Pinto is a Chilean town and commune in Diguillín Province, Ñuble Region. It is bordered by the commune of Coihueco to the north, Chillán and San Ignacio to the west, El Carmen and Antuco to the south; the commune shares its eastern border with the Argentine province of Neuquén. According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Pinto spans an area of 1,164 km2 and has 9,875 inhabitants. Of these, 4,278 lived in 5,597 in rural areas; the population grew by 10.6 % between the 2002 censuses. Within ten population increases by 10.6%. As a commune, Pinto is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde, directly elected every four years; the 2008-2012 alcalde is Fernando Chavez Guiñez. Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Pinto is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Carlos Abel Jarpa and Rosauro Martínez as part of the 41st electoral district; the commune is represented in the Senate by Victor Pérez Varela and Mariano Ruiz -Esquide Jara as part of the 13th senatorial constituency.
Municipality of Pinto
Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time daylight savings time or daylight time and summer time, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. In effect, DST causes a lost hour of an extra hour of sleep in the fall. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895; the German Empire and Austria-Hungary organized the first nationwide implementation starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used at various times since particularly since the 1970s energy crisis. DST is not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it; some countries observe it only in some regions. Only a minority of the world's population uses DST, because Asia and Africa do not observe it. DST clock shifts sometimes complicate timekeeping and can disrupt travel, record keeping, medical devices, heavy equipment, sleep patterns.
Computer software adjusts clocks automatically, but policy changes by various jurisdictions of DST dates and timings may be confusing. Industrialized societies follow a clock-based schedule for daily activities that do not change throughout the course of the year; the time of day that individuals begin and end work or school, the coordination of mass transit, for example remain constant year-round. In contrast, an agrarian society's daily routines for work and personal conduct are more governed by the length of daylight hours and by solar time, which change seasonally because of the Earth's axial tilt. North and south of the tropics daylight lasts longer in summer and shorter in winter, with the effect becoming greater the further one moves away from the tropics. By synchronously resetting all clocks in a region to one hour ahead of standard time, individuals who follow such a year-round schedule will wake an hour earlier than they would have otherwise. However, they will have one less hour of daylight at the start of each day, making the policy less practical during winter.
While the times of sunrise and sunset change at equal rates as the seasons change, proponents of Daylight Saving Time argue that most people prefer a greater increase in daylight hours after the typical "nine to five" workday. Supporters have argued that DST decreases energy consumption by reducing the need for lighting and heating, but the actual effect on overall energy use is disputed; the manipulation of time at higher latitudes has little impact on daily life, because the length of day and night changes more throughout the seasons, thus sunrise and sunset times are out of phase with standard working hours regardless of manipulations of the clock. DST is of little use for locations near the equator, because these regions see only a small variation in daylight in the course of the year; the effect varies according to how far east or west the location is within its time zone, with locations farther east inside the time zone benefiting more from DST than locations farther west in the same time zone.
Ancient civilizations adjusted daily schedules to the sun more flexibly than DST does dividing daylight into 12 hours regardless of daytime, so that each daylight hour became progressively longer during spring and shorter during autumn. For example, the Romans kept time with water clocks that had different scales for different months of the year. From the 14th century onwards, equal-length civil hours supplanted unequal ones, so civil time no longer varies by season. Unequal hours are still used in a few traditional settings, such as some monasteries of Mount Athos and all Jewish ceremonies. Benjamin Franklin published the proverb "early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy and wise", he published a letter in the Journal de Paris during his time as an American envoy to France suggesting that Parisians economize on candles by rising earlier to use morning sunlight; this 1784 satire proposed taxing window shutters, rationing candles, waking the public by ringing church bells and firing cannons at sunrise.
Despite common misconception, Franklin did not propose DST. However, this changed as rail transport and communication networks required a standardization of time unknown in Franklin's day. In 1810, the Spanish National Assembly Cortes of Cádiz issued a regulation that moved certain meeting times forward by one hour from May 1 to September 30 in recognition of seasonal changes, but it did not change the clocks, it acknowledged that private businesses were in the practice of changing their opening hours to suit daylight conditions, but they did so of their own volition. New Zealand entomologist George Hudson first proposed modern DST, his shift-work job gave him leisure time to collect insects and led him to value after-hours daylight. In 1895, he presented a paper to the Wellington Philosophical Society proposing a two-hour daylight-saving shift, considerable interest was expressed in
National Statistics Institute (Chile)
The National Statistics Institute of Chile is a state-run organization of the Government of Chile, created in the second half of the 19th century and tasked with performing a general census of population and housing collecting and publishing official demographic statistics of people in Chile, in addition to other specific tasks entrusted to it by law. Its antecedents lie in the initiatives of president Manuel Bulnes and his minister, Manuel Rengifo, to draw up the second population census and obtain statistical data of the country. By Decree No. 18 March 27, 1843, the Office of Statistics was created, Ministry of the Interior to provide knowledge of the departments and provinces. It put the INE in charge of producing the national population census every 10 years, as required by the Census Act of July 12, 1843. Law No. 187 of September 17, 1847 established the office as a permanent body of the state. By 1853, it was required that each section chief of the ministries collect and submit data to the Bureau of Statistics.
