Vest Recklinghausen was an ecclesiastical territory in the Holy Roman Empire, located in the center of today's North Rhine-Westphalia. The rivers Emscher and Lippe formed the border with the County of Mark and Essen Abbey in the south, to the Bishopric of Münster in the north. In the east, a fortification secured the border with Dortmund and in the west it was bordered by the Duchy of Cleves. Today Vest Recklinghausen is part of the district of Recklinghausen, with parts of Gelsenkirchen and Bottrop now added to the administration of Vest Recklinghausen; the term Vest, which denotes a type of judicial district, is still used locally, for instance by both a local radio station and museum. Vest Recklinghausen was first mentioned in 1228 as a fiefdom of the Archbishopric of Cologne and thus it belonged to the Electoral Rhenish Circle; the administrator lived in castle Westerholt, located in Herten. From 1446 to 1576 it was used as collateral, first pawned to the lords of Gemen and after 1492 to the Lords of Schauenburg and Holstein-Pinneberg, who pawned the territory back to the Archbishops of Cologne in 1576.
During the Cologne War, Vest Recklinghausen was occupied and sacked several times by troops from both sides of the conflict. In 1583, although much of the territory was Protestant, the Calvinist Elector of Cologne, Truchsess von Waldburg and his wife, ordered the destruction of the icons and decorative elements of the churches. In 1584, the territory was sacked again, this time by Ernst of Bavaria. In 1586, the territory was invaded by Martin Schenck and Hermann Cloedt, who caused great damage to the farms and small villages, were besieged by Claude de Berlaymont known as Haultpenne, in the city of Werl. After the turmoil of the Cologne Wars, the administration of Vest Recklinghausen was divided in in two districts: Recklinghausen continued to administer the eastern section, but Dorsten assumed responsibility for the western section; the town of Recklinghausen including the parish of Recklinghausen and the filial parishes Ahsen, Flaesheim, Hamm-Bossendorf, Herten, Oer, Suderwich and Westerholt appertained to the eastern part of the Vest Recklinghausen.
The western parishes included Dorsten and the parishes Dorsten, Buer, Horst, Marl and Polsum. On 4 September 1614 Ferdinand of Bavaria, the successor to his uncle, Ernst of Bavaria, as the Elector of Cologne, forbade non-Catholic from staying in Vest Recklinghausen. During the secularization of the ecclesiastical states in 1802–03 known as the German Mediatisation, the electorate was abolished and Vest Recklinghausen was annexed by the Lords of Arenberg. In 1811 it was added to the Grand Duchy of Berg and in 1815 became part of the Prussian province of Westphalia. Citations SourcesBenians, Ernest Alfred; the Cambridge Modern History. New York: MacMillan. P. 708. Davies, Charles Maurice, The History of Holland and the Dutch Republic, 1851 Goetz, Walter, "Gebhard II and the Counter Reformation in the Lower Rhinelands," Schaff Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Johann Jakob Herzog, v. 4, New York and Wagnalls, 1909, pp. 439–441. Accessed 10 July 2009. Hennes, Johann Heinrich. Der Kampf um das Erzstift Köln zur Zeit der Kurfürsten.
Köln: DuMont-Schauberg. Lin, J. Cologne War The Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. History of the Vest Recklinghausen and a historical card from 1789 Information to the location of the district of Recklinghausen
Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western and Central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars. The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it came to include the neighboring Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, numerous other territories. On 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor, reviving the title in Western Europe, more than three centuries after the fall of the earlier ancient Western Roman Empire in 476; the title continued in the Carolingian family until 888 and from 896 to 899, after which it was contested by the rulers of Italy in a series of civil wars until the death of the last Italian claimant, Berengar I, in 924. The title was revived again in 962 when Otto I was crowned emperor, fashioning himself as the successor of Charlemagne and beginning a continuous existence of the empire for over eight centuries.
Some historians refer to the coronation of Charlemagne as the origin of the empire, while others prefer the coronation of Otto I as its beginning. Scholars concur, however, in relating an evolution of the institutions and principles constituting the empire, describing a gradual assumption of the imperial title and role; the exact term "Holy Roman Empire" was not used until the 13th century, but the concept of translatio imperii, the notion that he—the sovereign ruler—held supreme power inherited from the ancient emperors of Rome, was fundamental to the prestige of the emperor. The office of Holy Roman Emperor was traditionally elective, although controlled by dynasties; the German prince-electors, the highest-ranking noblemen of the empire elected one of their peers as "King of the Romans", he would be crowned emperor by the Pope. The empire never achieved the extent of political unification as was formed to the west in France, evolving instead into a decentralized, limited elective monarchy composed of hundreds of sub-units: kingdoms, duchies, prince-bishoprics, Free Imperial Cities, other domains.
