El Universal is a major Mexican newspaper. El Universal was founded by Félix Palavicini and Emilio Rabasa in October 1916, in the city of Santiago de Queretaro to cover the end of the Mexican Revolution and the creation of the new Mexican Constitution; the circulation of the print edition of El Universal is more than 300,000 readers. In 2013 the El Universal website claimed to have an average of more than 16 million unique visitors each month, with 140 million page views, 4 million followers on Facebook. Aviso Oportuno is the classifieds service of El Universal; the brand has become known in Mexico, the phrase Aviso Oportuno is sometimes used as a generic term for the classifieds business. This brand has four sub-sites: Inmuebles, Vehículos and Varios. News items are open to reader comments through a simple sign-up system; this system tends towards anonymity and abuse by having political operators pass as average readers discrediting political adversaries. The Herald Mexico - A joint venture between El Universal and The Miami Herald.
Reforma La Jornada List of newspapers in Mexico Ella McPherson. "Spot News Versus Reportage: Newspaper Models, the Distribution of Newsroom Credibility, Implications for Democratic Journalism in Mexico". International Journal of Communication. 6. Official website
Jane's Combat Simulations Fighters Anthology is a compilation of combat flight simulators which includes U. S. Navy Fighters, U. S. Navy Fighters - Marine Fighters, Advanced Tactical Fighters, Advanced Tactical Fighters - Nato Fighters, U. S. Navy Fighters'97, Advanced Tactical Fighters Gold integrated into one game. Fighters Anthology features 142 aircraft, ranging from fighters, bombers and civilian aircraft and helicopters, 125 of which are player controllable aircraft excluding helicopters, from the years 1956 to the 2010s; the game provides various modes of play which are Single Missions with 124 missions, Quick Mission Creator in which the player adjust parameters, Create Pro Mission, allows for creation of new missions and the editing of missions in the game, Replay Last Mission, only active after a mission has been played and Campaign. The Quick Mission Creator allows the creation of missions between friendly and enemy forces; the player assumes the role of friendly forces with a choice of 16 locations.
Each force can have up to 3 wings with 5 aircraft in each wing and a choice of 4 experience levels per wing. The player can chose whether the enemy forces can have targets and whether they are defended by AAAs or SAMs and the level of defence; the player can choose from various other settings such as altitude. The ordnance screen allows players to load out their aircraft with a choice of 24 air-to-air weapons and 50 air-to-ground weapons which include drop tanks and targeting pods. Fighters Anthology features six campaigns: five hypothetical campaigns set in the Baltic region, Kuril Islands and Vladivostok, one historical campaign set in Vietnam which does not reward the player with campaign medals. Prior to starting a campaign, the player creates a pilot profile which allows them to choose a photograph of a pilot for an avatar, name and a choice of call signs with the option to enter a custom call sign; the profile stores information such as rank, number of failed missions and number of successful campaigns.
Fighters Anthology came with a second CD-ROM, used when the Reference is accessed from the main menu. The Reference contains information from Jane's Information Group about the aircraft, ground vehicles and weapons featured in the game with a selection of photographs and videos; as of 2017, there are still a handful of dedicated fans who still modify this game. These followers have modified existing aircraft, vehicles, etc. as well as created/added new items and campaigns. Some have incorporated them into the game. Though this game was developed to play on a Windows 9x system, with some tweaking, players have managed to get it to work on Windows XP, Windows 7, Windows 10, other systems. Jane's Combat Simulations
MIQ Logistics is a third party logistics company headquartered in Overland Park, Kansas. Today, MIQ Logistics operates in global freight forwarding, customs brokerage, supply chain management, project logistics, origin consolidation, global trade management, warehouse management, global business intelligence. With offices in North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, the Middle East, Latin America. In 2010, YRC Worldwide sold YRC Logistics to private equity firm Austin Ventures for $38.7 million. Austin Ventures shortly after the purchase rebranded the unit as MIQ Logistics. In 2011, MIQ Logistics announced their acquisition of The Logistics Corporation Ltd. based out of the United Kingdom. In 2017, MIQ Logistics sold its North American domestic transportation business to an undisclosed buyer. In 2009, MIQ Logistics volunteered to deliver a piece of steel from the fallen World Trade Center Towers from Port Authority of New York and New Jersey to Overland Park, Kansas. SFS Architecture used that metal piece and designed Overland Park's 9/11 Memorial, created to honor those lost on September 11, remember their sacrifices and to teach future generations about the tragic day.
In 2012, as a charter member of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency's SmartWay Transport Partnership, MIQ's efforts to help clients greenhouse gas emissions, received the Environmental Excellence Award. MIQ uses the EPA’s Shipper Fleet Performance Model aiding shippers in estimating greenhouse gas emissions by road and rail, expanding to air carriers and ships. Other environment initiatives include adding reusable totes for use in chemical shipments, eliminating the need manufacture and dispose of steel drums. Hydrogen cell battery forklifts were evaluated as part of their material handling equipment options. In 2011, MIQ acquired UK-based, retail logistics company The Logistics Corporation Ltd. offering services including, but not limited to, retail warehousing and fulfilling services. In 2016, MIQ Logistics purchased assets in Miami-based Alfa Logistics and Colombian-based Kronos Logistics with the goal to increase their Latin American presence. In 2017, MIQ Logistics offloaded their North American domestic transportation business to an undisclosed buyer as they shifted their focus to international shipping and logistics services.
