Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
The annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City, one of the world's largest parades, is presented by the U. S. based department store chain Macy's. The parade started in 1924, tying it for the second-oldest Thanksgiving parade in the United States with America's Thanksgiving Parade in Detroit; the three-hour parade is held in Manhattan from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on Thanksgiving Day, has been televised nationally on NBC since 1952. Employees at Macy's department stores have the option of marching in the parade. In 1924, the annual Thanksgiving parade started in Newark, New Jersey by Louis Bamberger at the Bamberger's store was transferred to New York City by Macy's. In New York, the employees marched to Macy's flagship store on 34th Street dressed in vibrant costumes. There were professional bands and live animals borrowed from the Central Park Zoo. At the end of that first parade, as has been the case with every parade since, Santa Claus was welcomed into Herald Square.
At this first parade, Santa was enthroned on the Macy's balcony at the 34th Street store entrance, where he was crowned "King of the Kiddies." With an audience of over 250,000 people, the parade was such a success that Macy's declared it would become an annual event. The Macy's parade was enough of a success to push Ragamuffin Day, the typical children's Thanksgiving Day activity from 1870 into the 1920s, into obscurity. Ragamuffin Day featured children going around and performing a primitive version of trick-or-treating, a practice that by the 1920s had come to annoy most adults; the public backlash against such begging in the 1930s led to promotion of alternatives, including Macy's parade. While ragamuffin parades that competed with Macy's would continue into the 1930s, the competition from Macy's would overwhelm the practice, the last ragamuffin parade in New York City would take place in 1956. Anthony "Tony" Frederick Sarg loved to work with marionettes from an early age. After moving to London to start his own marionette business, Sarg moved to New York City to perform with his puppets on the street.
Macy's heard about Sarg's talents and asked him to design a window display of a parade for the store. Sarg's large animal-shaped balloons, produced by the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company in Akron, replaced the live animals in 1927. A popular belief was that a balloon version Felix the Cat balloon was the first character balloon in the parade back in 1927. Macy's claimed that, but Felix made his first appearance in 1931. At the finale of the 1928 parade, the balloons were released into the sky, where they unexpectedly burst; the following year, they were redesigned with safety valves to allow them to float for a few days. Address labels were sewn into them, so that whoever found and mailed back the discarded balloon received a gift from Macy's. Through the 1930s, the Parade continued to grow, with crowds of over one million people lining the parade route in 1933; the first Mickey Mouse balloon entered the parade in 1934. The annual festivities were broadcast on local radio stations in New York City from 1932 to 1941, resumed in 1945, running through 1951.
The parade was suspended from 1942 to 1944 as a result of World War II, owing to the need for rubber and helium in the war effort. The parade resumed in 1945 using the route that it followed until 2008; the parade became known nationwide after being prominently featured in the 1947 film, Miracle on 34th Street, which included footage of the 1946 festivities. The event was first broadcast on network television in 1948. Since 1984, the balloons have been made by Raven Industries of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, through its Raven Aerostar division. Other American cities have parades held on Thanksgiving, none of which are run by Macy's; the nation's oldest Thanksgiving parade was first held in Philadelphia in 1920. Other cities with parades on the holiday include the McDonald's Thanksgiving Parade in Chicago and parades in Plymouth, Massachusetts. There is a second Thanksgiving balloon parade within the New York metropolitan area, the UBS balloon parade in Stamford, located 30 miles away, it does not duplicate any balloon characters.