The power of the emperor was limited, while the various princes, lords and cities of the empire were vassals who owed the emperor their allegiance, they possessed an extent of privileges that gave them de facto independence within their territories. Emperor Francis II dissolved the empire on 6 August 1806 following the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by emperor Napoleon I the month before. In various languages the Holy Roman Empire was known as: Latin: Sacrum Imperium Romanum, German: Heiliges Römisches Reich, Italian: Sacro Romano Impero, Czech: Svatá říše římská, Polish: Święte imperium rzymskie, Slovene: Sveto rimsko cesarstvo, Dutch: Heilige Roomse Rijk, French: Saint-Empire romain. Before 1157, the realm was referred to as the Roman Empire; the term sacrum in connection with the medieval Roman Empire was used beginning in 1157 under Frederick I Barbarossa: the term was added to reflect Frederick's ambition to dominate Italy and the Papacy. The form "Holy Roman Empire" is attested from 1254 onward.
In a decree following the 1512 Diet of Cologne, the name was changed to the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, a form first used in a document in 1474. The new title was adopted because the Empire had lost most of its Italian and Burgundian territories to the south and west by the late 15th century, but to emphasize the new importance of the German Imperial Estates in ruling the Empire due to the Imperial Reform. By the end of the 18th century, the term "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" had fallen out of official use. Besides, contradicting the traditional view concerning that designation, Hermann Weisert has stated in a study on imperial titulature that, despite the claim of many textbooks, the name "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" never had an official status and points out that documents were thirty times as to omit the national suffix as include it. This, or the shortened "Roman Empire of the German Nation", is used in Germany to refer to the Holy Roman Empire. In a famous assessment of the name, the political philosopher Voltaire remarked sardonically: "This body, called and which still calls itself the Holy Roman Empire was in no way holy, nor Roman, nor an empire."
As Roman power in Gaul declined during the 5th century, local Germanic tribes assumed control. In the late 5th and early 6th centuries, the Merovingians, under Clovis I and his successors, consolidated Frankish tribes and extended hegemony over others to gain control of northern Gaul and the middle Rhine river valley region. By the middle of the 8th century, the Merovingians had been reduced to figureheads, the Carolingians, led by Charles Martel, had become the de facto rulers. In 751, Martel's son Pepin became King of the Franks, gained the sanction of the Pope; the Carolingians would maintain a close alliance with the Papacy. In 768, Pepin's son Charlemagne became King of the Franks and began an extensive expansion of the realm, he incorporated the territories of present-day France, northern Italy, beyond, linking the Frankish kingdom with Papal lands. In 797, the Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine VI was removed from the throne by his mother Irene who declared herself Empress; as the Church regarded a male Roman Emperor as the head of Christendom, Pope
The Eichsfeld is a historical region in the southeast of the state of Lower Saxony and northwest of the state of Thuringia in the south of the Harz mountains in Germany. Until 1803 the Eichsfeld was for centuries part of the Archbishopric of Mainz, the cause of its current position as a Catholic enclave in the predominantly Protestant north of Germany. Following German partition in 1945, the West German portion became Landkreis Duderstadt. A few small transfers of territory between the American and Soviet zones of occupation took place in accordance with the Wanfried Agreement. Today the greatest part of the Obereichsfeld makes up the Landkreis Eichsfeld. Other parts belong to the district Unstrut-Hainich-Kreis; the Untereichsfeld Landkreis Duderstadt, was merged with the Landkreis of Göttingen, while Lindau became part of Katlenburg-Lindau, now part of the Landkreis of Northeim. Cities in the Eichsfeld are Duderstadt, Leinefelde-Worbis and Dingelstädt; the Eichsfeld was first mentioned in 897, in 1022 the Archbishopric of Mainz listed its possessions in the region, which were increased up until 1573.
