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Edward Sterling

Edward Sterling was a British journalist. He was the son of the Rev. Anthony Sterling, was born at Waterford, he was educated at Dublin. Called to the Irish bar, he fought as a militia captain at the Battle of Vinegar Hill, volunteered with his company into the line. On the break-up of his regiment he took to farming at Kames Castle. In 1810, Sterling and his family moved to Llanblethian in the Vale of Glamorgan, during his residence there Edward Sterling, under the signature of "Vetus," contributed a number of letters to The Times; these were reprinted in 1812, a second series in 1814. In that year he moved to Paris, but on the escape of Napoleon from Elba in 1815 took up residence in London, obtaining a position on the staff of The Times, his fiery and oracular mode of writing conferred those characteristics on The Times which were recognized in the nickname, the "Thunderer." In 1804 Sterling married Hester Coningham. Her uncle Walter Coningham had made a fortune through the sugar plantations of St Vincent, his money, based on slave labour, supported the Sterlings.

The couple had seven children, of whom five died young, The remaining sons were: Colonel Sir Anthony Coningham Sterling. He served as military secretary to Lord Clyde during the Indian Mutiny. John Sterling, man of letters; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Sterling, John". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25. Cambridge University Press. P. 901

Abu Nidal

Sabri Khalil al-Banna, known as Abu Nidal, was the founder of Fatah: The Revolutionary Council, a militant Palestinian splinter group more known as the Abu Nidal Organization. At the height of its militancy in the 1970s and 1980s, the ANO was regarded as the most ruthless of the Palestinian groups. Abu Nidal formed the ANO in October 1974 after a split from Yasser Arafat's Fatah faction within the Palestine Liberation Organization. Acting as a freelance contractor, Abu Nidal is believed to have ordered attacks in 20 countries, killing over 300 and injuring over 650; the group's operations included the Rome and Vienna airport attacks on 27 December 1985, when gunmen opened fire on passengers in simultaneous shootings at El Al ticket counters, killing 20. Patrick Seale, Abu Nidal's biographer, wrote of the shootings that their "random cruelty marked them as typical Abu Nidal operations". Abu Nidal died after a shooting in his Baghdad apartment in August 2002. Palestinian sources believed he was killed on the orders of Saddam Hussein, while Iraqi officials insisted he had committed suicide during an interrogation.

"He was the patriot turned psychopath", David Hirst wrote in the Guardian on the news of his death. "He served only only the warped personal drives that pushed him into hideous crime. He was the ultimate mercenary." Sabri Khalil al-Banna was born in May 1937 in Jaffa, on the Mediterranean coast of what was the British Mandate of Palestine. His father, Hajj Khalil al-Banna, owned 6,000 acres of orange groves situated between Jaffa and Majdal, today Ashkelon in Israel; the family lived in luxury in a three-storey stone house near the beach used as an Israeli military court. Muhammad Khalil al-Banna, Abu Nidal's brother, told Yossi Melman: "My father... was the richest man in Palestine. He marketed about ten percent of all the citrus crops sent from Palestine to Europe - to England and Germany, he owned a summer house in Marseilles and another house in İskenderun in Syria and afterwards Turkey, a number of houses in Palestine itself. Most of the time we lived in Jaffa. Our house had about twenty rooms, we children would go down to swim in the sea.

We had stables with Arabian horses, one of our homes in Ashkelon had a large swimming pool. I think we must have been the only family in Palestine with a private swimming pool". Khalil al-Banna's wealth allowed him to take several wives. According to Sabri in an interview with Der Spiegel, his father had 13 wives, 17 sons and eight daughters. Melman writes, she had been one of a 16-year-old Alawite girl. The family disapproved of the marriage, according to Patrick Seale, as a result Sabri, Khalil's 12th child, was looked down on by his older siblings, although in life the relationships were repaired. In 1944 or 1945, his father sent him to Collège des Frères de Jaffa, a French mission school, which he attended for one year; when his father died in 1945, when Sabri was seven years old, the family turned his mother out of the house. His brothers took him out of the mission school and enrolled him instead in a prestigious, private Muslim school in Jerusalem, now known as Umariya Elementary School, which he attended for about two years.

On 29 November 1947, the United Nations resolved to partition Palestine into an Arab and Jewish state. Fighting broke out and the disruption of the citrus-fruit business hit the family's income. In Jaffa there were truck bombs and an Irgun militia mortar bombardment. Melman writes. Abu Nidal's brother told Melman that their father had been a friend of Avraham Shapira, a founder of the Jewish defense organization, Hashomer: "He would visit in his home in Petah Tikva, or Shapira riding his horse would visit our home in Jaffa. I remember how we visited Dr. Weizmann in his home in Rehovot." But it was war, the relationships did not help them. Just before Israeli troops took Jaffa in April 1948, the family fled to their house near Majdal, but Israeli troops arrived there too, the family fled again; this time they went to the Bureij refugee camp in the Gaza Strip under Egyptian control. Melman writes that the family spent nine months living in tents, depending on UNRWA for an allowance of oil and potatoes.

