Żelazna Góra is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Braniewo, within Braniewo County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland, close to the border with the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia. It lies 14 kilometres east of Braniewo and 74 km north-west of the regional capital Olsztyn; the village has a population of 394
Eisenberg Paris is a luxury skin-care and make-up brand founded by José Eisenberg in 2000. The company is known for the use of the Trio-Molecular Formula in its skin care products, for its L’Art du Parfum concept; the Trio-Molecular Formula is a patented technology developed by the founder. In 1985, José Eisenberg decided to create a beauty brand. After thirteen years of scientific research and two years of medical and clinical tests, he developed what he called the Trio-Molecular Formula. In 2000, he launched his brand, José Eisenberg and a year the brand's name was shortened to Eisenberg. Edmond Eisenberg, José's son, is in charge of the strategy and the international development of the brand; the company launched its first skincare range in 2001 based on his Trio-Molecular Formula. According to the company, this formula contains three molecules existing in nature which can help regenerate and oxygenate the skin; the first perfume "J'OSE" was launched in 2002. Other skincare product lines were developed: the men’s range in 2007, followed by the Excellence range in 2008 and the Sublime Tan Sun Care line in 2009.
In 2011, José launched “l’Art Du Parfum,” a collection of 15 perfumes. The design for the range was done by Juarez Machado; the concept gained considerable media attention. Eisenberg launched its makeup line with the Fond de Teint Correcteur Invisible in 2012; the brand’s latest skincare launch was the Pure White range in 2014. BAZAAR - Cryoform - Year-end Men's Skin-care Competition 2011 Cosmopolitan selected Firming Remodelling Mask by Eisenberg as the best mask in selective skincare in 2011. Cosmopolitan selected Eau Fraiche for men as the most original fragrance for men in 2011. Cosmopolitan – Invisible Corrective Make-up – best selective foundation 2012 InStyle Magazine Best Beauty Buys 2013 - Face Refining Serum Men’s Health - Repairing Night Treatment won Product of the Year Men's Health 2013 Máxima Beleza & Perfumes 2014 FIFI Awards Russia 2017 - Les Orientaux Latins as the best Prestige Collection 2017
Deutsch Schützen-Eisenberg is a municipality in Burgenland in the district of Oberwart in Austria. It was the site of the 1945 Deutsch Schützen massacre. Parts of the municipality are Deutsch-Schützen, Edlitz im Burgenland, Eisenberg an der Pinka, Höll, Sankt Kathrein im Burgenland; the municipal council has 19 positions, of which the ÖVP has 14, the SPÖ 3, the FPÖ 2
Ruda nad Moravou
Ruda nad Moravou ) is a village and municipality in Šumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. The municipality covers an area of 25.01 square kilometres, has a population of 2,560. Ruda nad Moravou lies 8 kilometres west of Šumperk, 51 km north-west of Olomouc, 176 km east of Prague. Ruda nad Moravou council administers villages of Bartoňov, Hrabenov, Štědrákova lhota Significant company located in Ruda nad Moravou is Lesy Ruda a.s. that harvest wood in nearby forests. Former rich sources of iron ore are depleted; the area is served by several bus lines and railroad line Nr. 292, the station Ruda nad Moravou. The origin of the name is connected with iron ore mining, "Ruda" means "Ore" in Czech language. From 1920, the village is named as Ruda nad Moravou "Ore above Moravia river" to make the name more specific. In old Latin sources, the municipality is named Iron Mountain. Germans called the village as Eisenberg with meaning the Iron Mountain as well; the oldest notes about Ruda nad Moravou come from the early 14th century.
Lord Bernard ze Žerotína built a renaissance château in the early 17th century, abandoned today and in poor condition. The village was stroke by events of Thirty Years' war. In 1896, the settlement was divided to two parts, the Czech Horní Ruda and the Sudeten German Dolní Ruda; this two villages were united again in 1920. Distillery was established in 1838, operating to 1934, its architecturally valuable Empire building has been preserved. During the interwar period, manufactories producing sweets and buttons as well as a tannery were situated in the village. About 120 Sudeten Germans lived in Ruda nad Moravou in 1930, all of them were expelled after World War II; the house of Páni ze Štenberka, unknown - 1397 The house of Páni z Kravař, 1397–1447 The house of Tunklové z Brníčka a na Zábřehu, 1508 Mikuláš Trčka z Lípy, 1508–1512 The house of Páni z Boskovic, 1512–1596 The house of Zierotin, 1596–1622 The house of Lichtenstein, 1622–1848 Olomouc Regional Statistical Office: Municipalities of Šumperk District
Żeleźnik is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Strzelin, within Strzelin County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany, it lies 10 kilometres south-east of Strzelin and 44 km south of the regional capital Wrocław. The village has an approximate population of 100
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe and atomic number 26. It is a metal, that belongs to group 8 of the periodic table, it is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth's inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust. Pure iron is rare on the Earth's crust being limited to meteorites. Iron ores are quite abundant, but extracting usable metal from them requires kilns or furnaces capable of reaching 1500 °C or higher, about 500 °C higher than what is enough to smelt copper. Humans started to dominate that process in Eurasia only about 2000 BCE, iron began to displace copper alloys for tools and weapons, in some regions, only around 1200 BCE; that event is considered the transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age. Iron alloys, such as steel and special steels are now by far the most common industrial metals, because of their mechanical properties and their low cost. Pristine and smooth pure iron surfaces are mirror-like silvery-gray. However, iron reacts with oxygen and water to give brown to black hydrated iron oxides known as rust.
