The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700, in which the strings are struck by hammers. It is played using a keyboard, a row of keys that the performer presses down or strikes with the fingers and thumbs of both hands to cause the hammers to strike the strings; the word piano is a shortened form of pianoforte, the Italian term for the early 1700s versions of the instrument, which in turn derives from gravicembalo col piano e forte and fortepiano. The Italian musical terms piano and forte indicate "soft" and "loud" in this context referring to the variations in volume produced in response to a pianist's touch or pressure on the keys: the greater the velocity of a key press, the greater the force of the hammer hitting the strings, the louder the sound of the note produced and the stronger the attack; the name was created as a contrast to harpsichord, a musical instrument that doesn't allow variation in volume. The first fortepianos in the 1700s had smaller dynamic range.
An acoustic piano has a protective wooden case surrounding the soundboard and metal strings, which are strung under great tension on a heavy metal frame. Pressing one or more keys on the piano's keyboard causes a padded hammer to strike the strings; the hammer rebounds from the strings, the strings continue to vibrate at their resonant frequency. These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that amplifies by more efficiently coupling the acoustic energy to the air; when the key is released, a damper stops the strings' vibration, ending the sound. Notes can be sustained when the keys are released by the fingers and thumbs, by the use of pedals at the base of the instrument; the sustain pedal enables pianists to play musical passages that would otherwise be impossible, such as sounding a 10-note chord in the lower register and while this chord is being continued with the sustain pedal, shifting both hands to the treble range to play a melody and arpeggios over the top of this sustained chord.
Unlike the pipe organ and harpsichord, two major keyboard instruments used before the piano, the piano allows gradations of volume and tone according to how forcefully a performer presses or strikes the keys. Most modern pianos have a row of 88 black and white keys, 52 white keys for the notes of the C major scale and 36 shorter black keys, which are raised above the white keys, set further back on the keyboard; this means that the piano can play 88 different pitches, going from the deepest bass range to the highest treble. The black keys are for the "accidentals". More some pianos have additional keys. Most notes have three strings, except for the bass; the strings are sounded when keys are pressed or struck, silenced by dampers when the hands are lifted from the keyboard. Although an acoustic piano has strings, it is classified as a percussion instrument rather than as a stringed instrument, because the strings are struck rather than plucked. There are two main types of piano: the upright piano.
The grand piano is used for Classical solos, chamber music, art song, it is used in jazz and pop concerts. The upright piano, more compact, is the most popular type, as it is a better size for use in private homes for domestic music-making and practice. During the 1800s, influenced by the musical trends of the Romantic music era, innovations such as the cast iron frame and aliquot stringing gave grand pianos a more powerful sound, with a longer sustain and richer tone. In the nineteenth century, a family's piano played the same role that a radio or phonograph played in the twentieth century. During the nineteenth century, music publishers produced many musical works in arrangements for piano, so that music lovers could play and hear the popular pieces of the day in their home; the piano is employed in classical, jazz and popular music for solo and ensemble performances and for composing and rehearsals. Although the piano is heavy and thus not portable and is expensive, its musical versatility, the large number of musicians and amateurs trained in playing it, its wide availability in performance venues and rehearsal spaces have made it one of the Western world's most familiar musical instruments.
With technological advances, amplified electric pianos, electronic pianos, digital pianos have been developed. The electric piano became a popular instrument in the 1960s and 1970s genres of jazz fusion, funk music and rock music; the piano was founded on earlier technological innovations in keyboard instruments. Pipe organs have been used since Antiquity, as such, the development of pipe organs enabled instrument builders to learn about creating keyboard mechanisms for sounding pitches; the first string instruments with struck strings were the hammered dul
Material Control is the third studio album by Long Island, New York post-hardcore band Glassjaw. It is their first full-length album in 15 years, following 2002's Worship & Tribute, 6 years since their previous EP, 2011's Coloring Book, it was released on December 1, 2017. It is their first full length without guitarist Todd Weinstock. Following a few years of relative inactivity, on December 1, 2015 Glassjaw released'New White Extremity', the first new music from the band since 2011's Coloring Book, with the information that the song is from a forthcoming album; the Dillinger Escape Plan drummer Billy Rymer confirmed that he played on "about an album's worth of songs" for a potential new Glassjaw album. Aside from a few short tours in 2016, the band did not allude to a new album throughout the year until November 15, 2017 when Amazon prematurely posted the album title, release date and track listing on their website; the band's founders, vocalist Daryl Palumbo and guitarist Justin Beck, wrote the album themselves with Justin Beck handling all of the instruments except drums, which were performed by Billy Rymer, additional percussion on'Bastille Day' by former bassist Ariel Telford, additional vocals by Mind Over Matter frontman George Reynolds on'Pompeii'.
