Mumford & Sons
Mumford & Sons are a British band formed in 2007. The band consists of Ben Lovett, Winston Marshall and Ted Dwane. Mumford & Sons have released four studio albums: Sigh No More, Wilder Mind and Delta, their debut Sigh No More peaked at number two on the UK Albums Chart and the Billboard 200 in the US, with Babel and Wilder Mind both debuting at number one in the UK and US, the former becoming the fastest-selling rock album of the decade and leading to a headline performance at Glastonbury Festival in 2013. The band has issued three live albums: Live at Shepherd's Bush Empire, The Road to Red Rocks and Live from South Africa: Dust and Thunder; the band have won a number of music awards throughout their career, with Sigh No More earning the band the Brit Award for Best British Album in 2011, a Mercury Prize nomination and six overall Grammy Award nominations. The live performance at the 2011 Grammy ceremony with Bob Dylan and The Avett Brothers led to a surge in popularity for the band in the US.
The band received eight total Grammy nominations for Babel and won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. The band won the Brit Award for Best British Group in 2013. Mumford & Sons were formed in December 2007 by multi-instrumentalists Marcus Mumford, Ben Lovett, Winston Marshall and Ted Dwane. Band members play acoustic guitar, keyboard instruments, bass guitar, traditional folk instruments such as banjo and resonator guitar; the band name originates from Marcus Mumford being the most visible member, organizing the band and their performances. Lovett indicated that the name was meant to invoke the sense of an "antiquated family business name". A handful of similar bands were increasing their visibility in West London around the same time, giving rise to the label "West London folk scene". Mumford downplays that characterisation as an exaggeration—Mumford & Sons and a few other folk acts just happened to be operating in the same general area at the time. In an interview with the Herald Sun, Marcus Mumford said, "It's not folk really.
Well, some of it is, it's not a scene. Someone got over-excited about a few bands who live in a hundred-mile radius and put it in a box to sell it as a package. It's a community, not a scene. It's not exclusive." Having developed in the same musical and cultural environment, Mumford & Sons' sound has been compared to that of artists such as Noah and the Whale, Johnny Flynn and Laura Marling, whose backing band had included Marshall and Dwane. In early 2008, the band began working with manager Adam Tudhope, who, as part of management company Everybody's represents Keane and Laura Marling, it was through Tudhope's connection that Mumford & Sons were exposed to their future A&R at Island, Louis Bloom, who began monitoring the band. Bloom told HitQuarters that they were still at a fledgling state and not yet ready for a label deal: "There was no one there for it, just a few friends, they needed time to develop. Over the next six months I kept going to see them and they were picking up fans every time."In February 2008, the band completed an extensive UK tour with support from Alessi's Ark, Sons of Noel and Adrian, Peggy Sue and others.
June 2008 marked the band's first appearance at the Glastonbury Festival. They toured Australia with Laura Marling, whose disinclination to interact with audiences encouraged Mumford into the spotlight; the experience helped inform his attitude towards Mumford & Sons audiences, to interact and to try to create a comfortable, casual atmosphere. Mumford & Sons' first project was an EP entitled Love Your Ground which took a year to complete and was released in November 2008 on Chess Club Records. Throughout 2008 and into 2009, Mumford & Sons performed in small to moderate venues in the UK and US, exposing audiences to Love Your Ground tracks and other material that would become Sigh No More; the band recorded Sigh No More with Markus Dravs, who had produced albums with artists such as Arcade Fire. At the time, band members did not own their own instruments—Dravs turned them away when they showed up at the recording sessions empty-handed; the only track from Love Your Ground to be included on Sigh No More was "Little Lion Man".
The band told the Herald Sun that they self-financed the album to avoid the artistic and technical compromises that sometimes befall studio-financed projects. They toured again in support of Laura Marling in 2009, Mumford & Sons were contributing musicians to her 2010 album I Speak Because I Can. In August 2009, Mumford & Sons signed a licensing deal to Island Records in the UK, to Dew Process in Australia and New Zealand, to Glassnote Records in North America and Cooperative Music in the rest of the world, through its own label Gentlemen of the Road. Dew Process boss Paul Piticco signed the band after witnessing a US performance in 2009 and appreciating their "honest" approach and unique sound, their debut album was released on 5 October 2009 with "Little Lion Man" as the lead single. Dave Berry of XFM named "Little Lion Man" his record of the week, in another interview with the band, Berry said "Screw'of the week', it's my favourite track of the year." BBC Radio 1 DJ Zane Lowe made "Little Lion Man" his "Reaction Record" on 27 July 2009, before naming it the "Hottest Record in the World" the following evening.
