Education Index

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World map indicating Education Index based on the 2009 UN HDR
  0.950 and over
  0.900–0.949
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  under 0.350
  not available

An Education index is found as a component of the Human Development Index published every year by the United Nations, with the GDP Index and Life Expectancy Index, to measure the educational attainment, GDP per capita and life expectancy.

Before 2010, the Education Index was measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one-third weighting); the adult literacy rate gives an indication of the ability to read and write, while the GER gives an indication of the level of education from kindergarten to postgraduate education. Since 2010, the Education Index has been measured by combining average adult years of schooling with expected years of schooling for children, each receiving 50% weighting.

Education is a major component of well-being and is used in the measure of economic development and quality of life, which is a key factor determining whether a country is a developed, developing, or underdeveloped country.

Calculation[edit]

  • Education Index: [1]
  • Mean Years of Schooling Index:
Mean years of schooling is a calculation of the average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older in their lifetime based on education attainment levels of the population converted into years of schooling based on theoretical duration of each level of education attended.[2]
Fifteen is the projected maximum of this indicator for 2025.
  • Expected Years of Schooling Index:
Expected Years of Schooling is a calculation of the number of years a child is expected to attend school, or university, including the years spent on repetition. It is the sum of the age-specific enrollment ratios for primary, secondary, post-secondary non-tertiary and tertiary education and is calculated assuming the prevailing patterns of age-specific enrollment rates were to stay the same throughout the child's life. Expected years of schooling is capped at 18 years.[3]
Eighteen is equivalent to achieving a master's degree in most countries.

2015[edit]

The following 2015 Education Index was released in the Human Development Report 2016.[4]