"The Ray" redirects here. For the painting of that title, see The Ray; the Ray is the name of four fictional superheroes in the DC Comics Universe. The first Ray was a Quality Comics character; when DC Comics purchased Quality Comics, Happy Terrill was retconned as a member of the Freedom Fighters on Earth-X. Following DC altering much of its continuity and history in the storyline Crisis on Infinite Earths, Happy Terrill was now an inhabitant of the mainstream DC Comics universe and his son Ray Terrill became the second Ray; the character Stan Silver operated as the third hero called the Ray. In 2011's New 52 relaunch of DC Comics, where continuity and history was again restructured, a new character called Lucien Gates was introduced as the Ray. Although he is the fourth superhero character to use this name, in The Ray #1, set in a rebooted continuity, he refers to the origin of Happy Terrill as a story he had heard as a child. Prior to the Crisis on Infinite Earths reboot, Happy Terrill was described as having been exposed to lightning and sunlight at the same time while ballooning, gained energy-based super-powers.
His post-Crisis origin is more involved. Before World War II, the government established a secret group known as RONOL. One RONOL member, Dr. Dayzl, theorized that the light that originated millennia ago where Earth now orbits would circumnavigate the universe and return as a dangerous, conscious entity; the only way to stop the "Light Entity", Dayzl believed, was to talk to it. Tricking a reporter named Happy Terrill into joining them and his assistants staged an upper atmosphere ballooning "accident", making certain Terrill was exposed to a genetic "light bomb". Dayzl calculated that Terrill's offspring would be a unification of human and light energy, a potential liaison to the Light Entity. Unaware of the truth, Terrill used his resulting powers to become the super-heroic Ray. RONOL lost government backing due to Dayzl's unorthodox beliefs. Dayzl's fate remains unknown. In 1950, after learning the truth, Terrill vowed to quit his Ray identity. Happy and his first wife, had a child named Joshua.
For a time Joshua accompanied Ray on missions as his sidekick "Spitfire". However, Joshua was prone to violent outbursts. After a brief association with his old team the Freedom Fighters in the 1970s, he had married and settled down. Everything seemed normal until Happy saw his newborn son glowing with crackling energy in the hospital nursery. Happy was convinced, he now knew. Not wanting to put his wife through torment, Happy told her that the baby had died and set up his son with a foster father. In the 2008 Freedom Fighters series, Terrill is asked by Uncle Sam to ask Neon the Unknown for help; when Neon detached from humanity, Terrill drinks from the waters of his oasis, becoming a new Neon the Unknown, known as "Neon". Ray Terrill was told he was hypersensitive to exposure to sunlight would kill him. Tutored in his window-darkened home, Ray's most earnest wish was for normalcy; the media called him Night Boy. His only friend during his formative years was Jennifer Jurden; when he was 18, at his supposed father's deathbed, Ray learned.
He was not allergic to light, nor did he have to live in darkness. Most disturbing of all, he discovered his true father was the 1940s war-time super-hero, the Golden Age Ray; the reformed Freedom Fighters have a member called the Ray. The new Ray is Stan Silver, he was described by Justin Gray as being "capable of turning his body into a living laser light" and "the playboy of the group". Stan likes to show off in front of the media. Working as a foreign correspondent for the Washington Sun, Silver was exposed to upper atmosphere radiation while covering a story, thus gaining power over various forms of light. Recruited by S. H. A. D. E. Silver begins using his powers in the service of his government, he is, something of a womanizing egomaniac in his civilian persona. Silver defects from S. H. A. D. E. to join Uncle Sam's new group of Freedom Fighters. In Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters #6, Silver reveals that he is a double agent still loyal to S. H. A. D. E, he kills the Invisible Hood. After, the colors of his "costume" were inverted, becoming blue instead of yellow.
In Uncle Sam and the Freedom Fighters #7, he battles his former teammates and is defeated by Ray Terrill, is sent back to Father Time. He is seen outside the White House with S. H. A. D. E.'s other super-soldiers, who join Father Time in the timestream after the battle ends. In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, a character named Lucien Gates was introduced as the Ray in a mini-series titled The Ray, written by Palmiotti and Gray with art duties by Jamal Igle, it did not feature any of the previous incarnations of The Ray but instead centered around a new character by the name of Lucien Gates. Remarks made by Lucien referencing Langford's origin and his use of the Ray title in his debut issue indicate that he is not the first hero to be called The Ray as far as the newly rebooted DC universe is concerned; the mini-series debuted in December 2011. Lucien Gates is a Korean-American San Diego County lifeguard who, while on duty, was caught in the path of a particle beam.