In their first performance on US network television, the band played "Little Lion Man" on CBS's Late Show with David Letterman on 17 February 2010. This appearance was followed by a performance of "The Cave" on The Late Late Show with Cra
Ed Harcourt is an English singer-songwriter. To date, he has released six studio albums, two EPs, thirteen singles, his debut album, Here Be Monsters, was nominated for the 2001 Mercury Prize. Since 2007 he has been writing for other artists, including Sophie Ellis-Bextor and Paloma Faith, has performed with Marianne Faithfull and the Libertines, his music is influenced by Tom Waits, Nick Cave, Jeff Buckley, among others. Harcourt was born Edward Henry Richard Harcourt-Smith on 14 August 1977, in Wimbledon, England; the youngest of three, Harcourt is the son of Maj. Charles Harcourt-Smith of the and a former diplomat, his wife Sabrina, an art historian. Ed began to study piano at the age of nine and achieved grade 8 when he was 17, he declined the offer to study music, citing "the idea of having to analyse and everything would destroy any enjoyment". Before going solo, Harcourt played the bass and keyboards for Snug, a band formed at school in the mid-1990s by Harcourt, James Deane, Ed Groves and Johnny Lewsley.
The band recorded a handful of singles together before dissolving. In 2000, Harcourt recorded his debut mini-album Maplewood EP straight to a 4-track recorder at Wootton Manor. After signing with Heavenly Records and releasing Maplewood in November 2000, Harcourt recorded his debut studio album Here Be Monsters with producers Gil Norton and Tim Holmes; the album was released in June 2001, charted on the UK Albums Chart at No. 84. One month after its release, the album was nominated for the 2001 Mercury Prize, he described the period as "very strange for me, I was naive, I knew nothing. I was used to making music in my room, so it felt odd being on stage". In the US he signed with Capitol Records. Following the non-album single release of the Brian Wilson cover "Still I Dream of It" in October 2002, Harcourt recorded and released his second album From Every Sphere in February 2003; the album became his highest-charting release in the UK, peaking at No. 39. The album performed moderately well across Europe, peaking at No. 6 in Sweden, No. 25 in Norway, No. 103 in France.
From Every Sphere yielded his highest-charting single to date, "All of Your Days Will Be Blessed", at No. 35. A second single, "Watching the Sun Come Up", was less successful, peaking at No. 79. After a steady schedule of tour dates in the UK, Harcourt's third album, was released in September 2004; the album peaked at No. 57 in the UK and at No. 7 in Sweden, produced the singles "This One's for You", "Born in the'70s", "Loneliness."Through 2005 Harcourt played some live dates with a side-project he called Wild Boar. In August 2005, the B-sides and rarities compilation Elephant's Graveyard was released as a digital download. In the same year he performed at the annual Meltdown Festival in London, supporting the Brian Jonestown Massacre and joining the curator Patti Smith for a rendition of "Pissing in a River", he was part of the ensemble that performed the William Blake inspired Songs of Innocence. Harcourt's fourth album The Beautiful Lie was released in June 2006 to favourable reviews, with Allmusic describing the album as "an invigorating and gorgeous affair, essential for old fans and a good place to start for newcomers."
The album was not as successful on the UK charts, peaking at No. 97. The Beautiful Lie was co-produced with Jari Haapalainen, features contributions from The Magic Numbers, who sing backing vocals on "Revolution in the Heart", he described the release as "the bête noire of the albums". Harcourt recorded several tracks with the French jazz trumpeter Erik Truffaz for the album Arkhangelsk, released in early 2007, he performed live with Truffaz's group to promote the album, they filmed a Take-Away Show video session shot by Vincent Moon. In October 2007, Harcourt released the compilation album Until Tomorrow Then: The Best of Ed Harcourt, collecting material from the first seven years of his recording career. With the release he completed his obligations with Heavenly/EMI and the contract was not renewed; as a consequence he stepped away from his solo career as he was "really bored and sick of myself and my music. I had tried for seven years to make it and break into the mainstream and it didn't happen".
