Eighteen-spotted ladybird

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Eighteen-spotted ladybird
P1100358 Myrrha octodecimguttata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Coccinellidae
Genus: Myrrha
Species: M. octodecimguttata
Binomial name
Myrrha octodecimguttata
Subspecies
  • M. o. octodecimguttata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • M. o. formosa (Costa, 1849)

The eighteen-spotted ladybird (Myrrha octodecimguttata), or 18-spot ladybird, is a species of beetle in the genus Myrrha in the ladybird family that lives primarily in pine forests and mixed (deciduous/conifer) forests inhabiting the upper part of the canopy and feeding on aphids.[1] They favour old pines and breed in the crowns of pine trees in Germany [2] M. octodecimguttata also occurs on high bogs (West Siberian Plain , East Siberian taiga)[3] Adults overwinter in aggregations under peeled-off bark and in crevices at the bases of old pine trunks.[4] It is usually 4 to 5 millimetres (0.16 to 0.20 in) in length.[5][6]

Distribution[edit]

Europe, North Africa. European Russia, the Caucasus, Siberia, the Russian Far East, Belarus, Ukraine, Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, Western Asia, Mongolia.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ lablokoff-Khnzorian, S. M. 1982. Les Coccinelles Coleopteres- Coccinellidae Tribu Coccinellini des regions Palearctique et Orientale. Boubee. Paris. 568 pp.
  2. ^ Klausnitzer, B. 1968. Zur Biologic von Myrrha octodecimguttata (L.) (Col. Coccinellidae). Entomol. Nachr. 12: 102-104.
  3. ^ Iablokoff-Khnzorian, S.M., A Review of the Family Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of the Fauna of the USSR., Zoologicheskii Sbornik Instituta Zoologii Armyanskoi SSR. Yerevan 19, 94–161 (1983)
  4. ^ Koch, K., Die Käfer Mitteleuropas, Ökologie. Vol. 2 (Goecke und Evers Verlag, Krefeld, 1989)
  5. ^ "Ladybirds of the UK" (PDF). Ladybird-Survey.org. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
  6. ^ "Ladybirds". Eakringbirds.com.
  7. ^ N. B. Nikitsky and А. S. Ukrainsky , 2016 The Ladybird Beetles (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) of Moscow Province ISSN 0013–8738, Entomological Review, 2016, Vol. 96, No. 6, pp. 710–735 ISSN 0013–8738 online pdf
  8. ^ Fauna Europaea