Grevena is a town and municipality in Western Macedonia, Northern Greece, capital of the Grevena regional unit. The town's current population is 13,374 citizens, it lies about 180 km from Thessaloniki. The municipality's population is 25,905. Grevena has had access to the Egnatia Odos since the early 2000s, which now connects Igoumenitsa with Thessaloniki and Alexandroupoli at the border with Turkey. Mountains surround the municipality, situated by the river Greveniotikos, which itself flows into the Aliakmon. Other significant towns in the municipality are Méga Seiríni. Grevena Municipal Museum is located in the town. Under Ottoman rule, Grevena was the seat of the kaza of Grevena, Sanjak of Serfice, Manastir Vilayet; the earthquake that occurred in the region on 13 May 1995 was 6.6 on the Richter magnitude scale, but it caused only material damage. The worst hit area was the county of Ventzia. There were two foreshocks of lesser intensity that preceded the main earthquake by a few minutes and warned people.
These warnings sent the population out of their houses. When the main earthquake came, it destroyed nearly all the houses in several villages of the Ventzia County – the houses collapsed to the ground – but all the inhabitants were outside. Another earthquake on 5 January 2005 measured 4.9 near Grevena. It took place at 20:00 local time, no damage was reported. Another earthquake with a measured intensity of 5.4 occurred on 17 July 2007 at 21:23 local time and was followed by weak aftershocks. Some older buildings were damaged in villages northeast of Grevena; the municipality Grevena was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 13 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Agios Kosmas Avdella Dotsiko Filippaioi Gorgiani Grevena Irakleotes Mesolouri Perivoli Samarina Smixi Theodoros Ziakas Ventzio The municipal unit of Grevena is divided into the following communities: Agioi Theodoroi Amygdalies Elatos Elefthero Felli Kalochi Kyrakali Megalo Seirini Myrsina Rodia Syndendro Vatolakkos The community of Grevena consists of three separate settlements: Doxaras Grevena Kalamitsi The aforementioned population figures are as of 2011.
In the area, there is large production of mushrooms, collected in the Valia Calda area. Population statistics, 1981-2011. Theodoros Ziakas, fighter of the Greek revolution Konstantinos Dimidis, fighter of the Greek revolution Official website Grevena on GTP Travel Pages Grevena on GTP Travel Pages Awarded "EDEN - European Destinations of Excellence" non traditional tourist destination 2008
Epirus, is a traditional geographic and modern administrative region in northwestern Greece. It borders the regions of West Macedonia and Thessaly to the east, West Greece to the south, the Ionian Sea and Ionian Islands to the west and Albania to the north; the region has an area of about 9,200 km2. It is part of the wider historical region of Epirus, which overlaps modern Albania and Greece but lies within Greek territory. Greek Epirus, like the region as a whole, is mountainous, it comprises the land of the ancient Molossians and Thesprotians and a small part of the land of the Chaonians the greater part being in Southern Albania. It is made up of mountainous ridges, part of the Dinaric Alps; the region's highest spot is at an altitude of 2.637 metres above sea level. In the east, the Pindus Mountains that form the spine of mainland Greece separate Epirus from Macedonia and Thessaly. Most of Epirus lies on the windward side of the Pindus; the winds from the Ionian Sea offer the region more rainfall than any other part of Greece.
The Vikos-Aoos and Pindus National Parks are situated in the Ioannina Prefecture of the region. Both areas have imposing landscapes of dazzling beauty as well as a wide range of flora; the climate of Epirus is alpine. The vegetation is made up of coniferous species; the animal life is rich in this area and includes, among other species, wolves, foxes and lynxes. The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform as the Epirus Region and is divided into four regional units, which are further subdivided into municipalities; the regional units are: Thesprotia, Ioannina and Preveza. In January 2011, according to the reform introduced by the Kallikratis Programme the prefectures were abolished and replaced by regional units; the former municipalities and communities were re-structured to form only 18 new municipalities. The region's governor is, since 1 January 2011, Alexandros Kachrimanis, elected in the November 2010 local administration elections for the New Democracy and Popular Orthodox Rally parties.
Arta Igoumenitsa Ioannina Konitsa Metsovo Paramythia Parga Preveza Syvota Epirus has few resources and its rugged terrain makes agriculture difficult. Sheep and goat pastoralism have always been an important activity in the region but there seems to be a decline in recent years. Tobacco is grown around Ioannina, there is some farming and fishing, but most of the area's food must be imported from more fertile regions of Greece. Epirus is home to a number of the country's most famous dairy products' brands, which produce feta cheese among others. Another important area of the local economy is tourism eco-tourism; the outstanding natural beauty of the area, as well as its picturesque villages and traditional lifestyle, have made Epirus a strong tourist attraction. Around 350,000 people live in Epirus. According to the 2001 census, it has the lowest population of the 13 regions of Greece; this is due to the impact of repeated wars in the 20th century as well as mass emigration due to adverse economic conditions.