The beam, accidentally fired from a solar energy cannon commissioned by an unnamed government agency, mutated
Kalypso Aude Nicolaïdis is a Greek / French academic Professor of International Relations and Director of the Center for International Studies at Oxford University, England. She teaches in the areas of European integration, international relations, international political economy and game theory and research methods as University Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Relations. Nicolaïdis holds a Ph. D. in Political Economy and Government from Harvard University, a Master in Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government, a Master in International Economics and a Diplôme Service Public from the Institut d'études politiques in Paris. She studied law and philosophy at the Paris I-Sorbonne, she is of French and Greek nationality with German and Spanish origins. Her husband, Simon Saunders, teaches Philosophy of Science at Oxford University, her two children and Daphne, are trans-channel Europeans. She moved to Massachusetts to study international relations at Harvard University in 1983, where she became associate professor at the Kennedy School of Government and moved back to Europe.
She has held visiting professorships around Europe, including at the École nationale d'administration in Paris, at the College of Europe in Bruges as the professorial chair on Visions of Europe and in Sciences-Po, Paris as Vincent Wright chair. In 2012–2013, She was Emile Noel-Straus Senior Fellow at NYU Law School. At Harvard, she was the founder and chair of the Kokkalis Programme on Southeast Europe before moving on to create and Chair the South East European Studies at Oxford. At Oxford, she chairs the RENEW programme, the Euro-Mediterranean network RAMSES, coordinated by the Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l'Homme in Aix en Provence, the EU-WTO Oxford programme in collaboration with the German Marshall Fund. Nicolaïdis has been involved in policy for some time, she is a Council member of the European Council of Foreign Relations. From 1996 to 2004, she advised prominent Greek politician, George Papandreou on European affairs during his first term as Foreign Minister of Greece. Separately, she chaired the International Group of Expert Advisors on the Convention on the Future of Europe.
She was advisor to the 2004 Dutch Presidency of the Council of EU on the theme of "Europe: a Beautiful Idea", a policy-academia dialogue culminating in the December 2004 intellectual summit. Nicolaïdis has worked with the European Commission on the White Paper on Governance, on DG Trade and DG Communication consultations, as well as a trade and regulation expert for UNCTAD and the OECD. Most she produced a report on the European Neighborhood Policy for the European Parliament. Much of Nicolaïdis' recent work focuses on "European demoi-cracy" and the challenge of building an EU of deep diversity through the mutual recognition of identities and socio-economic rules, she has published on EU institutional and constitutional debates, EU external relations including with Mediterranean countries and the United States, issues of identity and cooperation in the international system, the sources of legitimacy in European and global governance, the relationship between trade and regulation, trade in services as well as preventive diplomacy and dispute resolution.
Her articles have appeared in Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The Journal of Common Market Studies, Journal of European Public Policy, International Organization as well as in French in Politique Étrangère, Politique Européenne and Raison Critique. As an editor, her books include Echoes of Empire: Memory and Colonial Legacies, Normative Power Europe Revisited and European Stories: Intellectual Debates on Europe in National Context. European Studies Centre Nicolaidis' home page
Edin's Hall Broch is a 2nd-century broch near Duns in the Borders of Scotland. It is one of few brochs found in southern Scotland, it is 28 metres in diameter. In the late 18th century this site was called "Wooden's Hall or Castle", its name change recalls the legend of the three-headed giant The Red Ettin known in tales and ballads. Edin's Hall Broch is one of the most southerly broch survivals, which are more associated with Northern Scotland, it is 4 miles north of the town of Duns. It stands on the northeast slope of Cockburn Law just above a steep slope down to the Whiteadder Water; the broch stands in the northwest corner an Iron Age hillfort which pre-dates the broch. The hillfort consists of a double rampart and ditches, enclosing an oval area some 135 metres by 75 metres; the entrance was on the west side. A large circular structure in the centre of the fort, close to the broch, may have been the most important building before the broch’s construction, it is assumed. The date of the broch is uncertain but it has been speculated that it was built between the two main periods of Roman occupation in Scotland: some time in the 2nd century AD.
Excavations at Torwoodlee Broch in the Scottish Borders, has shown that it was built and demolished during this period. Within the hillfort is an array of stone footings marking the positions of houses and other structures; some of the houses overlie the defences – indicating that they are than hillfort and may be than the broch as well. The broch has an external diameter of 28 metres, an internal diameter of 17 metres; this is unusually large compared with a typical Highland broch and suggests that it may not have been as tall as the northern brochs. The walls of the broch survive to a height of between 1.8 metres. The entrance passage has two guard chambers flanking the doorway; the interior of the broch has three intramural cells which are all dumb-bell shaped. The cell on the south side has the remains of a stone stairway at its north end which rose to the wallhead; the broch lies within a rectangular enclosure measuring about 58 by 54 metres. Edin's Hall was "cleared" by antiquarians in the 19th century.
The relics recovered. These included a stone spindle whorl, a piece of a jet ring, an amber bead, bones, an oyster shell, a fragment of a glass bracelet. Two copper ingots, one of, now in the National Museum, were found with a metal detector inside the broch in 1976; the ingots were derived from local copper mines and may have been an important source of wealth for the inhabitants. An archaeological survey and sample excavation was conducted in 1996. A few artefacts including coarse pottery and a stone spindle whorl were recovered. Historic Environment Scotland. "Edin's Hall, broch and settlement"