The Ottonian Untereichsfeld became part of Eichsfeld after being part of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Grubenhagen between 1342 and 1434. During the German Peasants' War within the Reichsstadt of Mühlhausen most of the monasteries and castles were plundered and most of the Eichsfeld became Protestant. In 1575 the Society of Jesus established the Counter-Reformation in Eichsfeld; the Thirty Years' War reached Eichsfeld in 1622 and during the years following several armies plundered the region. According to the Peace of Westphalia the Archbishopric of Mainz reestablished Catholicism in the area, two thirds devastated and had lost 75% of its population. During the Napoleonic time Eichsfeld was part of the Kingdom of Westphalia, dissolved after the victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig. From 1949 to 1990 the Obereichsfeld belonged to the GDR. In this atheistic state the people preserved their Catholic roots, church life stayed intact. In consequence of the traditionalism in Eichsfeld, the percentage of voters for the CDU is higher than in the surrounding area.
The Eichsfeld tourism organization History and map of the Eichsfeld 1789 Eichsfeld Wiki - Regiowiki for Eichsfeld
A principality can either be a monarchical feudatory or a sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of prince or by a monarch with another title considered to fall under the generic meaning of the term prince. Most of these states have been a polity, but in some occasions were rather territories in respect of which a princely title is held; the prince's estate and wealth may be located or wholly outside the geographical confines of the principality. Recognised surviving sovereign principalities are Liechtenstein and the co-principality of Andorra. Extant royal primogenitures styled as principalities include Asturias; the Principality of Wales existed in the northern and western areas of Wales between the 13th and 16th centuries. Since that time, the title Prince of Wales has traditionally been granted to the heir to the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom, but it confers no responsibilities for government in Wales, it is one of four countries in the United Kingdom.
The Principality of Catalonia existed in the north-eastern areas of Spain between 14th and 18th centuries, as the term for the territories ruled by the Catalan courts, until the defeat of the Habsburgs in the Spanish succession war, when these institutions were abolished due to their support for the Habsburg pretender. Principality of Asturias is the official name of autonomous community of Asturias; the term principality is sometimes used generically for any small monarchy for small sovereign states ruled by a monarch of a lesser rank than a king, such as a Fürst, as in Liechtenstein, or a Grand Duke. No sovereign duchy exists, but Luxembourg is a surviving example of a sovereign grand duchy. There have been sovereign principalities with many styles of ruler, such as Countship and Lordship within the Holy Roman Empire. While the preceding definition would seem to fit a princely state the European historical tradition is to reserve that word for native monarchies in colonial countries, to apply "principality" to the Western monarchies.
Though principalities existed in antiquity before the height of the Roman Empire, the principality as it is known today developed in the Middle Ages between 750 and 1450 when feudalism was the primary economic and social system in much of Europe. Feudalism increased the power of local princes within a king's lands; as princes continued to gain more power over time, the authority of the king was diminished in many places. This led to political fragmentation as the king's lands were broken into mini-states ruled by princes and dukes who wielded absolute power over their small territories; this was prevalent in Europe, with the Princes of the Holy Roman Empire. During the Late Middle Ages from 1200 to 1500, principalities were at war with each other as royal houses asserted sovereignty over smaller principalities; these wars caused. Episodes of bubonic plague reduced the power of principalities to survive independently. Agricultural progress and development of new trade goods and services boosted commerce between principalities.
Many of these states became wealthy, expanded their territories and improved the services provided to their citizens. Princes and dukes established new ports and chartered large thriving cities; some used their new-found wealth to build palaces and other institutions now associated with sovereign states. While some principalities prospered in their independence, less successful states were swallowed by stronger royal houses. Europe saw consolidation of small principalities into larger empires; this had happened in England in the first millennium, this trend subsequently led to the creation of such states as France and Spain. Another form of consolidation was orchestrated in Italy during the Renaissance by the Medici family. A banking family from Florence, the Medici took control of governments in various Italian regions and assumed the papacy, they appointed family members as princes and assured their protection. Prussia later expanded by acquiring the territories of many other states. However, in the 17th to 19th centuries within the Holy Roman Empire, the reverse was occurring: many new small sovereign states arose as a result of transfers of land for various reasons.