The capital and largest city of the region is Ioannina, where nearly a third of the population lives. The great majority of the population are Greeks, including Arvanites; the delineation of the border between Greece and Albania in 1913 left some Albanian-populated villages on the Greek side of the border as well as Greek-populated villages and cities in Northern Epirus, in present-day Albania. In the past, the coastal region of Thesprotia was home to a Cham Albanian minority, whose number did not exceed 25,000 in 1940s, alongside the local Greeks. After the war and their expulsion, the Greek census of 1951 counted a total of 127 Muslim Albanian Chams in Epirus, while in 1986 44 were counted in Thesprotia. Official website Preveza Weather Station SV6GMQ - Live Weather Conditions
Kastoria is a city in northern Greece in the region of Western Macedonia. It is the capital of Kastoria regional unit, it is situated on a promontory on the western shore of Lake Orestiada, in a valley surrounded by limestone mountains. The town is known for its many Byzantine churches and Ottoman-era domestic architecture, fur clothing industry, trout; the name "Kastoria" first appears in 550 AD, mentioned by Procopius as follows: "There was a certain city in Thessaly, Diocletianopolis by name, prosperous in ancient times, but with the passage of time and the assaults of the barbarians it had been destroyed, for a long time it had been destitute of inhabitants. There is an island for the most part surrounded by water, and a lofty mountain stands above the island, one half being covered by the lake while the remainder rests upon it." Although Procopius refers to it as "a city of Thessaly", the description is undoubtedly that of Kastoria, a city on a promontory in a lake. There are several theories about the origin of the name Kastoria.
The dominant of these is that the name derives from the Greek word κάστορας. Trade in the animal's fur, sourced from nearby Lake Orestiada, has traditionally been an important element of the city's economy. Other theories propose that the name derives from the Greek word κάστρο or from the mythical hero Κάστωρ, who may have been honoured in the area; the word is sometimes written with a C, Castoria in older works. From Greek, the name was borrowed into Turkish as Kesriye; the Serbian and Macedonian name of the city is Kostur. The municipality Kastoria was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 9 former municipalities, that became municipal units: Agia Triada Agioi Anargyroi Kastoria Kastraki Kleisoura Korestia Makednoi Mesopotamia VitsiThe municipality has an area of 763.330 km2, the municipal unit 57.318 km2. For Orthodox and Latin ecclesiastical history, see Metropolis of Kastoria Kastoria is believed to have ancient origins. Livy mentions a town near a lake in Orestis, called Celetrum, whose inhabitants surrendered to Sulpitius during the Roman war against Philip V of Macedon.
The ancient town was located on a hill above the town's current location. The Roman Emperor Diocletian founded the town of Diocletianopolis in the vicinity. Procopius relates that, after Diocletianopolis was destroyed by barbarians, Emperor Justinian relocated it on a promontory projecting into Lake Orestiada, the town's current location, "gave it an appropriate name" indicating that he renamed it Justinianopolis. Th. L. Fr. Tafel, in his study on the Via Egnatia, suggested that Celetrum and Kastoria are three successive names of the same place. Kastoria itself does not appear, until the Byzantine–Bulgarian wars of the late 10th/early 11th century; the town was in Bulgarian hands until 1018, when it was conquered by Basil II. Kastoria was occupied by the Normans under Bohemond I in 1082/83, but was soon recovered by Alexios I Komnenos; the town had a significant Jewish presence, most notably the 11th-century scholar Tobiah ben Eliezer. During the 13th and 14th centuries, the town became contested between several powers and changed hands often.
The Second Bulgarian Empire held the city under Kaloyan and Ivan Asen II, until it was recovered by the Despotate of Epirus. The Nicaean Empire captured. 1252, but lost it again to Epirus in ca. 1257, only for the Nicaeans to recapture it following the Battle of Pelagonia. In the early 14th century, Kastoria was part of the domain of John II Doukas, "doux of Great Vlachia and Kastoria". After his death, the town became part of the semi-autonomous domain of Stephen Gabrielopoulos. After the latter's death in 1332/3, the Byzantine emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos took over the town, but in the next year it was surrendered to the Serbs by the renegade Syrgiannes Palaiologos; the Serbian ruler Stephen Dushan captured Kastoria in 1342/3, taking advantage of the ongoing Byzantine civil war, made it part of his Serbian Empire. After Dushan's death, Kastoria became the seat of Symeon Uroš; the town came under the Epirote ruler Thomas Preljubović, under the Albanian Muzaka family, until it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the mid-1380s.