In 2009, Harcourt signed with Dovecote Records in the United States to release The Beautiful Lie stateside, as well as his new EP Russian Roulette which appeared in May of that year. In 2009, Harcourt composed the original music for the soundtrack to the Donnie Darko sequel S. Darko. In early 2010, he wrote a song called "Isabel" for the SOS Children's Villages Emergency Relief Fund in Haiti. Harcourt's fifth studio album Lustre was released on 14 June 2010, the first on his record label Piano Wolf Recordings; the album was produced by Ryan Hadlock at Bear Creek Studios. In February 2013, Harcourt released the album Back into The Woods through CCCLX, the new label set-up by his manager Sean Adams, it was recorded during a one-day session helmed by Pete Hutchings at the Abbey Road Studios and featured his wife Gita on violin and Arnulf Lindner. The release was supported by a headlining tour around England. In January 2014, Harcourt released Time of Dust, a six-track mini-album on CCCLX, it includes the duet "Come Into My Dreamland" with Kathryn Williams.
In 2015 he performed the 17-minute piece "Restoration" for the Belgian charity MusicFund. It was inspired by the BBC documentary Our World: Saving Gaza's grand piano broadcast that featured the work of the charity. In August 2016, Harcourt released his seventh
"Chasing Pavements" is a song by British singer Adele, from her debut album 19. It was the second single from the album, after "Hometown Glory", it was released digitally in Ireland on 13 January 2008 and entered the Irish singles chart at number 26 through download sales alone. Having received a physical release, the single leaped 19 places to number seven, where it peaked. On 20 January, the single entered at number two in the UK singles chart on downloads alone. "Chasing Pavements" was the 27th best selling single of 2008 in the UK, with over 280,000 sales. It was Adele's first Billboard Hot 100 entry, has sold over 1,200,000 digital copies as of October 2011; the B-side to the single is an acoustic cover of the Sam Cooke song "That's It, I Quit, I'm Movin' On". "Chasing Pavements" won the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, was nominated for the Grammy Award for Record of the Year and Grammy Award for Song of the Year. The accompanying music video was directed by Mathew Cullen of production company Motion Theory.
It was uploaded to Adele's official YouTube account on 24 October 2009. The song was inspired by an incident Adele had with a former boyfriend of six months. After learning he had cheated on her, she went to the bar he punched him in the face. After being thrown out, Adele walked down the street alone and thought to herself, "What is it you're chasing? You're chasing an empty pavement." She arranged the chords when she got home. "Chasing Pavements" is written in the key of C minor. "Chasing Pavements" received three nominations at the 51st Grammy Awards. The track received nominations in the categories of Record of The Year, Song of the Year and for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, it won the award for the Best Female Vocal Performance but lost out to Coldplay's "Viva la Vida" in the Song of the Year category and to Robert Plant's and Alison Krauss' collaboration, "Please Read the Letter", in the Record of the Year category. She performed "Chasing Pavements" with Sugarland. According to the Daily Mail, the single was banned from several US radio stations because of the perceived meaning of the words "chasing pavements" referring to the singer chasing gay men.
The source of the perceived meaning is said to come from an entry submitted to Urban Dictionary, although there is no evidence that the title was intended to have this meaning. The song's music video centres on a car crash occurring in London. While set in London, the video was shot in Los Angeles, it features two views: one of the real-world in which the occupants of the car are lying motionless on the pavement following the accident, the other in which the camera shows them from above. Adele is seen inside a car with a man, she sings before getting out of the car and walking past a group of people who are running towards the crash victims. She stands beside a tree continuing to sing until it ends and the victims being shown on stretchers, being wheeled away in different directions by ambulance crews tending to them. Adele is not one of the car crash victims. In the second view, the couple is shown from an overhead view but as if they are shot side-on and they'come to life' and move as if standing up.
The couple appear to reenact their relationship, starting from their first meeting when the woman dropped her scarf and the man handed it back to her. For a while they appear happy together, she writes something on a piece of paper and when the man reads it, he is angered, but he forgives her and they begin rekindling the passion they had before the crash. When Adele sings the chorus for the final time, the couple dance on the pavement surrounded by the onlookers, who are now dancing; the man and the woman dance gracefully and intimately, but in spite of all the joy, they are still just two bodies lying motionless on the pavement, are wheeled away by ambulance crews in different directions. The song's music video earned a 2008 MTV Video Music Award nomination for Best Choreography. On 20 December 2008, the video was ranked #26 on VH1's Top 40 of 2008. Adele/Daniel premiered the song on Friday Night with Jonathan Ross on 7 December 2007, she performed "Chasing Pavements", along with "Cold Shoulder", on Saturday Night Live on 18 October 2008.
