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Edward Johnson (tenor)

Edward Patrick Johnson, CBE was a Canadian operatic tenor, billed outside North America as Edoardo Di Giovanni. He became general manager of the Metropolitan Opera in Manhattan, New York City from 1935 to 1950. Born in Guelph, Canada, Johnson was the son of James Johnson and the former Margaret Jane Brown; the young tenor sang at events in the Guelph area. At a concert in Stratford, Ontario in 1897, contralto Edith Miller encouraged him to move to New York and pursue a singing career, he sang as a soloist with several church choirs in the New York area. After this period he did much concert work, touring through the Mid-West with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and singing in many Music Festivals throughout the country. After a peripatetic existence for some years, working in a variety of venues and training with several masters, he made his concert debut at Carnegie Hall in 1904. Johnson sang the lead role in the North American premiere of Oscar Straus's A Waltz Dream in 1907. In 1908 he moved to Paris and began training under Richard Barthélemy.

He married Beatrice d'Arneiro, in London, in August 1909. His only child, was born 21 December 1910, she married George Drew who became Premier of Ontario and Federal Leader of the Opposition, died in 1965. Johnson went to Italy in 1909, studying voice in Florence; when singing outside North America, Johnson called himself Edoardo Di Giovanni. He made his opera debut on 10 January 1912 as Andrea Chénier at Padua's Teatro Verdi. After his début in Padua, he became leading tenor at La Scala, for five consecutive seasons. In Rome he spent four seasons at the Costanzi Theatre, among other roles, he sang Luigi and Rinuccio in the Italian premiere of Il trittico. In 1914 he sang the title role in the first performance in Italian of Richard Wagner's Parsifal, under the baton of Arturo Toscanini, he sang in Madrid, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires. His London debut was alongside Nellie Melba. Johnson made his North American opera debut on 20 November 1919 as Loris in Giordano's Fedora with the Chicago Opera.

He remained in Chicago for three years. Johnson made his Metropolitan Opera debut on 16 November 1922, as Avito in Italo Montemezzi's L'amore dei tre re, he remained with the Met for thirteen years as a singer. He notably created the title role in the world premiere of Deems Taylor's The King's Henchman in 1927, his last performance was on 20 March 1935. In May 1935, Johnson became general manager of the Metropolitan Opera, succeeding Herbert Witherspoon, who died just six weeks into his tenure. Johnson held the position for fifteen years. Johnson was succeeded by Rudolf Bing, he returned to Guelph, promoting musical education and serving as chairman of the board of the Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto. He established sponsor of the annual Guelph Spring Festival, he suffered a heart attack and died while attending a National Ballet recital at the Guelph Memorial Gardens. Not many rules"If you get right down to the bottom, there are in reality not so many singing rules to learn. You sing on the five vowels, when you can do them loudly and with mezzo voce, you have a foundation upon which to build vocal mastery.

And yet some people study eight, ten years without laying the foundation. Why should it take the singer such a long time to master the material of his equipment? A lawyer or doctor, after leaving college, devotes three or four years only to preparing himself for his profession, receives his diploma sets up in business, it ought not to be so much more difficult to learn to sing than to learn these other professions." Edward Johnson The ear"Of course the ear is the most important factor, our greatest ally. It helps. Imitation forms a large part of our study. We hear a beautiful tone. We endeavor to remember the sensations experienced in order that we may repeat the tone at will. So you see Listening and Memory are important factors in the student's development." Edward Johnson Bel canto"The old Italian operas cultivate the bel canto, that is—beautiful singing. Of course it is well for the singer to cultivate this first of all, for it is excellent, necessary for the voice, but modern Italian opera portrays the real men and women of to-day, who live, suffer, are angry and repentant.

