Promotion and relegation
In sports leagues and relegation is a process where teams are transferred between multiple divisions based on their performance for the completed season. The best-ranked team in the lower division are promoted to the higher division for the next season, the worst-ranked team in the higher division are relegated to the lower division for the next season. In some leagues, playoffs or qualifying rounds are used to determine rankings; this process can continue through several levels of divisions, with teams being exchanged between levels 1 and 2, levels 2 and 3, levels 3 and 4, so on. During the season, teams that are high enough in the league table that they would qualify for promotion are sometimes said to be in the promotion zone, those at the bottom are in the relegation zone. An alternate system of league organisation, used in the US and Canada is a closed model based on licensing or franchises; this maintains the same teams from year to year, with occasional admission of expansion teams and relocation of existing teams, with no team movement between the major league and minor leagues.
The number of teams exchanged between the divisions is always identical. Exceptions occur when the higher division wishes to change the size of its membership, or has lost one or more of its clubs and wishes to restore its previous membership size, in which case fewer teams are relegated from that division, or more teams are accepted for promotion from the division below; such variations cause a "knock-on" effect through the lower divisions. For example, in 1995 the Premier League voted to reduce its numbers by two and achieved the desired change by relegating four teams instead of the usual three, whilst allowing only two promotions from Football League Division One. In the absence of such extraordinary circumstances, the pyramid-like nature of most European sports league systems can still create knock-on effects at the regional level. For example, in a higher league with a large geographical footprint and multiple feeder leagues each representing smaller geographical regions, should most or all of the relegated teams in the higher division come from one particular region the number of teams to be promoted or relegated from each of the feeder leagues may have to be adjusted, or one or more teams playing near the boundary between the feeder leagues may have to transfer from one feeder league to another to maintain numerical balance.
The system is said to be the defining characteristic of the "European" form of professional sports league organization. Promotion and relegation have the effect of allowing the maintenance of a hierarchy of leagues and divisions, according to the relative strength of their teams, they maintain the importance of games played by many low-ranked teams near the end of the season, which may be at risk of relegation. In contrast, a low-ranked US or Canadian team's final games serve little purpose, in fact losing may be beneficial to such teams, yielding a better position in the next year's draft. Although not intrinsic to the system, problems can occur due to the differing monetary payouts and revenue-generating potential that different divisions provide to their clubs. For example, financial hardship has sometimes occurred in leagues where clubs do not reduce their wage bill once relegated; this occurs for one of two reasons: first, the club can't move underperforming players on, or second, the club is gambling on being promoted back straight away and is prepared to take a financial loss for one or two seasons to do so.
Some leagues offer "parachute payments" to its relegated teams for the following year. The payouts are higher than the prize money received by some non-relegated teams and are designed to soften the financial hit that clubs take whilst dropping out of the Premier League. However, in many cases these parachute payments just serve to inflate the costs of competing for promotion among the lower division clubs as newly relegated teams retain a financial advantage. In some countries and at certain levels, teams in line for promotion may have to satisfy certain non-playing conditions in order to be accepted by the higher league, such as financial solvency, stadium capacity, facilities. If these are not satisfied, a lower-ranked team may be promoted in their place, or a team in the league above may be saved from relegation. While the primary purpose of the promotion/relegation system is to maintain competitive balance, it may be used as a disciplinary tool in special cases. On several occasions, the Italian Football Federation has relegated clubs found to have been involved in match-fixing.
This occurred most in 2006, when the season's initial champions Juventus were relegated to Serie B, two other teams were relegated but restored to Serie A after appeal. In some Communist nations several in Europe after World War II, clubs were promoted and relegated for political reasons rather than performance; this was made evident in the late eighties by teams such as Romanian Steaua București and Yugoslav Red Star Belgrade, both winners of the European Champions League despite the rampant level of corruption in their Communist local leagues. Promotion and relegation may be used in international sports tournaments. In tennis, the Davis Cup and Fed Cup have promotion and relegation, with a'World Group' (split into two divisions in the Fe
The KNVB Beker is a competition in the Netherlands organized by the Royal Dutch Football Association since 1898. It was based on the format of the English FA Cup. Outside the Netherlands, it is referred to as the Dutch Cup; the tournament consists of all teams from the top three tiers of Dutch league football, as well as the 24 semi-finalists of regional amateur cup tournaments. The finals of the tournament traditionally takes place in De Kuip, has been held there every season since 1988; the winners of the cup compete against the winners of the Eredivisie for the Johan Cruijff Shield, which acts as the curtain raiser for the following season. The competition was conceived during a board meeting of the Dutch National Football Association, in the Hague, on 19 January 1898; the tournament began the following season, 1898–1899. The first final was played on 9 May 1899 between HVV Den Haag. In 1946, the trophy was changed to one made out of silver, rare in the immediate aftermath of World War II. Like many national cup competitions, the name of the tournament has changed with sponsorship.