While most of the songs were written just prior to the recording sessions,'Citizen' – the third track on the album – was written by the band in 1998 and has appeared in setlists as far back as 2001 titled as'Neo' or'Neo Tokyon'.'Bastille Day' was recorded by former Glassjaw bassist Ariel Telford, aside from hand claps added by the band. Palumbo and Beck said that they wanted to make sure that the album had a "post-apocalyptic" and "urgent" feel to it; the lyric themes of the album fall under the same categories except for the fourth track –'Golgotha'– which Palumbo has said is about becoming a family man. The band released the album on CD and digitally on December 1, 2017 with a record release show held the same day at Brooklyn's Saint Vitus. Physical copies of the cd were only available through the bands MerchDirect store and local Long Island record store Looney Tunes with December 22, 2017 as the date of a nationwide physical release. Material Control received critical praise upon release.
ThePRP gave the album a 4 out of 5, noting that the album is "almost guaranteed to be a blur your first time through." Brooklyn Vegan wrote " I don’t know if ALT 92.3 is gonna start playing Material Control, but the album is good enough to be the new post-hardcore album that rock fans rally behind." Sputnik Music gave the album a "Superb" rating of 4.5 out of 5, while Kill Your Stereo gave the band a 90 out of 100. All lyrics written by Daryl Palumbo. All music written by Justin Beck. Daryl Palumbo - Vocals Justin Beck - Guitar, Percussion Billy Rymer - Drums Chad Hasty- Drums on "Strange Hours" George Reynolds - Vocals on "Pompeii" Ariel Telford - Percussion on "Bastille Day" Recorded at Rumah Gue, Soft Noise & Vudu Studios Mixed by Glassjaw & Mike Watts Engineered by Glassjaw, Mike Watts, TJ Penzone & Geoffrey Nielsen Mastered by Joe Laporta at Sterling Sound
Daryl Palumbo is an American musician from Bellmore, New York. He is the frontman of Head Automatica and Color Film; as a youth he was a member of the Long Island straight edge band XbustedX. In 1993 he met guitarist Justin Beck. Together they formed Glassjaw. Palumbo has Crohn's disease, which has acted as inspiration for much of his musical output, most notably in the lyrical content of Glassjaw's major label debut Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Silence, his affliction has affected his bands' ability to tour, including the cancellation of a tour with The Used in 2005. Palumbo has worked with many different artists including Alien Ant Farm, The Movielife, Ray Cappo, The Rondo Brothers, Silent Majority, Every Time I Die, Cage Kennylz and Dan the Automator's Handsome Boy Modeling School. In interviews Palumbo has expressed an interest to work with British singer/songwriter and producer Nick Lowe. In 2004, Palumbo made a brief appearance in the Lostprophets music video for their track "Last Summer", alongside Head Automatica bassist Jarvis Holden.
In October 2005, Palumbo appeared as a guest vocalist on the track, "No Way Out" on the album Roadrunner United: The All Star Sessions. The album was a collaboration between current bands signed to Roadrunner Records; this release was significant as it showed a positive attitude towards the label from Palumbo. He and Justin Beck had voiced negative statements regarding the label relating to their treatment by Roadrunner and subsequent move to Warner Bros.. Palumbo provided guest vocals on the track "Procession Commence" on the 2006 album Sundowning by the Long Island hardcore punk band This Is Hell, he provided backing vocals on their previous EP. Palumbo was a judge for the 8th annual Independent Music Awards, to support independent artists. Palumbo contributed guitar and synthesizer to, co-produced Cold Cave's second full-length album, Cherish the Light Years. Palumbo announced on his Twitter account that he and friend/ex-Men and Children member Rick Penzone were entering the mixing stages of their first LP with a new project, called Color Film.