The song was performed by Melissa Benoist on the 2012 episode "The New Rachel" of Glee. In 2013, American R&B singer, Candice Glover performed the song on the singing competition series, American Idol, during her time as a contestant on the show. American rapper MGK covered the song and it has over 8 million views on YouTube. "Chasing Pavements" was featured in three episodes of Hollyoaks. The first was in a concluding scene of Hannah Ashworth's anorexia; the second was in a beginning scene of Charlie Dean's custody battle. The third was in a scene showing Dominic Reilly reflecting on Tina McQueen talking to him, aired on 15 October; the song was featured in the film Wild Child, the TV show 90210. UK – CD and 7-inch vinyl "Chasing Pavements" – 3:31 "That's It, I Quit, I'm Movin' On" – 2:12 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Alecia Beth Moore, known professionally as Pink, is an American singer and actress. A member of the girl group Choice in 1995, LaFace Records saw potential in Pink and offered her a solo recording contract, her R&B-influenced debut studio album Can't Take Me Home was certified double-platinum in the United States and spawned two Billboard Hot 100 top-ten songs: "There You Go" and "Most Girls". She gained further recognition with the collaborative single "Lady Marmalade" from the Moulin Rouge! soundtrack, which topped many charts worldwide. Refocusing her sound to pop rock with her second studio album Missundaztood, the album sold more than 13 million copies worldwide and yielded the international number-one hits "Get the Party Started", "Don't Let Me Get Me", "Just Like a Pill". While Pink's third studio album, Try This, sold fewer copies than her previous work, it earned her the Grammy Award for Best Female Rock Vocal Performance, she returned to the top of record charts with her fourth and fifth studio albums, I'm Not Dead and Funhouse, which generated the top-ten singles "Who Knew" and "U + Ur Hand", as well as the number-one hit "So What".
Pink's sixth studio album, The Truth About Love, was her first album to debut atop the Billboard 200 chart and spawned her fourth number-one single, "Just Give Me a Reason". In 2014, Pink recorded a collaborative album, Rose Ave. with Canadian musician Dallas Green under a folk music duo named You+Me. Her seventh studio album, Beautiful Trauma, became the third best-selling album of the year and saw the success of its lead single, "What About Us". Recognized for her distinctive, raspy voice and acrobatic stage presence, Pink has sold over 90 million records worldwide, making her one of the world's best-selling music artists, her career accolades include three Grammy Awards, two Brit Awards, a Daytime Emmy Award and seven MTV Video Music Awards, including the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award. In 2009, Billboard named Pink the Pop Songs Artist of the Decade. Pink was the second most-played female solo artist in the United Kingdom, during the 2000s decade, behind Madonna. VH1 ranked her number 10 on their list of the 100 Greatest Women in Music, while Billboard awarded her the Woman of the Year award in 2013.
At the 63rd annual BMI Pop Awards, she received the BMI President's Award for "her outstanding achievement in songwriting and global impact on pop culture and the entertainment industry." Alecia Beth Moore was born on September 8, 1979, in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, to emergency room nurse Judith "Judy" Moore and insurance salesman James "Jim" Moore. Her father is Catholic and her mother is Jewish, she has described herself as an "Irish-German-Lithuanian-Jew", self-identifies as Jewish. Although a healthy baby at birth, she developed asthma that plagued her through her early years; when Pink was a toddler, her parents began having marital problems, divorced before she was 10. Pink developed her voice early in life, she attended Central Bucks High School West. In high school, Pink joined her first band, but it disbanded upon losing a battle of the bands competition; as a teenager, she wrote lyrics as an outlet for her feelings, her mother commented, "Her initial writings were always introspective.
Some of it was black, deep worrisome." Pink began performing in Philadelphia clubs. She adopted her stagename, "Pink", around this time, she had that nickname for quite some time by that point, it had been "a mean thing". She had gotten that name from the character "Mr. Pink" in Quentin Tarantino's film Reservoir Dogs. Pink has said, "I was extreme. I went through phases to hip-hopper, to rave child, to lead singer in a band. I did it all, all at the same time." At 14, she was convinced to audition to become a member of the all-female group Basic Instinct, earned a spot in the lineup. The group disbanded without releasing any material. At 16, Pink and two other teenage girls, Sharon Flanagan and Chrissy Conway, formed the R&B group Choice. A copy of their first song, "Key to My Heart", was sent to LaFace Records in Atlanta, where L. A. Reid arranged for the group to fly there so he could see them perform. After that, he signed them to a record deal. Since the three girls were under 18 at the time, their parents had to cosign the contract.