Bel canto will not express these emotions. When a man is jealous or in a rage, he will not stand in the middle of the stage and sing beautiful tones." Edward Johnson Interpretation"I feel that if I have worked out a characterization, I must stick to my idea, in spite of what others say. It is my own conception, I must either stand or fall by it. At times I have tried to follow the suggestions of this or that critic and have changed my interpretation to suit their taste, but it always rendered me self conscious, made my work unnatural and caused me speedily to return to my own conception." Edward Johnson The University of Toronto's Faculty of Music Building and Music Library were named in his honour and house his memorabilia. The Edward Johnson Elementary School was opened in Guelph in 1955. On 17 October 2006, Canada Post issued a set of five domestic rate stamps to celebrate great Canadian opera singers, including Johnson. Johnson was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by King George V Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur Officer of the Crown of Italy, Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity Commander of the Royal Swedish Order of Vasa Brazilian Order of the Southern Cros

Jessica PolfjÀrd

Jessica Susanne Zindalai Polfjärd is a Swedish politician of the Moderate Party. She was elected Member of the European Parliament in the 2019 European Parliament election in Sweden. Polfjärd was born in South Korea and came to Sweden by the age of 9 months, through adoption, in 1972. Polfjärd has been a member of the Riksdag since the 2006 elections and served as chairman of the Employment Committee of the Riksdag from 2013 to 2014, she was a member of the Committee on Industry and Trade from 2010 until 2013. She served as the group leader of the Moderate Party in the Riksdag from January 2015 to October 2017. In addition to her committee assignments, Polfjärd was a member of the Swedish delegation to the Nordic Council from 2006 until 2012 and from 2018 until 2019. Since becoming a Member of the European Parliament in 2019, Polfjärd has been serving on the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. Nordisk Kulturfond, Substitute Member of the Board Jessica Polfjärd at the Riksdag website


Tetrazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative with anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant and hypnotic properties. It was used in Austria, Belgium and Spain to treat muscle spasm, anxiety disorders such as panic attacks, or more to treat depression, premenstrual syndrome or agoraphobia. Tetrazepam has little sedative effect at low doses while still producing useful muscle relaxation and anxiety relief; the Co-ordination Group for Mutual Recognition and Decentralised Procedures-Human endorsed the Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee recommendation to suspend the marketing authorisations of tetrazepam-containing medicines across the European Union in April 2013. The European Commission has confirmed the suspension of the marketing authorisations for Tetrazepam in Europe because of cutaneous toxicity, effective from the 1 August 2013. Delayed type 4 allergic hypersensitivity reactions including maculopapular exanthema, erythematous rash, urticarial eruption, erythema multiforme, photodermatitis and Stevens–Johnson syndrome can occur as a result of tetrazepam exposure.

These hypersensitivity reactions to tetrazepam share no cross-reactivity with other benzodiazepines. Tetrazepam is used therapeutically as a muscle relaxant; the indicated adult dose for muscle spasm is 25 mg to 150 mg per day, increased if necessary to a maximum of 300 mg per day, in divided doses. Tetrazepam is not recommended for use in children, except on the advice of a specialist. Tetrazepam is only available in one formulation, 50 mg tablets; the benzodiazepine equivalent of tetrazepam is 100 mg of tetrazepam = 10 mg of diazepam. Allergic reactions to tetrazepam occur involving the skin. Allergic reactions can develop to tetrazepam and it is considered to be a potential allergen. Drug rash and drug-induced eosinophilia with systemic symptoms is a known complication of tetrazepam exposure; these hypersensitive allergic reactions can be of the delayed type. Toxic epidermal necrolysis has occurred from the use of tetrazepam including at least one reported death. Stevens–Johnson syndrome and erythema multiforme has been reported from use of tetrazepam.