The duo were featured on the track "It's A Sin" off of Nick Hook's Without You EP. On October 18, 2012, Color Film played their first show at New York. Along with the announcement of the show, the band's site went online, revealing their debut full-length details and a download of the track "52 Minds" in exchange for a scratch off ticket code; the album, titled Living Arrangements, was produced by the duo and mixed by Gareth Jones and was expected for a 2013 release. "Bad Saint", another track from the record, is available for streaming and download on Color Film Soundcloud page. In April 2013, Palumbo released an electro house track titled "Don't Leave Me". September 2013 saw the release of "It's A Sin" video by Nick Hook featuring Color Film. Color Film released their debut EP Until You Turn Blue on October 2013 on Calm + Collect; the band released a live video for their track "Small Town". Color Film released their debut album Living Arrangements on June 16, 2017. Glassjaw released their long-awaited follow up to 2002's Worship & Tribute on December 1, 2017- titled Material Control.
The following is an incomplete discography: with GlassjawKiss Kiss Bang Bang EP Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Silence Worship and Tribute El Mark Our Color Green Coloring Book Material Control with Head AutomaticaDecadence Popaganda Swan Damage with DebracadabraXXX with United NationsUnited Nations with Color FilmUntil You Turn Blue EP Living Arrangements "City of Cardboard" by Proximity Minds "Another Friend" by The Movielife "Hey Stewardess", "Whispering Reef" and "Take Me Back" by The Rondo Brothers "Popular Opinion" by Silent Majority "Champing at the Bit" by Every Time I Die "Project Mayhem" and "Grey Matter" by Finch "Shoot Frank" by Cage "No Way Out" featuring Daryl Palumbo, Matt Baumbach, Junkie XL, Joey Jordison. On the Roadrunner United: The All Star Sessions album "Procession Commence" and "When Death Closes Your Eyes" by This Is Hell "The Overly Dramatic Truth" by El-P "Still Don't Know Your Name" and "So Physical" by We Are the Fury "Leopard Prints and Studded Belts" by thisyearsmodel "Cherish The Light Years" by Cold Cave "Dead Celebrities Are Amusing" and "More Saints Less Musicians" by Christiansen "Fuck Me" by Camu Tao "Choose Your Adventure" by Rival Schools "Shoot Frank" by Cage List of people diagnosed with Crohn's disease Glassjaw's official website Head Automatica's official website United Nations official website Cardboard City official website Daryl Palumbo Interview with Revolt Music Blog
Warner Bros. Records
Warner Bros. Records Inc. is an American record label owned by Warner Music Group and headquartered in Burbank, California. It was founded in 1958 as the recorded music division of the American film studio Warner Bros. and was one of a group of labels owned and operated by larger parent corporations for much of its existence. The sequence of companies that controlled Warner Bros. and its allied labels evolved through a convoluted series of corporate mergers and acquisitions from the early 1960s to the early 2000s. Over this period, Warner Bros. Records grew from a struggling minor player in the music industry to one of the top record labels in the world. In 2004, these music assets were divested by their owner Time Warner and purchased by a private equity group; this independent company traded as the Warner Music Group and was the world's last publicly traded major music company before being bought and privatized by Access Industries in 2011. Warner Music Group is the smallest of the three major international music conglomerates that include Universal Music Group and Sony Music Entertainment.
Max Lousada oversees recorded music operations of the company. Notable artists signed to Warner Bros. Records have included Prince, Kylie Minogue, Goo Goo Dolls, Sheryl Crow, Lil Pump, Green Day, Adam Lambert, Bette Midler, Duran Duran, Fleetwood Mac, Liam Gallagher, Fleet Foxes, Jason Derulo, Lily Allen and Sara, Dua Lipa, Linkin Park, Nile Rodgers, Red Hot Chili Peppers, the Black Keys, My Chemical Romance, Mr. Bungle, Regina Spektor, Van Halen. At the end of the silent movie period, Warner Bros. Pictures decided to expand into publishing and recording so that it could access low-cost music content for its films. In 1928, the studio acquired several smaller music publishing firms which included M. Witmark & Sons, Harms Inc. and a partial interest in New World Music Corp. and merged them to form the Music Publishers Holding Company. This new group controlled valuable copyrights on standards by George and Ira Gershwin and Jerome Kern and the new division was soon earning solid profits of up to US$2 million every year.
