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Eilmer of Malmesbury

Eilmer of Malmesbury was an 11th-century English Benedictine monk best known for his early attempt at a gliding flight using wings. Eilmer was a monk of Malmesbury Abbey. All, known of him is from the Gesta regum Anglorum, written by the eminent medieval historian William of Malmesbury in about 1125. Being a fellow monk of the same abbey, William certainly obtained his account directly from people who knew Eilmer when he was an old man. Scholars, such as the American historian of technology Lynn White, have attempted to estimate Eilmer's date of birth based on a quotation in William's Deeds about Halley's Comet, which appeared in 1066. However, William recorded Eilmer's quotation not to establish his age, but to show that a prophecy was fulfilled when the Normans invaded England. You've come, have you? – You've come, you source of tears to many mothers. It is long. If Eilmer had seen Halley's Comet 76 years earlier in 989, he could have been born about 984, making him about five or six years old when he first saw the comet, therefore old enough to remember it.

However the periodicity of comets was unknown in Eilmer's time, so his remark "It is long since I saw you" could have referred to a different comet. Since it is known that Eilmer was an "old man" in 1066, that he had made the flight attempt "in his youth", the event is placed some time during the early 11th century in its first decade. William records that, in Eilmer's youth, he had believed the Greek fable of Daedalus. Thus, Eilmer fixed wings to his hands and feet and launched himself from the top of a tower at Malmesbury Abbey: He was a man learned for those times, of ripe old age, in his early youth had hazarded a deed of remarkable boldness, he had by some means, I scarcely know what, fastened wings to his hands and feet so that, mistaking fable for truth, he might fly like Daedalus, collecting the breeze upon the summit of a tower, flew for more than a furlong. But agitated by the violence of the wind and the swirling of air, as well as by the awareness of his rash attempt, he fell, broke both his legs and was lame after.

He used to relate as the cause of his forgetting to provide himself a tail. Given the geography of the abbey, his landing site, the account of his flight, to travel for "more than a furlong" he would have had to have been airborne for about 15 seconds, his exact flightpath is not known, nor how long he was in the air, because today's abbey is not the abbey of the 11th century, when it was smaller, although the tower was close to the present height. "Olivers Lane", off the present-day High Street and about 200 metres from the abbey, is reputed locally to be the site where Eilmer landed. That would have taken him over many buildings. Maxwell Woosnam's study concluded that he is more to have descended the steep hill off to the southwest of the abbey, rather than the town centre to the south. Eilmer used a bird-like apparatus to glide downwards against the breeze. However, being unable to balance himself forward and backwards, as does a bird by slight movements of its wings and legs, he would have needed a large tail to maintain equilibrium.

Eilmer could not have achieved true soaring flight, but he might have glided down safely with a tail. Eilmer said he had "forgotten to provide himself with a tail." Other than William's account of the flight, nothing has survived of Eilmer's lifetime work as a monk, although his astrological treatises still circulated as late as the 16th century. Based on William's account, the story of Eilmer's flight has been retold many times through the centuries by scholars and proponents of man-powered flight, keeping the idea of human flight alive; these include over the years: Helinand of Froidmont, Alberic of Trois-Fontaines, Vincent of Beauvais, Roger Bacon, Ranulf Higden and the English translators of his work: Henry Knighton, John Nauclerus of Tübingen, John Wilkins, John Milton, John Wise. More Maxwell Woosnam in 1986 examined in more detail the technical aspects such as materials, glider angles, wind effects. Contemporaries had developed small drawstring toy helicopters and sails for boats while church artists showed angels with more accurate bird-like wings, detailing the camber that would help develop lift for heavier-than-air flight.