The Celebrate the Season Parade, held the last Saturday in November in Pittsburgh, was sponsored by Macy's from 2006 to 2013 after Macy's bought the Kaufmann's store chain that had sponsored that parade prior to 2006. The classic "Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade" logo was, with one exception, last used in 2005. For 2006, a special variant of the logo was used; every year since a new logo has been used for each parade. The logos however are seen if at all, on television as NBC has used its own logo with the word "Macy's" in a script typeface and "Thanksgiving Day Parade" in a bold font; the logos are assumed to be for use by Macy's only, such as on the Grandstand tickets and the ID badges worn by parade staff. The Jackets worn by parade staff still bear the original classic parade logo, this being the only place where that logo can be found. New safety measures were incorporated in 2006 to prevent balloon-related injuries. One measure taken was the installation of win
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w
Giant-Man is the alias used by a number of characters in Marvel Comics. Hank Pym, the first Giant-Man, with the Wasp, appeared in many superheroes stories published in the serial Tales to Astonish and The Avengers. Bill Foster became the new Giant-Man and the Black Goliath. In The Astonishing Ant-Man #4, Raz Malhotra debuted as the third Giant-Man and became one of the supporting characters of the regular series, joining the Ant-Man Security Solutions of Scott Lang. Hank Pym was the original character named Giant-Man, he used that super hero identity after joining the Avengers with Wasp, Iron Man and the Hulk. He has used other aliases like Ant-Man, Goliath and Wasp; as Goliath, Hank Pym led the Avengers. He married his girlfriend Wasp and created the artificial intelligence better known as Ultron; as Giant-Man, Pym fought villains like the Human Top and Egghead, many years after, joined the Secret Avengers, the Avengers A. I. and the Avengers Academy. He helped Wasp to escape from the Microverse after the "Avengers vs X-Men" conflict.
Giant-Man helped Matt Murdock and his friend Foggy Nelson on many occasions, fought his enemy Ultron during the Rage of Ultron event. After dying during the final battle, Pym surprised everyone when he returned as an amalgamation of flesh and Ultron circuitry and encountered the Uncanny Avengers joining the team in his new cybernetic form as Ultron. However, the group didn't trust him and called the Wasp for help. After the Avengers' fears proved true and Pym transformed into Ultron and fought the Unity Division, destroying Iron Man's Hulkbuster armor in the process, the Vision was forced to help the team destroy his'father'. However, Ultron was revealed to still be alive. Bill Foster was Hank Pym's successor who went by the name Black Goliath. Foster died during the Civil War storyline, where he joined Captain America's team as Black Goliath and was killed by Ragnarok. Raz Malhotra is a computer technician whose former field study was in artificial intelligence at the time when Hank Pym started to rid the world of them.
Many companies shut down their A. I.s before Raz could graduate. He started working on a tech-support company called Techbusters in San Francisco. Upon resurfacing following his apparent death, Egghead read Raz's dissertion called "Breakthroughs in Moral Paradigms for Artificial Intelligence." Egghead decided to lure him into his lair under the guise of wanting support for his mac book. When Raz Malhotra arrived to Egghead's base, Egghead revealed his true intentions of wanting Malhotra to use his knowledge to power up artificial duplicates of the Avengers called the A. I. Vengers he had stolen from Hank Pym. Malhotra repudiated Egghead's evil intentions, forcing the villain to use a neural override device to control him. Egghead's plans attracted the attention of Scott Lang; when Raz breaks free from the neural override, he shuts down the A. I. Vengers as Hank Pym knocks out Egghead; some months after Hank Pym perishes in the fight against Ultron, Hank Pym left one of his labs to Scott Lang who sent Raz a present in the form one of the Giant-Man uniforms.
It was revealed that Raz has a boyfriend. Raz decides to use the Giant-Man suit to fight Unicorn, but gets trapped in the Golden Gate Bridge during the conflict. Scott Lang reunited with Raz and took him to confront Power Broker at his public promotion of the Hench App 2.0. They ended up coming into conflict with a female Blacklash who Power Broker hired to guard the event. Due to Raz's inexperience in crimefighting, Blacklash got away. Following the incident, Scott Lang gave Raz an offer come with him to Florida to be trained while looking over Hank Pym's lab there. Raz accepted the offer. During the "Civil War II" storyline, Ulysses Cain received a vision that tipped off Blue Marvel about Infinaut's ninth manifestation attempt enabling him, Giant-Man, the Ultimates to work on a Pym Particle accelerator that ended up anchoring Infinaut and shrinking him down to human size. During the "Secret Empire" storyline, Raz Malhotra in his Giant-Man attire appears as part of the underground resistance against Hydra after they have taken control of the United States.