Subsequently and by various legal modifications, it was called Dirección General de Estadísticas, Servicio Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos, Dirección de Estadísticas y Censos. It has called by its current name since 1970, it has been under the Ministry of Economy since 1927; the first official publication, National Repertoire, was released in 1850. It was followed by the Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Chile published without interruption from 1837 to 1866. In 1882 they published Geographical Synopsis of Chile. In 1911, they began publishing independent volumes of statistics by subject. Official website
The Ñuble Region the Region of Ñuble, is — since 6 September 2018 – one of Chile's sixteen regions. It is administratively constituted by 21 communes, it has a population of 480,609 inhabitants. Its capital is the city of Chillán; this region has played a distinguished role in the culture of Chile. Many patriots who fought for independence, presidents and artists, like pianist Claudio Arrau and folklorist Violeta Parra, were born here. On August 20, 2015, President Michelle Bachelet signed the bill that converted the Ñuble Province into a Region, its legislative process began on the 1 September 2015, while on 10 January 2017, the project was approved in the first constitutional process in the Senate with 28 votes in favor and 2 against; the project was processed in the Chamber of Deputies, where it was approved and dispatched on July 5 of the same year On 12 July 2017 the project was approved by the Senate chamber, with 26 votes in favor and only 2 against. For 2017, after approval in the National Congress, the deputy Marcelo Chávez sends this project to the Constitutional Court of Chile to consider three articles as unconstitutional: the proportionality with respect to the number of senators in the region, the regional councilors who are elected for the Biobío Region they would move to the new region and the lack of consultation with the indigenous peoples In the defense of the bill, Senator Felipe Harboe presented himself.
The court approved the creation of the Ñuble Region on 2 August 2017 and on August 19 of the same year, the law is signed by President Michelle Bachelet at the Sport's House of Chillán. On September 2017 the law is published in the Official Gazette, warning that the new region would not be valid until 6 September 2018. According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute, the region spans an area of 13,178.5 km2 with a population of 438,103 inhabitants, giving it a population density of 33.2/km2. 285,108 of the inhabitants were in 152,995 in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 4.5%. The Ñuble Region has 21 communes. Ñuble has a lot of attractions for tourists, including: The Spas of Chillán are a winter and, more summer tourist complex of the region, located among millenarian forests and inexhaustible thermal water sources. The comuna of Pinto, located 24 km to the southeast of Chillán, is an agricultural area with some beautiful rural areas where native flora and fauna can be found.
The Lleuques is a cordillerano bath located next to the Rengado River and which has beautiful places surrounded by mountains. Cobquecura located in the coastal sector, has several beaches and places to make excursions; the commune of Quillón is home of the Avendaño Lagoon, for water-skiing, swimming and rowing. The commune San Fabián de Alico, has beautiful landscapes is an excellent locality for excursions and fishing. Other places of interest are the Market and Fair of Chillán, one of the more beautiful and important artisan centers of Chile. Murals by Siqueiros were donated by the Government of Mexico. There is Bernardo O'Higgins Monumental Park in the locality of Chillán Viejo. Among the activities characteristic of Ñuble are crafts, in particular in the localities of Quinchamalí, Coihueco and San Fabián de Alico. In recent years Ñuble has consolidated an important forest sector, thanks to favorable climatic conditions land for the development of plantations of such growing trees as pinus radiata and eucalyptus globulus.
Ñuble has a variety of events. Outstanding among these are the Rodeo, a celebration huasa that takes place between September and February; the Agro-Expo of San Carlos is an agricultural and artisan exhibition, with strong accent on dairying. The Carnival of Quillón, traditional celebration with artistic spectacles and dances; the Celebration of the Vendimia, the celebration of autumn in the locality of Santacruz de Cuca. The Festival of Creole Roots in Coihueco, which revives folkloric traditions; the gathering of Folkloric Roots of Portezuelo in the month of November brings together an important group of singers and cultural singers and expressions of rural sectors of Ñuble and the country. The celebrations of the Cherry and Esquila; the region has the pride of being the home of patriots and other men of note, Bernardo O'Higgins, Arturo Prat, Claudio Arrau, Ramón Vinay, Violeta Parra. Chillán, the capital of Ñuble, may be reached by the following routes: By automobile: From Santiago: towards the south by Route 5, they are 399 km of freeway.
From Concepción: towards the east by route 152, they are 112 km of freeway. In airplane: Concepción is the nearest airport. In train: Terrasur of EFE Av. Brazil s/n Chillán Station; the Itata Valley is a wine region in southern Chile and a Denomination of Origin is defined by the Chilean Appellation system, the defined and protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown. The valley is located in Ñuble, 420 kilometres from Santiago, the capital of Chile, 65 kilometres (40