Air was accepted as something that could be "worked", some people believed that humans could fly with physical effort and the right equipment. The School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, has developed a Computational Fluid Dynamics simulation code named Eilmer4. List of firsts in aviation This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Air Force document "Pioneers of Flight: Eilmer of Malmesbury" by Richard Hallion. Retrieved on 10 May 2008. Lacey, Robert. Great Tales From English History. New York: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-10910-X. Paz, James. "Human Flight in Early Medieval England: Reality and Mythmaking". New Medieval Literatures. 15: 1–28. ISBN 978-2-503-54851-7. Scott, P.. "1". The Shoulders of Giants: A History of Human Flight to 1919. Reading MA: Addison Wesley Publishing Co. White, Lynn. "Eilmer of Malmesbury, an Eleventh Century Aviator: A Case Study

Kevin Hartnett

Kevin Hartnett is an Irish hurler who played as a left wing-back for the Cork senior team. Hartnett joined the team during the 2005 National Hurling League and was a regular member of the team until he left the panel after the 2008 championship. During that time he won one All-Ireland medal and two Munster medals as a non-playing substitute. At club level Hartnett has played with Russell Rovers, divisional side Imokilly and University College Cork. Hartnett plays hurling with his local club Russell Rovers, who play in the Cork Junior Hurling Championship, he plays with the University College Cork team in the Cork Senior Hurling Championship. He plays on the half-back line or in midfield. Hartnett first came to prominence on the inter-county scene as a member of the Cork minor hurling team in 2001, he made his debut when he came on as a substitute in a Munster quarter-final defeat of Waterford before starting at midfield in the provincial decider. Tipperary were the winners by 1-12 to 1-6, Cork remained in the championship and reached the All-Ireland final via the back-door.

Galway provided the opposition on that occasion, however, a 2-10 to 1-8 score line secured a victory for Cork and an All-Ireland medal for Hartnett. By 2005 Hartnett was a regular member of the Cork under-21 team. After back-to-back defeats by Tipperary in the provincial decider over the previous two years, Cork triumphed. A 4-9 to 0-13 victory gave Hartnett a Munster medal in that grade. Hartnett was called up to the Cork intermediate hurling team, he won a Munster medal in this grade in 2003 following a 2-12 to 0-11 defeat of Waterford. He lined out in the All-Ireland final with Kilkenny providing the opposition. In a classic game of hurling both sides were still level at the full-time whistle. There was little to separate the sides in a period of extra-time, Cork narrowly emerged victorious by 1-21 to 0-23. After being deemed ineligible for the team the following year, Hartnett was back with the intermediate side in 2005. A 2-17 to 2-11 defeat of Tipperary gave him a second Munster medal in that grade.

In 2006 Hartnett collected a third Munster medal following a 2-18 to 2-13 defeat of Tipperary. The subsequent All-Ireland decider saw. A narrow 3-15 to 1-18 victory gave Hartnett a second All-Ireland medal. By this stage Hartnett had joined the Cork senior team, he made his competitive debut when he came on as a substitute in a National Hurling League game against Waterford in 2005. He was included on the Cork panel for the subsequent championship campaign and collected a set of Munster and All-Ireland medals as a non-playing substitute. In 2006 Hartnett was an unused substitute as Cork retained the Munster crown but were defeated by Kilkenny in the All-Ireland decider. Hartnett made his championship debut when he came on as a substitute in an ill-tempered Munster quarter-final defeat of Clare in 2007. Due to the suspensions of Donal Óg Cusack, Diarmuid O'Sullivan and Seán Óg Ó hAilpín following that game, Hartnett was handed his first championship start for the subsequent Munster semi-final. Cork lost to Waterford on that occasion but Hartnett became a regular member of the team before leaving the panel after the 2008 championship

HMS Venerable (1808)

HMS Venerable was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 12 April 1808 at Northfleet. On 13 December 1810 Venerable was in company with the hired armed cutter } and several other vessels at the capture of Goede Trouw. On 31 December 1813, she captured the French letter of marque brig Jason. Jason, of 264 tons, was pierced for 22 guns but carried 14, 12 of which she had thrown overboard when Venerable chased her, she had left Bordeaux five days earlier and was sailing for New York with a cargo of silks and other articles of merchandise. There were 64 people on board, she was on her maiden voyage, copper-bottomed, sailed so well, Captain Worth took her under protection, intending to go to Barbados. Venerable was Admiral Durham's flagship when on 16 January 1814, Venerable and her prize Jason, were in company with Cyane. Cyane signaled to Venerable. Venerable joined her and after a chase that left Cyane far behind, captured Alcmène, though not without a fight. Venerable lost four wounded, while the French lost 32 dead and 50 wounded.