From 1995, the competition went from being the KNVB Cup to being known as the Amstel Cup after the sponsor Amstel. On 16 August 2005, the name was changed to the Gatorade Cup after the drinks company Gatorade. In 2006, the name returned to being the KNVB Cup with Gatorade remaining as the principal sponsor. Up until 1998, the winner of the cup entered into the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, but with the abandonment of that tournament, the winner now goes into the UEFA Europa League. If the winning team has won the Eredivisie and thus entry into the UEFA Champions League the berth will be based on performance in that season's Eredivisie. In 1998, both KNVB Cup finalists, Ajax and PSV, had won places into the Champions League. So a game was played between the beaten semi-finalists, SC Heerenveen and FC Twente, to determine who would take the Cup Winners' Cup place. In the Netherlands, the KNVB Cup is broadcast by RTL on RTL 7 and on the streaming service ESPN+. In Spain it is available on beIN Sports. In Australia and New Zealand, the KNVB Cup is available on beIN Sports.
In Asia-Pacific available on BeIN Sports. In Italy, the KNVB Cup is available on Sportitalia. In Brazil the KNVB Cup is available on BandSports. In Latin America, the KNVB Cup is available on Claro Sports. KNVB.nl - Official website KNVB / Netherlands Cup Finals, RSSSF.com Netherlands Cup Full Results 1970-1994, RSSSF.com Minnows in Cup Finals, RSSSF.com League321.com - National cup results
Voetbalvereniging Montfoort is an association football club from Montfoort, Netherlands. It was founded on 30 July 1946, its kit consists of black shorts and orange socks. The first male squad of Montfoort plays in the Eerste Klasse since 2015. Home grounds of VV Montfoort are at Sportpark Hofland Zuid, located on the Bovenkerkweg in Montfoort. Voetbalvereniging Montfoort was founded on 30 July 1946; until 1996 its first squad played in local leagues, with shorter periods spent in KNVB's Derde and Vierde Klasse. In 1994 it rejoined the Vierde Klasse, promoting to the Derde Klasse in 1995. In 1996 It won the section championship promoted to Eerste Klasse, skipping the Tweede Klasse. From 1996 through 2010 Montfoort played in the Eerste Klasse with a short interlude in the Tweede Klasse between 2003 and 2005. In 2010 Montfoort reached for the first time the Hoofdklasse. One year it promoted to Topklasse from 3rd position Hoofdklasse, it relegated after only one year in the league. During the years 2012–15 Montfoort played in the Hoofdklasse.
In the National 2011–12 KNVB Cup Montfoort won 0–1 over Alphense Boys from a goal by Nick Koppers in minute 83. In the second round it lost 1–6 to Sparta Rotterdam, with Andy van Vliet scoring the only goal for Montfoort in minute 69. In the National 2011–12 KNVB Cup Montfoort won first round over De Treffers from Groesbeek, 4–5 from penalty shots, after the game and extra time had ended 1–1; the Montfoort goal in the game was by Miquel Ballo in minute 57. While playing VV Staphorst in the second round, Montfoort player Joost van Apeldoorn was sent out with a red card in minute 59. With one more player on the field, Staphorst went on to the third round. In recent years Montfoort plays again in the Eerste Klasse
Voorschoten'97 is a football and athletics club in Voorschoten in South-Holland. Voorschoten'97 was founded on 1 July 1997 after a fusion of the football clubs: S. V Voorschoten, S. V. L. V and Randstad Sport. V'97 can find its roots in 1925 when Voorschoten got its first official club, V. V. L. on 15 December 1925. Rouwcoop followed in 1932 and they shared De Burgemeester vd Hoeven Sportpark. V. V. L became known as S. V. L. V. Whilst Rouwcoop became Randstad Sport respectively. Both these clubs would start senior'Saturday' sides. There was some opposition because S. V. L. V had always been a'Sunday' playing club. In 1974 Randstad Sport moved to Sportpark Adegeest and there became intensive amalgamation talks of the two clubs, however time after time these talks broke down. The'Saturday' of Randstad Sport split as S. V Voorschoten in 1982. In 1993 S. V. L. V were promoted for the first time in their history to the third division of the KNVB. Forced by economic emergencies to bring their strength together, but encouraged by the council of Voorschoten, the 3 clubs came together in agreement.
