married fashion designer Diane von Fürstenberg, with whom he had two children Prince Alexandre Egon and Princess Tatiana Desirée; the couple separated in 1973 and divorced in 1983. The same year, he married Lynn Marshall, an American and a Mississippi native, co-owner of a flower shop. Between his marriages, Egon had a male partner: He was frank about his bisexuality and the openness of his first marriage. Fürstenberg wrote two books on fashion and interior design as well as opened an interior design firm, he died in Rome on 11 June 2004 of liver cancer deriving from an earlier hepatitis C infection. He was survived by both wives. Eduard Egon Peter Paul Giovanni Prinz zu Fürstenberg, born 29 June 1946 in Lausanne, was the elder son of Prince Tassilo zu Fürstenberg and his first wife Clara Agnelli, elder sister of Fiat's chairman Gianni Agnelli. After Clara's departure, his father married.
Fürstenberg's younger brother is Prince Sebastian zu Fürstenberg, his sister is socialite and actress Princess Ira zu Fürstenberg. Egon von Fürstenberg was born at Lausanne, was baptized by Pope John XXIII, was thereafter brought up in great privilege in Venice, Italy, he earned a degree in economics at the University of Geneva, followed by an 18-month term in the Peace Corps in Burundi working as a teacher, two years as an investment banker in New York. While studying at university, he met fellow student Diane Simone Michelle Halfin, a Belgian-born, Jewish woman of Romanian-Greek descent and daughter of a Holocaust survivor, they married on 16 July 1969 at Montfort-l'Amaury, France. The new Princess Diane von Fürstenberg was pregnant, Egon's father, who objected to his marrying a Jew, boycotted the ceremony, his wife opened her fashion house in New York at Egon's urging, creating an iconic wrap dress, a career as designer that pre-dated and arguably eclipsed Egon's. Fürstenberg began his career as a buyer for Macy's, taking night classes at the Fashion Institute of Technology, Parson's School of Design.
The von Fürstenbergs had two children: Tatiana Desirée. They were divorced in 1983. Furstenberg began independent work as a fashion designer in 1977, designing clothes for plus-size women, expanding to full fashion and product licensing, with ready-to-wear and made to measure lines based in Rome. Next von Furstenberg designed ready-made clothing for the masses, an off-the-peg line of fashion. Fürstenberg wrote two top selling books: The Power Look, a guide to fashion and good taste, The Power Look at Home: Decorating for Men, a book on home furnishings, he opened an interior design firm in 1981. In 1991, he exhibited at Alta Moda days in Rome. Fürstenberg collected art, his collection included works by Zachary Selig. Egon von Fürstenberg died at Spallanzani Hospital in Rome on 11 June 2004. New York Post, reported Fürstenberg's widow stating that he died of liver cancer caused by a hepatitis C infection that he acquired in the 1970s. Fürstenberg's published works included: The Power Look, 1978, New York, NY: Holt and Winston The Power Look at Home: Decorating for Men, 1980, New York, NY: Morrow Homepage Egon von Fürstenberg FMD, 2015, "Designers: Egon von Fürstenberg, Fashion Model Directory, accessed 14 July 2015
Umberto Agnelli was an Italian industrialist and politician. He was the third son of Virginia Agnelli and of Edoardo Agnelli, the youngest brother of Gianni Agnelli, he served as a CEO of Italian carmaker Fiat from 1970 to 1976 and, on the death of his brother Gianni, was chairman of the FIAT Group, 2003–2004, until his own death, aged 69, the following year. He was chairman and honorary chairman of Juventus, the football team long-associated with FIAT and the Agnelli family, was for a time the president of the Italian Football Association, he was a senator of the Italian Republic, from 1976 to 1979. In 2015, he was posthumously inducted into the Italian Football Hall of Fame. Agnelli was chairman of FIAT-controlled Juventus Football Club between 1956–61 and was honorary chairman from 1970–2004. Agnelli was chairman of Fiat France 1965–80, chief executive officer of Fiat SpA 1970–76 and vice-president 1976–93, he was chairman of Fiat Auto 1980–90 and a member of International Advisory Board 1993–2004.
Though he was a senior executive in the family company, Fiat, he was sidelined from taking a leadership role by his brother Gianni until the latter's death in 2003. Only did he take over as chairman of the whole Fiat Group, 2003–2004; the Group controlled several Italian newspapers and publishers in addition to the FIAT car-firms and Juventus. Umberto was in the process of restoring Fiat's fortunes, following a period in which the company's balance sheet, market share and share value had all been in decline, when he died of lung cancer after 18 months in control. Despite this, Forbes magazine estimated he was the world's 68th richest man with an approximate net worth of US$5.5 billion. He was a member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group. Agnelli was born in Lausanne, the youngest of seven children, his life was beset by an unusual amount of bereavement. His father Edoardo Agnelli perished in an air crash when he was one year old, his mother Virginia died in a car accident ten years when he was just 11 years old.
In 1959 Agnelli married the heiress Donna Antonella Bechi Piaggio, from the well-known business-family of Piaggio. They had three sons but their first, twin boys, died shortly after birth; the third son, Giovanni Alberto Agnelli, grew up to be the head of the maternal family-firm Piaggio, was being groomed to succeed at Fiat, but died of cancer at the age of 33 in 1997. Umberto and Antonella Agnelli divorced, in 1974 Umberto married Donna Allegra Caracciolo di Castagneto. Allegra is the first cousin of Umberto's sister in law Marella Caracciolo di Castagneto, the wife of his brother Giovanni; the ladies come from the old Neapolitan noble family that has, among other, the titles of nobility of Prince of Castagneto and Duke of Melito. Umberto and Allegra had two children: Anna. Andrea followed in his father's footsteps by becoming chairman of Juventus, in 2010. Marco Ferrante, Casa Agnelli, Mondadori, 2007, ISBN 978-88-04-56673-1 Giancarlo Galli, Gli Agnelli, il tramonto di una dinastia, Edizione 2003, ISBN 88-04-51768-9 Alan Friedman and the network of italian power, Mandarin Paperback, London, 1988, ISBN 0-7493-0093-0 Angiolo Silvio Ori, Storia di una dinastia – Gli Agnelli e la Fiat, Editori Riuniti, Roma, 1996 ISBN 88-359-4059-1 Forbes Rich List entry Obituary