The Ottoman Turks conquered Kastoria around 1385, but it is unclear whether by force or by an agreement with its Albanian rulers. During the Ottoman period Kastoria acquired a sizeable Muslim population and several mosques and tekkes could be found in the city. According to the findings of Vasil Kanchov, at the turn of the 20th century, the town had 3000 Greek Christians, 1600 Turkish Muslims, 750 Jews, 300 Bulgarian Christians, 300 Albanian Christians, 240 Roma, for a total of 6190 inhabitants; the city would remain under Ottoman rule until the First Balkan War. The 1913 treaties of London and Bucharest incorporated Kastoria into the Greek state. Following the end of the First World War the bulk of the Muslim element of Kastoria's population was transferred
Rhodope (regional unit)
Rhodope is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of East Thrace, its name is derived from the Rhodope Mountains. Together with the regional units Evros and Xanthi, it forms the geographical region of Western Thrace; the capital of the prefecture is the city of Komotini. The second largest town is Sapes. Most of the Muslims of Thrace, the only recognized minority in Greece, are settled in this area, where they form around half of the population. Rhodope borders on the regional unit Xanthi to the west and Evros to the east, on Bulgaria's Kardzhali Province to the north; the Aegean Sea lies to the south. The eastern Rhodope Mountains cover the northern part of the regional unit. Apart from the mountainous areas, the territory consists of farmland and grasslands; the southern and the central part have a Mediterranean climate, the northern part a continental climate with cold winters. The regional unit Rhodope is subdivided into 4 municipalities; these are: Arriana Iasmos Komotini Maroneia-Sapes In 2015 this regional unit has three seats in the Hellenic Parliament.
Rhodope was established as a prefecture in 1930, when the former Thrace Prefecture was divided into the Rhodope and Evros prefectures. In 1944 Xanthi Prefecture was created from the western part of Rhodope Prefecture. Since the 1990s Rhodope cooperated with Evros in the Rhodope-Evros Super-prefecture; as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was transformed into a regional unit within the East Macedonia and Thrace region, with no change in its boundaries. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Province of Komotini - Komotini Province of Sapes - SapesNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece; the ancient city Anastasioupolis - Peritheorion with the medieval towers south-east of Amaxades. The Imaret of Komotini, one of the oldest Ottoman monuments in Thrace from 1360 - 1380; the Papikio mountain with the ruins of early Christian monasteries. The trip route from Arriana to the east, as far as the borders with Evros, within the forest.
The suburban forest of Nymphaea, north of Komotini. The ancient Maronia; the "Thracian Meteora" - scenic landscape with wild nature and wild horses north of Iasmos. The circumcenter temple of 11th - 13th century of Maximianoupolis - Mosynoupolis few km west of Komotini. Archaeological Museum of Komotini. Folklore Museum of Komotini. Byzantine Museum of Komotini. Carathéodory's museum, dedicated to Constantin Carathéodory, in Komotini. Thracian, Ethnological and Cultural museum, in Komotini. Petrota beach Synaxi beach Marmaritsa Agios Charalampos' beach Kangeles, near Maronia Platanitis Alkyona Proskynites' beach or Kryoneri Profitis Ilias Imeros' beach Karousmilou Molyvoti Chrysophora islet Glyfada's beach Paralia Mesis Arogi's beaches Fanari beaches GR-2/E90, Egnatia Highway and new, W, Cen. E, SE GR-53 List of settlements in the Rhodope regional unit Rhodope Internet Portal
Kozani (regional unit)
Kozani is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of West Macedonia, its capital is the city of Kozani. Kozani borders the regional units of Kastoria to the west and northwest, Florina to the north, Pella to the northeast and Pieria to the east, Larissa to the southeast, Grevena to the south; the main mountain ranges are Askio in the northwest, Voio in the west, Vermio in the northeast and the Pierian Mountains in the southeast. The river Aliakmon flows through the southern part, through the large reservoir Lake Polyfytos. Lignite is mined around Ptolemaida, its climate ranges from continental to mountainous. Kozani has warm to hot summers and cool winters, cooler than Thessaloniki, the mountainous, the western and the eastern portion receives cold winters and features snow, its sunshine days are days shorter than the south and by the coastline, it is rainier than the south. Temeperatures ranges from 25 to 30 °C during the summer months; the regional unit Kozani is subdivided into 4 municipalities.
