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Fali Sam Nariman

Fali Sam Nariman is an Indian jurist. He was the senior advocate to the Supreme Court of India since 1971 and has remained the President of the Bar Association of India since 1991. Nariman is an internationally recognised jurist on international arbitration, he has been honored with the 19th Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award for Excellence in Public Administration 2018. He is one of India's most distinguished constitutional lawyers and he has argued several leading cases, he remained Additional Solicitor General of India May 1972- June 1975. He has been awarded the Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan and Gruber Prize for Justice and has remained nominated member of the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of the Parliament of India for a term. Born in 1929 in Rangoon to Parsi parents Sam Bariyamji Nariman and Banoo Nariman, Fali did his schooling from Bishop Cotton School, Shimla. Thereafter he studied B. A. in Economics and History from St. Xavier's College, followed by a Law degree from the Government Law College, Mumbai in, 1950, after standing first in the Advocate's Examination and been awarded the Kinlock Forbes Gold Medal and Prize for Roman Law & Jurisprudence.

His father wanted him to write the Indian Civil Service Examination. Since he could not afford it at that time, he chose law as his last option. Nariman started his law practice at the Bombay High Court. After practicing for 22 years, he was appointed a Senior Advocate in the Supreme Court of India in 1971, a position he retains to date, he said that "My senior's senior, Jamsetjee Kanga was my mentor. He was like a father figure to me, he died at 93 and he is the one who, at the age of 92, told me that he was still learning. He so does my son Rohinton, he was an Ordained Priest and so is Rohinton."Nariman was instrumental to the development of the Indian Constitution's Law. Nariman was Additional Solicitor General of India from May 1972 to 25 June 1975, resigning from that post upon the Declaration of Emergency on 26 June 1975. Nariman argued in favour of Union carbide in the infamous Bhopal gas disaster case, which he admitted as a mistake in recent times, he was instrumental in getting a deal between victims and the company outside court, which offered an amount of $470 million to the victims.

He argued in the famous case of the Supreme Court AoR Association, in which the Supreme Court took over the appointment of judges in the Higher Judiciary. He appeared in many important cases like Golak Nath, S. P. Gupta, T. M. A. Pai Foundation, etc. Nariman is the recipient of the Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan the second and third highest honors granted to civilians by the President of India. Both awards were for Nariman's contributions to public affairs. Nariman was awarded the Gruber Prize for Justice in 2002, he dedicated his awards to his alma mater Bishop Cotton School in Shimla. Nariman was a President-appointee member of the Rajya Sabha between 1999 and 2005, he has served as President of International Council for Commercial Arbitration since 1994, President of the Bar Association of India since 1991, Vice-Chairman of the Internal Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce since 1989, honorary member of the International Commission of Jurists since 1988, member of the London Court of International Arbitration since 1988.

He was appointed to the Advisory Board of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development in November 1999, served as Chairman of the Executive Committee of the International Commission of Jurists from 1995 to 1997. He represented the Gujarat Government in the matter of the Narmada rehabilitation but resigned shortly after attacks on Christians in the area and the burning of copies of the Bible. In December 2009 the Committee on Judicial Accountability stated that it considered that recommendations for judicial appointments should only be made after a public debate, including review by members of the bar of the affected high courts; this statement was made in relation to controversy about the appointments of justices C. K. Prasad and P. D. Dinakaran; the statement was signed by Ram Jethmalani, Shanti Bhushan, Fali Sam Nariman, Anil B. Divan, Kamini Jaiswal and Prashant Bhushan. On 17.10.2014, he appeared for the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu J Jayalalitha in a conviction and obtained bail for her, earlier rejected.

Nariman is married to Bapsi F. Nariman, since 1955, the couple have two children, a son and a daughter and live in Colaba, Mumbai, his son Rohinton Nariman is a sitting Judge of the Supreme Court of India, who earlier held the post of the Solicitor General of India from 2011 to 2013. The Vis Moot East's Fali Nariman Award for'Best Respondent's Memorandum' is named after Nariman. Nariman's autobiography is called "Before Memory Fades". Peter Gruber Foundation Honors India's Fali Sam Nariman

Aulus Cornelius Celsus

Aulus Cornelius Celsus was a Roman encyclopaedist, known for his extant medical work, De Medicina, believed to be the only surviving section of a much larger encyclopedia. The De Medicina is a primary source on diet, pharmacy and related fields, it is one of the best sources concerning medical knowledge in the Roman world; the lost portions of his encyclopedia included volumes on agriculture, law and military arts. He made contributions to the classification of human skin disorders in dermatology, such as Myrmecia, his name is occurring in medical terms about the skin, e.g. kerion celsi and area celsi. Nothing is known about the life of Celsus, his praenomen is uncertain. Some incidental expressions in his De Medicina suggest that he lived under the reigns of Augustus and Tiberius, it is not known with any certainty. He has been identified as the possible dedicator of a gravestone in Rome, but it has been supposed that he lived in Narbonese Gaul, because he refers to a species of vine which, according to Pliny, was native to that region.

