Gisela Mauermayer was a German athlete who competed in the discus. She won the gold medal at the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, Germany
Nino Yakovlevna Dumbadze was a discus thrower who represented the Soviet Union. She won the European title in 1946 and 1950, a bronze medal at the 1952 Olympics. Dumbadze was born in Odessa to a Georgian father, she moved to Tbilisi, where she started training in athletics in 1937. Two years at the Soviet championships she threw 49.11 m and broke the Gisela Mauermayer's world record of 48.31 m. Dumbadze kept breaking world records during World War II, a week after the 1946 European Championships threw 50.50 m in Sarpsborg, Norway. In August 1948, she threw 53.25 m in Moscow. She set two more ratified world records: in May 1951 in Gori, in October 1952 in Tbilisi. By that time she had a strong competition from teammates Nina Romashkova and Yelizaveta Bagryantseva, hence placed third at the 1952 Olympics. Earlier she won eight Soviet titles, in 1939, 1943–44 and 1946–50. After retiring from competitions Dumbadze worked as an athletics coach together with her husband Boris Dyachkov, who trained the Georgian athletics team for five decades.
Their son Yuri Dyachkov became an Olympic decathlete. Biography
Darya Vitalyevna Pishchalnikova is a female discus thrower from Russia. Pishchalnikova is the sister of Kirill Pishchalnikov. Pishchalnikova rose through the ranks as a young athlete, winning the silver medal in the discus at the 2001 World Youth Championships in Athletics repeating that feat at the World Junior Championships in 2004, she established herself as one of the top women's throwers at the 2006 European Athletics Championships, taking the gold medal with a throw of 65.55 metres, which remains her personal best. She set a personal best throw of 65.78 metres when she won the silver medal at the 2007 World Championships in Osaka, but that throw was to be subsequently discredited. She was selected to represent Russia at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, but on 31 July, she was suspended from competition due to doping test irregularities, along with several other high-profile Russian female athletes. On 20 October 2008, it was announced that Pishchalnikova was one of seven Russian athletes receiving a two-year doping ban for manipulating drug samples.
She returned to competition in 2011 and finished eleventh at the World Championships in Daegu that year. She took second place at the 2012 European Cup Winter Throwing had a personal best throw of 67.00 m in Adler in May. At the Prefontaine Classic Diamond League meeting she was runner-up to Sandra Perković, she won the Russian Championships with a throw of 70.69 m – the best performance in the event since 1992. Pishchalnikova was awarded a silver medal. However, she tested positive for the anabolic steroid oxandrolone in the samples taken in May 2012. On April, 2013 she was banned by the Russian Athletics Federation for ten years, her results from May 2012 were annulled, meaning she was set on track to lose her Olympic medal. According to the New York Times, she was a whistleblower who sent the World Anti-Doping Agency a December 2012 email detailing state-run doping programs in which Russian athletes had to participate. Darya Pishchalnikova at IAAF Darya Pishchalnikova at the International Olympic Committee Darya Pishchalnikova at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com
Diana Gansky is a German track and field athlete. She was one of the world's best discus throwers, she was the 1986 European champion. In 1987 and 1988 she was second in both the Olympic games. Gansky won the European Junior Championship as a 17-year-old in 1981, but she needed a few more years before she was able to compete with the strong discus team of East Germany, she stood in the shadows of Martina Hellmann. For a long time she trained with Gabriele Reinsch, the world record holder since July 1988 when she threw 76.80 meters. During her career Gansky reached 70 meters in 24 meetings, more than any other woman, she trained with Lothar Hillebrand. During her active career she weighed 92 kilograms, she studied sports science, at the time of German reunification she became a self-employed physiotherapist. She became active on the senior sports circuit and became the 2002 European Masters Champion. Gansky set her personal best on 20 June 1987 in Karl-Marx-Stadt. All results regarding Hilary. "Diana Gansky".
Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC
Sandra Perković is a Croatian discus thrower. She is a five-time European champion, she is the only individual who managed to win five gold medals at the European Athletics Championships in one event. Perković culminated her successful junior career by winning gold at the 2009 European Junior Championships with a new national record. A month she made the final of the World Championships as the youngest discus thrower in the field. In her first year of senior competition she won gold at the 2010 European Championships, becoming the youngest European champion in women's discus throw. A six-month doping suspension after testing positive for a banned psychostimulant kept her out of competition for most of the 2011 season, including the World Championships, but she returned in strong form in 2012 and defended her title in the European Championships. Perković is coached by Edis Elkasević, her personal best and national record is 71.41 meters, set in July 2017 at the Galà dei Castelli meeting in Bellinzona, Switzerland.