Notable principalities existed until the early 20th century in various regions of Italy. Nationalism, the belief that the nation-state is the best vehicle to realise the aspirations of a people, became popular in the late 19th century. A characteristic of nationalism is an identity with a larger region such as an area sharing a common language and culture. With this development, principalities fell out of favour; as a compromise, many principalities united with neighbouring regions and adopted constitutional forms of government, with the monarch acting as a mere figurehead while administration was left in the hands of elected parliaments. The trend in the 19th and 20th centuries was the abolition of various forms of monarchy and the creation of republican governments led by popularly elected presidents. Several principalities where genealogical inheritance is replaced by succession in a religious office have existed in the Roman Catholic Church, in each case consisting o
Matthäus Merian der Ältere was a Swiss-born engraver who worked in Frankfurt for most of his career, where he ran a publishing house. He was a member of the patrician Basel Merian family. Born in Basel, Merian learned the art of copperplate engraving in Zürich, he next worked and studied in Strasbourg and Paris, before returning to Basel in 1615. The following year he moved to Oppenheim, Germany where he worked for the publisher Johann Theodor de Bry, the son of renowned engraver and traveler Theodor de Bry. In 1617, Merian married Maria Magdalena de Bry, daughter of the publisher, was for a time associated with the de Bry publishing house. In 1620, when Oppenheim was destroyed by fire during the Spanish occupation, they moved back to Basel, but three years returned to Germany, this time to Frankfurt, they had three sons, including Matthäus Merian the Younger. Maria Magdalena de Bry died in the following year Matthäus married Johanna Catharina Hein. Five years Matthäus died, leaving his wife with two small children, Anna Maria Sibylla Merian who became a pioneering naturalist and illustrator and a son, who died before his third birthday.
In 1623 Merian took over the publishing house of his father-in-law after de Bry's death. In 1626 he could henceforth work as an independent publisher, he spent most of his working life in Frankfurt. Early in his life, he had created detailed town plans in his unique style, e.g. a plan of Basel and a plan of Paris. With Martin Zeiler, a German geographer, with his own son, Matthäus Merian, he produced a series of Topographia; the 21-volume set was collectively known as the Topographia Germaniae. It includes numerous town plans and views, as well as maps of most countries and a World Map—it was such a popular work that it was re-issued in many editions, he took over and completed the parts and editions of the Grand Voyages and Petits Voyages started by de Bry in 1590. Merian's work inspired the Suecia Hodierna by Erik Dahlberg; the German travel magazine Merian is named after him. He was noted for the finesse of his alchemical illustrations, in books such as the Musaeum Hermeticum and Atalanta Fugiens.
Matthäus Merian died after several years of illness in 1650 near Wiesbaden. After his death, his sons Matthäus Caspar took over the publishing house, they continued publishing the Topographia Germaniae and the Theatrum Europaeum under the name Merian Erben. Topographia Galliae Lucas Heinrich Wüthrich: Das druckgraphische Werk von Matthäus Merian d.Ä.. Vol.1 and 2: Basel 1966, vol.3 Hamburg 1993, vol.4: Hamburg 1996. Catalog zu Ausstellungen im Museum für Kunsthandwerk Franckfurt am Mayn und im Kunstmuseum Basel als unsterblich Ehren-Gedächtnis zum 400. Geburtstag des hochberühmten Delineatoris, Incisoris et Editoris Matthaeus Merian des Aelteren. Museum für Kunsthandwerk, Frankfurt am Main 1993, ISBN 3-88270-065-3. Ulrike Valeria Fuss: Matthaeus Merian der Ältere. Von der lieblichen Landschaft zum Kriegsschauplatz – Landschaft als Kulisse des 30jährigen Krieges. Frankfurt am Main, 2000, ISBN 3-631-35558-0. Jörg Diefenbacher: Die Schwalbacher Reise. Mannheim 2002, ISBN 3-00-008209-3. Ulrike Valeria Fuss: Momentaufnahme und Monumentalansicht.
Ein Vergleich zwischen Valentin Wagner und Matthäus Merian d. Ä. In: Valentin Wagner: Ein Zeichner im Dreißigjährigen Krieg. Aufsätze und Werkkatalog. Darmstadt 2003, ISBN 3-921254-92-2. Lucas Heinrich Wüthrich: Matthaeus Merian d. Ä. Eine Biographie. Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg 2007 Götz J. Pfeiffer: Bild-Zeitung und Moral-Büchlein - der Dreissigjährige Krieg in Druckgraphiken von Matthäus Merian und Abraham Hogenberg, Jacques Callot und Hans Ulrich Franck, in: Der Dreissigjährige Krieg in Hanau und Umgebung, hrsg. vom Hanauer Geschichtsverein, Hanau, 2011, pp. 255–275. Media related to Matthäus Merian at Wikimedia Commons Pictures and texts of Topographia Helvetiae, Rhaetiae et Valesiae by Matthäus Merian can be found in the database VIATIMAGES. Works by Matthäus Merian, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa America noviter delineata, 1633 map by Matthäus Merian, Portal to Texas History, University of Texas Merian maps and engravings
A prince-bishop is a bishop, the civil ruler of some secular principality and sovereignty. Thus the principality or prince-bishopric ruled politically by a prince-bishop could wholly or overlap with his diocesan jurisdiction, since some parts of his diocese the city of his residence, could be exempt from his civil rule, obtaining the status of free imperial city. If the episcopal see is an archbishopric, the correct term is prince-archbishop. A prince-bishop is considered an elected monarch. In the West, with the decline of imperial power from the 4th century onwards in the face of the barbarian invasions, sometimes Christian bishops of cities took the place of the Roman commander, made secular decisions for the city and led their own troops when necessary. Relations between a prince-bishop and the burghers were invariably not cordial; as cities demanded charters from emperors, kings, or their prince-bishops and declared themselves independent of the secular territorial magnates, friction intensified between burghers and bishops.