On the first of July 1996 Randstad Sport and S. V. L. V amalgamated, and a year on 1 July 1997, S. V Voorschoten joined the party. After 72-years Voorschoten would have a single club once more. 1,500 members and 300 athletes, count towards the green-yellow family. The club is one of the biggest in the region. Notably the Voorschoten Club has had a team from professional football visit Sportpark Adegeest: FC Utrecht, ADO Den Haag, Feyenoord, NAC Breda, Excelsior en Willem II. Next to this, a co-operative relationship has been formed with Feyenoord Rotterdam. Voorschoten'97 and the Rotterdammers play friendly matches. Most famously in 2007 when Feyenoord first showed off its new signings of: Giovanni van Bronckhorst, Roy Makaay, Tim de Cler, Kevin Hofland and Denny Landzaat all unofficially debuting for Feyenoord at Sportpark Adegeest; the match was sold-out by 5,000 fans in attendance. In the season of 2009/10 the Districtbeker West II was captured meaning Voorschoten'97 could take part in the Landelijke Beker, for amateurs and the KNVB Beker 2010/11 for professionals.
In the Landelijke Beker, Voorschoten was eliminated in the quarterfinals by sv Deurne. Voorschoten'97 managed to reach the 3rd round of the KNVB Beker before being knocked out by vv Noordwijk; the club colours are green. The shirt has yellow and green stripes, shorts are green whilst the socks are white with green-yellow piping; the football teams of Voorschoten'97 have played their home matches since foundation at Sportpark Adegeest on 6 Weddeloop, Voorschoten. The sportsground counts one junior-sized field. In the summer of 2008 three fields were laid with artificial turf. Overseeing the main field is the John Kriek-tribune, it holds seating for 135 supporters and is named after the former chairman of the Club. In the 2010-2011 season, the first Saturday side will play in the "Hoofdklasse A", the second from top level of amateur football; the Sunday 1 side plays in the "Derde klasse" of Dutch amateur Football. The headtrainer of Zaterdag 1 is Hein van Heek, who in March 2009 left his position as headtrainer at vv Noordwijk, from Noordwijk.
Van Heek trained Voorschoten'97 before he went to Noordwijk in 2005. The club counts the following youth teams: F 14, E 17, D 13, B 7, A 5 Official website Voorschoten ´97
The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are or located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members. UEFA represents the national football associations of Europe, runs nation and club competitions including the UEFA European Championship, UEFA Nations League, UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League, UEFA Super Cup, controls the prize money and media rights to those competitions. Henri Delaunay was Ebbe Schwartz the first president; the current president is Aleksander Čeferin, a former Football Association of Slovenia president, elected as UEFA's seventh president at the 12th Extraordinary UEFA Congress in Athens in September 2016, automatically became a vice-president of the world body FIFA. UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian and Belgian associations.
The European football union began with 25 members. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Switzerland. UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there are some exceptions; some states are not members. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law; these include Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, the Faroe Islands, Kosovo, however in the context of these countries government functions concerning sport tend to be carried at the territorial level coterminous with the UEFA member entity. Some UEFA members are transcontinental states and others are considered part of Europe both culturally and politically. Countries, members of the Asian Football Confederation were admitted to the European football association Israel and Kazakhstan. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition.
AS Monaco, for example, takes part in the French League. F. C. participate in the English League. Derry City, situated in Northern Ireland, plays in the Republic of Ireland-based League of Ireland and the 7 native Liechtensteinian teams play in the Swiss Leagues. Saarland Football Union, joined Football Association of West Germany Football Association of East Germany, joined Football Association of West Germany as German Football Association Football Federation of the Soviet Union. Four other successor republics formed their own football organisations. Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro. Montenegro, which exited the union, created the Football Association of Montenegro, it competed as FR Yugoslavia until 2003 when the country changed its name to Montenegro. Football Association of Czechoslovakia, became Football Association of the Czech Republic and Slovak Football Association with the Football Association of the Czech Republic acknowledged as its direct successor. Lithuania, in 1990 sanctions were imposed due to secession of Lithuanian Football Federation from the Football Federation of Soviet Union Yugoslavia, in 1992-1998 sanctions were imposed due to the Bosnian War Italy, in 1974-1975 sanctions were imposed against SS Lazio due to its fans, Italy was restricted from the European Cup to which Lazio qualified England, in 1985-1991 sanctions were imposed against English association football clubs due to the Heysel Stadium disaster by suspending their participation in continental competitions for five years Netherlands, in 1991-1992 sanctions were imposed against AFC Ajax due to its fans, the Netherlands were restricted from the European Cup to which Ajax qualified Albania, in 1967 special sanctions were imposed against 1966–67 Albanian Superliga due to its political background 1968–69 the Warsaw Pact demonstrated political protest and imposed sanctions on clubs of its members in continental competitions (included E
The Netherlands is a country located in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; the official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian. The six largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, The Hague, Utrecht and Tilburg. Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General and Supreme Court; the Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, the largest in any country outside Asia. The country is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union.