These are: Eordaia Kozani Servia-Velventos Voio Kozani was created as a prefecture in 1915. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Kozani was created out of the former prefecture Kozani; the prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Kozani had three provinces: Kozani Province - Kozani Eordea Province - Ptolemaida Voio Province - Siatista The area was made up of several kingdoms including the ancient Eordaia, it was ruled by the Kingdom of Macedonia and the Roman Empire after the Third Macedonian War, it became a part of the Byzantine Empire after the breakup into the West and the East, in the early 14th to the 15th century, it was ruled by the Ottoman Empire and lasted until the Balkan Wars of 1913; the Kozani Prefecture was created in 1915 and included the present Florina and the Kastoria regional units. Refugees from Asia Minor and Pontus during the Greco-Turkish War of 1919 to 1922 brought refugees to the area including Kozani and villages and towns that removed the Turkish population to the country which became only known as Turkey.
The economy boomed and was disrupted on. After World War II and the Greek Civil War, most of the buildings were repaired. Kozani opened its airport and its hospital. Kozani has been a prosperous area in the course of its history, its merchants are known to have dominated the commerce of the Balkan peninsula, expanding their trade activities to the north and along the Danube. Nowadays, Kozani is still among the most prosperous areas of the Greek province, but for a different reason, its rich mining industry. Kozani produces lignite, the main source of the electric power produced in Greece, nitrous salts which are processed into fertilizers, chromium. There was an asbestos mine that remained operational until the mid-1990s, which has now ceased its operation. In the regional unit of Kozani there is the artificial lake and hydroelectric dam of Polyfytos, which further contributes to the electricity production of Greece; the region's vast industrial advancement in a short period of time has raised environmentalist concerns.
National Roads Greek National Road 3, SE, Cen. N Greek National Road 15, SW, W Greek National Road 20, SW, W, Cen. Via Egnatia Air transport: Kozani National Airport "Filippos", 4 km from Kozani. Rail transport: Kozani-Amyntaio railway line List of settlements in the Kozani regional unit
Kozani is a city in northern Greece, capital of Kozani regional unit and of West Macedonia region. It is located in the northern part of the Aliakmonas river valley; the city lies 710 metres above sea level, 15 kilometres northwest of the artificial lake Polyfytos, 120 km south-west of Thessaloniki, between the mountains Pieria, Vermio and Askio. The population of the Kozani municipality is over 70,000 people; the climate of the area is continental with cold and dry winters, hot summers. Kozani is the home of the Technological Educational Institute of Western Macedonia and the University of Western Macedonia, with about 15,000 students from all over Greece and other places, it is the seat of West Macedonia's court of appeal, police department, fire brigade, the seat of the 1st Army Corps of the Hellenic Army and of the Bishop of Servia and Kozani. One of the most important aspects of local folklore is Kozani's carnival at the end of the winter, which retains much of the profanity of the ancient Dionysiac cult.
Kozani is abroad for the production of Saffron, in the nearby town of Krokos. Kozani is a transport node between Central Macedonia and Epirus; the nearest airport is Filippos Airport, 4 kilometres from the city, IATA code: KZI. The airport was first opened in the mid-20th century. Kozani is situated near the Egnatia Highway, which connects the coast of the Ionian Sea with Thessaloniki and Turkish borders. According to prevailing opinion in Greece, the name comes from the village of Epirus Kósdiani, the origin of settlers of Kozani in 1392; the settlement was first named Kózdiani, which it was changed into Kóziani, in the end into Kozáni. Antiquities from the prehistoric to the Byzantine period have been unearthed in many sectors of the city. In the east part of Kozani, an ancient necropolis has been found. During Philip II of Macedon's reign, the region was named Elimeia, part of Upper Macedonia and in the same place there was a town named Tyrissa. In the south-west of the modern city, on Siopoto hill, there was a settlement named Kalyvia, between 1100 and 1300, traces of which are still preserved.
Kozani was founded by Christian settlers who, after the Ottoman conquest, withdrew from the plains of Macedonia into the mountains, during the 14th and 15th centuries. Its secure position soon attracted other Christians expelled from Epirus, in 1392. Together with the settlers from Epirus, many cattle-breeders moved in the region; the first recorded mention of Kozani is in an Ottoman register of 1528, as a settlement with 91 houses, 23 singles and 15 widows. One of the most important colonizers of Kozani was the chief shepherd Ioannis Trantas, who settled about 100 families, his son, Charisios Trantas, managed to obtain a Sultan's firman in 1664, according to the terms of which the town came under the protection of the Sultan's mother, was endowed with many privileges, became forbidden for the Turks to settle in. In 1664, the magnificent church of Agios Nikolaos was built. In 1668, the library and the famous school of Kozani were founded. During the 17th and 18th century, commercial relations with the countries of central Europe gave the opportunity for the city to flourish economically.