It is doubtful whether he practised medicine himself, although Celsus seems to describe and recommend his own medical observations sanctioned by experience, Quintilian says that his volumes included all sorts of literary matters, agriculture and military tactics. Of the numerous volumes of his encyclopedia, only one remains intact, his celebrated treatise On Medicine. "The work’s encyclopedic arrangement follows the tripartite division of medicine at the time as established by Hippocrates and Asclepiades — diet and surgery." It is divided into eight books. Book 1 – The History of Medicine Book 2 – General Pathology Book 3 – Specific Diseases Book 4 – Parts of the Body Book 5 and 6 – Pharmacology Book 7 – Surgery Book 8 – OrthopedicsIn the "Prooemium" or introduction to De Medicina there is an early discussion of the relevance of theory to medical practice and the pros and cons of both animal experimentation and human experimentation. Celsus discusses, for example, the case of Herophilos and Erasistratos, who he asserts practised vivisection.

In the treatment of disease, Celsus' principal method was to observe and watch over the operations of Nature, to regulate rather than oppose them, conceiving that fever consisted in an effort of the body to throw off some morbid cause, that, if not unduly interfered with, the process would terminate in a state of health. On occasions, however, he boldly recommends the use of the scalpel, his work contains detailed descriptions of the symptoms and different varieties of fever, he is credited with recording the cardinal signs of inflammation known as "Celsus tetrad of inflammation": calor, dolor and rubor. He goes into great detail regarding the preparation of numerous ancient medicinal remedies including the preparation of opioids. In addition, he describes many 1st century Roman surgical procedures which included removal of a cataract, treatment for bladder stones, the setting of fractures. During the twentieth century, many historians claimed that Celsus believed that the crystalline lens is in the exact center of the eye.

In fact, Celsus made no specific statement about the position of the crystalline lens, his Graeco-Roman contemporaries did understand that the lens is located to the front. Hippocrates used the Greek word καρκίνος - karkínos, meaning crab or crayfish, to refer to malignant tumors as carcinomas, it was Celsus who translated the Greek term into the Latin cancer meaning crab. The first printed edition of Celsus' work was published in 1478, his style has been much admired as being equal in purity and elegance to that of the best writers of the Augustan age. Celsus wrote a technical work on agriculture, on which Columella based his De Re Rustica. In hoc volvmine haec continentvr Avrelii Cornelii Celsi medicinae libri VIII: qvam emendatissimi, Graecis etiam omnibvs dictionibvs restitvtis. Beigefügte Werke: Qvinti Sereni Liber de medicina et ipse castigatiss. Accedit index in Celsvm et Serenvm sane qvam copiosvs.... Venetiis: in aedibvs Aldi et Andreae Asvlani soceri, 1528. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf.

Aurelii Cornelij Celsi de arte Medica libri octo: multis in Locis iam emendatiores longè, quàm unquam antea, editi. Beigefügte Werke: Accessit quoque Rerum & Verborum in hisce omnibus memorabilium locupletissimus Index. Basileae: Oporinus, 1552 Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Aur. Corn. Celsi De medicina: libri octo. Lugduni Batavorum: Joh. Arn. Langerak, 1746. Digital edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf. Works by Aulus Cornelius Celsus at Open Library De Medicina at LacusCurtius

Wylie McKissock

Sir Wylie McKissock, OBE was a British neurosurgeon. He set up the neurosurgical unit at the Atkinson Morley Hospital, was Britain's most prolific leucotomist, president of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons. McKissock was born in Surrey, his parents were Rae Wylie. His father from Lanarkshire, was a manager in a linoleum factory who wrote crime fiction under the name of Alan Graham and invented a machine for cutting sheets of material. McKissock went to the City of London School and studied medicine at King's College London and St George's Hospital Medical School in London, qualifying in 1930, his first positions were at St George's Hospital, Maida Vale Hospital for Nervous Diseases and Great Ormond Street Hospital. In 1936 McKissock visited Stockholm to study Swedish neurosurgeon Herbert Olivecrona's work, spent a year on a Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship in the United States and Canada. By this time he had a young family, having married Rachel Jones in 1934; the couple had a son.