The group relocated to Atlanta and recorded an album, never released, but "Key to My Heart" appeared on the soundtrack to the 1996 film Kazaam. During a Christmas party, Reid gave Pink an ultimatum: go home. Choice disbanded in 1998. After Choice disbanded, Pink signed a recording contract with LaFace Records and began working on her debut solo album with producers such as Babyface, Kandi Burruss and Tricky Stewart, her debut single, "There You Go", was released in February 2000 and became her first top-ten hit on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, where it peaked at number seven. Internationally, the song charted inside the top ten in Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom. In April, Pink's debut album, Can't Take Me Home, was released to commercial success. Despite a moderate peak of 26 on the Billboard 200 chart, the album was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America for two million units shipped in the United States, it went platinum in the United Kingdom and multi-platinum in Australia and Canada, while selling over four million copies worldwide.
Critical reception to the album was mixed. The album's second single, "Most Girls", peaked at number four on the B
Egg white is the clear liquid contained within an egg. In chickens it is formed from the layers of secretions of the anterior section of the hen's oviduct during the passage of the egg, it forms around unfertilized egg yolks. The primary natural purpose of egg white is to protect the yolk and provide additional nutrition for the growth of the embryo. Egg white consists of about 90% water into which about 10% proteins are dissolved. Unlike the yolk, high in lipids, egg white contains no fat, carbohydrate content is less than 1%. Egg whites contain about 56% of the protein in the egg. Egg white has many uses in food and many other uses. Egg white makes up around two-thirds of a chicken egg by weight. Water constitutes about 90% of this, with protein, trace minerals, fatty material and glucose contributing the remainder. A raw U. S. large egg contains around 33 grams of egg white with 3.6 grams of protein, 0.24 grams of carbohydrate and 55 milligrams of sodium. It contains the energy content is about 17 Calories.
Egg white contains around 148 proteins. The table below lists the major proteins in egg whites by their natural functions. Ovalbumin is the most abundant protein in albumen. Classed as phosphoglycoprotein, during storage, it converts into s-ovalbumin and can reach up to 80% after six months of cold storage. Ovalbumin in solution is heat-resistant. Denaturation temperature is around 84°C, but it can be denatured by physical stresses. Conalbumin/ovotransferrin is a glycoprotein which has the capacity to bind the bi- and trivalent metal cations into a complex and is more heat sensitive than ovalbumin. At its isoelectric pH, it can assume a red or yellow color; these metal complexes are more heat stable than the native state. Ovomucoid is the major allergen from egg white and is a heat-resistant glycoprotein found to be a trypsin inhibitor. Lysozyme is a holoprotein which can lyse the wall of certain Gram-positive bacteria and is found at high levels in the chalaziferous layer and the chalazae which anchor the yolk towards the middle of the egg.
Ovomucin is a glycoprotein. The amount of ovomucin in the thick albumen is four times greater than in the thin albumen; the physical stress of beating egg whites can create a foam. Two types of physical stress are caused by beating them with a whisk, the first of which occurs as the whisk drags the liquid through itself, creating a force that unfolds the protein molecules; this process is called denaturation. The second stress comes from the mixing of air into the whites, which causes the proteins to come out of their natural state; these denatured proteins gather together where the air and water meet and create multiple bonds with the other unraveled proteins, thus become a foam, holding the incorporated air in place, because the proteins consist of amino acids. This process is called coagulation; when beating egg whites, they are classified in three stages according to the peaks they form when the beater is lifted: soft and stiff peaks. Overbeaten eggs take on a dry appearance, collapse. Egg whites do not beat up if they are exposed to any form of fat, such as cooking oils or the fats contained in egg yolk.