In 1930, MPHC paid US$28 million to acquire Brunswick Records, whose roster included Duke Ellington, Red Nichols, Nick Lucas, Al Jolson, Earl Burtnett, Ethel Waters, Abe Lyman, Leroy Carr, Tampa Red and Memphis Minnie, soon after the sale to Warner Bros. the label signed rising radio and recording stars Bing Crosby, Mills Brothers, Boswell Sisters. For Warner Bros. the dual impact of the Great Depression and the introduction of broadcast radio harmed the recording industry—sales crashed, dropping by around 90% from more than 100 million records in 1927 to fewer than 10 million by 1932 and major companies were forced to halve the price of records from 75c to 35c. In December 1931, Warner Bros. offloaded Brunswick to the American Record Corporation for a fraction of its former value, in a lease arrangement which did not include Brunswick's pressing plants. Technically, Warner maintained actual ownership of Brunswick, which with the sale of ARC to CBS in 1939 and their decision to discontinue Brunswick in favor of reviving the Columbia label, reverted to Warner Bros.
Warner Bros. sold Brunswick a second time, this time along with the old Brunswick pressing plants Warner owned, to Decca Records in exchange for a financial interest in Decca. The studio stayed out of the record business for more than 25 years, during this period it licensed its film music to other companies for release as soundtrack albums. Warner Bros. returned to the record business in 1958 with the establishment of its own recording division, Warner Bros. Records. By this time, the established Hollywood studios were reeling from multiple challenges to their former dominance—the most notable being the introduction of television in the late 1940s. Legal changes had a major impact on their business—lawsuits brought by major stars had overthrown the old studio contract system by the late 1940s. Pictures sold off much of its film library in 1948 and, beginning in 1949, anti-trust suits brought by the US government forced the five major studios to divest their cinema chains. In 1956, Harry Warner and Albert Warner sold their interest in the studio and the board was joined by new members who favoured a renewed expansion into the music business—Charles Allen of the investment bank Charles Allen & Company, Serge Semenenko of the First National Bank of Boston and investor David Baird.
Semenenko in particular had a strong professional interest in the entertainment business and he began to push Jack Warner on the issue of setting up an'in-house' record label. With the record business booming - sales had topped US$500 million by 1958 - Semnenko argued that it was foolish for Warner Bros. to make deals with other companies to release its soundtracks when, for less than the cost of one motion picture, they could establish their own label, creating a new income stream that could continue indefinitely and provide an additional means of exploiting and promoting its contract actors. Another impetus for the label's creation was the brief music career of Warner Bros. actor Tab Hunter. Although Hunter was signed to an exclusive acting contract with the studio, it did not prevent him from signing a recording contract, which he did with Dot Records, owned at the time by Paramount Pictures. Hunter scored several hits for Dot, including the US #1 single, "Young Love", to Warner Bros.' chagrin, reporters were asking about the hit record, rather than
Our Color Green (The Singles)
Our Color Green is an extended play by the American post-hardcore band Glassjaw, self-released on January 1, 2011. The EP compiles five singles that were released throughout the part of 2010. Our Color Green is the first release from Glassjaw since the 2005 B-sides EP El Mark, first release of original material since the 2002 studio album Worship and Tribute, it is the first release by the band as a four-piece without Todd Weinstock. Following the tours in support of their 2002 studio album Worship and Tribute, Glassjaw went on hiatus for a few years; the hiatus was brought about for several reasons including high stress derived from touring, personal differences among band members, vocalist Daryl Palumbo's struggles with Crohn's disease. Palumbo was beginning to write softer music that didn't fit Glassjaw's style, started the dance-punk side project Head Automatica in 2004. During this time it was believed that Glassjaw had broken up due to an extended period of inactivity, however in 2005 the band reformed and started writing and playing a handful of concerts.