When Hydra agents threatened his parents and sisters Preeti and Swapna, Raz Malhotra becomes Giant-Man where he defeats the Hydra agents and gets his family into the Underground. His fellow family members are unaware. In the Ultimate Marvel universe, there is a group of characters called Giant-Men who gained size-shifting powers from a modified version of the technology that gave Hank Pym his powers and special jumpsuits that can grow with them; the Giant-Men are part of S. H. I. E. L. D.'s Reserves and consist of Scott Lang, David Scotty, Cassandra Lang, some unnamed Giant-Men and Giant-Women. The Giant-Men and the Rocket Men join Nick Fury and Scarlet Witch into fighting the Liberators. During the Ultimatum storyline, the Giant-Men were seen saving as many people as they can after Magneto caused a tidal wave that hit Manhattan; the Giant-Men carry the Ultimates away from the forces of Loki. The Giant-Men attack the West Coast Ultimates and defeat them. Scott Lang / Ant-Man serves as the Marvel Cinematic Universe equivalent of Giant-Man.
In Captain America: Civil War, Ant-Man grows in size during a battle between the Avengers. In Ant-Man and the Wasp, Scott Lang goes giant when going after Sonny Burch's gang, becoming fatigued if he is giant for too long. Goliath, another alias also
Crossfire is a fictional character, a supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Crossfire's first appearance was in Marvel Two-in-One #52 and was created by writer Steven Grant and artist Jim Craig, his next appearance in Hawkeye Vol. 1 #4 was the first of many encounters with the title character. Crossfire would face off against Hawkeye in the pages of Captain America #317, Avengers Spotlight #24-25, Avengers West Coast Vol. 2 #100 and Hawkeye & Mockingbird #1-6. Crossfire has battled Nick Fury in Nick Fury: Agent of S. H. I. E. L. D. Vol. 3 #40-41. The character was one of the central villains in Spider-Man: Breakout #1-5. Flashback scenes revealed elements of Crossfire's life before his supervillain exploits, he went on to appear as a central character in the limited series Villains for Hire #1-4, a supervillain spin-off of Marvel's Heroes for Hire series. Crossfire has made minor appearances in Agent X #6, Secret War #3-5 and Union Jack Vol. 2 #1-2. He appeared as a member of the Hood's criminal syndicate in New Avengers Vol. 1 #35, 46, 50, 55-57, 60-61, 63-64, New Avengers Annual #2, Secret Invasion #6, #8, Dark Reign: The Hood #1-2, 4-5, Marvel Zombies 4 #2, Dark Reign: The Cabal #1, Captain America: Siege #1 and New Avengers: Finale #1.
William Cross was born in Wisconsin. He became an interrogation expert for the CIA. Cross was building his own rogue covert operations when he romanced federal corrections officer Rozalyn Backus with whom he developed ultrasonic brainwashing technology. Backus was unaware of Cross' illicit activities, they were engaged to be married until Cross stole the technology and disappeared. In his disappearance, he faked his own framed Backus for his own murder. Surviving an attempt on his life which cost him his left eye and his left ear, he replaced them with cybernetic implants and became a prosperous high-tech freelance subversive known as "Crossfire". Plotting to make the growing superhero community exterminate each other via ultrasonic mind control, Crossfire abducted the Thing to test his technology. Moon Knight interfered and Crossfire was defeated. Crossfire secretly rebuilt his operations at Cross Technological Enterprises, founded by his cousin Darren Cross; when Hawkeye and Mockingbird investigated, Crossfire first tried to eliminate the two using the assassins Bombshell and Silencer.