Cross-reactivity with other benzodiazepines does not occur in such patients. Exanthema and eczema may occur; the lack of cross-reactivity with other benzodiazepines is believed to be due to the molecular structure of tetrazepam. Photodermatitis and phototoxicity have been reported. Occupational contact allergy can develop from handling tetrazepam. Airborne contact dermatitis can occur as an allergy which can develop from occupational exposure. Patch testing has been used to demonstrate tetrazepam allergy. Oral testing can be used. Skin prick tests may produce false negatives. Drowsiness is a common side effect of tetrazepam. A reduction in muscle force can occur. Myasthenia gravis, a condition characterised by severe muscle weakness is another potential adverse effect from tetrazepam. Cardiovascular and respiratory adverse effects can occur with tetrazepam similar to other benzodiazepines. Prolonged use, as with all benzodiazepines, should be avoided, as tolerance occurs and there is a risk of benzodiazepine dependence and a benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome after stopping or reducing dosage.

Tetrazepam, like other benzodiazepines is a drug, frequently present in cases of overdose. These overdoses are mixed overdoses, i.e. a mixture of other benzodiazepines or other drug classes with tetrazepam. Benzodiazepines require special precaution if used in the elderly, during pregnancy, in children, alcohol or drug-dependent individuals and individuals with comorbid psychiatric disorders. Tetrazepam is an unusual benzodiazepine in its molecular structure as it has cyclohexenyl group which has substituted the typical 5-phenyl moiety seen in other benzodiazepines. Tetrazepam, is absorbed after oral administration, within 45 mins and reaches peak plasma levels in less than 2 hours, it is classed as an intermediate acting benzodiazepine with an elimination half-life of 15 hours. It is metabolised to the inactive metabolites 3-hydroxy-tetrazepam and norhydroxytetrazepam; the pharmacological effects of tetrazepam are less potent when compared against diazepam, in animal studies. Tetrazepam is a benzodiazepine site agonist and binds unselectively to type 1 and type 2 benzodiazepine site types as well as to peripheral benzodiazepine receptors.

The muscle relaxant properties of tetrazepam are most due to a reduction of calcium influx. Small amounts of diazepam as well as the active metabolites of diazepam are produced from metabolism of tetrazepam; the metabolism of tetrazepam has led to false accusations of prisoners prescribed tetrazepam of taking illicit diazepam. Tetrazepam as with other benzodiazepines is sometimes abused, it is sometimes abused to incapacitate a victim. Or abused in order to achieve a state of intoxication. Tetrazepam's abuse for to carry out drug facilitated crimes may be less however, than other benzodiazepines due to its reduced hypnotic properties. Benzodiazepine Long-term effects of benzodiazepines

Martin Hyun

Martin Jong-bum Hyun is a German short story writer, columnist and retired professional ice hockey player who played in Germany's Deutsche Eishockey Liga. He was appointed technical coordinator and manager for the 2018 Winter Olympics by the PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games in the field of ice hockey and ice sledge hockey; the son of Korean immigrants in Germany, Hyun began playing ice hockey at the age of 5, progressing his way through local youth leagues and into the Krefeld Pinguine's youth development system. He became a regular player for the German Junior National Team. In 1997 he was summoned by Coach Miroslav Berek and General Manager Rüdiger Noack to begin the season with the Elite league team at the age of 17, where he scored two goals in five preseason games playing alongside former NHL player Peter Ihnačák. Hyun played most of the season with the second-league development team. In 1998 Hyun decided to go to the United States to further his education and pursue his hockey career at the same time.

He first studied at Benilde-St. Margaret's High School, a Catholic school in St. Louis Park, Minnesota transferring to Northwood Prep School in Lake Placid, New York. Soon after arriving in the United States, Hyun became a fan of National Hockey League player Paul Kariya, of partial Japanese ancestry. After failing to be picked in the 1997 NHL Entry Draft during the World U-17 Championships in Moncton, Canada in 1997, Hyun put aside his pursuit of a professional NHL hockey career, enrolled in Colchester, Vermont's Saint Michael's College, where he played NCAA Division II hockey. In 2002 Hyun won the ECAC Division II Northeast Championship with the Purple Knights. Upon graduation in 2003, he entered a masters' program at the University of Kent's Brussels campus, he returned to Germany in 2004 to sign with the Krefeld Pinguine. With his signing Hyun became the first Asian to make it to the highest professional league in Germany, he made his league debut on September 2004 against the Cologne Sharks.