Copper bowls have been used in France since the 18th century to stabilize egg foams. The copper in the bowl assists in creating a tighter bond in reactive sulfur items such as egg whites; the bond created is so tight. A silver-plated bowl has the same result as the copper bowl, as will a pinch of powdered copper supplement from a health store used in a glass bowl. Drawbacks of the copper bowl include the expense of the bowl itself, that the bowls are difficult to keep clean. Copper contamination from the bowl is minimal, as a cup of foam contains a tenth of a human's normal daily intake level. Although egg whites are prized as a source of low-fat, high-protein nutrition, a small number of people cannot eat them. Egg allergy is more common among infants than adults, most children will outgrow it by the age of five. Allergic reactions against egg white are more common than reactions against egg yolks. In addition to true allergic reactions, some people experience a food intolerance to egg whites.
Eggs are susceptible to Salmonella contamination. Thorough cooking eliminates the direct threat, the threat of cross-contamination remains if people handle contaminated eggs and touch other foods or items in the kitchen, thus spreading the bacteria. In August 2010, the FDA ordered the recall of 380 million eggs because of possible Salmonella contamination. Egg white is a fining agent that can be used in the stabilization of wine. Egg white can be added to shaken cocktails to create a delicate froth; some protein powders use egg whites as a primary source of protein. In the 1750s, egg whites were believed to prevent swelling, were used for that purpose. To help soothe areas of skin that were afflicted, egg white mixed with Armenic bole could help restore the fibers. Egg whites are used in bookbinding during the gilding process, where it is referred to as'glaire', to give a book cover shine; the albumen from egg white was used as a binding agent in early photography.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows and video recordings and sheet music, the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators. Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the industry includes a range of professionals who assist singers and musicians with their music careers. In addition to the businesses and artists who work in the music industry to make a profit or income, there is a range of organizations that play an important role in the music industry, including musician's unions, not-for-profit performance-rights organizations and other associations; the modern Western music industry emerged between the 1930s and 1950s, when records replaced sheet music as the most important product in the music business. In the commercial world, "the recording industry"—a reference to recording performances of songs and pieces and selling the recordings–began to be used as a loose synonym for "the music industry".
In the 2000s, a majority of the music market is controlled by three major corporate labels: the French-owned Universal Music Group, the Japanese-owned Sony Music Entertainment, the US-owned Warner Music Group. Labels outside of these three major labels are referred to as independent labels; the largest portion of the live music market for concerts and tours is controlled by Live Nation, the largest promoter and music venue owner. Live Nation is a former subsidiary of iHeartMedia Inc, the largest owner of radio stations in the United States. In the first decades of the 2000s, the music industry underwent drastic changes with the advent of widespread digital distribution of music via the Internet. A conspicuous indicator of these changes is total music sales: since 2000, sales of recorded music have dropped off while live music has increased in importance. In 2011, the largest recorded music retailer in the world was now a digital, Internet-based platform operated by a computer company: Apple Inc.'s online iTunes Store.
Since 2011, the Music Industry has seen consistent sales growth with streaming now generating more revenue per annum than digital downloads. Spotify and Apple lead the way with online digital streaming. Printed music in Europe: Music publishing using machine-printed sheet music developed during the Renaissance music era in the mid-15th century; the development of music publication followed the evolution of printing technologies that were first developed for printing regular books. After the mid-15th century, mechanical techniques for printing sheet music were first developed; the earliest example, a set of liturgical chants, dates from about 1465, shortly after the Gutenberg Bible was printed. Prior to this time, music had to be copied out by hand. To copy music notation by hand was a costly, labor-intensive and time-consuming process, so it was undertaken only by monks and priests seeking to preserve sacred music for the church; the few collections of secular music that are extant were commissioned and owned by wealthy aristocrats.
Examples include the Squarcialupi Codex of Italian Trecento music and the Chantilly Codex of French Ars subtilior music. The use of printing enabled sheet music to reproduced much more and at a much lower cost than hand-copying music notation; this helped musical styles to spread to other cities and countries more and it enabled music to be spread to more distant areas. Prior to the invention of music printing, a composer's music might only be known in the city she lived in and its surrounding towns, because only wealthy aristocrats would be able to afford to have hand copies made of her music. With music printing, though, a composer's music could be printed and sold at a low cost to purchasers from a wide geographic area; as sheet music of major composer's pieces and songs began to be printed and distributed in a wider area, this enabled composers and listeners to hear new styles and forms of music. A German composer could buy songs written by an Italian or English composer, an Italian composer could buy pieces written by Dutch composers and learn how they wrote music.