Alcmène had a complement of 319 men under the command of Captain Ducrest de Villeneuve, wounded when he brought her alongside Venerable and attempted a boarding. Jason and Cyane tracked Iphigénie and fired on her but broke off the engagement because they were outgunned. Cyane continued the chase for over three days until Venerable was able to rejoin the fight after having sailed 153 miles in the direction she believed that Iphigénie had taken. On 20 January 1814, after a 19-hour chase, or what amounted in all to a four-day chase Iphigénie, Venerable captured the quarry, having again left Cyane behind. In the chase, Iphigénie cast off her anchors and threw her boats overboard in order to try to gain speed, she had a complement of 325 men, under the command of Captain Émeric. She did not resist after Venerable came up. Before meeting up with the British ships, the two French vessels had taken some eight prizes; the action resulted in the award in 1847, to any surviving claimants, of the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Venerable 16 Jany.

1814". Venerable was able to locate Iphigénie because Commander Ducrest de Villeneuve of Alcmène was so angry at Captain Émeric, the senior French commander, for not having come alongside Venerable on the other side to board, that he revealed the rendezvous instructions to Durham; when some prisoners from Iphigénie's crew were brought on Venerable, crew from Alcmène too were enraged. Durham had to station Royal Marines between them, with fixed bayonets, to prevent fighting from breaking out. Venerable was placed on harbour service in 1825, was broken up in 1838. Citations Bibliography Media related to HMS Venerable at Wikimedia Commons

The London Cowboys

The London Cowboys were a rock'n'roll band who performed from 1980 to 1987. Formed by Steve Dior and Barry Jones of The Idols, the band was somewhat of an enigma. Although these two remained constant and wrote the material, they were joined by a constant succession of other artists in the revolving roster; these included Glen Matlock from the Sex Pistols, Terry Chimes from The Clash, Tony James from Generation X, Phil Lewis and Gerry Laffy from Girl, Jerry Nolan from the New York Dolls, Alan D'Alvarez and a dozen other less notable players. Signed to Underdog Records, The London Cowboys released their debut album, Animal Pleasure in 1982, with the title and the cover photo taken from the film The Tattered Dress to set the tone for the record, they recorded several more records, including their mini album Tall in the Saddle, the live album On Stage. There were plans for a fourth record under the working title Whip It Out. Although the third album was never formally released, it spawned one last single "Dance Crazy".

This featured the final incarnation of the band - Steve Dior, Barry Jones, Gerry Laffy, Alan D'Alvarez and Jerry Nolan. After the Cowboys, Steve formed a band called Filthy Lucre which recorded an album Popsmear, appeared on the Johnny Thunders Tribute CD along with Jeff Dahl, Cosa Nostra Band, Bebe Buell, Barry Jones, Jet Boys, Syl Sylvain. Steve played in The Delinquents. Glen Matlock reformed the Sex Pistols with Steve Jones and Paul Cook. Alan D'Alvarez joined London pseudo punk rockers Better Than You before returning to obscurity. Barry is now living in LA. In September 3, 2008, Jungle Records released a compilation of The London Cowboys, which features material from both studio albums, various singles, b-sides, demos from Whip It Out, four track from The Idols. Studio Albums 1982 – Animal Pleasure 1984 – Tall in the Saddle Live Album 1986 – On Stage Compilations 1992 – Long Time Coming 1992 – The Underdog Recordings 1992 – Wow Wow Oui Oui 2008 – Relapse Studio Singles 1980 – "Shunting on the Night Shift" b/w "Anything You Want" 1981 – "It Never Ends" b/w "Hook Line and Sinker" 1983 – "Street Full of Soul" b/w "Let's Get Crazy" 1983 – "Let's Get Crazy" b/w "Street Full of Soul" 1983 – "Hook Line & Sinker" b/w "Saigon" 1984 – "Centerfold" b/w "Courtesan" 1985 – "It Takes Time" b/w "Courtesan" 1987 – "Dance Crazy" b/w "Bleed Me" The London Cowboys at Discogs