When his three assassins failed, Crossfire decided Hawkeye would make an ideal test subject for his super hero mind control plot, because Hawkeye was prominent enough in the super hero community to attract en masse at a funeral and weak enough to be an easy target. However, Hawkeye thwarted Crossfire's brainwashing, captured the criminals and rescued Mockingbird, married shortly thereafter; the vengeful Crossfire subsequently stalked the newlyweds to former film star Moira Brandon's estate. The elderly actress was declared an honorary Avenger after helping Hawkeye and Mockingbird recapture the supervillain. A juggling supervillain team freed Crossfire from police custody, but when he proved unable to pay the group, Crossfire is held for ransom until Captain America and Mockingbird captured the whole gang. Crossfire escaped and placed a bounty on Hawkeye's arm, hoping to destroy the hero's skills and break the archer's spirit. An army of supervillains look to claim the reward, but are defeated by Hawkeye and Trickshot.
With the bounty hunting supervillains captured, Hawkeye pursues Crossfire through the sewers. Crossfire is left clinging on for his life. Hawkeye contemplates letting the foe fall to his doom and ending the feud between them once and for all; the archer saves Crossfire's life, letting him rot in prison instead. Crossfire was among the army of technology based supervillains recruited by Lucia Von Bardas to attack Nick Fury and a group of superheroes who were involved in a secret war in Latveria a year earlier; the hired supervillains were revealed to each be a component of a bomb designed to destroy the city. Fury and the heroes were able to foil the plot and arrested the supervillains involved, including Crossfire. At some point during one of his prison stays, he befriended Vector of the U-Foes whose secret power nullification technology he had hoped to exploit. Recaptured following an encounter with S. H. I. E. L. D, he was imprisoned in the Vault where the long since exonerated Rozalyn Backus was a member of the Vault's Guardsman force.
Aiding and foiling an escape plot by the U-Foes and Crossfire, Backus turned the criminals against each other, faked her own death, stole a fortune in cash and goods from the criminals, including Vector's power nullification chamber. The criminals were transferred to the new Raft super-prison, all escaped during Electro's mass breakout, with Crossfire leading a gang of his fellow mind-manipulators: Controller, Corruptor and Mister Fear. Pursuing Backus, the chamber and their grudges against each other, the U-Foes and Crossfire's gang fought a super-powered gang war in New York until Spider-Man, Captain America and Iron Man broke it up. Crossfire and his gang were recaptured and Backus surrendered herself to the authorities. Along with the Death-Throws, Crossfire was hired by R. A. I. D. to take part in a terror plot in London, only to be foiled by Union Jack, Contessa Fontaine and the Arabian Knight. Crossfire w
Spider-Man is a fictional superhero created by writer-editor Stan Lee and writer-artist Steve Ditko. He first appeared in the anthology comic book Amazing Fantasy #15 in the Silver Age of Comic Books, he appears in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, as well as in a number of movies, television shows, video game adaptations set in the Marvel Universe. In the stories, Spider-Man is the alias of Peter Parker, an orphan raised by his Aunt May and Uncle Ben in New York City after his parents Richard and Mary Parker were killed in a plane crash. Lee and Ditko had the character deal with the struggles of adolescence and financial issues, accompanied him with many supporting characters, such as J. Jonah Jameson, Flash Thompson, Harry Osborn, romantic interests Gwen Stacy and Mary Jane Watson, foes such as Doctor Octopus, Green Goblin and Venom, his origin story has him acquiring spider-related abilities after a bite from a radioactive spider. When Spider-Man first appeared in the early 1960s, teenagers in superhero comic books were relegated to the role of sidekick to the protagonist.
The Spider-Man series broke ground by featuring Peter Parker, a high school student from Queens behind Spider-Man's secret identity and with whose "self-obsessions with rejection and loneliness" young readers could relate. While Spider-Man had all the makings of a sidekick, unlike previous teen heroes such as Bucky and Robin, Spider-Man had no superhero mentor like Captain America and Batman. Marvel has featured Spider-Man in several comic book series, the first and longest-lasting of, The Amazing Spider-Man. Over the years, the Peter Parker character developed from a shy, nerdy New York City high school student to troubled but outgoing college student, to married high school teacher to, in the late 2000s, a single freelance photographer. In the 2010s, he joins Marvel's flagship superhero team. Spider-Man's nemesis Doctor Octopus took on the identity for a story arc spanning 2012–2014, following a body swap plot in which Peter appears to die. Marvel has published books featuring alternate versions of Spider-Man, including Spider-Man 2099, which features the adventures of Miguel O'Hara, the Spider-Man of the future.