Unlike the oxides of some other metals, that form passivating layers, rust occupies more volume than the metal and thus flakes off, exposing fresh surfaces for corrosion. The body of an adult human contains about 3 to 5 grams of elemental iron in hemoglobin and myoglobin; these two proteins play essential roles in vertebrate metabolism oxygen transport by blood and oxygen storage in muscles. To maintain the necessary levels, human iron metabolism requires a minimum of iron in the diet. Iron is the metal at the active site of many important redox enzymes dealing with cellular respiration and oxidation and reduction in plants and animals. Chemically, the most common oxidation states of iron are +2 and +3. Iron shares many properties of other transition metals, including the other group 8 elements and osmium. Iron forms compounds in a wide range of oxidation states, −2 to +7. Iron forms many coordination compounds. At least four allotropes of iron are known, conventionally denoted α, γ, δ, ε; the first three forms are observed at ordinary pressures.
As molten iron cools past its freezing point of 1538 °C, it crystallizes into its δ allotrope, which has a body-centered cubic crystal structure. As it cools further to 1394 °C, it changes to its γ-iron allotrope, a face-centered cubic crystal structure, or austenite. At 912 °C and below, the crystal structure again becomes the bcc α-iron allotrope; the physical properties of iron at high pressures and temperatures have been studied extensively, because of their relevance to theories about the cores of the Earth and other planets. Above 10 GPa and temperatures of a few hundred kelvin or less, α-iron changes into another hexagonal close-packed structure, known as ε-iron; the higher-temperature γ-phase changes into ε-iron, but does so at higher pressure. Some controversial experimental evidence exists for a stable β phase at pressures above 50 GPa and temperatures of at least 1500 K, it is supposed to have a double hcp structure. The inner core of the Earth is presumed to consist of an iron-nickel alloy with ε structure.
The melting and boiling points of iron, along with its enthalpy of atomization, are lower than those of the earlier 3d elements from scandium to chromium, showing the lessened contribution of the 3d electrons to metallic bonding as they are attracted more and more into the inert core by the nucleus. This same trend appears for ruthenium but not osmium; the melting point of iron is experimentally well defined for pressures less than 50 GPa. For greater pressures, published data still varies by tens of gigapascals and over a thousand kelvin. Below its Curie point of 770 °C, α-iron changes from paramagnetic to ferromagnetic: the spins of the two unpaired electrons in each atom align with the spins of its neighbors, creating an overall magnetic field; this happens because the orbitals of those two electrons do not point toward neighboring atoms in the lattice, therefore are not involved in metallic bonding. In the absence of an external source of magnetic field, the atoms get spontaneously partitioned into magnetic domains, about 10 micrometres across, such that the atoms in each domain have parallel spins, but different domains have other orientations.
Thus a macroscopic piece of iron will have a nearly zero overall magnetic field. Application of an external magnetic field causes the domains that are magnetized in the same general direction to grow at the expense of adjacent ones that point in other directions, reinforcing the external field; this effect is exploited in devices that needs to channel magnetic fields, such as electrical transformers, magnetic recording heads, electric motors. Impurities, lattice defects, or grain and particle boundaries can "pin" the domains in the new positions, so that the effect persists after the external field is removed -- thus turning the iron object into a magnet. Similar behavior is exhibited by some iron compounds, such as the fer
Eisenberg is a municipality in the Donnersbergkreis, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is situated on the north-eastern edge of approx. 20 km south-west of Worms. Eisenberg is the seat of the Verbandsgemeinde Eisenberg. Georg Fischer, politician Josef Diehl, long-time mayor of Eisenberg Walter Blankenheim was a German pianist and teacher, born in Eisenberg, died in Saarbrücken Winfried Hirschberger, from 1982 to 1985 city mayor Jaqueline Rauschkolb, parliamentary deputy since 2014, grew up in Eisenberg