No woman has thrown farther in over a quarter century. She became a member of the Croatian Parliament after the 2015 general election for the 8th Sabor. On 17 August 2016 at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro she defended her Olympic title by winning a second consecutive gold medal in discus throwing, thereby equaling the record held by Evelin Jahl since the 1980 Summer Olympics. Perković started with athletics in the second grade of elementary school, played basketball and volleyball. By the 6th grade, athletics prevailed and Perković concentrated on shot put and discus throw. In 2001, she joined the Dinamo-Zrinjevac athletics club. Since 2004 she has been coached by former Olympic shot putter Ivan Ivančić, who recognized her talent in discus throw. In her first year with the new coach, she improved her personal best from 32 to over 50 meters, as Ivančić had predicted. First successes in discus throw came in 2006. In her first major competition, the 2006 World Junior Championships, Perković failed to make the final, but became a regular international medalist thereafter, winning silver medals in both the World Youth Championships and the European Junior Championships in 2007, a bronze in the 2008 World Junior Championships.
She was ranked 5th in the 2008 junior world list with 55.89 m. Perković suffered a serious setback in early 2009, after doctors misdiagnosed her appendicitis, her appendix burst after three days, which caused a near-fatal sepsis that required two emergency surgeries and a lengthy recovery. She lost 15 kilograms of body weight in the process and was not expected to return to full training before the end of the year. However, Perković resumed training after a three-month break, returned to competition by winning the discus throw gold medal at the European Athletics Junior Championships in Novi Sad in July 2009, where she set a new national record with a 62.44 m throw, met the A standard for the World Championships. Her performance was the best in the European Junior Championships for 20 years, with a winning margin of 7 meters and 33 centimeters, the largest in the history of the Championships, her other two legal marks in the final would have been sufficient for the gold. A month she placed 9th at her first major senior competition, the 2009 World Championships in Athletics, as the youngest discus thrower in the field, including the qualifiers.
In the year she improved the national record to 62.79 m. Her throws captured top eleven spots in the 2009 junior discus throw world list. Following her successful 2009 season, she was named by the SPIKES magazine as one of "ten rising stars to watch in 2010", received the Croatian Olympic Committee's Dražen Petrović Award as the most promising Croatian female athlete in 2009. At the Croatian Winter Throws Championship held on 6 March 2010 in Split, Perković massively improved her personal best to 66.85 m, setting a 2010 world leading mark and surpassing the 2009 world best of 66.40 m, set by Li Yanfeng. On the same day, Perković set her outdoor personal best in shot put, at 16.02 m. She continued her strong throwing by taking gold in the under-23 section of the women's discus at the European Cup Winter Throwing meeting in Arles. In June, Perković took gold in both discus throw and shot put in the Second League of the 2010 European Team Championships, helping her national team move up into the First League competition in 2011.
Perković's good form in 2010 culminated at the European Championships in Barcelona, where she won a gold medal in discus throw. Perković struggled in the qualification and was close to elimination as she failed to make the qualifying norm of 60.00 m, placing only 10th out of 12 athletes to advance to the final. However, in the final she made a strong opening round throw which kept her in silver medal position until the last, 6th round, when she made a winning throw of 64.67 m, becoming the youngest European champion in women's discus throw. In the IAAF Diamond League final at Memorial van Damme in Bruxelles, Perković won with the new national record of 66.93 m, finished her first Diamond League season in second place overall, after Yarelis Barrios. Shortly after her victory at the Hanžeković Memorial in Zagreb on 1 September, Perković concluded the 2010 season by winning silver at the IAAF Continental Cup in Split. European Athletics recognised her senior breakthrough year by giving her the European Athletics Rising Star of the Year award.
In February 2011 Perković won the discus throw at the Croatian Winter Throws
Munich is the capital and most populous city of Bavaria, the second most populous German federal state. With a population of around 1.5 million, it is the third-largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg, as well as the 12th-largest city in the European Union. The city's metropolitan region is home to 6 million people. Straddling the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps, it is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany. Munich is the second-largest city in the Bavarian dialect area, after the Austrian capital of Vienna; the city is a global centre of art, technology, publishing, innovation, education and tourism and enjoys a high standard and quality of living, reaching first in Germany and third worldwide according to the 2018 Mercer survey, being rated the world's most liveable city by the Monocle's Quality of Life Survey 2018. According to the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute Munich is considered an alpha-world city, as of 2015.