Miles is brought into mainstream continuity, where he works alongside Peter. Spider-Man is one of the commercially successful superheroes; as Marvel's flagship character and company mascot, he has appeared in countless forms of media, including several animated and live action television series, syndicated newspaper comic strips, in a series of films. The character was first portrayed in live action by Danny Seagren in Spidey Super Stories, a The Electric Company skit which ran from 1974 to 1977. In films, Spider-Man has been portrayed by actors Tobey Maguire, Andrew Garfield, Tom Holland. Reeve Carney starred as Spider-Man in the 2010 Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark. Spider-Man has been well received as a superhero and comic book character, he is ranked as one of the most popular and iconic comic book characters of all time. In 1962, with the success of the Fantastic Four, Marvel Comics editor and head writer Stan Lee was casting about for a new superhero idea, he said the idea for Spider-Man arose from a surge in teenage demand for comic books, the desire to create a character with whom teens could identify.
In his autobiography, Lee cites the non-superhuman pulp magazine crime fighter the Spider as a great influence, in a multitude of print and video interviews, Lee stated he was further inspired by seeing a spider climb up a wall—adding in his autobiography that he has told that story so he has become unsure of whether or not this is true. Although at the time teenage superheroes were given names ending with "boy", Lee says he chose "Spider-Man" because he wanted the character to age as the series progressed, moreover felt the name "Spider-Boy" would have made the character sound inferior to other superheroes. At that time Lee had to get only the consent of Marvel publisher Martin Goodman for the character's approval. In a 1986 interview, Lee described in detail his arguments to overcome Goodman's objections. Goodman agreed to a Spider-Man tryout in what Lee in numerous interviews recalled as what would be the final issue of the science-fiction and supernatural anthology series Amazing Adult Fantasy, renamed Amazing Fantasy for that single issue, #15.
In particular, Lee stated that the fact that it had been decided that Amazing Fantasy would be cancelled after issue #15 was the only reason Goodman allowed him to use Spider-Man. While this was indeed the final issue, its editorial page anticipated the comic continuing and that "The Spiderman... will appear every month in Amazing."Regardless, Lee received Goodman's approval for the name Spider-Man and the "ordinary teen" concept and approached artist Jack Kirby. As comics historian Greg Theakston recounts, Kirby told Lee about an unpublished character on which he had collaborated with Joe Simon in the 1950s, in which an orphaned boy living with an old couple finds a
Swordsman is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. His first appearance was created by Stan Lee and Don Heck. Although he was first introduced as an enemy of Hawkeye and the Avengers, the character has since appeared as both a supervillain and a superhero; the Swordsman first appeared as a supervillain in The Avengers Vol. 1 #19. He went on to appear in Avengers Vol. 1 #20, 30, 38, 65, 78 and 79. The Swordsman changed his ways and became a superhero in Avengers Vol. 1 #100 and became a member of the Avengers in Avengers Vol. 1 #112–130, Defenders Vol. 1 #9–11, Captain Marvel Vol. 1 #32–33, Fantastic Four Vol. 1 #150, Giant-Size Avengers Vol. 1 #2 and Avengers Spotlight #22. The Cotati-possessed Swordsman appeared in Avengers Vol. 1 #134, 135, 157, 160, Giant-Size Avengers Vol. 1 #4 and West Coast Avengers Vol. 2 #39. The Swordsman has been a member of various supervillain groups, including the Lethal Legion in Avengers Vol. 1 #78–79 and Iron Man Annual #7, the Emissaries of Evil in Alpha Flight Special Vol. 2 #1, the Legion of the Unliving in Avengers Annual #16, Avengers West Coast Vol. 2 #61 and Avengers Vol. 3 #10–11.