The experience had a powerful effect on Abu Nidal. The al-Banna family's commercial experience, the money they had managed to take with them, meant they could set themselves up in business again, Melman writes, their orange groves had gone, now part of the new state of Israel. The family moved to Nablus in the West Bank under Jordanian control. In 1955, Abu Nidal graduated from high school, joined the Arab nationalist Ba'ath party, began a degree course in engineering at Cairo University, but he left after two years without a degree. In 1960, he made his way to Saudi Arabia, where he set himself up as a painter and electrician, worked as a casual laborer for Aramco, his brother told Melman that Abu Nidal would return to Nablus from Saudi Arabia every year to visit his mother. It was during one of those visits in 1962 that he met his wife, whose family had fled from Jaffa; the marriage produced two daughters. Abu Nidal was in poor health, according to Seale, tended to dress in zip-up jackets and old trousers, drinking whisky every night in his years.

He became, writes Seale, a "master of disguises and subterfuge, trusting no one and self-protective, like a mole, hidden away from public view". Acquaintances said that he was capable of hard work and

Toxic encephalopathy

Toxic encephalopathy is a neurologic disorder caused by exposure to neurotoxic organic solvents such as toluene, following exposure to heavy metals such as manganese, as a side effect of melarsoprol treatment for African trypanosomiasis, or exposure to extreme concentrations of any natural toxin such as cyanotoxins found in shellfish or freshwater cyanobacteria crusts. Toxic encephalopathy can occur following acute or chronic exposure to neurotoxicants, which includes all natural toxins. Exposure to toxic substances can lead to a variety of symptoms, characterized by an altered mental status, memory loss, visual problems. Toxic encephalopathy can be caused by various chemicals, some of which are used in everyday life, or cyanotoxins which are bio-accumulated from harmful algal blooms which have settled on the benthic layer of a waterbody. Toxic encephalopathy can permanently damage the brain and treatment is just for the symptoms. "Encephalopathy" is a general term describing brain malfunctions and "toxic" asserts that the malfunction is caused by toxins on the brain.

The most prominent characteristic of toxic encephalopathy is an altered mental status. Acute intoxication is a reversible symptom of exposure to many synthetic chemical neurotoxicants. Acute intoxication symptoms include lightheadedness, dizziness and nausea, regular cumulative exposure to these toxic solvents over a number of years puts the individual at high risk for developing toxic encephalopathy. Chronic exposure to low levels of neurotoxic chemicals can cause reversible changes in mood and affect which resolve with cessation of exposure. Acute and chronic toxic encephalopathy on the other hand, are persistent changes in neurological function that occur with exposure to higher concentrations and longer durations respectively; the symptoms of acute and chronic toxic encephalopathy do not resolve with cessation of exposure and can include memory loss, small personality changes/increased irritability, insidious onset of concentration difficulties, involuntary movements, seizures, arm strength problems, depression.

A paper by Feldman and colleagues described neurobehavioral effects in a 57-year-old house painter with regular exposure to large amounts of solvents.. Magnetic Resonance Imaging analyses have demonstrated increased rates of dopamine synthesis in the putamen, reduced anterior and total corpus callosum volume, demyelination in the parietal white matter, basal ganglia, thalamus, as well as atypical activation of frontal areas of the brain due to neural compensation. A thorough and standard diagnostic process is paramount with toxic encephalopathy, including a careful occupational history, medical history, standardized imaging/neurobehavioral testing. In addition, such as lead, that could instigate toxic encephalopathy are sometimes found in everyday products such as cleaning products, building materials, air fresheners, perfumes; these harmful chemicals can be applied. The substances diffuse into the brain as they are lipophilic and transported across the blood–brain barrier; this is a result of increased membrane solubility and local blood flow, with central nervous system solvent uptake being further increased with high levels of physical activity.

When they are not detoxified the symptoms of toxic encephalopathy begin to emerge. However, in chronic situations, these effects may not become severe enough to be noticed until much later. Increased exposure time and increased concentration of the chemicals will worsen the effects of toxic encephalopathy, due to the associated structural CNS damage and direct functional impairment consequences. Rapid diagnosis is important to attempt to prevent further damage to the brain and further neurologic deficits, it is a diagnosis of exclusion, so a full work up for other possible etiologies should be performed. Screening for heavy metals, as well as other toxins, should be done as those are some of the most common causes and the patient can remove themselves from the dangerous environment. In addition, a full examination of blood and metabolites should be done. Treatment is for the symptoms that toxic encephalopathy brings upon victims, varying depending on how severe the case is. Diet changes and nutritional supplements may help some patients.