This led to more blending of musical styles from different regions. The pioneer of modern music printing was Ottaviano Petrucci, a printer and publisher, able to secure a twenty-year monopoly on printed music in Venice during the 16th century. Venice was one of music centers during this period, his Harmoni
Get Even is the debut album of British boy band/pop group Brother Beyond, released on EMI/Parlophone label, in two different editions, both in 1988 referred to as Get Even I and Get Even II. The second edition of the album saw two tracks written by the band replaced with ones produced by Stock Aitken Waterman; the album's songs were composed between 1986, when their first single "I Should Have Lied" - the only one Brother Beyond single not to make the UK Top 75 - was issued, 1988, the year of the album's release. The two SAW tracks, "The Harder I Try" and "He Ain't No Competition", were added to the album after EMI won the production team's services at a charity auction and became the band's only UK Top 10 hits. Like many British bands at the time, Brother Beyond enjoyed more success in continental Europe than at home in Italy where their second single "How Many Times" was a big hit in 1987. In their native Great Britain it would take until the Summer of the following year and the release of the Mike Stock, Matt Aitken and Pete Waterman produced track "The Harder I Try" for the band to score a hit.
The song reached Number 2 in the UK Singles Chart, held from the top spot by Phil Collins' multi-million seller "A Groovy Kind of Love". "The Harder I Try" famously samples the drum intro from The Isley Brothers' "This Old Heart of Mine", indeed the song has a distinct Motown feel. The same can be said of its successor "He Ain't No Competition", which reached Number 6 in November 1988; the 12" version of the song had topped the Hi-NRG charts in October, knocked off by the Samantha Fox cover of "I Only Wanna Be with You", again produced by SAW. Brother Beyond's final significant hits were two remixed versions of self-penned Get Even II album tracks: "Be My Twin", which got to Number 14 in January 1989, "Can You Keep a Secret?", which got to Number 22 in April. The latter would be the last successful single for the group in the UK. Get Even spawned a 57-minute live video concert, entitled Brother Beyond - The Get Even Tour - Live 1989, issued in VHS format, in 1991, the same year of release of the band's final single, "The Girl I Used to Know", which bombed in Great Britain, but was a minor hit in the United States.
The group broke up shortly after its release. All tracks written by Carl Fysh except. Nathan Moore - lead vocals David White - guitar Carl Fysh - keyboards Eg White - drums / percussion Steve Alexander - drums, percussion Belva Haney, Dee Lewis, Eric Robinson, Flakey C, Frankie Madrid, Leroy Osbourne, Mae McKenna, Vicki St. James, Tessa Niles - background vocals Eg White - bass, keyboards Dave Mattacks, Steve Ferrone - drums Peter-John Vettese, Richard Cottle, Rob Fisher, Ian Curnow, Steve Pigott - keyboards Luís Jardim - percussion Martin Ditcham - batteria, percussion Bimbo Acock, Phil Todd - saxophone Same as Get Even II, plus: Brother Beyond - production tracks 5, 9 Michael H. Brauer per MHB Productions - remix and additional production Mike Pela per Power Plant London - sound engineer Carl Beatty - sound engineer track 9 Rafe McKenna - remix and additional production track 9 Abbey Road Studios Advision Studios Battery Studios The Chocolate Factory Eden Studios Mayfair Studios The Music Works Power Plant Studios PWL Studios Rockfield Studios Swanyard Studios Trident II Studios Three Associates: design Sheila Rock: photography Simon Carter for Management One: management Nathan Moore: lead vocals David White: guitar Carl Fysh: keyboards Steve Alexander: drums / percussion Eg White: drums, percussion Belva Haney, Dee Lewis, Eric Robinson, Flakey C, Frankie Madrid, Leroy Osbourne, Mae McKenna, Vicki St James: background vocals Dave Mattacks, Steve Ferrone: drums Peter Vetesse, Richard Cottle, Rob Fisher: keyboards Ian Curnow: keyboards Steve Pigott: keyboards Luis Jardim: percussion Martin Ditcham: drums, percussion Bimbo Acock, Phil Todd: saxophone Stock Aitken Waterman: production tracks 1, 7 Brother Beyond: production tracks 6, 11, 12 Richard James Burgess: production track 3 Don Was: production tracks 4, 8 Michael H. Brauer: production track 5.
EveryHit.com: UK Top 40 Hit Database. Nathan Moore Official: Nathan Moore's Official Website, including a detailed history and discography of Brother Beyond. Paul Gambaccini, Tim Rice, Jonathan Rice, British Hit Singles, Guinness Publishing Ltd