Introduced as a villainous counterpart to Hawkeye in the pages of The Avengers, the Swordsman went on to appear in Hawkeye Vol.1 #1, Solo Avengers #2, Hawkeye Vol.3 #3 and Hawkeye: Blindspot #1 as part of Hawkeye's origins. The Swordsman battled Captain America in Tales of Suspense #88 and Captain America #105; the 2010–2011 crossover storyline Chaos War saw the return of the Swordsman. He was one of the central characters in the tie-in series Chaos War: Dead Avengers; the Swordsman featured in Chaos War #2 & 4–5 and Chaos War: Ares #1. Jacques Duquesne grew up as a privileged youth in the Southeast Asian nation Sin-Cong under French rule. Unlike his father and other European residents, Duquesne held no prejudice against the Sin-Cong natives, after performing an act of kindness for a native servant, he was invited to join a communist rebellion against French rule; as the costumed Swordsman, fancying himself a swashbuckling freedom fighter, helped liberate Sin-Cong, only to learn the rebel leader Wong Chu had killed Duquesne's father.
Devastated and disillusioned, Duquesne departed Sin-Cong to seek adventure. Nothing else is known of Duquesne's early career, but he joined the Carson Carnival of Traveling Wonders. Duquesne, by now in his thirties or older, took a young runaway named Clint Barton under his wing and taught him how to use bladed weapons, while another performer, Trick Shot, taught Barton archery, at which he proved to be a master; the young Clint stumbled upon Duquesne stealing money from the carnival's paymaster to pay a gambling debt. Clint attempted to turn his mentor over to the law. Before Duquesne could deliver the fatal blow, Trick Shot stepped in to save the young boy. Duquesne fled the carnival and adopted his swordsplay act to become a costumed supervillain. Years the Swordsman attempted to join the Avengers in order to take advantage of the benefits that go with an Avenger ID, he was refused entry into the team due to Hawkeye's protests and the fact he was wanted in different states, threatened to kill Captain America after capturing him, but the rest were able to rescue him.
After failing the first time around, he was accepted into the Avengers. However, he was secretly an agent of the Mandarin, who had teleported him to his castle before the Avengers could capture him, created a pseudo-image of Iron Man to recommend the Swordsman to the Avengers; the Mandarin fitted the Swordsman's sword with extra powers, such as firing artificial lightning bolts, though he warned the Swordsman if they were pointed at him they would reverse. Soon after joining the Avengers, the Swordsman revealed his true intentions and betrayed the team, planting a bomb on the control panels which could be activated by remote-control, he soon betrayed the Mandarin to save the Avengers. Despite his heroics, the Swordsman left the ranks of the Avengers, knowing the Mandarin would now be against him; the Swordsman went back to being a supervillain for hire and battled the Avengers on numerous occasions. Under Black Widow's leadership, the Swordsman teamed with the original Power Man and fought the superhero team, capturing nearly all of its members.
With Power Man, he fought against Captain America as agents of the Red Skull. The Swordsman participated in the Mandarin's attempt at world conquest, along with other villains, he battled Captain America again, as a member of Batroc's Brigade, was employed by Egghead where he battled Hawkeye. Along with Power Man, the Swordsman joined the supervillain group the Lethal Legion and battled the Avengers; the Swordsman rejoined the Avengers in a war against Ares in Olympus. He met with Mantis, an ally of the Avengers, rejoined the Avengers after he secretly fell in love with her, he subsequently participated in the Avengers/Defenders war. In his last mission, Duquesne aided the Avengers in the conflict that involved Kang's quest for the "Celestial Madonna". In order to facilitate his plans, Kang had captured the Avengers pres
Dr. Henry "Hank" Pym is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by editor and plotter Stan Lee, scripter Larry Lieber and penciler Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in Tales to Astonish #27; the character, a scientist that debuted in a standalone science-fiction anthology story, returned several issues as the original iteration of the superhero Ant-Man with the power to shrink to the size of an insect. Alongside his crime-fighting partner/wife Janet van Dyne, he goes on to assume other superhero identities, including the size-changing Giant-Man and Goliath, he is a founding member of the superhero team the Avengers. Debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, Hank Pym has featured in other Marvel-endorsed products such as animated films. Michael Douglas portrays the character in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, appearing in Ant-Man and Ant-Man and the Wasp, he will reprise his role in the upcoming Avengers: Endgame. Hank Pym debuted in a seven-page solo cover story titled "The Man in the Ant Hill" in the science fiction/fantasy anthology Tales to Astonish #27.