In the Byzantine Empire, the still autocratic Emperors passed general legal measures assigning all bishops certain rights and duties in the secular administration of their dioceses, but, part of a caesaropapist development putting the Eastern Church in the service of the Empire, with its Ecumenical Patriarch reduced to the Emperor's minister of religious affairs. Bishops had been involved in the government of the Frankish realm and subsequent Carolingian Empire as the clerical member of a duo of envoys styled Missus dominicus, but, an individual mandate, not attached to the see. Prince-bishoprics were most common in the feudally fragmented Holy Roman Empire, where many were formally awarded the rank of an Imperial Prince Reichsfürst, granting them the immediate power over a certain territory and a representation in the Imperial Diet; the stem duchies of the German kingdom inside the Empire had strong and powerful dukes, always looking out more for their duchy's "national interest" than for the Empire's.
In turn the first Ottonian king Henry the Fowler and more so his son, Emperor Otto I, intended to weaken the power of the dukes by granting loyal bishops Imperial lands and vest them with regalia privileges. Unlike dukes they could not pass hereditary lands to any descendants. Instead the Emperors reserved the implementation of the bishops of their proprietary church for themselves, defying the fact that according to canon law they were part of the transnational Catholic Church; this met with increasing opposition by the Popes, culminating in the fierce Investiture Controversy of 1076. The Emperors continued to grant major territories to the most important bishops; the immediate territory attached to the episcopal see became a prince-diocese or bishopric. The German term Hochstift was used to denote the form of secular authority held by bishops ruling a prince-bishopric with Erzstift being used for prince-archbishoprics. Emperor Charles IV by the Golden Bull of 1356 confirmed the privileged status of the Prince-Archbishoprics of Mainz and Trier as members of the electoral college.
At the eve of the Protestant Reformation, the Imperial states comprised 53 ecclesiastical principalities. They were secularized in the 1803 German Mediatization upon the territorial losses to France in the Treaty of Lunéville, except for the Mainz prince-archbishop and German archchancellor Karl Theodor Anton Maria von Dalberg, who continued to rule as Prince of Aschaffenburg and Regensburg. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the title became defunct. However, in some countries outside of French control, such as in the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, the institution nominally continued, in some cases was revived. No less than three of the prince-electors, the highest order of Reichsfürsten, were prince-archbishops, each holding the title of Archchancellor for a part of the Empire; the bishops of Vienna and Wiener Neustadt didn't control any territory, nor did they claim a princely title. Upon the incorporation of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in 1237, the territory of the Order's State corresponded with the Diocese of Riga.
Bishop Albert of Riga in 1207 had received the lands of Livonia as an Imperial fief from the hands of German king Philip of Swabia, he however had to come to terms with the Brothers of the Sword. At the behest of Pope Innocent III the Terra Mariana confederation was established, whereby Albert had to cede large parts of the episcopal territory to the Livonian Order. Albert proceeded tactically in the conflict between the Papacy and Emperor Frederick II: in 1225 he reached the acknowledgement of his status as a Prince-Bishop of the Empire, though the Roman Curia insisted on the fact that the Christianized Baltic territories were under the suzerainty of the Holy See. By the 1234 Bull of Rieti, Pope Gregory IX stated that all lands acquired by the Teutonic Knights were no subject of any conveyancing by the Emperor. Within this larger conflict, the continued dualism of the autonomous Riga prince-bishop and the Teutonic Knigh
Greifenstein is a community in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany. Its administrative seat is Beilstein. Greifenstein covers 67.43 km² on the eastern slope of the Westerwald range. Its name comes from the castle of the same name in the constituent community of the same name, where the German Bell Museum is to be found, with about 50 bells showing the development of bell pouring. Greifenstein borders in the northwest on the community of Driedorf, in the north on the town of Herborn and the community of Sinn, in the east on the community of Ehringshausen, in the south on the town of Leun and the community of Löhnberg, in the southwest on the community of Mengerskirchen; the community was founded as part of Hesse's municipal reforms in 1977 from the following centres: Allendorf: 1355 inhabitants Arborn: 609 inhabitants Beilstein: 1655 inhabitants Greifenstein: 631 inhabitants Holzhausen: 972 inhabitants Nenderoth: 408 inhabitants Odersberg: 285 inhabitants Rodenberg: 210 inhabitants Rodenroth: 438 inhabitants Ulm: 751 inhabitantstotal: 7409 inhabitants Allendorf had its first documentary mention in 774.