Along with Palumbo, Glassjaw reformed with former members Justin Beck on guitars, Manuel Carrero on bass guitar and founding drummer Durijah Lang. Guitarist Todd Weinstock, bassist Dave Allen and drummer Larry Gorman, who were all a part of Glassjaw prior to the hiatus, had joined other projects and did not return. Weinstock started the electropop group Men, Women & Children, Gorman had joined Head Automatica with Palumbo. From 2005 to 2010, Glassjaw teased at the release of new material. Due to the long delay, the project was compared to Chinese Democracy; this was humorous reference to the Guns N' Roses album that saw a significant delay in its release. In 2005, Glassjaw released the digital-only EP El Mark featuring unreleased songs from the Worship and Tribute sessions. In 2006, the band had a few songs written and planned on completing a new album for a 2007 release, but the album failed to materialize. A demo recording of "You Think You're" was posted on their website in December 2008. In June 2009, Palumbo posted a Twitter update that he was listening to a new Glassjaw EP in his car with Justin Beck.
After years of teasing the release of new material, the Twitter update was thought to be a joke. However, Palumbo confirmed that a "five or six song EP" was completed, there was a full-length Glassjaw album in the works as well. Glassjaw started crafting new songs after reforming with a new lineup, by July 2005 they had three songs written. By their 2006 tour with Deftones, the other two songs became titled "You Think You're" and "Jesus Glue." Written around this time was a new version of "Star Above My Bed," released on the 1997 EP Kiss Kiss Bang Bang, titled "Stars." Primary songwriter Justin Beck admitted that he enjoyed writing new material with no working deadline and that he was selfishly writing new songs "with no one in mind." By the end of 2007, Glassjaw had two rough batches of songs recorded: one, described as being "far more aggressive" than previous Glassjaw albums, another grouping of instrumental songs that had a "Spanish and Latin" vibe to them. The more aggressive songs became the tracks for the Our Color Green EP, while the rest are expected to be released as an eventual full-length release.
Our Color Green is Glassjaw's first major release since 1997's Kiss Kiss Bang Bang that wasn't produced by Ross Robinson, who had recorded their previous two studio albums: Worship and Tribute and Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Silence. Robinson was producer for the songs on the El Mark EP. Instead, this new batch of songs was recorded by Glassjaw themselves and producer Jonathan Florencio. In July 2010, Glassjaw mailed out blank cardboard postcards to the fans on their mailing list; the postcards contained no words or writing outside of the address and postage, only a cut-out of the group's "GJ" logo. The cutout logo was discovered to be a uniquely shaped vinyl adapter. Typical vinyl records have a small hole. An unusually shaped hole in the center of a record requires a complimentary shape in order to center the record on the spindle for the music to play and to prevent damaging the equipment. Shortly after the postcard was sent out, Glassjaw performed a concert in the United Kingdom and released a 7" vinyl single for the song "All Good Junkies Go to Heaven" on August 8, 2010.
This single had a GJ shaped diecut hole and was given the catalog number 88, which continues with the band's interest in this value. Daryl Palumbo has had an obsession with the number eight since the formation of the band and has been a reoccurring theme in the band's merchandise. Following the release of "All Good Junkies Go to Heaven," Glassjaw released one new 7" single per month that corresponded with a concert throughout the remainder of 2010 without announcement or promotion; each song was released digitally in a low quality format for free in exchange for a Facebook or Twitter post promoting the band, or sold in a high quality format, on the day the following single was released. Each single was released when the number for the month the year, the number for the day of the month were the same value; the single for "Jesus Glue" was released on September 9, "Natural Born Farmer" was released on October 10, "Stars" was released on November 11, "You Think You're" was released on December 12.
The release for the "Stars" single
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Coloring Book (Glassjaw EP)
Coloring Book is an extended play by the American post-hardcore band Glassjaw. The release was exclusively given away for free during the group's February–March 2011 tour, was said to serve as a preview for Glassjaw's upcoming third studio album; the EP was made available from Glassjaw's webstore on October 1, 2012 and was packaged in a red gatefold sleeve along with a pink-colored DVD, Coloring Book: Live at the Forum. A limited edition 12" vinyl pressing of the EP was released on August 13, 2013; each disc is unique in that they were made up of three rings, each in different colors, thus meaning no two copies are the same. The 12" edition was limited to 120 pieces. Glassjaw Daryl Palumbo – lead vocals Justin Beck – guitars, keys Durijah Lang – drums, percussion Manuel Carrero – bassProduction and recording Ryan Seigel – production Jonathan Florencio – production Samuel Vaughan Merrick IV – mixing