The creative team was editor-plotter Stan Lee, scripter Larry Lieber, penciler Jack Kirby, inker Dick Ayers, with Lee stating in 2008: "I did one comic book called'The Man in the Ant Hill' about a guy who shrunk down and there were ants or bees chasing him. That sold so well that I thought making him into a superhero might be fun."As a result, Pym was revived eight issues as the costumed superhero Ant-Man who starred in the 13-page, three-chapter story "Return of the Ant-Man/An Army of Ants/The Ant-Man’s Revenge" in Tales to Astonish #35. The character's adventures became an ongoing feature in the title. Issue # 44 featured the debut of his socialite laboratory assistant Janet van Dyne. Janet adopted the costumed identity of the Wasp, co-starred in Pym's subsequent appearances in Tales to Astonish. Wasp on occasion acted as a framing-sequence host for backup stories in the title. In September 1963, Lee and Kirby created the superhero title The Avengers, Ant-Man and Wasp were established in issue #1 as founding members of the team.
Decades Lee theorized as to why "Ant-Man never became one of our top sellers or had his own book," saying, I loved Ant-Man, but the stories were never successful. In order for Ant-Man to be successful, he had to be drawn this small next to big things and you would be getting pictures that were visually interesting; the artists who drew him, no matter, they kept forgetting that fact. They would draw him standing on a tabletop and they would draw a heroic-looking guy. I would say,'Draw a matchbook cover next to him, so we see the difference in size.' But they kept forgetting. So when you would look at the panels, you thought you were looking at a normal guy wearing an underwear costume like all of them, it didn't have the interest. Pym began what would be a constant shifting of superhero identities in Tales to Astonish, becoming the 12 ft tall Giant-Man in issue #49. Pym and van Dyne continued to costar in the title until issue #69, while appearing in The Avengers until issue #15, after which the couple temporarily left the team.
Pym rejoined the Avengers and adopted the new identity Goliath in Avengers #28. Falling to mental strain, he adopted the fourth superhero identity Yellowjacket in issue #59. Pym reappeared as Ant-Man in Avengers #93 and for issues #4–10 starred in the lead story of the first volume of Marvel Feature. During this run he appeared in a redesigned costume with a nail as a weapon. After appearing as Yellowjacket in the 1980s and battling mental and emotional issues, Pym would temporarily abandon a costumed persona. Pym joined the West Coast Avengers as a inventor in West Coast Avengers vol. 2, #21. The character returned to the Avengers as the superhero Giant-Man in The Avengers vol. 3, #1. When the team disbanded after a series of tragedies, using the Yellowjacket persona again, took a leave of absence beginning with vol. 3, #85. Following the death of van Dyne, a grieving Pym took on yet another superhero identity as the new iteration of Wasp, in tribute to the woman he had married and divorced by this time, in the one-shot publication Secret Invasion: Requiem.
Giant-Man appeared as a supporting character in Avengers Academy from issue #1 through its final issue #39. Pym returned as the Wasp in the mini-series Ant-Man & The Wasp, appeared as a regular character in the 2010-2013 Secret Avengers series, from issue #22 through its final issue #37. After Secret Avengers, Pym joined the Avengers A. I. after beating his creation, Ultron. He appeared in many comic books like Daredevil and the graphic novel Rage of Ultron. Biochemist Dr. Henry "Hank" Pym discovers an unusual set of subatomic particles he labels "Pym particles". Entrapping these within two separate serums, he creates a size-altering formula and a reversal formula, testing them on himself. Reduced to the size of an insect, he becomes trapped in an anthill before he escapes and uses the reversal formula to restore himself to his normal size. Deciding the serums are too dangerous to exist, he destroys them. Shortly afterward, he recreates his serums. Pym's exp