2015 Education Index[5]
Rank Country Education
Index
Expected years
of schooling
Mean years
of schooling
HDI rank Continent
1  Australia 0.939 20.4 13.2 2 Oceania
2  Denmark 0.923 19.2 12.7 5 Europe
3  New Zealand 0.917 19.2 12.5 13 Oceania
4  Norway 0.916 17.7 12.7 1 Europe
5  Germany 0.914 17.1 13.2 4 Europe
6  Ireland 0.910 18.6 12.3 8 Europe
7  Iceland 0.906 19.0 12.2 9 Europe
8  United States 0.900 16.5 13.2 10 North America
9  Netherlands 0.897 18.1 11.9 7 Europe
10  United Kingdom 0.896 16.3 13.3 16 Europe
11   Switzerland 0.891 16.0 13.4 2 Europe
12  Canada 0.890 16.3 13.1 10 North America
13  Slovenia 0.886 17.3 12.1 25 Europe
14  Lithuania 0.882 16.5 12.7 37 Europe
15  Czech Republic 0.878 16.8 12.3 28 Europe
16  Estonia 0.877 16.5 12.5 30 Europe
17  Israel 0.870 16.0 12.8 19 Asia
18  South Korea 0.867 16.6 12.2 18 Asia
19  Sweden 0.855 16.1 12.3 14 Europe
20  Poland 0.852 16.4 11.9 36 Europe
21  Finland 0.847 17.0 11.2 23 Europe
22  Japan 0.842 15.3 12.5 17 Asia
23  Belgium 0.841 16.6 11.4 22 Europe
24  France 0.839 16.3 11.6 21 Europe
25  Latvia 0.835 16.0 11.7 44 Europe
26  Belarus 0.834 15.7 12.0 52 Europe
26  Hungary 0.834 15.6 12.0 43 Europe
28  Greece 0.830 17.2 10.5 29 Europe
29  Slovakia 0.823 15.0 12.2 40 Europe
30  Hong Kong 0.822 15.7 11.6 12 Asia
31  Austria 0.820 15.9 11.3 24 Europe
32  Liechtenstein 0.818 14.6 12.4 15 Europe
32  Spain 0.818 17.7 9.8 27 Europe
34  Russian Federation 0.816 15.0 12.0 49 Europe
35  Italy 0.814 16.3 10.9 26 Europe
35  Singapore 0.814 15.4 11.6 5 Asia
37  Argentina 0.808 17.3 9.8 45 South America
37  Palau 0.808 14.3 12.3 60 Oceania
39  Kazakhstan 0.805 15.0 11.7 56 Europe
40  Ukraine 0.803 15.3 11.3 84 Europe
41  Croatia 0.798 15.3 11.2 45 Europe
42  Montenegro 0.797 15.1 11.3 48 Europe
43  Georgia 0.794 13.9 12.2 70 Europe
44  Cyprus 0.786 14.3 11.7 33 Europe
45  Chile 0.784 16.3 9.9 38 South America
46  Luxembourg 0.783 13.9 12.0 20 Europe
47  Malta 0.781 14.6 11.3 33 Europe
48  Cuba 0.779 13.9 11.8 68 North America
49  Bulgaria 0.778 15.0 10.8 56 Europe
50  Fiji 0.777 15.3 10.5 91 Oceania
51  Romania 0.769 14.7 10.8 50 Europe
52  Barbados 0.773 15.3 10.5 54 North America
53  Saudi Arabia 0.768 16.1 9.6 38 Asia
54  Tonga 0.766 14.3 11.1 101 Oceania
55  Serbia 0.760 14.4 10.8 66 Europe
56  Portugal 0.756 16.6 8.9 41 Europe
57  Sri Lanka 0.752 14.0 10.9 73 Asia
58  Uzbekistan 0.740 12.2 12.0 105 Asia
59  Mongolia 0.737 14.8 9.8 92 Asia
60  Armenia 0.730 12.7 11.3 84 Europe
61  Grenada 0.725 15.8 8.6 79 North America
61  Mauritius 0.725 15.2 9.1 64 Africa
61  Moldova 0.725 11.8 11.9 107 Europe
64  Azerbaijan 0.723 12.7 11.2 78 Europe
65  Kyrgyzstan 0.721 13.0 10.8 120 Asia
66  Andorra 0.718 13.5 10.3 32 Europe
67  Bahrain 0.717 14.5 9.4 47 Asia
67  Trinidad and Tobago 0.717 12.7 10.9 65 North America
67  Uruguay 0.717 15.5 8.6 54 South America
70  Brunei Darussalam 0.716 14.9 9.0 30 Asia
71  Albania 0.715 14.2 9.6 75 Europe
71  Bahamas 0.715 12.7 10.9 58 North America
73  Venezuela 0.710 14.3 9.4 71 South America
74  Seychelles 0.706 14.1 9.4 63 Africa
75  South Africa 0.705 13.0 10.3 119 Africa
76  Belize 0.704 12.8 10.5 103 North America
76  Iran 0.704 14.8 8.8 69 Asia
78  Samoa 0.702 12.9 10.3 104 Oceania
79  Jordan 0.701 13.1 10.1 86 Asia
80  Malaysia 0.700 13.1 10.1 59 Asia
81  Qatar 0.698 13.4 9.8 33 Asia
82  Antigua and Barbuda 0.694 13.9 9.2 62 North America
82  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.694 14.2 9.0 81 Europe
84  Panama 0.691 13.0 9.9 60 North America
85  United Arab Emirates 0.687 13.3 9.5 42 Asia
86  Costa Rica 0.684 14.2 8.7 66 North America
87  Brazil 0.681 15.2 7.8 79 South America
88  Jamaica 0.678 12.8 9.6 94 North America
89  Saint Lucia 0.677 13.1 9.3 92 North America
90  Macedonia 0.673 12.9 9.4 82 Europe
91  Peru 0.672 13.4 9.0 87 South America
92  Turkey 0.668 14.6 7.9 71 Europe
93  Ecuador 0.665 14.0 8.3 89 South America
94  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.659 13.7 8.4 74 North America
95  Algeria 0.658 14.4 7.8 83 Africa
95  Botswana 0.658 12.6 9.2 108 Africa
95  Tajikistan 0.658 11.3 10.4 129 Asia
98  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.657 13.3 8.6 99 North America
99  Bolivia 0.656 13.8 8.2 118 South America
99  Lebanon 0.656 13.3 8.6 76 Asia
101  Mexico 0.655 13.3 8.6 77 North America
101  Palestine 0.655 12.8 8.9 114 Asia
103  Oman 0.652 13.7 8.1 52 Asia
104  Micronesia 0.649 11.7 9.7 127 Oceania
105  Tunisia 0.643 14.6 7.1 97 Africa
106  Thailand 0.641 13.6 7.9 87 Asia
107  Philippines 0.637 11.7 9.3 116 Asia
108  China 0.631 13.5 7.6 90 Asia
109  Colombia 0.630 13.6 7.6 95 South America