Hyun chose to wear Number 71 to honour the accomplishments of Korean guestworkers in Germany. In April 2005 Hyun was invited by German President Horst Köhler to attend the state banquet in honour of the state visit of South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun. Hyun is only the third player of Korean heritage to play in the highest league, the previous two being Jim Paek and Richard Park of the USA. After just one season, Hyun retired from professional ice hockey to move to South Korea, where he worked with the National Assembly and the Ministry of Health and Welfare to promote Korean-German friendship. Though Hyun sometimes faced racism and exclusion in Germany, he stated that he felt more like a stranger in South Korea, he gained more experience in the political world with the German and European Parliament and the Ministry of Generations, Family and Integration. He has published a book entitled Lautlos-JA Sprachlos-NEIN on the social integration experiences of second-generation Koreans in Germany.

The book was published in 2008 by EB-Verlag Hamburg ISBN 978-3-936912-84-5. In his acclaimed debut book Hyun was supported by his friend and bestselling author Wladimir Kaminer, they both performed together on stage at the Goethe-Institut in Seoul. Five years Hyun published his second book with publishing power house Random House; the book was titled "Ohne Fleiß kein Reis - wie ich ein guter Deutscher wurde ". The author explores issues central to the Asian German experience: the encounter of diverse cultures; the author above all raises the question of being German with "slanted" eyes. His special views on minorities and social integration has landed him a job with Germany's most influential political news broadcasting radio station "Deutschlandradio Kultur " as columnist. Hyun has become a vivid fighter for minority rights in Germany. In 2007 Hyun was selected among thirty young leaders with a foreign background to participate in the Bertelsmann-Foundation Leadership-Program in order to promote social integration of minorities in Germany.

As a professional ice hockey player Hyun initiated a mentoring-project for children from low income families and helped children with cancer. On October 10, 2008 Hyun received a second invitation from German President Horst Köhler to talk about the demographic change and increasing diversity in Germany. Numerous visits from different Presidents followed. In 2008 Hyun was appointed Goodwill Ambassador for the European Year of the intercultural dialogue, sponsored by the European Commission and European Parliament. In 2010 Hyun founded "Hockey is Diversity " an initiative to promote diversity outside the boundaries of sports. In January 2015 Hyun with the recommendation of the International Ice Hockey Federation was appointed by the PyeongChang Organizing Committee of the Winter Olympics 2018 as their new technical coordinator for their men's and women's ice hockey and ice sledge hockey games. Hyun was selected as Olympic torch runner for his outstanding contributions to the development of Korean-German relations.

1997: World U-17 Hockey Championships, Canada 2002: ECAC Division II Northeast Champion, USA 2014: Integration Award for outstanding contributions in the field of social integration, awarded by SYNKO Synergie Köln e. V. Lautlos-Ja Sprachlos-Nein: Grenzgänger zwischen Deutschland und Korea, released in German Ohne Fleiss kei

Gallifrey (audio drama series)

Gallifrey is the umbrella title of a line of audio plays set in the Doctor Who universe, produced by Big Finish Productions, featuring Louise Jameson as Leela, Lalla Ward as President Romana II, John Leeson as two K-9 units, Mark I and Mark II. The title refers to the home planet of the Time Lords; the first play in the series, Weapon of Choice, was released in 2004. The most recent: Gallifrey: Time War volume 2, was released in March 2019. Two further sets for the Time War series are set for release in 2020 and 2021; the series focuses on political struggles within the leadership of the Time Lords, centred on Romana's presidency. In the first series, Romana's progressive policies and desires to open Gallifrey up to the outside universe faces opposition from more conservative cultures. In addition, a terrorist group known as "Free Time", who want to break the monopoly on time travel technology shared among the Time Lords and the few other temporal powers, steals a timeonic fusion device; the inquiry into Romana's handling of the incident reveals a dark secret surrounding the Time Lords' policy of non-intervention.