To reduce or halt seizures, anticonvulsants may be prescribed. Dialysis or organ replacement surgery may be needed in some severe cases. Management of affected individuals consists of immediate removal from exposure to the toxic substance, treatment of the common clinical manifestation of depression if present, counselling for the provision of life strategies to help cope with the debilitating condition. Toxic encephalopathy is irreversible. If the source of the problem is treated by removing the toxic chemical from the system, further damage can be prevented, but prolonged exposure to toxic chemicals can destroy the brain. Long term studies have demonstrated residual cognitive impairment up to 10 years following cessation of exposure. Severe cases of toxic encephalopathy can be life-threatening. Research is being done by organizations such as NINDS on what substances can cause encephalopathy, why they do this, how to protect and cure the brain from this condition. Brain damage Encephalopathy Neurology Bradley, Walter.

Neurology in Clinical Practice. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 99976

Matthew O'Neill (filmmaker)

Matthew O'Neill is a documentary filmmaker best known for his work on the HBO film Baghdad ER, for which he and co-creator Jon Alpert won three Emmy Awards. He and Alpert were nominated for a 2010 Academy Award for their film China's Unnatural Disaster: The Tears of Sichuan Province about the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, they were nominated again for a 2013 Academy Award for their film Redemption about individuals in New York City, known as canners, who survive by collecting cans and bottles from trash and recycling bins and redeeming them for money. He has been involved with Downtown Community Television Center since 1997, he produces films about subjects outside the United States including In Tahrir Square: 18 Days of Egypt's Unfinished Revolution about the Egyptian Revolution for HBO,Turkey's Tigers about the rise of religious Islamic businessmen in Turkey for PBS' Wide Angle and Venezuela: Revolution in Progress which aired on Discovery Times. O'Neill is a graduate of Yale University. O'Neill is an accomplished long distance open water swimmer.

He has completed the 12 mile swim across the Strait of Gibraltar from Spain to Morocco without a wetsuit. At the time of his crossing he was one of fewer than four hundred people to complete the swim. Matthew O'Neill biography Matthew O'Neill on IMDb

Ezra Furman and the Harpoons

Ezra Furman and the Harpoons were a four-piece rock band active between 2006 and 2017. The band consisted of Ezra Furman, Job Mukkada, Andrew Langer, Adam Abrutyn, they formed at Tufts University in 2006. They self-released their first album, Beat Beat Beat in June 2006, recorded in a series of college dorm rooms and engineered by former band member, Jahn Sood, Dave Kant from Outtake Records. In August 2007, the group signed with Minty Fresh Records for a two album contract and released their debut album Banging Down the Doors, produced by Brian Deck for Minty Fresh Records. Banging Down The Doors was met with critical acclaim, their second album, Inside the Human Body, was released in October 2008, was well received by critics. After their contract with Minty Fresh Records expired, they released a self-produced album titled Moon Face, which included live recordings and some of Furman's solo work; when the album was ordered through the band's website, one could include a small passage about themselves, as an addition to the album, Furman would write a song singularly for the purchaser.

Their third studio album, Mysterious Power, was released on April 5, 2011. Through Red Parlor Records, it was produced by Doug Boehm. Ezra Furman has since created three solo albums and has toured with her band Ezra Furman and the Boy-Friends. Adam served as the drummer of the band for nearly six years leaving the band to pursue a career in sales, he was deemed a "mastermind" by Furman, was seen as one of the most talented members of the group. Banging Down the Doors Inside the Human Body Mysterious Power Official website Ezra Furman and the Harpoons interview & mixtape at Raw Investigations Ezra Furman and the Harpoons on NPR's World Cafe, 2007 Ezra Furman and the Harpoons video interview at Prefix Session with "They Shoot Music, Don't They" Spencer Smith Vlog Channel

Gonda Van Steen

Gonda Aline Hector Van Steen is a Belgian-American classical scholar and linguist, who specialises in ancient and modern Greek language and literature. Since 2018, she has been Koraes Professor of Modern Greek and Byzantine History and Literature and Director of the Centre for Hellenic Studies at King's College London, she held the Cassas Chair in Greek Studies at the University of Florida, taught at Cornell University and the University of Arizona. She has served as the President of the Modern Greek Studies Association. Van Steen, Gonda. Adoption and Cold War Greece: Kid pro quo?. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-13158-7. Van Steen, Gonda. Stage of emergency: theater and public performance under the Greek military dictatorship of 1967-1974. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0198718321. Van Steen, Gonda. Liberating Hellenism from the Ottoman Empire: Comte de Marcellus and the last of the classics. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0230100237. Van Steen, Gonda. Theatre of the condemned: classical tragedy on Greek prison islands.

Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199572885. Van Steen, Gonda A. H.. Venom in verse: Aristophanes in modern Greece. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691009568