109  Suriname 0.630 12.7 8.3 97 South America
111  Turkmenistan 0.629 10.8 9.9 111 Asia
112  India 0.624 11.7 6.3 131 Asia
113  Dominican Republic 0.622 13.2 7.7 99 North America
113  Indonesia 0.622 12.9 7.9 113 Asia
115  Dominica 0.618 12.8 7.9 96 North America
115  Gabon 0.618 12.6 8.1 109 Africa
117  Viet Nam 0.617 12.6 8.0 115 Asia
118  Libya 0.616 13.4 7.3 102 Africa
119  Paraguay 0.613 12.3 8.1 110 South America
120  Kuwait 0.611 13.3 7.3 51 Asia
121  Egypt 0.601 13.1 7.1 111 Africa
121  Kiribati 0.590 11.9 7.8 137 Oceania
123  El Salvador 0.584 13.2 6.5 117 North America
124  Zambia 0.577 12.5 6.9 139 Africa
125  Guyana 0.568 10.3 8.4 127 South America
126  Maldives 0.561 12.7 6.2 105 Asia
127  Ghana 0.551 11.5 6.9 139 Africa
128  Pakistan 0.550 12.1 10.1 147 Asia
129  Namibia 0.546 11.7 6.7 125 Africa
130  Swaziland 0.545 11.4 6.8 148 Africa
131  Zimbabwe 0.544 10.3 7.7 154 Africa
132  Nicaragua 0.542 11.7 6.5 124 North America
133  Cabo Verde 0.534 13.5 4.8 122 Africa
134  Vanuatu 0.526 10.8 6.8 134 Oceania
135  Congo 0.520 11.1 6.3 135 Africa
136  Honduras 0.518 11.2 6.2 130 North America
136  Kenya 0.518 11.1 6.3 146 Africa
138  Sao Tome and Principe 0.509 12.0 5.3 142 Africa
139  Guatemala 0.508 10.7 6.3 125 North America
140  Lesotho 0.503 10.7 6.1 160 Africa
140  Morocco 0.503 12.1 5.0 123 Africa
142  Iraq 0.500 10.1 6.6 121 Asia
143  Timor-Leste 0.494 12.5 4.4 133 Asia
144  Cameroon 0.493 10.4 6.1 153 Africa
145  Madagascar 0.492 10.3 6.1 158 Africa
146  Togo 0.489 12.0 4.7 166 Africa
147  Angola 0.482 11.4 5.0 150 Africa
148  Nigeria 0.477 10.0 6.0 152 Africa
149  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.475 9.8 6.1 176 Africa
149    Nepal 0.475 12.2 4.1 144 Asia
151  Laos 0.474 10.8 5.2 138 Asia
152  Comoros 0.469 11.1 4.8 160 Africa
153  Uganda 0.467 10.0 5.7 163 Africa
154  Cambodia 0.459 10.9 4.7 143 Asia
155  Bangladesh 0.457 10.2 5.2 139 Asia
156  Bhutan 0.452 12.5 3.1 132 Asia
157  Malawi 0.445 10.8 4.4 170 Africa
157  Solomon Islands 0.445 9.6 5.3 156 Oceania
159  Tanzania 0.441 8.9 5.8 151 Africa
160  Equatorial Guinea 0.439 9.2 5.5 135 Africa
161  Rwanda 0.426 10.8 3.8 159 Africa
162  Haiti 0.425 9.1 5.2 163 North America
163  Liberia 0.423 9.9 4.4 177 Africa
164  Papua New Guinea 0.419 9.9 4.3 154 Oceania
165  Syrian Arab Republic 0.417 9.0 5.1 149 Asia
166  Cote d'Ivoire 0.415 8.9 5.0 171 Africa
167  Benin 0.414 10.7 3.5 167 Africa
168  Myanmar 0.410 9.1 4.7 145 Asia
169  Afghanistan 0.398 10.1 3.5 169 Asia
170  Burundi 0.395 10.6 3.0 184 Africa
171  Mauritania 0.377 8.5 4.3 157 Africa
172  Sierra Leone 0.374 9.5 3.3 179 Africa
173  Mozambique 0.369 9.1 3.5 181 Africa
174  Gambia 0.358 8.9 3.3 173 Africa
175  Senegal 0.355 9.5 2.8 162 Africa
176  Guinea-Bissau 0.353 9.2 2.9 178 Africa
177  Yemen 0.350 9.0 3.0 168 Asia
178  Central African Republic 0.338 7.1 4.2 188 Africa
179  Guinea 0.330 8.8 2.6 183 Africa
180  Ethiopia 0.318 8.4 2.6 174 Africa
180  Sudan 0.318 7.2 3.5 165 Africa
182  Mali 0.312 8.4 2.3 175 Africa
183  Djibouti 0.310 6.3 4.1 172 Africa
184  South Sudan 0.297 4.9 4.8 181 Africa
185  Chad 0.280 7.3 2.3 186 Africa
186  Eritrea 0.267 5.0 3.9 179 Africa
187  Burkina Faso 0.262 7.7 1.4 185 Africa
188  Niger 0.206 5.4 1.7 187 Africa

2007[edit]

Change in value from the last report is given as follows:

  • Increase = increase.
  • Steady = steady.
  • Decrease = decrease.

The latest index was released in the Human Development Report 2009 on October 2009;[6] this statistical update covers the period up to 2007: 1 is the highest possible theoretical score, indicating perfect education attainment.

All countries considered to be developed countries possess a minimum score of 0.8 or above, although the great majority have a score of 0.9 or above. For ranking based on the Human Development Index, see List of countries by Human Development Index.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New method of calculation of Human Development Index (HDI)". India Study Channel. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  2. ^ Barro, R. J.; Lee, J.-W. (2010). "A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950–2010". NBER Working Paper No. 15902.
  3. ^ UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2010). Correspondence on education indicators. March. Montreal.)
  4. ^ "Human Development Report". United Nations Development Programme.
  5. ^ "Human Development Data (1990-2015)". United Nations Development Programme.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-15. Retrieved 2010-08-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]