Munich is a major international center of engineering, science and research, exemplified by the presence of two research universities, a multitude of scientific institutions in the city and its surroundings, world class technology and science museums like the Deutsches Museum and BMW Museum.. Munich houses many multinational companies and its economy is based on high tech, the service sector and creative industries, as well as IT, biotechnology and electronics among many others; the name of the city is derived from the Old/Middle High German term Munichen, meaning "by the monks". It derives from the monks of the Benedictine order, who ran a monastery at the place, to become the Old Town of Munich. Munich was first mentioned in 1158. Catholic Munich resisted the Reformation and was a political point of divergence during the resulting Thirty Years' War, but remained physically untouched despite an occupation by the Protestant Swedes. Once Bavaria was established as a sovereign kingdom in 1806, it became a major European centre of arts, architecture and science.
In 1918, during the German Revolution, the ruling house of Wittelsbach, which had governed Bavaria since 1180, was forced to abdicate in Munich and a short-lived socialist republic was declared. In the 1920s, Munich became home to several political factions, among them the NSDAP; the first attempt of the Nazi movement to take over the German government in 1923 with the Beer Hall Putsch was stopped by the Bavarian police in Munich with gunfire. After the Nazis' rise to power, Munich was declared their "Capital of the Movement". During World War II, Munich was bombed and more than 50% of the entire city and up to 90% of the historic centre were destroyed. After the end of postwar American occupation in 1949, there was a great increase in population and economic power during the years of Wirtschaftswunder, or "economic miracle". Unlike many other German cities which were bombed, Munich restored most of its traditional cityscape and hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics; the 1980s brought strong economic growth, high-tech industries and scientific institutions, population growth.
The city is home to major corporations like BMW, Siemens, MAN, Linde and MunichRE. Munich is home to many universities and theatres, its numerous architectural attractions, sports events and its annual Oktoberfest attract considerable tourism. Munich is one of the fastest growing cities in Germany, it is a top-ranked destination for expatriate location. Munich hosts more than 530,000 people of foreign background; the first known settlement in the area was of Benedictine monks on the Salt road. The foundation date is not considered the year 1158, the date the city was first mentioned in a document; the document was signed in Augsburg. By the Guelph Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, had built a toll bridge over the river Isar next to the monk settlement and on the salt route, but as part of the archaeological excavations at Marienhof in advance of the expansion of the S-Bahn from 2012 shards of vessels from the eleventh century were found, which prove again that the settlement Munich must be older than their first documentary mention from 1158.
In 1175 Munich received city fortification. In 1180 with the trial of Henry the Lion, Otto I Wittelsbach became Duke of Bavaria, Munich was handed to the Bishop of Freising. In 1240, Munich was transferred to Otto II Wittelsbach and in 1255, when the Duchy of Bavaria was split in two, Munich became the ducal residence of Upper Bavaria. Duke Louis IV, a native of Munich, was elected German king in 1314 and crowned as Holy Roman Emperor in 1328, he strengthened the city's position by granting it the salt monopoly, thus assuring it of additional income. In the late 15th century, Munich underwent a revival of gothic arts: the Old Town Hall was enlarged, Munich's largest gothic church – the Frauenkirche – now a cathedral, was constructed in only 20 years, starting in 1468; when Bavaria was reunited in 1506, Munich became its capital. The arts and politics became influenced by the court. During the 16th century, Munich was a centre of the German counter reformation, of renaissance arts. Duke Wilhelm V commissioned the Jesuit Michaelskirche, which became a centre for the counter-reform
Faina Grigorievna Melnik was a Soviet discus thrower, a 1972 Summer Olympics champion in the discus event. During her career she set 11 world records. Melnik was Jewish, was born in Bakota, Ukraine. At the 1972 Summer Olympics, she broke the Olympic record three times, set a world record at 66.62 metres. In 1976 she had her best discus throw of 70.50 m, but finished only fourth at the 1976 Summer Olympics. At those Olympics she competed in the shot put and finished tenth, she failed to reach the final in the discus event at the 1980 Games. Continuing to throw after the 1980 Olympics, she set the masters world record in the W35 division that has stood since 1980. Melnik graduated from the Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry and worked as a dentist and athletics coach in Moscow, her trainees include Svetlana Krivelyova. Melnik was married to Velko Velev, a Bulgarian discus thrower who competed at the 1976 and 1980 Olympics. List of select Jewish track and field athletes Media related to Faina Melnyk at Wikimedia Commons Sporting Heroes bio dataOlympic profile