Ein HaShlosha

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Ein HaShlosha

עֵין הַשְּׁלֹשָׁה, עין השלושה
Ein HaShlosha's wheat field.
Ein HaShlosha's wheat field.
Ein HaShlosha is located in Northwest Negev region of Israel
Ein HaShlosha
Ein HaShlosha
Coordinates: 31°21′1.08″N 34°24′9.35″E / 31.3503000°N 34.4025972°E / 31.3503000; 34.4025972Coordinates: 31°21′1.08″N 34°24′9.35″E / 31.3503000°N 34.4025972°E / 31.3503000; 34.4025972
DistrictSouthern
CouncilEshkol
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded1950
Founded bySouth American immigrants
Population
 (2017)
396[1]
Name meaningSpring of the Three

Ein HaShlosha (Hebrew: עֵין הַשְּׁלֹשָׁה, lit. Spring of the Three) is a kibbutz in the western Negev desert in Israel. It falls under the jurisdiction of Eshkol Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 396.[1]

History[edit]

The whole area was called Ma'een and fell in the hands of Israeli army in October 1948; the area and other nearby places such as Nirim, Nahal Oz and Magen were inhabited by a Palestinian tribe, now refugees in Gaza. Abu-Sitta family was the biggest family and owned most of the land between 1750 and 1948; the whole area was known for its wheat fields since 1750.

The kibbutz was named in memory of three of the founding members who were killed during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and it was established during the 1950s by a Nahal group of Zionist youth from South America, members of the youth movement HaNoar HaTzioni, on lands of the former kibbutz Neve Yair (Neve Yair was established in 1949 by members of the Lehi but was abandoned in June 1950). During its first years the kibbutz suffered from bombardment by the Egyptian army.[2]

Almost adjacent to the Gaza border with Khan Yunis, the kibbutz was regularly hit by Palestinian gunfire during the Gaza–Israel conflict in 2008.[3] On 15 January 2008, an Ecuadorian volunteer, Carlos Chavez, was shot and killed by a Hamas sniper while working on the kibbutz.[4]

During Operation Protective Edge, at least 825 rockets were fired at the Eshkol region, where the kibbutz is located. In some cases, asbestos rooves have become damaged after being hit with rocket fire.[5]

Economy[edit]

The kibbutz is largely agricultural, relying on turkey and dairy farming, it also has a small factory that manufactures lever arch files. In March 2006 hundreds of turkeys were found dead, spreading fears of the bird flu virus in Israel.[6]

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Localities File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  2. ^ El'azari, Yuval, ed. (2005). Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel (in Hebrew). Tel Aviv: Mapa Publishing. p. 413. ISBN 965-7184-34-7.
  3. ^ Israeli hurt by Palestinian gunfire on Negev kibbutz Haaretz, 26 March 2008
  4. ^ Rettig Gur, Haviv (15 January 2008). "Kibbutz Ein Hashlosha mourns Carlos Andres Muscara Chavez". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  5. ^ Udasin, Sharon (4 August 2014). "State and local council to replace asbestos roofs in the line of fire from Gaza". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  6. ^ Yasur-Beit Or, Meital (16 March 2016). "Fear: Bird flu reaches Israel". YNet News. Retrieved 17 April 2019.