In the 14th century, the village was stricken with the Plague, the population in outlying hamlets swiftly fell, those left moved to the village. It is said that the name Allendorf comes from this episode in the village's history from the phrase Alle ein Dorf – "All one village". After the Thirty Years' War, Allendorf became Prussian; the border with Nassau, no stranger to war, ran right by the village. In the early 1920s, the Ulmbach Valley Railway came to town to transport raw materials from the Ulm Valley. In 1934, Allendorf became an independent community in the Wetzlar district. Allendorf lost 75 young men in the fighting in the Second World War. There is now a memorial to them. After the war, newcomers from East Prussia and Silesia found new homes in Allendorf. In 1972, Allendorf was united with Ulm and Holzhausen into the community of Ulmtal, dissolved again in 1977 in the municipal reforms. Allendorf was amalgamated into Greifenstein over citizens' protests at the Landtag in Wiesbaden. In the mid-1970s, Allendorf was a climatic spa and attracted tourists from the Ruhr area.
Beilstein is the result of three neighbouring villages growing together, Beilstein and Wallendorf, the last of which had its first documentary mention in 774. Beilstein itself was granted town rights on 18 February 1321, but was stripped of them after the Thirty Years' War. Haiern only became part of Beilstein in 1941; the municipal elections on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results: Note: FWG is a citizens' coalition. Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria since 1980 The greater community lies in a triangle formed by the towns of Wetzlar and Herborn; the Ehringshausen and Herborn Süd Autobahn interchanges on the A 45 can be reached in 10 to 20 minutes, as is true for Federal Highway 49. Each constituent community is connected to the bus network. From 1922 a railway line ran from the Lahntal Railway by way of Leun-Stockhausen, Leun-Bissenberg, Greifenstein's constituent communities of Allendorf and Holzhausen to Beilstein; this line was once to have been built to Driedorf to meet the Westerwald cross-regional line.
In the mid 1970s, passenger service ceased on the line, in the early 1990s so did goods service, shortly whereafter the tracks were torn up. Since the early 1970s, Allendorf has been home to a big event hall with seating for up to 600 people. In Beilstein, a sport hall is on hand; each constituent community has its own community house for events. The community has three kindergartens at its disposal in Allendorf and Nenderoth. Two primary schools can be found in the community, namely in Beilstein; each constituent community has half-timbered houses, built in different styles, that are well worth seeing. Moreover, there are the following attractions: Greifenstein Castle with bell museum owned by the princes of Solms-Braunfels the Altes Haus in Holzhausen church with village well and 1000-year-old oak in Allendorf Beilstein Castle, first mentioned in 1229 owned by the Counts of Nassau-Beilstein, church in BeilsteinFor athletes, the community has over 100 km of well built cycling and hiking trails.
One attraction is the Ulmbach Reservoir between Beilstein. It offers a sunbathing field and a bathing area. In summer, the DLRG sees to safety; the pathway is used by many hikers, inline skaters and Nordic walkers. In Arborn is a weekend cottage neighbourhood that has an outdoor swimming pool at its disposal. A further outdoor swimming pool is to be found in Nenderoth. Skilifts for winter sports can be found in Arborn. Since 2002 there has been in Allendorf the Outdoor-Center-Lahntal, a nature-linked leisure and adventure park. Overnight stays in tepees, workshops for adults and children may be booked here; the Beilstein castle ruins were allowed to be purchased by a private individual in the 1990s and after reconstruction is it now used for a home for handicapped young people. No entrance is allowed to tourists but the castle is still a beautiful site, it sits next to a small garden park with a monument in the park to the local fallen soldiers. Greifenstein Greifenstein Castle German Bell Museum Outdoor-Center-Lahntal in Greifenstein-Allendorf Greifenstein at Curlie