It hosts several intergovernmental organisations and international courts, many of which are centered in The Hague, dubbed'the world's legal capital'. Netherlands means'lower countries' in reference to its low elevation and flat topography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding 1 metre above sea level, nearly 17% falling below sea level. Most of the areas below sea level, known as polders, are the result of land reclamation that began in the 16th century. With a population of 17.30 million people, all living within a total area of 41,500 square kilometres —of which the land area is 33,700 square kilometres —the Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products, owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, intensive agriculture; the Netherlands was the third country in the world to have representative government, it has been a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a unitary structure since 1848.
The country has a tradition of pillarisation and a long record of social tolerance, having legalised abortion and human euthanasia, along with maintaining a progressive drug policy. The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870, allowed women's suffrage in 1917, became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001, its mixed-market advanced economy had the thirteenth-highest per capita income globally. The Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, quality of life, as well as happiness; the Netherlands' turbulent history and shifts of power resulted in exceptionally many and varying names in different languages. There is diversity within languages; this holds for English, where Dutch is the adjective form and the misnomer Holland a synonym for the country "Netherlands". Dutch comes from Theodiscus and in the past centuries, the hub of Dutch culture is found in its most populous region, home to the capital city of Amsterdam.
Referring to the Netherlands as Holland in the English language is similar to calling the United Kingdom "Britain" by people outside the UK. The term is so pervasive among potential investors and tourists, that the Dutch government's international websites for tourism and trade are "holland.com" and "hollandtradeandinvest.com". The region of Holland consists of North and South Holland, two of the nation's twelve provinces a single province, earlier still, the County of Holland, a remnant of the dissolved Frisian Kingdom. Following the decline of the Duchy of Brabant and the County of Flanders, Holland became the most economically and politically important county in the Low Countries region; the emphasis on Holland during the formation of the Dutch Republic, the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Dutch Wars in the 16th, 17th and 18th century, made Holland serve as a pars pro toto for the entire country, now considered either incorrect, informal, or, depending on context, opprobrious. Nonetheless, Holland is used in reference to the Netherlands national football team.
The region called the Low Countries and the Country of the Netherlands. Place names with Neder, Nieder and Nedre and Bas or Inferior are in use in places all over Europe, they are sometimes used in a deictic relation to a higher ground that consecutively is indicated as Upper, Oben, Superior or Haut. In the case of the Low Countries / Netherlands the geographical location of the lower region has been more or less downstream and near the sea; the geographical location of the upper region, changed tremendously over time, depending on the location of the economic and military power governing the Low Countries area. The Romans made a distinction between the Roman provinces of downstream Germania Inferior and upstream Germania Superior; the designation'Low' to refer to the region returns again in the 10th century Duchy of Lower Lorraine, that covered much of the Low Countries. But this time the corresponding Upper region is Upper Lorraine, in nowadays Northern France; the Dukes of Burgundy, who ruled the Low Countries in the 15th century, used the term les pays de par deçà for the Low Countries as opposed to les pays de par delà for their original
SVA Papendorp are a Dutch amateur football club from Utrecht, founded in 1990. The club holds a Saturday team competing in the Derde Divisie, the fourth tier of professional football in the Netherlands; the club was founded on 26 November 1990 in the Leidsche Rijn neighborhood of Utrecht. The home matches are played in the Industry park of the same name; the standard Sunday team were promoted to the Topklasse ahead of the 2015–16 season, having won the Hoofdklasse A the previous season. The 2010–11 season marked the last time the Saturday team played in the standard competition, competing in the Vijfde Klasse. Since the 2017–18 season the Saturday team compete in the Derde Divisie of Dutch national football. Hoofdklasse A 2014–15 Magreb'90 Official website