Eileithyia Cave

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Eileithyia Cave
Cave of Eileithyia
Cave of Eileithyia
Shown within Greece
Alternative nameCave of Eileithyia
LocationCrete
RegionGreece
Coordinates35°19′29.2″N 25°12′21″E / 35.324778°N 25.20583°E / 35.324778; 25.20583Coordinates: 35°19′29.2″N 25°12′21″E / 35.324778°N 25.20583°E / 35.324778; 25.20583
History
PeriodsNeolithic, Bronze Age

Eileithyia Cave (also the Cave of Eileithyia) was a sacred cave dedicated to the goddess of childbirth, Eileithyia, on the island of Crete, that was used from the Neolithic era to the Roman, with worship flourishing in the Late Minoan period.[1] It has been suggested that rock formations within the cave resemble female figures, most prominently a stalagmite in the centre that appears as a standing female.[1]

Geography[edit]

The cave is located one kilometer south of the town of Amnisos.

Mythology[edit]

The cave is mentioned in Odysseus's Cretan narrative to Penelope in the Odyssey.

Archaeology[edit]

The Eileithyia Cave was occupied by prehistoric human settlers from the Neolithic period until around 400 BCE. The archaeological finds made in the cave are on display at the Iraklion Museum and the Archaeological Museum of Iraklion. Pottery ranging from the Neolithic to Roman periods has been discovered in the cave, with the most significant number of finds coming from the Minoan era.[1] Four anthropomorphic vases from the Orientalizing period, which could be of Greek origin were found in the sanctuary.[2] They are similar to Egyptian vases that show Isis nursing her infant son Horus. The sanctuary is the largest collection of Egyptian and Egyptianizing artifacts on Crete.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Burket, Walter (1985). Greek Religion. Maiden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. and Harvard University Press. p. 30. ISBN 9780674362819.
  2. ^ a b Laskaris, Julie (2008). "Nursing Mothers in Greek and Roman Medicine". American Journal of Archaeology. 112 (3): 459–464. doi:10.3764/aja.112.3.459. JSTOR 20627484.

External links[edit]