During the 19th century, as foreign travellers relate, the population of the town was Greek, was growing. The town's growth was disrupted in 1770, because of conflict that erupted between Kozani's local inhabitants and Kozanite merchants in central Europe, who contributed to the town's prosperity. A subsequent incursion by Aslan bey, in 1830, ravaged the city immensely. In 1855 next to St. Nicholas Church a 26 meters high bell tower was built, which would become the symbol of the city. In 1939, a clock was added to the top of the tower, donated by Greek-American, Konstantinos Mamatsios. According to the 1904 population census, 12,000 Greeks and 350 Aromanians were living in Kozani at the time. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Kozani was part of the Manastir Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire; the Greek army entered Kozani on 11 October 1912, during the First Balkan War, after its victory against the Ottoman army in the Battle of Sarantaporo. By this time, the population of the town was 12,000 Orthodox Greeks.
In 1923, during the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, about 1,400 Greek families from Pontus and Asia Minor were settled in Kozani. In the 20th century, the city grew tremendously, as lignite reserves in the area started being used by Public Power Corporation, making Kozani the foremost producer of electrical power in Greece. An earthquake that occurred in the region on 13 May 1995, with a magnitude of 6.6 on the Richter scale caused only property damage. The city now combines modern with old faries architecture; some magnificent buildings are the clock tower, the town hall, the folklore museum, the "Valtadoreio" Gymnasium, the National Bank of Greece building, the "Ermioneion" Hotel and the mansions of Georgios Lassanis and Grigorios Vourkas. The Municipal Library of Kozani called "Kovendareios" is the second biggest in Greece, it has 150,000 books, rare publications, valuable documents, one of the rare copies of Rigas Feraios' charter. For this reason Kozani was included in the National Cultural Network of Cities with object the promotion of the Book and Reading.
The Institute of Book and Reading was established and Kozani is now known as City of Books. Today Kozani is the administrative, commercial and transport centre of the region of West Macedonia; the city is known for its importa
Imathia is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Central Macedonia; the capital of Imathia is the city of Veroia. The regional unit Imathia is subdivided into 3 municipalities; these are: Alexandreia Naousa Veroia As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Imathia was created out of the former prefecture Imathia. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Veroia Province Naousa ProvinceNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece since 2006; the northeastern part of Imathia, along the lower course of the river Aliakmonas, is a vast agricultural plain known as Kampania or Roumlouki. The area is known for the production such as peaches and strawberries. Much of the population lives in this plain, where the towns Veroia are situated. Imathia has a short shoreline on the Thermaic Gulf, around the mouth of the Aliakmonas; the mountainous western part of Imathia is covered by the Vermio Mountains, reaching 2,052 metres near the city of Naousa.
The Pierian Mountains reach into the southern part of Imathia, south of the Aliakmonas. The regional unit borders on Pieria to the south, Kozani to the west, Pella to the north and Thessaloniki to the east. Imathia has a Mediterranean climate with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters; the railway from Thessaloniki to Florina and the important railway from Thessaloniki to Athens pass through Imathia, with main stations at Platy and Alexandreia. The motorways A2 and A1 and the Greek National Roads EO1, EO4 and EO4a pass through Imathia; the Alexandreia Airport is a military airport. Imathia was named after the historic region Emathia, used by several classical authors as a synonym for Bottiaea or all of Macedon. Important ancient towns in the area of present Imathia were Beroea; as a part of the Macedonia region, it was ruled by the kingdom of Macedonia, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire and from early 15th century by the Ottoman Empire. In 1913, as a result of the Second Balkan War, it became part of Greece.
During and after the Greco-Turkish War, several refugees from Turkey settled in Imathia. Part of the prefecture of Thessaloniki, Imathia became a prefecture in 1946, Veroia was selected as its capital. Agrotikoi Orizontes Elefthero Vima Epikaira Imathias Epta Imathias Imerisia Kerkida Laos Pliroforisi Macedonika Nea Wine and Vine Museum Archaeological Museum of Veroia Byzantine Museum of Veroia Folklore Museum of the Lyceum of Hellenic Women Veria F. C. - Veroia Pontioi Veria F. C. - Veroia Naoussa F. C. - Naousa Alexandria F. C. - Alexandria Emathus List of settlements in Imathia Former toponyms in Imathia Prefecture Asyrmato Mitropolitiko Dyktio Hmathias, The local wireless network Official website Veroia 11th Public School