Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels, central, state and local. Under various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a right to children between the ages of 6 and 14. The ratio of public schools to private schools in India is 7,5, India has made progress in terms of increasing the primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately three-quarters of the population in the 7–10 age group, by 2011. Indias improved education system is often cited as one of the contributors to its economic development. Much of the progress, especially in education and scientific research, has been credited to various public institutions. At the primary and secondary level, India has a private school system complementing the government run schools. Certain post-secondary technical schools are also private, the private education market in India had a revenue of US$450 million in 2008, but is projected to be a US$40 billion market. As per the Annual Status of Education Report 2012,96. 5% of all children between the ages of 6-14 were enrolled in school. This is the annual survey to report enrolment above 96%. Another report from 2013 stated that there were 22, while quantitatively India is inching closer to universal education, the quality of its education has been questioned particularly in its government run school system. Some of the reasons for the poor quality include absence of around 25% of teachers every day, States of India have introduced tests and education assessment system to identify and improve such schools. It is important to clarify that there are private schools in India, they are highly regulated in terms of what they can teach, in what form they can operate. Hence, the differentiation of government schools and private schools can be misguiding, Maharashtra had 73% reservation in 2014, which is the highest percentage of reservations in India. The central and most state boards uniformly follow the 10+2+3 pattern of education, in this pattern, study of 10 years is done in schools and 2 years in Junior colleges, and then 3 years of graduation for a bachelors degree. The first 10 years is further subdivided into 4 years of education,6 years of High School followed by 2 years of Junior colleges. This pattern originated from the recommendation of the Education Commission of 1964–66, the National Council of Educational Research and Training is the apex body located at New Delhi, Capital City of India. It makes the curriculum related matters for school education across India, the NCERT provides support, guidance and technical assistance to a number of schools in India and oversees many aspects of enforcement of education policies. Other curriculum bodies governing school education system are, The state government boards, however, some states like Andhra Pradesh have more than one
University of Calcutta, established on 1857, was the first multidisciplinary and secular Western-style institution in Asia.
Indian Pre-Primary School children (Divine Orchids International Preschool, Jawhar)