The second series sees the admission of non-Gallifreyans into the Time Lord Academy, leading to more tension within the Time Lord political elite. Romana has to deal with Free Time infiltrators as well as an attempted coup by Inquisitor Darkel. In addition, an ancient Gallifreyan evil escapes from the Matrix: Pandora, a megalomaniacal personality who manipulates Romana and others with the goal of regaining life and power. At the end of the second series, Pandora manages to manifest herself in the form of Romana's first incarnation. Both Romanas claim absolute ruler of Gallifrey, leading to civil war. In the third series, Romana traps Pandora in the Matrix once again, destroys her by sacrificing the Matrix. After an election fraught with political manoeuvring, one Lord Matthias becomes Lord President; the series ends on a cliffhanger, with Gallifrey on the brink of economic and social collapse as well as in danger of being overrun by a Free Time virus, while most of the cast are trapped with no apparent means of escape.

At the time Big Finish's license forbid them from using aspects of the revived television series, the Gallifrey series does not explicitly acknowledge the events of the Time War. However, in the final chapter of the third series Irving Braxiatel speaks of "rumours out there in the big wide universe — more than rumours, in fact — that something's coming to Gallifrey, something worse than you could imagine"; because of these rumours, Braxiatel engineers the removal of the Time Lord biodata archive from Gallifrey, in order that the Time Lords might someday be restored after their planet meets its doom. Former Big Finish producer Gary Russell indicated in the audio interviews for the fourth series that this was a reference to the television series' Time War; the fourth series, sees Romana, Leela, K9 Mark II, Brax and Narvin unable to save the Gallifrey they know. Instead, they wander through a collection of truncated time lines, looking for answers in alternate Gallifreys. A Fifth and Sixth Series was produced.

Nicholas Briggs appeared as The Daleks in the latter. Seán Carlsen returned as Narvin in special Intervention Earth with Juliet Landau as Romana and introduces Sophie Aldred as Ace. Stephen Thorne guest star as Omega. Lalla Ward, Louise Jameson And Miles Richardson returned having remained absent in the previous release, in Enemy Line, with Seán Carlsen and Sophie Aldred continuing their roles. Celia Imrie was introduce as Livia. Big Finish explored the Time War in 2018 with Ward, Carlsen and Aldred reprising their roles. Nicholas Briggs returned as the voice of the Daleks. Derek Jacobi guest starred as The War Master. List of Doctor Who audio plays by Big Finish. Gallifrey on Tardis Data Core, an external wiki Gallifrey at Big Finish Guide

Ted Mattner

Edward William Mattner, was an Australian politician and soldier who served as a Senator for South Australia from 1944 to 1946 and 1950 to 1968. He was President of the Senate from 1951 to 1953. Born in Oakbank, South Australia, he was educated at Adelaide High School and the University of Adelaide, before becoming a farmer at Balhannah, he served in the Australian Imperial Force from 1915 to 1919, during which he was awarded the Military Cross, Distinguished Conduct Medal and Military Medal for heroism on the Western Front, with the Second Australian Imperial Force from 1941 to 1942, acting as second-in-command of the 13th Field Regiment in New Guinea. In 1944, he was appointed to the Australian Senate as a United Australia Party Senator for South Australia, filling the casual vacancy caused by the resignation of Oliver Uppill. Soon after his appointment, the UAP became the Liberal Party. Defeated in an attempt at re-election in 1946, he returned to the Senate in 1949. On 12 June 1951, he was elected President of the Senate, a position he held until 7 September 1953, when he was succeeded by Alister McMullin.

He held his Senate seat until his retirement in 1967. Mattner died in 1977. Australian Dictionary of Biography Biographical Dictionary of the Australian Senate