In 1939, at the outbreak of World War II, McKissock tried unsuccessfully to join the army as a neurosurgeon and instead was appointed to the neurosurgical unit at Leavesden Hospital. The unit moved to the Atkinson Morley Hospital, Wimbledon and for a time in 1944 was evacuated to Bath, Somerset. McKissock was appointed an OBE in 1946 for his neurosurgical work on casualties with brain injuries during the war, he became a consultant at St George's Hospital and was given an appointment at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery in Queen Square, the neurology unit of University College Hospital. Thus at the Atkinson Morley Hospital, which he was to run until his retirement in 1971, he operated on patients from St George's Hospital, Maida Vale Hospital, Great Ormond Street, Queen Square and University College Hospital, as well as accepting referrals from other hospitals. While at the Atkinson Morley Hospital, McKissock developed an extensive practice of psychosurgery, travelling to psychiatric hospitals all over the south of England and the Midlands.

In the 1940s he favoured the standard Freeman-Watts leucotomy where holes were drilled in the side of the head and an instrument swept through the white matter to sever connections between the frontal lobes and the deeper structures in the brain. Here he describes the Freeman-Watts leucotomy and the speed at which he operated: "This is not a time-consuming operation. A competent team in a well-organised mental hospital can do four such operations in 2-2½ hours; the actual bilateral prefrontal leucotomy can be done by a properly trained neurosurgeon in six minutes and take more than ten minutes." In 1948, in an attempt to reduce the risks and damaging effects of leucotomy, he developed a technique of his own, the rostral leucotomy, where the frontal lobes were approached from the top of the head. He still used the standard Freeman-Watts technique on some patients. By the late 1950s he had performed about 3,000 leucotomies. In 1966 McKissock became president of the Society of British Neurological Surgeons.

He was awarded a knighthood on his retirement in 1971. Following the death of his wife in 1992, Wylie relocated to Brighton to live with his eldest daughter History of psychosurgery in the United Kingdom

Launched (album)

Launched is the second album from German hardcore punk band, Beatsteaks. It was released in March, 2000 on Epitaph Records and follows the band's debut release 48/49 in 1997 on XNO Records; the album contains an interesting half acoustic cover version of a song by heavy metal band, Manowar, "Kings of Metal". The band stayed with Epitaph Records for their next release, Living Targets, in 2002. All songs written by Beatsteaks unless stated otherwise"Panic" – 2:38 "We Have to Figure It Out Tonight" – 1:36 "Shut Up Stand Up" – 2:44 "Shiny Shoes" – 2:59 "2 O'Clock" – 2:58 "Happy Now?" – 3:51 "Mietzi's Song" – 2:44 "Excited" – 1:24 "... And Wait" – 3:45 "Filter" – 2:20 "Fake" – 3:14 "Go" – 2:09 "Kings of Metal" – 4:35 "Schluß mit Rock'n' Roll" – 12:54Track 14 is only 3:12 – the rest of the track starts at 4:15 and is taken from rehearsals Arnim Teutoburg-Weiß – vocals, guitar Peter Baumann – guitar Bernd Kurtzke – guitar Alexander Roßwaag – bass Thomas Götz – drums El Köfte and Holly – guest musicians on "Mietzi's Song" and "Schluß mit Rock'n' Roll" Recorded in 1999 at K4, Germany Produced and engineered by Uwe Sabirowsky Co-produced by Beatsteaks Mixed at Nucleus Studio, Germany Mastered by Howie Weinberg at Masterdisk, New York City, USA Beatsteaks official website Epitaph Records album page Launched Lyrics

Tamarac River (Gatineau River tributary)

The Tamarac River is a tributary of Pain de Sucre Lake, flowing north of the St. Lawrence River, first in Senneterre (MRC of La Vallée-de-l'Or Regional County Municipality, in Abitibi-Témiscamingue and in the territory of La Tuque, in the administrative region of Mauricie, in Quebec, in Canada; this stream runs in a small valley in forest area. This area is without resort; the surface of the Tamarac River is frozen from the beginning of December until the beginning of April. The toponym "Tamarac River" was formalized on December 5, 1968 at the Commission de toponymie du Québec, when it was created