Dan Taylor (footballer)

Daniel Scott Taylor is an English footballer, who plays for Spennymoor Town in the Northern League. Born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Taylor joined the academy setup at Newcastle United in 2010 as a scholar. In the summer of 2011, he signed his first professional contract. On 18 June 2012, he joined Football League One side Oldham Athletic on a one-year deal, after being recommended by Peter Beardsley, his professional debut for Oldham came on 18 August 2011, in a 2–0 defeat to Milton Keynes Dons, replacing Jordan Slew as a substitute. He scored his first goal for the club against Crewe Alexandra on Boxing Day 2012 after coming on as a substitute. Taylor was released by the club at the end of the 2012-13 season, after only managing to make several substitute appearances during his time with the club. Dan Taylor at Soccerbase Ashington stats at Ashington AFC

Sanger D. Shafer

Sanger D. Shafer, better known as Whitey Shafer, was an American country songwriter and musician, he wrote numerous hits for stars such as George Jones, Lefty Frizzell, George Strait. He was a recording artist, his highest single "You Are a Liar", under the name Whitey Shafer, reached No. 48 on the Billboard country chart, in 1981. Born and raised in Whitney, Shafer's musical career began in his hometown of Whitney where he played in a school band. In the following years he toured the U. S. performing with, among others, the then-unknown Willie Nelson. In 1967 Shafer moved to Nashville, where he signed with the Blue Crest Music Publishing Company. There he wrote two songs for George Jones, "Between My House and Town" and "I'm a New Man in Town", along with many other tunes for lesser-known acts. Shafer signed contracts with Musicor and RCA as a singer, but he was never as successful as he was as a songwriter. In the early 1970s Shafer signed an exclusive contract with Acuff-Rose Music. In the following years he wrote many songs which went on to become successful on the U.

S. country charts, including several No. 1's. His songs included "The Baptism of Jesse Taylor" for Johnny Russell, "Tell Me My Lying Eyes Are Wrong" for George Jones, a series of hits for Moe Bandy, he had a longstanding friendship with Lefty Frizzell. He and Frizzell wrote the song "That's the Way Love Goes" together, a hit for Johnny Rodriguez and Merle Haggard in 1983. After Frizzell's death Shafer wrote the tribute song "Lefty's Gone" recorded by George Strait for his Something Special album. Three divorces helped him with his song writing in the 1980s when Shafer wrote "Does Fort Worth Ever Cross Your Mind" and "All My Ex's Live in Texas". Both of these were No. 1 hits for George Strait, both were nominated for CMA's Song of the Year. "All My Ex's Live in Texas" was nominated for a Grammy Award, for Best Country Song. In the middle of the 1980s Shafer released two albums, I Never Go Around Mirrors and So Good for So Long, containing his greatest hits. In 1989, Keith Whitley chose the Shafer penned, "I Wonder Do You Think of Me", as the title track and the first single released after Whitley's death and went to No. 1.

In 1989, Shafer was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame. In the 1990s and 2000s, Shafer continued to write for musicians such as John Michael Montgomery, Lee Ann Womack, Kenny Chesney. In 2004, Shafer's recording of "All My Ex's Live In Texas" appeared on the soundtrack to the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. Shafer died after a long illness on January 12, 2019, at the age of 84, he was married to Tracy Shafer of 19 years at the time of death